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Funding Higher Education: adequate steering instrument? Noël Vercruysse
 

Funding Higher Education: adequate steering instrument? Noël Vercruysse

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    Funding Higher Education: adequate steering instrument? Noël Vercruysse Funding Higher Education: adequate steering instrument? Noël Vercruysse Presentation Transcript

    • Funding Higher Education:adequate steering instrument? IMHE General conference Paris, 17-19 September 2012 Noël Vercruysse Department of Education and Training Division for higher and adult education
    • Outline• Highereducation in Flanders• Steeringinstruments• Funding model of highereducation in Flanders – Architecture – Parameters – Calculation – Learning account• Concludingremarks: strengthsandweaknesses Department of Education and Training Division for higher and adult education
    • HigherEducation in Flanders• Institutions:• 6 universities: – 3 public universities – 3 private universities• 21 university colleges: – 7 public – 14 private• Specializedinstitutions: Management schools, Schools fortheological (protestant) education Department of Education and Training Division for higher and adult education
    • HigherEducation in Flanders• Qualificationsframework – Associatedegrees: 90-120 ECTS – Bachelor degrees: 180 ECTS – Master degrees: 60-120-180 ECTS – Advanced bachelor degrees courses: 60 ECTS – Advanced master degree courses: 60-120 ECTS – PhD: 4 years• Binary system: – Universitiesvsuniversity colleges – Professionallyoriented bachelor degreeprogrammesvsacademicallyoriented bachelor degreeprogrammes – All masters are academicallyoriented Department of Education and Training Division for higher and adult education
    • Doctorate (universities) master after master Master (min 60 ects, universities and university colleges) bachelor preparatory after Bridging programme bachelor programme Professional bachelor Academic bachelor(180 ects university colleges) (180 ects, universities and university colleges) Department of Education and Training Division for higher and adult education
    • HigherEducation in Flanders• numbers 2011-2012 enrollments diplomas Bachelor - prof 95045 19624 Bachelor – acad - UC 19884 3865 Master UC 8653 4593 Total UC 123582 28082 Bachelor-acad –univ 49959 10234 Master 29284 12445 PhD 8245 1428 Total UNIV 88748 24107 Bridging programs 6107 Advanced masters 4262 1790 Advanced bachelors 2709 1305 total 231719 55224 Department of Education and Training Division for higher and adult education
    • Highereducation in Flanders• Staff(all FTE)• Universities: – Academicstaff (including PhD students): 13820 – Administrativeandtechnicalstaff: 6965• University Colleges: – Academicstaff: 8380 – Administrativeandtechnicalstaff: 3210 Department of Education and Training Division for higher and adult education
    • HigherEducation in Flanders• Otherfigures:• Funding: – 1,5 billioneurosfrom the ministry of education – 150 millioneurosfrom the ministry of research – 300 millioneurosfrom the research council and the innovation council Department of Education and Training Division for higher and adult education
    • SteeringHigherEducation• Jongbloed distinguishes 4 instruments – Regulations – Funding – Public production – dialogue Department of Education and Training Division for higher and adult education
    • Funding model - aims• Tomaintainandenhancequality of teaching and research• Toincrease the opportunitiesforstudents of all types of background to get access to HE andtobesupportedtowards a degree (supportingdiversity)• ToenableHEIstodevelop more flexiblelearningpaths (supporting LLL)• ToencourageHEIstodevelopopportunitieswhich are more suitabletomatureandemployedstudents• Tomaintainandenhance efficiency andeffectiveness of the highereducationprovisionboth at system andinstitutional level• To share responsibilitiesamonggovernment, institutionsandstudents Department of Education and Training Division for higher and adult education
    • Funding model - architecture• Overall architecture:• Teaching and research block grant• Targeted research block grant• Block grantforinfrastructure• Block grantfor student facilitiesand student support services• Targetedallocationsforwidening access• The closed overall budget is distributedto the HEIsaccording a complex fundingformula Department of Education and Training Division for higher and adult education
    • Funding Model – parameters• Teaching and research block grantcontains: – A fixedallocationfor teaching: 8-15% – An allocationvaryingaccording the volume of teaching activity – A fixedallocationfor research – An allocationvaryingaccording the volume of research activity• Factors influencing the calculation: – Input parameters: the number of registered units of credit newlyenrolledstudents have been enrolled – Output parameters: the number of creditsawarded, the number of degreesawarded (including a diploma-bonus), the number of publicationsandcitations) Department of Education and Training Division for higher and adult education
    • Funding Model - calculation• The numbers are calculated as anaverage of 5 academicyears• Unit of credit (comparableto the taximeter model in Denmark) pertainingto fulltime students as well parttime students, bothdegreestudentsand single course students• Studyprogrammes taken into account: – Allinitial bachelor and master degreeprogrammes – Subsequent bachelor programmes are onlypartiallyfundedandsubsequent master programmes are notfunded• Weighting factors according the discipline rangingfrom 1 to 3 (4,0 and 4,1 formedicineandsomeperforming arts andmusic) Department of Education and Training Division for higher and adult education
    • Funding model – parameters (2)• Extra weightings factors: – Studentsfromunderrepresentedsocio-economicgroups – Disabledstudents – Studentscombiningworkingandlearning• Evolution of the overall budget: – Yearlyadjustementto the prices – Adjustementwheneverthere is anincrease of at least 2% of the volume of teaching activity (the total volume of the number of funded unit of credits) comparedto a reference volume, the overall budget increaseswith 2% Department of Education and Training Division for higher and adult education
    • Learning Account Department of Education and Training Division for higher and adult education
    • Incomestreams of a university Department of Education and Training Division for higher and adult education
    • Funding model - remarks• The model is demand-drivenandthere is competition• Closed overall budgets: competitionamongHEIs but ifallinstitutions are performing the overall budget increases;• Performance based system using a wide range of parameters: greatautonomy of the institutionsto set theirownprioritiesandavoidinguniformity;• 5 – year timeframe for the data: stability: limitedyearly changes in the institutional budget but notrewardingforfastgrowingHEIs• Incentives forwideningparticipationand a betterarticulationbetween the professionallyorientedprogrammesand the master programmes (students in bridgingprogrammes are fullyfunded)• An equal treatment of full-timeandpart-timestudents Department of Education and Training Division for higher and adult education
    • Funding model – remarks (2)• The funding model is notrelatedto the quality• High pressure on the quality of the data needed• The model is lackingpredictabilityfor the individual HEI since the allocation is depending on the performance of the otherinstitutions• There is the dangerthat the institutionswill copy the nationalallocation model fortheirinternalallocation of money among the departments• Weighting factors are no longerreflecting the actualcosts; they are favouring the naturalsciencesand life sciences at the disavantage of humanitiesandsocialsciences• There is no real incentive for the internationalization• The model is discouragingresearcherstoundertaken research that is relevant to policy making or society Department of Education and Training Division for higher and adult education