Nordic PIAAC network 2013-2014 PIAAC data analyses in Estonia and links to skills strategy
PLANS: Nordic PIAAC network 2013-2014PIAAC data analyses in Estonia and links to skills strategy Aune Valk October 22, 2012 Paris
Nordic PIAAC network• Network on NPM (national project manager) teams from 5 countries in Nordic region: Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Norway, Sweden• Financed since 2010 by the Nordic Council of Ministers• First meeting in 2010 in Örebro (SWE)• 2011 meeting in Copenhagen, creating Nordic database of Field Test data in the Statistics Denmark
Nordic PIAAC network• 2011 Research seminar in Tartu (EST), based on the Nordic data-base• 2012 meeting in Helsinki (FIN). Plans for Nordic database of Main Study data + register data + Nordic PIAAC report.
Nordic PIAAC network – plans 2013+• November 2013 Norway – Seminar of the first findings and launching of the Nordic database• 2014 Publication of the Nordic PIAAC report• 2014 Fall – Nordic PIAAC conference (?)
Reporting plansInternational (OECD) Nordic EstonianOECD skills outlook: First results General report without Adult skills in Estonia and in the… fixed title worldThe use of skills in the workplaceSkills and labour market Skills and labour marketoutcomes outcomes, incl enterpreneurship skills and skills of enterpreneursSkills mismatch Skills mismatchA closer look at the population Risk groups in relation to skillswith low levels of proficiencyDigital literacy, problem solving inTRE, and ICT useTrends, ageing and the Skills acquisition, skills Skills and lifelong learning, incldeterminants of skills loss and agening participation in culture Do skills help to explain wage gaps, incl language skills Skills and the quality of education, incl drop outs
Skills strategy and PIAAC. Estonian caseEconomic growth in Estonia before crisis (and since2010) have been rather quick. Comparing the growthfactors to other EU countries it can be concluded:• We have exhausted the opportunity to „activate skills supply“ (more working hours; longer working life), except reducing unemployment that appeared during the crisis• Future growth should be based mainly on capital accumulation and TFP (total factor productivity) that includes skills, technology, innovation, organisation … (Estonian Development Fund 2008: The competitiveness of Estonian economy: state of art and look to the future)
Skills strategy and PIAAC. Estonian case„… Lifelong learning would strengthen employability.Vocational education should be further focused onequipping graduates with employable skills by intensifyingco-operation with employers, and access to tertiaryeducation should be widened further. The enterprisesupport framework should increasingly target innovation,thereby contributing to productivity-driven exportgrowth.“ (OECD 2012: Economic Survey of Estonia)
Where could be the potential for skills development in Estonia if …• adults (25-64) have in average good qualifications (2010): • only 11% are below upper secondary education (26% OECD), • 35% have tertiary education (OECD 30%);
Where could be the potential for skills development in Estonia if …• adults (25-64) have in average good qualifications (2010): • only 11% are below upper secondary education (26% OECD), • 35% have tertiary education (OECD 30%);• students’ skills are above OECD average in all 3 domains (PISA)• access to higher education is together with Nordic countries quite equal;• participation in adult education has increased rapidly and is above OECD and EU average;• education stresses general skills and flexibility;• labour force participation rate among 25-64 is one of the highest in OECD.
… but also• we do not have (comparative) data on adult skills in Estonia;• perceived shortage of skills – need for additional training to cope well with current job is high - 20% (OECD 13%);• educational differences between men and women are one of the highest in the world;• unemployment is one of the highest in OECD;• immigration is very low;• there are less than in average in OECD students with very high level skills (5-6th level in PISA);• employers are complaining that education does not correspond to the needs of the job market: more need for vocational education;• … 12
Several reforms in education are in process:• Updating infrastructure and curricula in VET (last 5 years)• Review of occupatiuonal qualifications and extensive support to adult education• New curriculum in general education since last year;• 60% of subjects in Estonian language in upper secondary schools where main language of tuition was Russian (since 2011);• Higher education studies fully financed by the state (2013): quality requirements + full-time participation + needs based scholarships• Reform of general school network (in near future): separating basic and upper secondary schools, state-run bigger and stronger upper secondary schools• New lifelong learning strategy is under development
Summary• There is need for skills development – even if economy is increasing and – educational indicators are by and large strong.• But as many reforms are running or just started,• and we expect to be much wiser after international, Nordic and Estonian PIAAC reports,• we have postponed desicion on skills strategy for 2-3 years.• For a while we keep learning in the fruitful Nordic cooperation.