Arab Research Potential and Promises: The Abu Dhabi Experiment - Daniel Kratochvil
Daniel KratochvilUniversity of Wollongong in Dubai
Highlights of the U.A.E. Government Strategy 2011-2013 contains 7 priorities including Education (“Improve the quality of higher education and ensure accessibility”) and a Competitive Knowledge Economy (“Promote and enhance innovation, research and development”). Higher education provision by the UAE government through UAE University, Zayed University and the 17 campus HCT system. The Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research overseas accreditation of private universities and the National Research Foundation. Also, the Centre of Excellence for Applied Research and Training (CERT) is a commercial arm of HCT.
The largest, most populated, and wealthiest of the emirates. Current plans are the Policy Agenda 2007-2008: The Emirate of Abu Dhabi and the Abu Dhabi Economic Vision 2030 (2009). “Abu Dhabi is seeking to attract some of the world’s best academics and other educational specialists through the development of an attractive living environment and world- class research facilities and research endowments” (Abu Dhabi Economic Vision 2030, p. 118). Strategy to create “an effective programme to stimulate research and development, and local innovation, and to facilitate the integration with global innovation centres.” (Abu Dhabi Economic Vision 2030, p. 7).
Mission: to lay the foundation for an Innovation-based, knowledge producing society by:§ Elevating the quality of Higher Education to international standards through partnerships with world class universities, high licensing and accreditation standards, requirements and incentives for continuous improvement§ Promoting and incentivizing innovation, scholarship and discovery through major research funding in areas of strategic importance to Abu Dhabi, thereby building a strong community of scientists and scholars§ Carefully aligning Higher Education with labor market and socio- economic needs, guided by the Abu Dhabi Economic Vision 2030 and Abu Dhabi’s Policy Agenda
Khalifa University of Science, Technology and Research (KUSTAR) Masdar Institute of Science and Technology (MIST) NYU- Abu Dhabi The Institut Européen d’Administration des Affaires (INSEAD) Paris-Sorbonne University Abu Dhabi (PSUAD) Emirates College for Advanced Education (ECAE)
Closed market for higher education providers – institutions that predated creation of ADEC remain operating while new institutions are limited to those invited by the government Planning analyses not followed – there is a disconnect between the needs of the emirate and the strategies pursued in terms of discipline Focus on attracting most prestigious international universities is expensive and sets education level above the current level of potential students Top-down R&D collaborations – industry-university cooperation is limited to relations designed by government
Direct and indirect development of higher education – Khalifa University and partnerships with international providers of private education Tying higher education market to strategic plan Granting research autonomy to international universities NYU – Abu Dhabi is permitted to use their own expertise to develop and deliver programs Modification of existing institutions – KUSTAR Embedding universities in a larger R & D infrastructure – the Masdar Institute is only one of five components within the larger Masdar project
Guide research and development through strategic planning while keeping in mind the overall economy and regional relevance; Limit public investment to subsidize where it is needed to ensure filling of gaps or to direct investment towards long-term goals; Plan in anticipation of very long term pay-off but ensure careful short term implementation; Be creative about public-private and industry-university combinations;
Use regulations in the higher education sector to pursue long- term strategies including those related to research and development; Carefully align development of the higher education sector with the pace of development of the labor market; Ambitiously partner with institutions in other countries to reduce isolation; and, Take full advantage of the benefits that a world class institution can provide by granting it autonomy in its area of expertise.Daniel Kratochvil UOW Dubai email@example.comFirst slide map: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:H1N1_UAE_map.svg#filelinks