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Brian Harvey - Employment and social inclusion in rural areas
Brian Harvey - Employment and social inclusion in rural areas
Brian Harvey - Employment and social inclusion in rural areas
Brian Harvey - Employment and social inclusion in rural areas
Brian Harvey - Employment and social inclusion in rural areas
Brian Harvey - Employment and social inclusion in rural areas
Brian Harvey - Employment and social inclusion in rural areas
Brian Harvey - Employment and social inclusion in rural areas
Brian Harvey - Employment and social inclusion in rural areas
Brian Harvey - Employment and social inclusion in rural areas
Brian Harvey - Employment and social inclusion in rural areas
Brian Harvey - Employment and social inclusion in rural areas
Brian Harvey - Employment and social inclusion in rural areas
Brian Harvey - Employment and social inclusion in rural areas
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Brian Harvey - Employment and social inclusion in rural areas

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Presentation by Brian Harvey, Independent Social Researcher, Ireland. …

Presentation by Brian Harvey, Independent Social Researcher, Ireland.

9th Annual Meeting of the OECD LEED Forum on Partnerships and Local Governance (Dublin-Kilkenny, Ireland), 26/27 March 2013.

http://www.oecd.org/cfe/leed/9thfplgmeeting.htm

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  • 1. 9th Annual Meeting IMPLEMENTING CHANGE: A NEW LOCAL AGENDA FOR JOBS AND GROWTH In co-operation with the EU Presidency, Irish Government and Pobal 26-27 March 2013, Dublin-Kilkenny, IrelandWORKSHOP C: EMPLOYMENT AND SOCIAL INCLUSION IN RURAL AREAS Brian Harvey Independent Social Researcher, Ireland
  • 2. Brian Harvey and Kathy Walsh OECD conference, UCD, DublinWorkshop C, 1300 to 1500, 26th March 2013 brharvey@iol.ie kwresearch@eircom.net
  • 3.  Capture recent (esp. 2008+) trends in employment, social inclusion in rural areas Fill a gap in analysis of triangle of: Rural development Employment Social inclusion Look at examples outside Ireland Make recommendations Here, statistical analysis first; then issues, findings, problems, solutions, recommendations
  • 4. 1987 1994 2000 Open country 21.5% 19.6% 32.4% Village/town 25.2% 26.4% 36.3% <3,000 Town 3,000+ 14.2% 19.2% 25.2% Major cities 18% 18.4% 31.3% Dublin 8.7% 15.1% 17.1% Combat Poverty Agency
  • 5.  2009 2010 2011 +- National 14.1% 14.7% 16% +13% Urban 11.8% 12.5% 14.2% +20% Rural 17.8% 18.1% 18.8% +5.6% EU SILC, 2013Rural poverty is higherBut urban poverty is increasing faster
  • 6. Consistent poverty rate 2009 2010 2011 +- Urban 5% 6.6% 6.9% +36% Rural 6.2% 5.9% 7.1% +14.5%Deprivation rate 2009 2010 2011 +- Urban 18.7% 22.9% 26.2% +40% Rural 14.9% 22.2% 21.8% +46%  EU SILC, 2013A complex picture, so what’s going on…?
  • 7.  We divided country into: ◦ Urban, 5,000+ ◦ 3,000 to 5,000 (towns or peri-urban) ◦ Rural (<3,000) to refine the analysis And these are the outcomes…
  • 8. 5,000+ 3-5,000 <3,000 Border 26% 28% 21% Midland 27% 29% 19% West 20% 16% 18% Dublin 17% 17% 15% Mid-East 18% 18% 18% Mid-West 25% 0% 17% South East 25% 26% 19% South West 19% 19% 15% Rural unemployment lowest, 3-5,000 highest
  • 9. Less Same More Deprivation Deprivation 5,000+ 21% 62% 17% 3,000 to 5,000 12% 62% 25% <3,000 14% 66% 20% Towns 3,000 – 5,000 are focus of problem ‘Towns are dying on their feet’ But we lack explanations (LA tenants? Closures public services, shops, where jobs are?)
  • 10.  Need for more refined definition of rural Irish rural policy is out of date ◦ Enhancing our future, 1999 ◦ Rural initiatives (RSS, RTP) – but not same as a policy Need for a statement of basis for rural policy ◦ E.g. Future of rural society (Commission, 1988) ◦ Equivalence principle Absence of rural proofing ◦ Many key national policy documents have no rural sections or only passing mention ◦ Look at Action plan for jobs, National Skills Strategy, Enterprise Strategy, ministerial briefings 2011 ◦ ‘Rural’ has slipped down policy hierarchy
  • 11.  Positively, convergence about what should be done ◦ Between Ireland and Europe ◦ Between NGOs and government Main elements ◦ Investment in infrastructure, public services ◦ Green jobs (agrifood, farmer markets, social farming, organic etc), low carbon economy (biofuels, wind, wave) ◦ Targeted assistance for SMEs, micro-enterprise, social enterprise ◦ Upskilling right through to upper age range ◦ Rural, heritage, eco-tourism
  • 12.  Ireland lags behind Europe in key areas ◦ E.g. organics, biomass, nature protection, renewables ◦ Example inappropriately applied e.g. wind ◦ Missed opportunities e.g. heritage tourism, wave, Groundwork type improvements Activation does not match scale of problem ◦ Not adapted to rural situation ◦ Does not address transport, childcare, progression ◦ Need to re-direct resources from control Role of the state ◦ Criticized as extreme laissez faire ◦ State agencies traditionally played important role e.g. ACC, ESB, NET, BNM, CSE: can do so again
  • 13.  Lack of apprenticeship development cf. successful European economies (only 1,400 places) Small size of social economy (0.68% cf 6% EU) Need to re-set social inclusion policy ◦ In rural context ◦ In post-2008 context Need to re-affirm role of community development ◦ It was a major driver in improvement in rural Ireland post 1980s ◦ Since then, CDP gone, LCDP down -42%, alignment process. Consequences if you cut out a main driver. Need for broader community of policy, practice
  • 14. ◦ Rural vision, policy direction◦ Successful application of policy – proofing  Rural policy implementation group, incl. NGOs◦ Fall application of European menu◦ Community of policy, practice◦ Adapt activation to rural environment◦ Apprenticeships, social economy◦ Rebalance state support for rural enterprise◦ Revise NAPSIncl in light of rural, post-2008◦ Re-affirm value of community development  Operation of CLLD as a global grant 2013-2020

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