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Presentation by Pact on the worst forms of child labour.

Day 3 of the 6th ICGLR-OECD-UN GoE Forum on responsible mineral supply chains, 15 November 2013.


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  1. 1. Breaking the Chain Ending the Supply of Child-Mined Minerals through Targeted, Informed Interventions
  2. 2. Framing the Problem • Conflict minerals are a separate challenge from child labor • Challenge for companies to address child labor in order to be compliant with OECD Guidance • Traceability and due diligence have improved monitoring of the mines, but without programs to deal with child labor, the problem will prevail • Lack of legislation and regulation is not the problem • Simply saying “no” to child labor is not an option and won’t solve the problem
  3. 3. Process so far • Raised concerns at three consecutive OECD meetings • Received support from GE Foundation to enable research and planning • Field research in Katanga with wide range of stakeholders • Published report in English and French • Presentation in DRC and USA
  4. 4. Three categories of children 1. Children who work with their family units • • Pipeline from childcare to child miner Work after school and on school holidays 2. Children who work with 3rd party adults • • • Most vulnerable group Orphaned or abandoned children, at risk of trafficking or abuse Unlikely to be in school full time / consistently 3. Adolescents • • • Pocket money, discretionary income May be excluded from school May not consider themselves children or may already have children of their own
  5. 5. Structures that perpetuate WFCL • Marriage practices, lack of family planning, widespread teenage pregnancy, associated child relocation • Lack of child care resources • Parents being incapacitated, lack of experience and parenting skills, dilution of cultural values • Education access, quality, relevance, cost • Lack of other opportunities, especially those which can compete with ASM for immediate income • Conflict displacement and migration • Lack of social services and child protection • Lack of law enforcement
  6. 6. Recommendations • Child-focused approach to prioritize the most vulnerable • Create a continuum of care to address the needs of children and prevent future incidences of child labor • Practical solutions recognizing constraints and realities, building on current, successful initiatives and experience • Create a platform for collaboration, leveraging existing initiatives and OECD focus on conflict minerals • Articulate specific guidance that leads to action • Pilot model interventions and bring to scale in target areas
  7. 7. Consider… The biggest barrier to action is concern that the problem of child labor is insurmountable. This is not the case. Collective, smart interventions will make a difference. Adherence to OECD Guidance offers an exceptional opportunity for action.
  8. 8. Thank you. Murakoze. Merci. Asante Sana. Please do not reproduce any Pact photographs of children in publications
  9. 9. Examples of interventions Immediate care/support • Identification & direct care of most vulnerable • Child protection infrastructure support • Education support • Household economic strengthening • Improved food security • Community & peer support & monitoring programs • Community action campaigns including childled actions Prevention • Agreement on WFCL (definition, obligations) as it relates to OECD • Investment in formalization of ASM • Women’s professional development • Family planning education and services
  10. 10. Hours children work and what they earn