OECD LEED Benelux report on green growth - Hans Bruyninckx


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Presentation by Prof. Dr. Hans Bruyninckx, Catholic University Leuven, Belgium.

2013 REPORT - Green growth in the Benelux - Indicators of local transition to a low-carbon economy in cross-border regions.

The full report could be freely downloaded at http://www.oecd.org/cfe/leed/lowcarbon.htm

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OECD LEED Benelux report on green growth - Hans Bruyninckx

  1. 1. Prof. Dr. Hans Bruyninckx (Catholic University Leuven)Brussels, May 20131
  2. 2. 1. Transboundary cooperation and the lowcarbon economy (LCE) Local and regional dynamics essential in LCE strategies Level at which LCE policies are concretised, implementedand financed Cluster-approaches to industrial (eco-)innovation Often linked to local dynamics (e.g. carbon neutral urban orregional development strategies) Local dynamics often have transboundary characteristics Economic clusters are often transboundary (e.g. harborregions; metropolitan networks; …) Often supported by policy instruments and strategies (e.g.EU funding for transboundary development)2
  3. 3. 2. Local cases: never in ‘isolation’ Framework: (sub)national and European policies on Industrial policy Eco-innovation GHG emissions reductions Related R&D policies New dynamics on local LCE Covenant of Mayors EU attention OECD attention3
  4. 4. 3. Euregion Scheldemond4
  5. 5. Bio-base technology as basis forreconversion and green growth5
  6. 6. Industrial Profile6Organisational Structure Bio Base Europe- Port of Ghent- Education opportunities: “close the criticalgap between scientific feasibility andindustrial application of new biobasedproducts and processes”- Train employees for biobased green jobs- City of Terneuzen- Education, networking, technological innovation andexhibiting“Smart Links”: cooperationamong biobased companies
  7. 7. 4. Multi-level Policy Initiatives7BelgiumFlemishRegionProvince ofEastern-FlandersCity ofGhentTheNetherlandsProvince ofZeelandCity ofTerneuzenSurprisingly many efforts alreadyat the regional and local levelbut…considering the indicators of localtransition to a low-carbon economy:- No cross-border cooperation yet- No systematic measurement yet-Yet need for indicators:- How are we doing? Policyperformance- Legitimacy ?
  8. 8. 5. Reflections on the use of local LC-indicatorsA number of enduring problems of data-gathering- ‘region’ does not coincide with any data gathering ‘institution’- Transboundary characteristics complicate this- Data availability; consistency; comparability; …- Longitudinal nature of LCE/S transitionResult: hardly any of the indicators are used at this momentYet, … many indicator processes are running at the local level- labor-, capacity-, time-intensive- Little coherence, compatibility at the level of Belgium/Flanders- Little structured ‘learning’31-5-2013 8
  9. 9. 6. Emerging Policy Messages Challenges for data gathering remain strong Yet, … many indicator processes are running at thelocal level Two steps approach: the core (eg: GHG emissions of theregion; Carbon intensity of the economy of the region; carbonintensity of employment) and the complementaryadjusted local set Specific process approach for crossborder areas Opportunities for for exchange, learning,methodological and policy development!9
  10. 10. 7. Role for RIOs (Benelux) LCE and Green Growth Relevance for specific region? Part of core political/policy attention? How to integrate in working program? Indicator development and use Specific competences in cross-border cooperation: how touse this for indicator processes? Setting the stage for other cross-border areas of highsignificance for LC-future10