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Key findings from the 2012 edition of Education at a Glance - European Union

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The crisis has reinforced the importance of good education. Over the past decade, more than two-thirds of GDP growth in EU countries was driven by labour income growth among tertiary-educated ...

The crisis has reinforced the importance of good education. Over the past decade, more than two-thirds of GDP growth in EU countries was driven by labour income growth among tertiary-educated individuals (United States 51%). Even in the midst of the recession, labour income growth among tertiary graduates increased in the majority of EU countries

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Key findings from the 2012 edition of  Education at a Glance - European Union Key findings from the 2012 edition of Education at a Glance - European Union Presentation Transcript

  • 1 1 Education at a Glance 2012 Key findings from the 2012 edition of Education at a Glance European Union Andreas SchleicherBrussels, 11. September 2012 Andreas Schleicher Advisor of the OECD Secretary-General on Education Policy Deputy Director for Education
  • 2 2 Education at a Glance 2012 Highlights - Europe • The crisis has reinforced the importance of good education – Over the past decade, more than two-thirds of GDP growth in EU countries was driven by labour income growth among tertiary-educated individuals (United States 51%) – Even in the midst of the recession, labour income growth among tertiary graduates increased in the majority of EU countries • The relative earnings premium for those with a tertiary education increased in most EU countries over the past ten years Andreas SchleicherBrussels, 11. September 2012 – indicating that the demand for more educated individuals still exceeds supply • The EU leads in early childhood education… – In Belgium, France, Iceland, Italy, Norway, Spain and Sweden, more than 90% of 3-year-olds are enrolled in early childhood education … but lifelong learning is still far from becoming a reality in the EU .
  • 3 3 Education at a Glance 2012 Highlights - Europe • Most EU countries increased their investment in initial education over the past decade, and many even during the economic crisis – Between 2008 and 2009 expenditure on educational institutions fell in only four EU countries (Belgium, Estonia, Iceland, Italy) but also in Japan and in the United States – But many EU countries still struggle to share the costs and benefits of higher education equitably between taxpayers and households – The data show no cross-country relationship between the share of private financing and social mobility, while there is a very clear relationship between social inequalities in school systems and social mobility in tertiary education, Andreas SchleicherBrussels, 11. September 2012 an area where some EU countries are not doing well • EU countries in Europe host 41% of all international students • Based on current patterns of graduation, an average of 84% of today‟s young people in OECD countries will complete upper secondary education over their lifetimes – In EU countries, some 86% of young people will .
  • 4 4 Education at a Glance 2012 Across the world more people obtain better qualifications but the pace of change varies hugely across countries as Andreas SchleicherBrussels, 11. September 2012 do the approaches to financing this expansion
  • Australia 5 5 Austria Belgium Canada A world of change – higher education Education at a Glance 2012 Chile Czech Republic Denmark 30,000 Estonia Finland France 1995 Germany 25,000 Expenditure per student at tertiary level (USD) Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland 20,000 Israel Italy Japan Korea Cost per student 15,000 Andreas SchleicherBrussels, 11. September 2012 Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand 10,000 Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia 5,000 Spain Sweden Switzerland 0 Graduate supply Turkey United Kingdom 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 United States Tertiary-type A graduation rate (%)
  • Australia 6 6 Austria Belgium Canada A world of change – higher education Education at a Glance 2012 Chile Czech Republic Denmark 30,000 Estonia Finland France 1995 Germany 25,000 Expenditure per student at tertiary level (USD) Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland 20,000 Israel Italy United States Japan Korea Cost per student 15,000Brussels, 11. September 2012 Andreas Schleicher Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand 10,000 Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia 5,000 Spain Sweden Switzerland 0 Graduate supply Turkey United Kingdom 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 United States Tertiary-type A graduation rate (%)
  • Australia 7 7 Austria Belgium Canada A world of change – higher education Education at a Glance 2012 Chile Czech Republic Denmark 30,000 Estonia Finland France 2000 Germany 25,000 Expenditure per student at tertiary level (USD) Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland 20,000 Israel Italy Japan Korea 15,000Brussels, 11. September 2012 Andreas Schleicher Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand 10,000 Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia 5,000 Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey 0 United Kingdom 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 United States Tertiary-type A graduation rate
  • Australia 8 8 Austria Belgium Canada A world of change – higher education Education at a Glance 2012 Chile Czech Republic Denmark 30,000 Estonia Finland France 2001 Germany 25,000 Expenditure per student at tertiary level (USD) Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland 20,000 Israel Italy Japan Korea 15,000 Andreas SchleicherBrussels, 11. September 2012 Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand 10,000 Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia 5,000 Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey 0 United Kingdom 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 United States Tertiary-type A graduation rate
  • Australia 9 9 Austria Belgium Canada A world of change – higher education Education at a Glance 2012 Chile Czech Republic Denmark 30,000 Estonia Finland France 2002 Germany 25,000 Expenditure per student at tertiary level (USD) Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland 20,000 Israel Italy Japan Korea 15,000Brussels, 11. September 2012 Andreas Schleicher Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand 10,000 Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia 5,000 Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey 0 United Kingdom 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 United States Tertiary-type A graduation rate
  • Australia1010 Austria Belgium Canada A world of change – higher education Education at a Glance 2012 Chile Czech Republic Denmark 30,000 Estonia Finland France 2003 Germany 25,000 Expenditure per student at tertiary level (USD) Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland 20,000 Israel Italy Japan Korea 15,000 Andreas SchleicherBrussels, 11. September 2012 Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand 10,000 Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia 5,000 Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey 0 United Kingdom 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 United States Tertiary-type A graduation rate
  • Australia1111 Austria Belgium Canada A world of change – higher education Education at a Glance 2012 Chile Czech Republic Denmark 30,000 Estonia Finland France 2004 Germany 25,000 Expenditure per student at tertiary level (USD) Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland 20,000 Israel Italy Japan Korea 15,000Brussels, 11. September 2012 Andreas Schleicher Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand 10,000 Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia 5,000 Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey 0 United Kingdom 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 United States Tertiary-type A graduation rate
  • Australia1212 Austria Belgium Canada A world of change – higher education Education at a Glance 2012 Chile Czech Republic Denmark 30,000 Estonia Finland France 2005 Germany 25,000 Expenditure per student at tertiary level (USD) Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland 20,000 Israel Italy Japan Korea 15,000 Andreas SchleicherBrussels, 11. September 2012 Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand 10,000 Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia 5,000 Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey 0 United Kingdom 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 United States Tertiary-type A graduation rate
  • Australia1313 Austria Belgium Canada A world of change – higher education Education at a Glance 2012 Chile Czech Republic Denmark 30,000 Estonia Finland France 2006 Germany 25,000 Expenditure per student at tertiary level (USD) Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland 20,000 Israel Italy Japan Korea 15,000Brussels, 11. September 2012 Andreas Schleicher Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand 10,000 Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia 5,000 Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey 0 United Kingdom 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 United States Tertiary-type A graduation rate
  • Australia1414 Austria Belgium Canada A world of change – higher education Education at a Glance 2012 Chile Czech Republic Denmark 30,000 Estonia Finland France 2007 Germany 25,000 Expenditure per student at tertiary level (USD) Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland 20,000 Israel Italy Japan Korea 15,000 Andreas SchleicherBrussels, 11. September 2012 Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand 10,000 Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia 5,000 Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey 0 United Kingdom 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 United States Tertiary-type A graduation rate
  • Australia1515 Austria Belgium Canada A world of change – higher education Education at a Glance 2012 Chile Czech Republic Denmark 30,000 Estonia Finland France 2008 Germany 25,000 Expenditure per student at tertiary level (USD) Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland 20,000 Israel Italy Japan Korea 15,000Brussels, 11. September 2012 Andreas Schleicher Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand 10,000 Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia 5,000 Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey 0 United Kingdom 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 United States Tertiary-type A graduation rate
  • Australia1616 Austria Belgium Canada A world of change – higher education Education at a Glance 2012 Chile Czech Republic Denmark 30,000 Estonia Finland France 2009 Germany 25,000 Expenditure per student at tertiary level (USD) Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland 20,000 Israel Italy Japan Korea 15,000 Andreas SchleicherBrussels, 11. September 2012 Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand 10,000 Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia 5,000 Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey 0 United Kingdom 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 United States Tertiary-type A graduation rate
  • Australia1717 Austria Belgium Canada A world of change – higher education Education at a Glance 2012 Chile Czech Republic Denmark 30,000 Estonia Finland France 2009 Germany 25,000 Expenditure per student at tertiary level (USD) Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland 20,000 Israel Italy Denmark Japan United Kingdom Korea 15,000 AustraliaBrussels, 11. September 2012 Andreas Schleicher Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand New Zealand Finland 10,000 Iceland Norway Poland Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Australia Slovenia 5,000 Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey 0 United Kingdom 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 United States Tertiary-type A graduation rate
  • Australia1818 Austria Belgium Canada A world of change – higher education Education at a Glance 2012 Chile Czech Republic Denmark 30,000 Estonia Finland France 2009 Germany 25,000 Expenditure per student at tertiary level (USD) Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland 20,000 Israel US Italy Japan Korea 15,000 Andreas SchleicherBrussels, 11. September 2012 Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand 10,000 Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia 5,000 Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey 0 United Kingdom 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 United States Tertiary-type A graduation rate
  • Brussels, 11. September 2012 Andreas Schleicher Education at a Glance 2012 19 19 20 30 40 50 60 70 10 0 Korea % Japan Canada IrelandChart A1.1 Norway New Zealand United Kingdom Australia Luxembourg Israel Belgium France United States Sweden Netherlands Switzerland Finland 25-34 year-olds Spain Chile Estonia OECD average Denmark Poland Iceland EU21 average Slovenia attained tertiary-type A education 55-64 year-olds Greece Germany Hungary Portugal Slovak Republic Czech Republic Mexico Austria Italy Growth in university-level qualifications (2010) Turkey Brazil Estimates of the percentage of the 25-34 year-old and 55-64 year-old population that has
  • 2222Education at a Glance 2012 The crisis reinforces the importance of a good education Over the past decade, more than two-thirds of the GDP growth in EU countries with available data has been driven by labour income growth among tertiary-educated individuals. The comparable figure for the United States is 51% of GDP. In DenmarkBrussels, 11. September 2012 Andreas Schleicher and Ireland, the labour income growth of those with a tertiary education even exceeds GDP growth, largely as a consequence of a strong shift towards higher skills and the impact of the global economic crisis on overall economic activity in these countries. In France, Norway, Switzerland and the United Kingdom, 60% or more of growth is generated by those who have attained a tertiary education. Those with mid-range jobs and skills felt the most severe impact of the 2009 drop in GDP
  • Average GDP growth (real percentage change from the previous2323 year) and labour income growth in GDP, by educational categories Countries with at least five years of growth estimates by educational categories; GDP growth Education at a Glance 2012 estimates are matched with years of education growth estimates (2000-2010) GDP Growth ISCED 5B/5A/6 ISCED 3/4 ISCED 0/1/2 5% 4% 3% 2% Andreas SchleicherBrussels, 11. September 2012 1% 0% -1% Czech Republic United States Germany Switzerland Austria Norway Israel Ireland France New Zealand Sweden Hungary Korea Canada Finland United Kingdom OECD average EU21 average Chart A10.1
  • Brussels, 11. September 2012 Andreas Schleicher Education at a Glance 2012 25 25 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 10 0 100 % Norway Iceland Switzerland SwedenChart A7.1 Netherlands Slovenia Germany Denmark Tertiary education Austria Brazil PortugalUnited Kingdom Luxembourg Poland Finland Australia Belgium New Zealand EU21 average FranceCzech Republic OECD average IsraelSlovak Republic Canada Ireland Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary Mexico United States Estonia Greece Spain Japan Percentage of 25-64 year-olds in employment, by level of education (2010) Chile Hungary Italy Below upper secondary Korea Positive relationship between education and employment Turkey
  • 3030Education at a Glance 2012 The relative earnings premium for those with a tertiary education is high and increased in most EU countries indicating that the demand for more educated individuals Andreas SchleicherBrussels, 11. September 2012 still exceeds supply
  • 3232 The value of higher education for a man Components of the private net present value of higher education for a man (2008 or latest available year) Education at a Glance 2012 Direct cost Foregone earnings Income tax effect Social contribution effect Transfers effect Gross earnings benefits Unemployment effect Grants effect Portugal $373,851 United States Czech Republic $249,679 $329,552 Poland $230,630 Slovenia $225,663 Austria $225,048 Ireland $223,821 Slovak Republic $208,883 Hungary $208,386 Korea $189,766 EU21 average $175,879 OECD average $161,625 France $159,950 Andreas SchleicherBrussels, 11. September 2012 Italy $155,346 Canada $153,520 Netherlands $145,886 Finland $145,608 Germany $144,682 Israel $143,582 United Kingdom $143,394 Japan $143,018 Belgium $116,225 Australia $115,287 Net Spain $102,975 present Norway $82,076 Estonia $74,213 value in Turkey Sweden $64,177 $61,454 USD Denmark $56,369 equivalent New Zealand $52,471 -400,000 -200,000 0 200,000 400,000 600,000 800,000 USD equivalent Chart A9.3
  • Public cost and benefits of higher education3535Education at a Glance 2012 For a man obtaining tertiary education (2008 or latest available year) Public benefits Public costs In equivalent USD Hungary $254,984 United States $232,779 Ireland $172,602 Italy $168,693 Belgium $166,477 Germany $156,125 Slovenia $155,664 Netherlands $133,560 Austria $132,103 Poland $118,266 Czech Republic $115,790 Israel $107,436 EU21 average $105,716 OECD average $101,116 Finland $95,947 Australia $93,236Brussels, 11. September 2012 Andreas Schleicher Portugal $89,464 United Kingdom $86,550 France $81,545 Japan $67,411 Canada $66,845 Net present Slovak Republic $58,159 value Korea $55,367 Norway $55,318 Sweden 43,419 Denmark $38,421 New Zealand $33,912 Spain $25,591 Turkey $21,724 Estonia $4,587 0 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000 Chart A9.5
  • 3737Education at a Glance 2012 Because of its strong links to earnings, employment, wealth and the well-being of individuals and nations, education is a powerful lever to combat inequalities Andreas SchleicherBrussels, 11. September 2012 but the educational opportunities for people from poorly educated families are limited in most countries
  • Intergenerational mobility in education (2009)4141 Percentage of 25-34 year-old non-students whose educational attainment is higher than their parents‟ (upward mobility), lower (downward mobility) or the same (status quo) and status quo by parents educational level (low, medium, high) Education at a Glance 2012 High Medium Low Downward mobility Upward mobility „Status quo by parents educational level 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% Andreas SchleicherBrussels, 11. September 2012 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Turkey Germany Norway Australia Luxembourg Sweden Austria Greece Portugal France OECD average Spain Hungary Ireland Slovenia Switzerland Italy Denmark Estonia Belgium Netherlands Canada Czech Republic Poland EU21 average New Zealand Iceland United Kingdom Finland United States Slovak Republic Chart A6.5
  • 4343Education at a Glance 2012 Investing in high-quality schooling for all appears to be the best way to enhance educational mobility later in lifeBrussels, 11. September 2012 Andreas Schleicher Inequalities in early schooling attributable to different socio- economic backgrounds are strongly linked to inequalities at the tertiary level of education. There is no cross-country relationship between the level of tuition fees for higher education and the participation of disadvantaged youth in this level of education.
  • 4444 No relationship between share of private financing and educational mobility in higher education Education at a Glance 2012 Percentage of private sources in higher education finance 80 United Kingdom 70 Higher share of private financing in higher education United States 60 Australia 50 40 Canada New Zealand Italy Poland Portugal Andreas SchleicherBrussels, 11. September 2012 30 Netherlands Czech Republic Spain 20 France Germany Ireland Slovenia Austria Belgium Sweden 10 Iceland Finland Norway Denmark Hungary Higher degree of educational mobility 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Percentage of students in higher education whose parents have low education
  • A close relationship between equity at school4545Education at a Glance 2012 and equity in higher education 0.80 The odds of a 20-34 year-old attending higher education if parents have low levels of Iceland 0.70 …the more likely it is that people with disadvantaged Portugal Ireland 0.60 Denmark backgrounds make it into higher education Sweden 0.50 Spain Australia 1 education (2009) Italy Finland Poland Germany 0.40 Austria Greece Norway Switzerland Belgium Hungary Czech Republic Andreas SchleicherBrussels, 11. September 2012 0.30 United States 2 0.20 Canada 2 New Zealand 1 R² = 0.37 0.10 The weaker the influence of social background on learning outcomes at school (PISA) 0.00 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 Impact of PISA index of economic, social, and cultural status (ESCS) on student reading performance (2000) Note: The number of students attending higher education are under-reported for Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States compared to the other countries as they only include students who attained ISCED 5A, while the other countries include students who attained ISCED 5A and/or 5B. Therefore, the omission of data on 5B qualifications may understate intergenerational mobility in these countries. 1. Data source from Adult Literacy and Lifeskills Survey (ALL) of 2006.
  • 4646Education at a Glance 2012 The socio-economic composition of European schools poses significant challenges for disadvantaged students and students with an immigrant background Andreas SchleicherBrussels, 11. September 2012 Even immigrant students from families with highly educated mothers are more than twice as likely in the EU to attend disadvantaged schools than their non-immigrant counterparts Except for the Nordic countries the impact of being in a disadvantaged school is larger than the impact of having a low- educated mother (A5)
  • 4949Education at a Glance 2012 Expenditure on education rose significantly, even during the economic crisis Expenditure on primary, secondary and post-secondary non tertiary Andreas SchleicherBrussels, 11. September 2012 educational institutions as a percentage of GDP increased from 3.6% in 1995 to 4.5% in 2009 in the UK, from below the OECD average to a level that is now clearly above the OECD average of 4.0%
  • Changes in student numbers and expenditure5454 Primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education Index of change between 2000 and 2009 (2000=100, 2009 constant prices) Education at a Glance 2012 Change in expenditure Change in the number of students (in full-time equivalents) Index of change Change in expenditure per student (2000 = 100) 240 220 200 180 160 140 Andreas SchleicherBrussels, 11. September 2012 120 100 80 60 Netherlands Norway Czech Republic Poland Australia Switzerland Japan Brazil Spain Germany Ireland Hungary Iceland Austria Portugal Denmark France Italy Belgium Canada United States Sweden Estonia Korea United Kingdom Finland Israel OECD average Mexico EU21 average Slovak Republic Chart B1.6
  • Changes in student numbers and expenditure5555 Tertiary education Index of change between 2000 and 2009 (2000=100, 2009 constant prices) Education at a Glance 2012 Change in expenditure Index of change Change in the number of students (in full-time equivalents) (2000 = 100) Change in expenditure per student 220 210 200 190 180 170 160 150 140 130 120 Andreas SchleicherBrussels, 11. September 2012 110 100 90 80 70 Japan Switzerland Spain Portugal Austria Ireland Brazil Iceland Czech Republic Italy Germany Norway France Sweden Finland Denmark United Kingdom Netherlands Hungary Korea Israel Estonia Poland Belgium Mexico EU21 average OECD average United States Slovak Republic Chart B1.6
  • 5656Education at a Glance 2012 The massive expansion of tertiary education has been accompanied by increases in public – and, to an even greater extent, private – investment Andreas SchleicherBrussels, 11. September 2012 Since 1995, 14 out of the 25 countries with available information implemented reforms to tuition fees. Most of these reforms led to an increase in the average level of tuition fees charged by tertiary educational institutions. Between 1995 and 2009, the share of public funding for tertiary institutions decreased from 78% in 1995, to 77% in 2000, to 73% in 2005 and then stabilised at 73% in 2009 (on average among the OECD countries for which trend data are available for all years). But this trend is mainly influenced by non-European countries, where tuition fees are generally higher and enterprises participate more actively in providing grants to finance tertiary institutions
  • Brussels, 11. September 2012 Andreas Schleicher Education at a Glance 2012 58 58 % 0 20 40 50 60 70 80 90 10 30 Chile Korea United Kingdom Chart B3.3 Japan United States Australia Israel CanadaRussian Federation New Zealand Italy Mexico 2009 Poland OECD average Slovak Republic Portugal Netherlands 2005 Spain Czech Republic Estonia Argentina EU21 average 2000 France Ireland Germany Share of private expenditure Slovenia Austria Belgium Sweden Iceland Denmark Finland Norway on tertiary educational institutions (2000, 2005, 2009)
  • Average tuition fees and proportion of students who6060 benefit from public loans and/or scholarships/grants Tertiary-type A, public institutions, academic year 2008-09, national full-time students Education at a Glance 2012 Bubble size 7 000 shows Group 2: graduation rates Group 3: Potentially high financial United States Average tuition fees charged by public institutions in USD 6 000 Extensive and barriers for entry to broadly uniform cost tertiary-type A education, sharing across but also strong student United Kingdom 5 000 students, student support. support systems Japan somewhat less Australia 4 000 developed. 3 000 Group 4: New Zealand Group 1: Andreas SchleicherBrussels, 11. September 2012 Relatively low financial barriers No (or low) financial barriers to entry to tertiary education and Netherlands 2 000 relatively low support for tertiary studies due to tuition fees and a high level of student aid. Switzerland Italy Spain 1 000 Austria Belgium (Fl.) Norway Belgium (Fr.) Denmark 0 France Mexico Finland Iceland Sweden -1 000 0 25 50 75 100 Chart B5.1 % of students who benefit from public loans AND/OR scholarships/grants
  • 7878Education at a Glance 2012 The EU leads in early childhood education In Belgium, France, Iceland, Italy, Norway, Spain and Sweden, more than 90% of 3-year- olds are enrolled in early childhood educationBrussels, 11. September 2012 Andreas Schleicher
  • Brussels, 11. September 2012 Andreas Schleicher Education at a Glance 2012 79 79 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 10 0 100 % France Netherlands SpainChart C2.1 Mexico Belgium Denmark Japan Norway United Kingdom Italy Luxembourg Iceland Germany New Zealand Sweden Hungary Estonia Austria 2010 Slovenia EU21 average Israel Portugal 2005 Czech Republic OECD average Korea Chile ArgentinaRussian Federation Slovak Republic United States Ireland among 4-year-olds (2005 and 2010) Poland Finland Brazil Greece Australia Canada Switzerland Indonesia Enrolment rates in early childhood and primary education Turkey
  • 8080Education at a Glance 2012 Some progress towards reducing the share of workers without baseline qualificationsBrussels, 11. September 2012 Andreas Schleicher
  • Brussels, 11. September 2012 Andreas Schleicher Education at a Glance 2012 81 81 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 10 0 100 % Korea Czech Republic Slovak RepublicChart A1.2 Poland Slovenia Canada Sweden Finland Switzerland United States Israel Austria Ireland Chile Germany 25-34 year-olds Estonia Hungary Australia Luxembourg France EU21 average Norway United Kingdom Percentage, by age group (2010) Netherlands Belgium OECD average 55-64 year-olds Denmark New Zealand Greece Iceland Italy Spain Brazil Portugal Mexico Population that has attained at least upper secondary education Turkey
  • Brussels, 11. September 2012 Andreas Schleicher Education at a Glance 2012 82 82 % 0 100 20 40 60 80 Portugal JapanChart A2.1 Greece Korea Slovenia Ireland Finland Israel Total United Kingdom Iceland Norway EU21 average Germany Denmark of which ≧ 25 Slovak Republic Hungary OECD average Percentage, by age group Poland Chile of which < 25 Italy Canada Spain Czech Republic United States Upper secondary graduation rate (2010) Sweden OECD average Luxembourg China Turkey Mexico
  • Brussels, 11. September 2012 Andreas Schleicher Education at a Glance 2012 83 83 But lifelong learning is still far from a reality
  • Brussels, 11. September 2012 Andreas Schleicher Education at a Glance 2012 84 84 0% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 10% SwedenChart C6.2 Switzerland Norway United States FinlandUnited Kingdom Netherlands New Zealand Denmark Estonia Germany Canada Austria 25-34 year-oldsSlovak Republic Korea Australia OECD average EU21 average Slovenia 55-64 year-oldsCzech Republic Belgium by age group, per year (2007) Spain Ireland Participation in non-formal education, Italy Portugal Poland Greece Turkey Hungary
  • Brussels, 11. September 2012 Andreas Schleicher Education at a Glance 2012 93 93 An attractive market for international students
  • 9494 Evolution in the number of students enrolled outside their country of citizenship (2000 to 2010) Education at a Glance 2012 By region of destination Worldwide In OECD In EU countries In G20 countries In North America Number of foreign students 4 500 000 4 000 000 3 500 000 3 000 000 Andreas SchleicherBrussels, 11. September 2012 2 500 000 2 000 000 1 500 000 1 000 000 500 000 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 201 Chart C4.1
  • Distribution of foreign students in tertiary education,9595 by country of destination (2010) Percentage of foreign tertiary students (reported to the OECD) Education at a Glance 2012 who are enrolled in each country of destination Other non-OECD countries 15.5% Other OECD countries 6.4% United States 16.6% Sweden 1.1% Netherlands 1.2% Belgium 1.3% United Kingdom 13% Andreas SchleicherBrussels, 11. September 2012 Switzerland 1.3% Korea 1.4% South Africa 1.5% Austria 1.7% Australia 6.6% Italy 1.7% New Zealand 1.7% Germany 6.4% China 1.8% Spain 2.4% France 6.3% Chart C4.2 Russian Federation Canada 4.7% Japan 3.4% 3.9%
  • 9696 Distribution of foreign students in tertiary education, by continent of origin (2010) Education at a Glance 2012 Not specified Total from North Total from 3.2% America 2.7% Oceania 1% Total from Latin America and the Caribbean 6.2% Total from Africa 11.8%Brussels, 11. September 2012 Andreas Schleicher Total from Asia 52.5% Total from Europe 22.7% Chart C4.5
  • 9898 Trends in international education market shares Percentage of all foreign tertiary students enrolled, by destination Education at a Glance 2012 2010 2000 Market share (%) 25 “Other G20 and non-OECD countries” refers to the portion of total foreign students studying in other G20 20 and non-OECD countries and is obtained after subtracting China, South Africa and the Russian Federation from the total in non-OECD destinations, as 15 estimated from UNESCO data. 10 Andreas SchleicherBrussels, 11. September 2012 5 0 Russian Federation Sweden Germany Korea Austria Canada China Australia France Spain Japan South Africa Italy Switzerland Netherlands ther G20 and non-OECD Belgium United Kingdom New Zealand United States Other OECD
  • 10101 1 Education at a Glance 2012 – www.oecd.org/education/eag2012 • Data and publications – Andreas.Schleicher@OECD.org Thank you ! … and remember: Andreas SchleicherBrussels, 11. September 2012 Without data, you are just another person with an opinion