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3.1 Y. Zheng, China e waste scheme

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  • 1. 环境保护部固体废物与化学品管理技术中心 Solid Waste and Chemicals Management Center, Ministry of Environmental Protectionhttp://www.swmc.org.cn WEEE Policies and Practice of Treatment Fund Subsidy System in China Mr. ZHENG Yang Section Chief of E-waste Management Division Solid Waste and Chemicals Management Center Ministry of Environmental Protection of P.R.China GLOBAL FORUM ON ENVIRONMENT 17-19 June 2014, Tokyo, Japan
  • 2. 环境保护部固体废物与化学品管理技术中心 Solid Waste and Chemicals Management Center, Ministry of Environmental Protectionhttp://www.swmc.org.cn Content 1. WEEE Regulations and Policies in China 2. Current Practice of WEEE Fund System 3. Challenges and Future Perspective
  • 3. 环境保护部固体废物与化学品管理技术中心 Solid Waste and Chemicals Management Center, Ministry of Environmental Protectionhttp://www.swmc.org.cn Progress of E-waste Regulations in China 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 JP Home Appliance Recycling Act EU WEEE Directive CN WEEE JP Small WEEE Act CN Waste Law JP Waste Cleansing Law US RCRA EU Waste Directive Year Legislation 1995, 2005 Law on the Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution by Solid Wastes 2002, 2012 Law on Clean Production Promotion 2006 China RoHS (by MIIT) 2008 Measures on E-waste (by MEP) 2009 Law on Circular Economy Promotion 2011-2012 China WEEE Regulation and its supporting policies
  • 4. 环境保护部固体废物与化学品管理技术中心 Solid Waste and Chemicals Management Center, Ministry of Environmental Protectionhttp://www.swmc.org.cn Regulations on the Management of the Recovery and Treatment of Waste Electronic and Electrical Products China RoHS WEEE TreatmentFacilityQualification Measures Renewable Resource Collection Measures Consumption Collection Transport Dismantle, Recycle, Disposal Catalogue, Muli-collection, Centralized Treatment, Development Plan, Qualification Licensing, Treatment Subsidies E-waste Legislation System Solid Waste Pollution Prevention Law WEEE Collection Measures (draft) Clean Production Promotion Law Circular Economy Promotion Law E-waste Pollution Prevention and Control Measures Design, Manufacture, Importation WEEE Treatment Fund Management Measure
  • 5. 环境保护部固体废物与化学品管理技术中心 Solid Waste and Chemicals Management Center, Ministry of Environmental Protectionhttp://www.swmc.org.cn Catalogue of Waste Electronic and Electric Products for Treatment Listed WEEE Unlisted WEEE TV, Refrigerator, Washing Machine, Air Conditioner, Computer (1st batch) Treatment Enterprise List No need of license No subsidy Catalogue adjustment Treatment Enterprise Qualification Licensing Treatment Fund Subsidy WEEE other than the 1st batch listed
  • 6. 环境保护部固体废物与化学品管理技术中心 Solid Waste and Chemicals Management Center, Ministry of Environmental Protectionhttp://www.swmc.org.cn Treatment fund subsidy The state establishes a fund for the treatment of WEEE to subsidize the recover and disposal of WEEE
  • 7. 环境保护部固体废物与化学品管理技术中心 Solid Waste and Chemicals Management Center, Ministry of Environmental Protectionhttp://www.swmc.org.cn Treatment fund subsidy producer/importer Treatment Enterprise Consumer Recycler Downstream Enterprise Fund WEEE MEP/EPBs SAT, Customs MOF MOFCOM MIIT Producer collection Recycler collection Treatment Enterprise collection Fraction Fund collection State treasury Paying subsidy Audit Audit result Supervision Association
  • 8. 环境保护部固体废物与化学品管理技术中心 Solid Waste and Chemicals Management Center, Ministry of Environmental Protectionhttp://www.swmc.org.cn Current Practice of WEEE treatment fund • By the end of 2013, 91 qualified enterprises have been authorized to be funded, with total treatment ability of about 80 million units WEEE per year.
  • 9. 环境保护部固体废物与化学品管理技术中心 Solid Waste and Chemicals Management Center, Ministry of Environmental Protectionhttp://www.swmc.org.cn
  • 10. 环境保护部固体废物与化学品管理技术中心 Solid Waste and Chemicals Management Center, Ministry of Environmental Protectionhttp://www.swmc.org.cn Current Practice of WEEE treatment fund • In 2013, about 43 million units WEEE were confirmed to be dismantled and reprocessed by the funded enterprises. • Since 2012, 1877 million RMB of treatment subsidy has been paid to the funded enterprises.
  • 11. 环境保护部固体废物与化学品管理技术中心 Solid Waste and Chemicals Management Center, Ministry of Environmental Protectionhttp://www.swmc.org.cn Challenges and Future Perspective • Main challenges – Informal collection, repair, refurbishment, recycling and disposal activities – Air conditioners, fridges and washing machine are difficult to collect – Illegal importation – Lack of recycling and disposal technology (especially precious metal recycling, disposal of lead glass, liquid crystal, etc.) – Cheat in subsidy application and audit
  • 12. 环境保护部固体废物与化学品管理技术中心 Solid Waste and Chemicals Management Center, Ministry of Environmental Protectionhttp://www.swmc.org.cn Challenges and Future Perspective • Next step • Expand WEEE Catalogues • Strengthen pollution prevention and control, promote ESM of WEEE treatment industry • Enhance resource efficiency during recycle • Ensure appropriate use of treatment fund • Push WEEE collection system construction
  • 13. 环境保护部固体废物与化学品管理技术中心 Solid Waste and Chemicals Management Center, Ministry of Environmental Protectionhttp://www.swmc.org.cn Solid Waste and Chemicals Management Center, Ministry of Environmental Protection Policy Research Survey, Measurement, Technical analysis Supervision, Audit, Technical verification Guide local centers Information analysis, Technical service Training, Consultancy International cooperation Wastes, Chemicals, Contaminated site, Heavy metals R&D Towards the leading organization in China on EPR and E-waste research, management and technology!
  • 14. 环境保护部固体废物与化学品管理技术中心 Solid Waste and Chemicals Management Center, Ministry of Environmental Protectionhttp://www.swmc.org.cn Thank you for your attention! Contact Info: • Email: zhengyang@mepscc.cn • Tel: +86-10-84665534 • Fax: +86-10-84665559