P1 Jonathan Barr - Building quality jobs at the local level - key findings from a comparative OECD review
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P1 Jonathan Barr - Building quality jobs at the local level - key findings from a comparative OECD review

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Material of the 10th Annual meeting of the OECD LEED Forum on Partnerships and Local Development |23-25 April 2014 | Stockholm, Sweden ...

Material of the 10th Annual meeting of the OECD LEED Forum on Partnerships and Local Development |23-25 April 2014 | Stockholm, Sweden
More info http://www.oecd.org/cfe/leed/10th-fplg-meeting.htm

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P1 Jonathan Barr - Building quality jobs at the local level - key findings from a comparative OECD review Presentation Transcript

  • 1. BUILDING QUALITY JOBS AT THE LOCAL LEVEL – KEY FINDINGS FROM A COMPARATIVE OECD REVIEW 10th Annual Meeting of the OECD LEED Forum on Partnerships and Local Development Presentation by Jonathan Barr, Policy Analyst, OECD
  • 2. Overview of the reviews • Over 600 local stakeholders consulted across 12 countries • Used a dashboard methodology to assess contribution of local labour market policy to boosting quality jobs and productivity – Index on a scale of 1-5 representing strengths and weaknesses of programme and policy approach 2
  • 3. Participating Countries 3
  • 4. Unemployment within local labour markets in the wake of the crisis 0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 Ballarat-Bendigo Ipswich-Logan Hamilton ThunderBay Mauricie Estrie Usti SouthMoravia Antwerp Limbourg CergyPontoise Clichy Arles Marseille Lyon Ardeche Dublin SouthEast Haifasub-district Yizrae'elsubdistrict Trento Busan Bucheon Stockholm Gavleborg Belfastregion Nottingham KingstonUponHull SETA NorTec Semca GreatLakesBay AUS CAN CZR BEL FRA IRE ISR ITA KOR SWE UK US Pre-crisis Post-crisis
  • 5. The balance between skills supply and demand varies at the local level United Kingdom Sweden
  • 6. What can employment and training agencies do? Boosting the supply of skills towards employer demand Adjusting to new areas of growth and opportunity Stimulating demand and productivity by better utilising skills Supporting inclusion Quality job creation and economic growth
  • 7. Dashboard index: Orienting the employment and training system towards employer demand 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 United States Australia Canada Korea Northern Ireland (United Kingdom) Belgium (Flanders) Israel Sweden Italy (Trento) Ireland Czech Republic France
  • 8. • Efforts being made to align training with employers and target SMEs • Countries are also ensuring there are flexible opportunities within training programmes (e.g. after- hours and part-time options) • Providing second chance opportunities for workers to re-skill Examples: Using industry reps as trainers (United States and Sweden); Second Career Programme (Canada); Skillnets (Ireland); Employer Ownership Pilots (UK); reverse marketers (Australia) Boosting the supply of skills towards employer demand
  • 9. Dashboard index: Targeting sectors and areas of future growth 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 California (United States) Quebec (Canada) Korea Australia Ontario (Canada) Trento (Italy) Flanders Sweden Michigan (United States) Ireland France Israel Northern Ireland (United Kingdom) Czech Republic
  • 10. • Cluster and sector-based approaches are being implemented to better connect education and world of work • Labour market information and counsellors are playing an important role in guiding people into new and growing career opportunities Examples: Local pathway models with green and energy sectors (California); Strategic clusters (Korea); Regional niche sectors (Quebec, Canada); Workforce Intelligence Network (Michigan); Talent Houses (Belgium); industry advisory boards (Australia), ALLIANCE project (France) Adjusting to new areas of growth and opportunity
  • 11. Stimulate demand and strengthening productivity by better utilising skills
  • 12. Dashboard index: There is low public sector involvement in skills utilisation activities 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 Australia Belgium (Flanders) Canada Korea United States Northern Ireland (United Kingdom) Sweden Ireland Italy (Trento) Czech Republic France Israel
  • 13. • providing technical assistance and setting an example • working with supply chains and employer networks to stimulate innovation and help employers ‘raise their game’ • putting in place management and leadership training programmes Examples: Australia Workforce and Productivity Commission; Community colleges (Ontario, Canada); Platform Care Limburg (Belgium); Management programmes (Northern Ireland) In some countries, the public sector is….
  • 14. Dashboard index: Degree to which employment and training programmes are targeted to at-risk groups 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 Australia Canada Ireland Sweden Belgium (Flanders) Israel Northern Ireland (United Kingdom) United States France Czech Republic Italy (Trento) Korea
  • 15. • Many countries are delivering targeted programmes to people (e.g. youth and migrants) and places/neighbourhoods • Growing focus on prevention and early interventions – role of mentoring and counselling • Efforts are being made to leverage broader local resources Examples: Pathways to Education (Canada); Unga-in (Sweden), neighbourhood renewal strategies (Northern Ireland), local development companies (Ireland) Supporting inclusion
  • 16. Dashboard index: Local flexibility/adjustability in the employment policy framework 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 United States Flanders Canada Czech Republic Korea France Northern Ireland (UK) Italy Sweden Israel Ireland Australia
  • 17. Dashboard index: Flexibility tends to improve policy integration and coordination 4.5 4.5 4.0 4.0 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.0 3.0 2.5 2.5 2.5 4.5 4.0 4.0 3.0 4.0 3.5 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 United States Flanders Canada Czech Republic Korea France Northern Ireland (UK) Italy Sweden Israel Ireland Australia
  • 18. • Flexibility in budget management • Negotiating performance management frameworks • Using data to stimulate cooperation and continuous evaluation Examples: VDAB (Belgium), Workforce Investment Boards (United States), Local Employment Councils (Korea); Local Employment Coordinators (Australia), Employment Pacts (France), Employment Modernisation Programme (Northern Ireland) How are countries injecting local flexibility and integration?
  • 19. Thank you Jonathan.barr@oecd.org