Hans Bruyninckx - Transboundary low carbon economic development - Tthe Benelux experience


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Presentation by Prof. Dr. Hans Bruyninckx, Catholic University Leuven.

OECD LEED Report on "Green growth in the Benelux - Indicators of local transition to a low-carbon economy in cross-border regions" presented in Brussels on 29 May 2013.

For more info http://www.oecd.org/cfe/leed/lowcarbon.htm

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Hans Bruyninckx - Transboundary low carbon economic development - Tthe Benelux experience

  1. 1. Prof. Dr. Hans Bruyninckx (Catholic University Leuven) Brussels, May 2013 1
  2. 2. 1. Transboundary cooperation and the low carbon economy (LCE)  Local and regional dynamics essential in LCE strategies  Level at which LCE policies are concretised, implemented and financed  Cluster-approaches to industrial (eco-)innovation  Often linked to local dynamics (e.g. carbon neutral urban or regional development strategies)  Local dynamics often have transboundary characteristics  Economic clusters are often transboundary (e.g. harbor regions; metropolitan networks; …)  Often supported by policy instruments and strategies (e.g. EU funding for transboundary development) 2
  3. 3. 2. Local cases: never in ‘isolation’  Framework: (sub)national and European policies on  Industrial policy  Eco-innovation  GHG emissions reductions  Related R&D policies  New dynamics on local LCE  Covenant of Mayors  EU attention  OECD attention 3
  4. 4. 3. Euregion Scheldemond 4
  5. 5. Bio-base technology as basis for reconversion and green growth 5
  6. 6. Industrial Profile 6 Organisational Structure Bio Base Europe - Port of Ghent - Education opportunities: “close the critical gap between scientific feasibility and industrial application of new biobased products and processes” - Train employees for biobased green jobs - City of Terneuzen - Education, networking, technological innovation and exhibiting “Smart Links”: cooperation among biobased companies
  7. 7. 4. Multi-level Policy Initiatives 7 Belgium Flemish Region Province of Eastern- Flanders City of Ghent The Netherlands Province of Zeeland City of Terneuzen Surprisingly many efforts already at the regional and local level but… considering the indicators of local transition to a low-carbon economy: - No cross-border cooperation yet - No systematic measurement yet -Yet need for indicators: - How are we doing? Policy performance - Legitimacy ?
  8. 8. 5. Reflections on the use of local LC-indicators A number of enduring problems of data-gathering - ‘region’ does not coincide with any data gathering ‘institution’ - Transboundary characteristics complicate this - Data availability; consistency; comparability; … - Longitudinal nature of LCE/S transition Result: hardly any of the indicators are used at this moment Yet, … many indicator processes are running at the local level - labor-, capacity-, time-intensive - Little coherence, compatibility at the level of Belgium/Flanders - Little structured ‘learning’ 8-7-2013 8
  9. 9. 6. Emerging Policy Messages  Challenges for data gathering remain strong  Yet, … many indicator processes are running at the local level  Two steps approach: the core (eg: GHG emissions of the region; Carbon intensity of the economy of the region; carbon intensity of employment) and the complementary adjusted local set  Specific process approach for crossborder areas  Opportunities for for exchange, learning, methodological and policy development! 9
  10. 10. 7. Role for RIOs (Benelux)  LCE and Green Growth  Relevance for specific region?  Part of core political/policy attention?  How to integrate in working program?  Indicator development and use  Specific competences in cross-border cooperation: how to use this for indicator processes?  Setting the stage for other cross-border areas of high significance for LC-future 10