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The role of Qualitative Research inAdvancing ECEC Policy Development and           Implementation                         ...
Overview    1. Qualitative research – what is it?      • strengths      • why is it undervalued?    2. Critical ECEC polic...
Qualitative Research    • In depth study of complex issue,      process, event . . .    • Focus on participants, views and...
Why is it under-valued by governments?      • Essential for government ECEC agendas        o   Best practice guides/regula...
Many ECEC challenges today need high quality                qualitative research                                          ...
Some ECEC Challenges    • Gaining and sustaining government support      for high quality ECEC    • Engaging parents and c...
Ethnic Minority Children    The most disadvantaged Governments - struggle                           for effectiveness     ...
Ethnic Minority Children                  Need research on                  •Making children’s culture                  wo...
Parenting skills    Essential for outcomes,    especially for very    young children 0-3.    Many parents do not    unders...
Parenting skills                 Need to develop                 •systematic evidence base                 •how informal p...
The impossible dream - education and health                            ministries in harmony                         PROBL...
IMPLEMENTATION !    “THE PARADOX OF NON-EVIDENCED    BASED IMPLEMENTATION OF    EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE”           (Drake,...
IMPLEMENTATION SCIENCE in ECEC !    • Need a conceptual framework, and possibly a    common language    • Systematic studi...
Conclusion: Priorities    • Implementation Science in ECEC      o Journal? OECD studies?    • Research on      o Effective...
THANK YOU!• Question   THANK YOU!                                                                      15                 ...
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The role of Qualitative Research in Advancing ECEC Policy Development and Implementation

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Dr Wendy Jarvie
Visiting Professor
University of NSW at the Australian Defence Force Academy
Canberra, Australia


Some ECEC Challenges
Gaining and sustaining government support for high quality ECEC
Engaging parents and communities, particularly ethnic minorities
Working across government – joined up agendas and services
Improving workforce quality including revamped professional training
Developing an innovation culture and scaling up from successful trials (eg low cost delivery, transition to school)

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Transcript of "The role of Qualitative Research in Advancing ECEC Policy Development and Implementation"

  1. 1. The role of Qualitative Research inAdvancing ECEC Policy Development and Implementation Dr Wendy Jarvie Visiting ProfessorUniversity of NSW at the Australian Defence Force Academy Canberra, Australia OECD Early Childhood Education and Care Network Meeting O Oslo, Norway 25 January 2012
  2. 2. Overview 1. Qualitative research – what is it? • strengths • why is it undervalued? 2. Critical ECEC policy and program challenges today • need systematic qualitative research 3. Priority – IMPLEMENTATION studies!! • implementation science2 2 W. Jarvie, 2012 OECD ECEC network meeting Norway
  3. 3. Qualitative Research • In depth study of complex issue, process, event . . . • Focus on participants, views and behaviour • Cuts across disciplines, uses a mix of methods 33 W. Jarvie, 2012 OECD ECEC network meeting Norway
  4. 4. Why is it under-valued by governments? • Essential for government ECEC agendas o Best practice guides/regulation o Evaluations of programs, build public trust o Comparative studies o Input to quantitative studies BUT • Over-used in education research • Poor quality/researcher bias • Expensive, complex, difficult to generalise from 44 W. Jarvie, 2012 OECD ECEC network meeting Norway
  5. 5. Many ECEC challenges today need high quality qualitative research 55 W. Jarvie, 2012 OECD ECEC network meeting Norway
  6. 6. Some ECEC Challenges • Gaining and sustaining government support for high quality ECEC • Engaging parents and communities, particularly ethnic minorities • Working across government – joined up agendas and services • Improving workforce quality including revamped professional training • Developing an innovation culture and scaling up from successful trials (eg low cost delivery, transition to school) 66 W. Jarvie, 2012 OECD ECEC network meeting Norway
  7. 7. Ethnic Minority Children The most disadvantaged Governments - struggle for effectiveness of all Public officials - lack skills and capacity Communities and parents - little awareness of importance of ECEC, mistrust of government, lack leadership 77 W. Jarvie, 2012 OECD ECEC network meeting Norway
  8. 8. Ethnic Minority Children Need research on •Making children’s culture work for them • Lifting workforce quality o Teaching assistants, ethnic minority teachers, bilingual teaching •Community outreach 85 W. Jarvie, 2012 OECD ECEC network meeting Norway
  9. 9. Parenting skills Essential for outcomes, especially for very young children 0-3. Many parents do not understand the importance of ECEC, especially talking and reading to children. 99 W. Jarvie, 2012 OECD ECEC network meeting Norway
  10. 10. Parenting skills Need to develop •systematic evidence base •how informal programs can work with formal ECEC services •how to include education messages in health programs/home visiting 1010 W. Jarvie, 2012 OECD ECEC network meeting Norway
  11. 11. The impossible dream - education and health ministries in harmony PROBLEM Professional differences : professions don’t Qualitative research is needed understand each other – Health professionals don’t understand Good practice studies importance of reading/play /small group • ministries and professionals sizes working together successfully – Education professionals don’t understand nutrition, de-worming, ear infection • role of advocates, NGOs , control programs government ministers • Research base • organisational structures o Health – stronger evidence base, that support joined up action practitioner researcher o Education – weaker evidence base • Are changes to professional training needed? Ministries don’t want to cede leadership or power to the other 1111 W. Jarvie, 2012 OECD ECEC network meeting Norway
  12. 12. IMPLEMENTATION ! “THE PARADOX OF NON-EVIDENCED BASED IMPLEMENTATION OF EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE” (Drake, Gorman and Torrey , 2002) 125 W. Jarvie, 2012 OECD ECEC network meeting Norway
  13. 13. IMPLEMENTATION SCIENCE in ECEC ! • Need a conceptual framework, and possibly a common language • Systematic studies • Meta studies Draw from health implementation science • develop collaborative relationships - government, providers, research institutions, practitioners. 135 W. Jarvie, 2012 OECD ECEC network meeting Norway
  14. 14. Conclusion: Priorities • Implementation Science in ECEC o Journal? OECD studies? • Research on o Effective strategies for ethnic minority children, parents and communities o Parenting programs o Joined up government – how to do it; persuading government to invest in the “invisible “ components of quality in ECEC o Enhancing workforce quality 145 W. Jarvie, 2012 OECD ECEC network meeting Norway
  15. 15. THANK YOU!• Question THANK YOU! 15 W. Jarvie Strategic Management Conference 27 September 2011
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