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The OECD Skills Strategy: Austria in perspective

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Skills …

Skills
Bundle of knowledge, attributes and capacities that enable individuals to successfully and consistently perform an activity or task

Human Capital
Sum of all skills available within the country at a given point in time

Published in: Education, Business

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  • 1. The OECD Skills Strategy:Austria in perspectiveJoanne CaddyOECD Directorate for Education and Skillsforum bmvit - Vienna, 11 June 2013
  • 2. Major shifts in the demand for skillsEconomy-wide measures of routine and non-routine task input (US)4045505560651960 1970 1980 1990 2002Routine manualNonroutine manualRoutine cognitiveNonroutine analyticNonroutine interactiv(Levy and Murnane, 2010)Meantaskinputaspercentilesofthe1960taskdistributionDilemma facing schools:The skills that are easiest to teach andtest are also the ones that are easiest todigitise, automate and outsource18
  • 3. Skills are the new global currencySupply of college graduates-2,000,0004,000,0006,000,0008,000,00010,000,00012,000,000China EU US200620102015202010By 2020, there will be morenew graduates in Chinathan youth in Europe19
  • 4. 4OECD Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC)New focus on skills, not qualifications
  • 5. skills.oecdBetter Skills, Better Jobs, Better LivesWhat do we mean by skills (or competencies)?SkillsBundle of knowledge, attributes andcapacities that enable individuals tosuccessfully and consistently performan activity or taskHuman CapitalSum of all skills available within thecountry at a given point in timeOECD Skills Strategy (2012)
  • 6. skills.oecdBetter Skills, Better Jobs, Better Lives6Why do skills matter to countries?
  • 7. skills.oecdBetter Skills, Better Jobs, Better Lives7Why do skills matter to people?
  • 8. skills.oecdBetter Skills, Better Jobs, Better Lives8How can we improve skills and their use?
  • 9. skills.oecdBetter Skills, Better Jobs, Better Lives 9What is the OECD Skills Strategy?
  • 10. skills.oecdBetter Skills, Better Jobs, Better LivesDeveloping relevant skills in Austria10
  • 11. Educational attainment has improved in Austria…Population that has attained at least upper secondary education (2010)
  • 12. 12…but 1 in 4 students lack basic skills0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%AustriaFranceBelgiumGermanySwedenDenmarkPolandNorwayKoreaFinlandbelowlevel 223456Low performers High performersSource: PISA 2009
  • 13. 13Austria has one of the largest PISA gaps for migrants
  • 14. 14Low supply of university graduates…
  • 15. 15…particularly with regard to STEM0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%Proportion of graduates by fields of study, 2010Health and welfare AgricultureEducation (ISC 14) Humanities and ArtsSocial sciences, business and law ServicesEngineering, manufacturing and construction ScienceSource: Education at a Glance 2012
  • 16. 16Mind the gap? Future career plans of girls and boys
  • 17. 17Employer training favours the high-skilled
  • 18. 18Activating skills supply
  • 19. Youth unemployment and inactivity are low in Austria
  • 20. Female employment rates are high, butmotherhood makes part-time employment likely…
  • 21. Older workers’ employment rates are below OECDaverage0102030405060708090Labour force participation rate for people aged 55 to 642011 2007
  • 22. 22International migration accounts for 1/3 of newentries into the working-age population…Permanent-type migration as anestimated % of new entries intothe working-age population, 2010
  • 23. 23Differences in employment rates are largest forhighly-educated immigrants-20-1001020Low-educated Highly-educatedDifference in employment rate of foreign- and native-born populations by educational level,2009-10, 15-64 (excluding persons still in education)Immigrantshave higheremploymentratesImmigrantshave loweremploymentratesDifferences are largest for those with foreign qualifications from non-OECD countries
  • 24. skills.oecdBetter Skills, Better Jobs, Better LivesPutting skills to effective use24
  • 25. 25Employers face difficulties recruiting skilled workersSource: Manpower, 2007 and 2012 Talent Shortage Surveys.Employers facing difficulties recruiting skilled workers, 2007 and 2012As a percentage of all employers
  • 26. 0102030405060Breakdown not available Professionals Technicians and associate professionalsHRST in 2008Growth potential in science & technology professionsOECD calculations, based on EU Labour Force Survey; US Current Population Survey;Australian, Canadian, Japanese and New Zealander labour force surveys, Korean Economically Active PopulationSurvey, China Labour Statistical YearbookHuman resources in science and technology (HRST), 2010As a percentage of total employment
  • 27. 01234561995 2009%Share of ICT specialists now reaches EU average…OECD Information Technology Outlook 2010Share of ICT-specialists in the total economy, 1995 and 2009As a percentage of total employment
  • 28. …but share of women in ICT is below EU averageOECD Information Technology Outlook 201005101520253035404550Women in ICT sector Women in ICT specialists%
  • 29. skills.oecdBetter Skills, Better Jobs, Better LivesWhere to find OECD resources on skills