What, Who, Why of OCW (and how Libraries can lead)


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Presentation by the OCW Consortium to the International Association of Scientific and Technological University Libraries. Describes the OER and OCW movements and their relation to the values and work of university libraries.

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  • We hope you’ll join us – thank you – flip through the next three slides rather quickly
  • A little more detail on what we mean by “Sharing is good”.
  • Sharing facilitates improvements in teaching and learning Unlike physical objects, Knowledge does not get depleted when you share it. You can share knowledge and still have knowledge. And you’ll likely increase your knowledge by sharing it, because the person you share it with might provide additional information, or ask you questions you hadn’t previously explored.
  • OpenCourseWare is part of Open Educational Resources, but while OER can be a single object, OpenCourseWare is a package of course materials, such as syllabi, tests, lecture notes, videos of lectures, recordings, reading lists, etc.
  • There are many universities who are creating and using open educational resources that are not members of the Consortium, so the movement is bigger and broader than just our membership numbers and course counts represent
  • Washington State community and technical colleges policy document, passed June 2010
  • high-level advisory body to the Prime Minister of India, the National Knowledge Commission has been given a mandate to guide policy and direct reforms, focusing on certain key areas such as education, science and technology, agriculture, industry, e-governance etc. Easy access to knowledge, creation and preservation of knowledge systems, dissemination of knowledge and better knowledge services are core concerns of the commission.
  • Through networking at both grassroots and policy levels, Brazilian OER advocates generated enough interest to hold a congressional hearing on OER in July 2010 to consider it as a national education strategy
  • Results from surveys of OCW users. About 50% of users report themselves as students or faculty; the other 50% are self-learners and working professionals. This has interesting implications for life long learning.
  • From the same survey, how materials are being used. Nearly same rates reported for “to help me understand concepts I’m studying” and “to update skills for work”.
  • Walter Lewin made videos of his lectures available as OpenCourseWare. He says that around 3,000 people per day watch his lectures. Prof. Lewin recently made these remarks at the OCW Consortium global conference in May 2011.
  • Some institutions that are using OCW and OERs to broaden access and offer alternatives to the current educational systems.
  • Since librarians have the skills, expertise and commitment to lead open education, perhaps all that’s missing is support.
  • We hope you’ll join us – thank you – flip through the next three slides rather quickly
  • What, Who, Why of OCW (and how Libraries can lead)

    1. 1. Open Sharing, Global Benefits The OpenCourseWare Consortium www.ocwconsortium.org This presentation is licensed
    2. 2. Opening education: What, Who, Why? (and how libraries can lead)
    3. 3. What?
    4. 4. What is the open education movement?
    5. 5. Basically, it’s an idea.
    6. 6. Basically, it’s an idea: Sharing is good. http://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway/4424154829/in/photostream/
    7. 7. Sharing is good. Freely and openly sharing high quality educational materials supports formal and informal education, broadens access to knowledge and allows for significant innovation in education
    8. 8. What is the Open Education movement? <ul><li>Basic beliefs: </li></ul><ul><li>Education = sharing knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Openly sharing and using shared materials benefits all </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing high quality educational materials facilitates improvements in teaching and learning </li></ul>
    9. 9. What are Open Educational Resources? <ul><li>Shared educational materials </li></ul><ul><li>Openly licensed for distribution, re-use and modification </li></ul><ul><li>Available to anyone via the internet (and often other means) </li></ul>
    10. 10. What is OpenCourseWare? <ul><li>High quality educational materials organized as courses </li></ul><ul><li>A course is package of educational materials starting a particular point in the knowledge spectrum, designed to lead to greater understanding of the issue or topic </li></ul><ul><li>Openly licensed for distribution, re-use and modification, available to all on the internet </li></ul>
    11. 11. Who we are
    12. 12. Over 250 institutions and organizations worldwide Focused on higher education We support the open education movement
    13. 14. Who’s involved in open education? Institutions
    14. 15. http://www.sbctc.edu/general/admin/Tab_9_Open_Licensing_Policy.pdf Who’s involved in open education? Policy makers
    15. 17. http://www.flickr.com/photos/reanetbr/sets/72157624349249017 8 July 2010: Congressional Hearing on OER in Brazil Who’s involved in open education? Policy makers
    16. 18. Who’s involved in open education? Users
    17. 19. Who’s involved in open education? Users
    18. 20. Who’s involved in open education? People Walter Lewin, Professor Emeritus, MIT “ I get about 30 e-mails every day about my videos. And I answer each and every one of them. People are so excited to learn physics. Sharing these materials is the best thing I ever did in my whole teaching career.” ocw.mit.edu
    19. 21. Why?
    20. 22. Why? Philosophical <ul><li>Expanding access to education & knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Building on others’ ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Creating possibilities for new educational systems </li></ul><ul><li>Maximizing educational dollars </li></ul>
    21. 23. Why? Institutional benefits <ul><li>Showcasing existing courses and educational quality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>transparency = respect & trust </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>good public relations </li></ul></ul>
    22. 24. Why? Institutional benefits <ul><li>Strengthen teaching and learning outcomes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide examples of excellence for faculty and students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supports student learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can lead to partnerships, collaborations, recognition </li></ul></ul>
    23. 25. Why? Outreach benefits <ul><li>Bridge between secondary and higher education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Skill and knowledge courses available to prepare students for higher education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assist disadvantaged learners and those returning to education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insure good fit between student and institution </li></ul></ul>
    24. 26. Why? Outreach benefits <ul><li>Workforce development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Updating skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Retraining sectors that are downsizing or becoming dated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pathways to short courses or certificates </li></ul></ul>US Department of Labor $2,000,000,000 TAA grant specifically to support creation of job retraining OER
    25. 27. Why? Innovation <ul><ul><li>Current global higher ed system can’t reach everyone who wants an education. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost and access barriers to current system. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Systems don’t serve everyone equally well. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UNESCO's world conference on Higher Education projects that post-secondary education will need to provide places for an  additional  98 million learners over the next 15 years. Stated differently, this would require &quot; require more than four major universities (30,000 students) to open every week for the next fifteen years&quot;. ( Daniel 2011 .) </li></ul></ul>
    26. 28. http://www.uopeople.org/groups/tuition-free-education
    27. 30. http://wikieducator.org/OER_university/Home
    28. 31. https://wiki.mozilla.org/Badges
    29. 32. How can libraries lead?
    30. 33. Characteristics of a library <ul><li>Materials repository </li></ul><ul><li>Archive </li></ul><ul><li>Evolving hub for knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Houses different collections </li></ul><ul><li>Serves a variety of users </li></ul><ul><li>Users can select what is relevant to them, modify for their use and can contribute to the body of knowledge and materials </li></ul><ul><li>Supports educational pursuits </li></ul><ul><li>Community center for idea exchange </li></ul><ul><li>Public good </li></ul>
    31. 34. Characteristics of a library <ul><li>Materials repository </li></ul><ul><li>Archive </li></ul><ul><li>Evolving hub for knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Houses different collections </li></ul><ul><li>Serves a variety of users </li></ul><ul><li>Users can select what is relevant to them, modify for their use and can contribute to the body of knowledge and materials </li></ul><ul><li>Supports educational pursuits </li></ul><ul><li>Community center for idea exchange </li></ul><ul><li>Public good </li></ul><ul><li>These also describe Open Educational Resources </li></ul>
    32. 35. How? . Commitment to sharing knowledge and improving access to education Expertise and experience to advance learning in the digital age http://www.flickr.com/photos/travelinlibrarian/223314057/
    33. 36. How? . <ul><li>Infrastructure expertise: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metadata </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indexing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search and discovery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating and maintaining repositories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing resources among disbursed repositories </li></ul></ul>
    34. 37. How? . <ul><ul><li>Relationships: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Libraries sit at the heart of universities – have unbiased relationships with all departments and units </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Librarians are trusted partners in academics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Already doing outreach with faculty, staff, students on available resources </li></ul></ul></ul>
    35. 38. How? . You already have the skills, expertise and commitment to lead open education at your university http://www.flickr.com/photos/wfryer/2516648940/
    36. 39. “ Open” by Loop_oh http://www.flickr.com/photos/loop_oh/4493818473/sizes/m/in/photostream/ advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. Resources: www.ocwconsortium.org/communities/toolkit http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/78006 Reaching the Heart of the University: Libraries and the Future of OER Pieter Keymeer, Molly Kleinman, Ted Hanss (U Michigan)
    37. 40. Open Sharing, Global Benefits The OpenCourseWare Consortium www.ocwconsortium.org .
    38. 41. Share http://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway/4424154829/in/photostream/ IMG_4591 http://www.flickr.com/photos/bionicteaching/4700979984/ cc-by-sa La belle tzigane http://www.flickr.com/photos/joyoflife/21063837 cc-by-sa Asian Library Interior 5 http://www.flickr.com/photos/ubclibrary/453351638/ cc-by-nc-sa Petru http://www.flickr.com/photos/joyoflife/23724427/ cc-by-nc-sa Opensourceways http://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway/4371000710/ cc-by-sa Karen and Sharon http://www.flickr.com/photos/brookebocast/209420446/ cc-by-nc-sa Learn http://www.flickr.com/photos/heycoach/1197947341/ cc-by-nc-sa Discussion http://www.flickr.com/photos/djof/294059951/ cc-by-nc-sa Photo credits :
    39. 42. Activities of the OpenCourseWare Consortium are generously supported by: The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation Sustaining Members of the OCW Consortium: The African Virtual University China Open Resources for Education Delft University of Technology Japan OpenCourseWare Consortium Johns Hopkins Bloomburg School of Public Health Korea OpenCourseWare Consortium Massachusetts Institute of Technology Netease Information Technology Co. OpenCourseWare UniversiaOpen Universiteit Tecnológico de Monterrey Tufts University Universidad Politécnica de Madrid University of California, Irvine University of Michigan University of the Western Cape And contributions of member organizations
    40. 43. www.ocwconsortium.org [email_address]