The modernisation of European higher education through paying attention to the social dimension: developments and challenges in 4 selected countries – Dominic Orr
The modernisation of European higher education throughpaying attention to the social dimension – developmentsand challenges in 4 selected countriesAttaining and Sustaining Mass Higher Education – Theme 6: How can highereducation deal with the challenges it faces?Paris, Sep. 17-19, 2012Dominic Orr Attaining and Sustaining Mass Higher Education Dr. Dominic Orr 1
Contents 1. General context in EU 2. Data sources for analysis 3. EUROSTUDENT indicators 4. Country case studies – NO, NL, ES, IE 5. 10 challenges suggested by these cases Attaining and Sustaining Mass Higher Education Dr. Dominic Orr 2
General background to developments in European higher education More graduates of tertiary education EU-27 average share of holders of tertiary education 2000: 22.4% certificate in age group 30-34 years 2010: 33.6% … according to the EU’s strategic framework for European cooperation in education and training (ET 2020) 2020: 40.0% Reasons • Knowledge society Specific challenges • News skills for new jobs • More inclusive higher Peer education learning General challenges • Alternative routes into HE • Demography • Flexibility of study between • Constraints on public spending programmes countries & • Social dimension institutions Attaining and Sustaining Mass Higher Education Dr. Dominic Orr 3
Data sources for analysis Source Administrative Survey data Qualitative data information Type of Institutional / Individual Context information programme data data information on (“administrative structures, footprint”) procedures and policy measures (especially: case studies) Challenges and compromises • Need comparative conceptual categories to enable the comparison (e.g. ISCED for levels of education) • Need comparative data sets • Trade-off in terms of analysis between depth and breadth Attaining and Sustaining Mass Higher Education Dr. Dominic Orr 4
Survey data results on: Inclusiveness, routes into HE and flexibility of programmes Outcome & Input Measure 1 Measure 2 3.0 Norway, The 2.5 Netherlands, Spain & Ireland – high rates of 2.0 participation, al 1.90 so for low SES 1.68 1.5 groups 1.59 1.0 NO NL ES IE 1.01 0.72 0.63 0.5 0.50 0.42 0.00 0.0 index: low qualification background share of students through alternative index: flexibility of study intensity (ISCED 0-2) routes (% div by 10) NO NL ES IE 1 Quartile Median 3 Quartile Attaining and Sustaining Mass Higher Education Dr. Dominic Orr 5
10 challenges for higher education provision based on policy discussions andmeasures in the 4 countries Access Study conditions Successful completion Challenges 1. Facilitate participation in 5. Flexible provision for variable 10. Facilitate the HE study intensity transition of 2. Facilitate participation in 6. Assure the commitment of graduates to the the best courses at the new types of students to their labour market best colleges / programmes universities 7. Provide teaching and learning 3. Facilitate participation in according to new pedagogical supplementary concepts experiences, esp. 8. Provide incentives for colleges mobility programmes / universities to retain 4. Support prospective students and increase students in making the completion rates ‘right’ choices 9. Provide counselling and advice during study period Attaining and Sustaining Mass Higher Education Dr. Dominic Orr 6
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