Eileen Kane, US State Department - 7th Multi-Stakeholder Forum on Responsible Mineral Supply Chains

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This presentation by Eileen Kane from the US State Department was given at the expert learning session during the 7th Multi-Stakeholder Forum on Responsible Mineral Supply Chains held on 26-28 May 2014 in Paris.

Find out more at: http://mneguidelines.oecd.org/icglr-oecd-un-forum-paris-may-2014.htm

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Eileen Kane, US State Department - 7th Multi-Stakeholder Forum on Responsible Mineral Supply Chains

  1. 1. LEARNING FROM THE USAID CONFLICT ASSESSMENT FRAMEWORK EILEEN KANE ECONOMIC POLICY OFFICER BUREAU OF ECONOMIC AND BUSINESS AFFAIRS U. S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE EXPERT LEARNING SESSION ON CONFLICT- AFFECTED AND HIGH RISK AREAS 7TH ICGLR-OECD- UN GoE FORUM ON RESPONSIBLE MINERAL SUPPLY CHAINS PARIS, MAY 26, 2014
  2. 2. USAID CONFLICT ASSESSMENT FRAMEWORK CAF 2012 http://www.usaid.gov/what-we- do/working-crises-and-conflict/technical- publications
  3. 3. THE CAF PROVIDES A BROAD FRAMEWORK THAT CAN BE UNIFORMLY APPLIED TWO STAGES OF CONFLICT ASSESSMENT: • DIAGNOSIS • FORMULATION OF RESPONSE RECOMMENDATIONS
  4. 4. FOUR DEFINITIONS • CONFLICT SENSITIVITY • CONFLICT MANAGEMENT • CONFLICT MITIGATION • CONFLICT PREVENTION LEADS TO A CONFLICT RESPONSE WHICH INCLUDES CONFLICT SENSITIVE PROGRAMMING AND PEACEBUILDING ACTIVITIES
  5. 5. IDENTIFYING RISK FACTORS FROM A GOVERNMENT PERSPECTIVE INVOLVES AN INTERAGENCY OR “WHOLE OF GOVERNMENT” APPROACH. IN THE EXTRACTIVES SECTOR, THIS CAN INCLUDE EXAMINING ISSUES SUCH AS • INSECURE LAND TENURE AND PROPERTY RIGHTS • VARIABLE ECONOMINC PERFORMANCE WITH MARKET DISTORTIONS/BARRIERS • WEAK GOVERNMENT AUTHORITY AND CONTROL • MARGINALIZATION OF VULNERABLE GROUPS
  6. 6. APPENDIX A – DIAGNOSTIC QUESTIONS FROM THE USAID CAF 1. CONTEXT 2. IDENTITY GROUPS 3. INSTITUTIONAL PERFORMANCE 4. SOCIETAL PATTERNS 5. KEY MOBILIZERS 6. TRAJECTORIES APPENDIX B – KEY MOBILIZERS
  7. 7. DIAGNOSTIC QUESTIONS CONTEXT - HISTORICAL - INTERNATIONAL - GEOGRAPHIC - ECONOMIC - DEMOGRAPHIC - INSTITUTIONAL IDENTITY GROUPS
  8. 8. DIAGNOSTIC QUESTIONS INSTITUTIONAL PERFORMANCE - GOVERNANCE - Formal Government - Elections and Political Parties - Judicial - Traditional Systems and Leaders - Civil Society and Human Rights - SECURITY - Law Enforcement - Armed Forces - Non-State Security Actors
  9. 9. DIAGNOSTIC QUESTIONS INSTITUTIONAL PERFORMANCE - ECONOMIC - Macro-Environment - Fiscal Policy - Sectoral - Finance - SOCIAL - Media - Service Delivery - Non-Formal Structures
  10. 10. DIAGNOSTIC QUESTIONS SOCIETAL PATTERNS KEY MOBILIZERS – APPENDIX B - Key Mobilizer: Who mobilizes? - Motivation: Why do they mobilize? - Means: Can they initiate and sustain mobilization? - Methods: How do they mobilize and to do what?
  11. 11. DIAGNOSTIC QUESTIONS TRAJECTORIES - TRIGGERS - TRAJECTORIES

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