Ubiquitous Learning:  Putting the Framework in Place
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Ubiquitous Learning: Putting the Framework in Place

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Nizam

Nizam
Secretary of the Board of Higher Education
Ministry of Education and Culture

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Ubiquitous Learning:  Putting the Framework in Place Ubiquitous Learning: Putting the Framework in Place Presentation Transcript

  • Ubiquitous Learning:Putting the Framework in PlaceNizamSecretary of the Board of Higher EducationMinistry of Education and CultureOCWC International Conference, Bali, 7-10 May 2013OER in Brazil: State of the Art, Challengesand Prospects for Development andInnovationDr Andreia Inamorato dos Santosainamorato@gmail.com/@aisantosOER World Congress – Paris - June 2012
  • Talking headsBackgroundPolicy and strategyOER Policy & Strategy
  • Background View slide
  • • Population: 243 million• Member of G-20(economic scale: 16th)• Key country of ASEAN(total population: >600 million)• 3rd largest democratic country• Endowed with natural resources(nat resource per capita > China and India)• Politically and economically stable(economic growth rate circa 6.4%)Introduction: Strategic Position View slide
  • Indonesia 2045VisionMasterplan Acceleration and Expansion of Indonesia Economic Development, 2011-2025
  • McKinsey (2012)Prediction
  • DEMOGRAPHIC BONUSDependency Ratio semakin kecil (2010-2040):Usia produktif semakin besar (Bonus Demografi), kesempatan dan potensi meningkatkan produktivitassemakin tinggi, semakin tinggi tingkat kesejahteraan. Namun bila tidak dikelola dengan baik akanmenjadi Bencana Demografi.Kualitas SDM sebagai kata kunci, Pendidikan dan Kesehatan sebagai peran kunci.
  • OF THE 2025 ECONOMIC MASTERPLANSTRATEGY
  • Increased Economic CompetencyNatural Resource-BasedEconomyFactor Driven Investment DrivenIndustry-Based EconomyExcellenceHeritagesIncreasedMasterplan P3EIBasic Principles, Prerequisites for Success and Main Strategies of MP3EI41Key for development: HRD and Inovation
  • 10Education 2001 2006 2010Elementary level 63.0% 55.5% 51.5%Junior High School 17.7% 20.2% 18.9%Senior High School 10.3% 12.7% 14.6%Vocational HS 5.5% 6.2% 7.8%Diploma I,II,III 1.6% 2.2% 2.7%University 1.8% 3.2% 4.6%Current Workforce ConditionChallenge51.50%18.90%14.60%7.80%2.70%4.60%Elementary levelJunior High SchoolSenior High SchoolVocational HSDiploma I,II,IIIUniversity
  • Improvement of Workforce QualificationChallengeSource: McKinsey, 2012
  • Improvement of HR ProductivityChallengeSumber: McKinsey, 2012
  • 70.40%22.40%7.20% TinggiMenengahDasar20.40%39.30%40.30% TinggiMenengahDasarINDONESIA 2010OECDData Kemdiknas, Diolah dari: Encyclopedia of Nations, http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/ diakses Januari 201163.00%17.70%10.30%5.50%1.60%1.80%55.50%20.20%12.70%6.20%2.20%3.20%51.50%18.90%14.60%7.80%2.70%4.60%0.00% 20.00% 40.00% 60.00% 80.00%SD atau tidak tamat SDSMPSMASMKDiploma I,II,IIIUniversitas201020062001HIGHER EDHIGH SCHELEMENTARY INCREASEIN PROPORTIONFOR HIGHSCHOOL &HIGHER ED100%175%20%45%35%Improvement of Workforce Educational ProfileChallenge35%44%19% DasarMenengahTinggiINDONESIA 2025
  • 147.4%11.3%13.5%14.1%18.4%33.8%0.0%10.0%20.0%30.0%40.0%50.0%60.0%70.0%80.0%90.0%100.0%Catatan: kesenjangan bukan Jawa-Luar Jawa, bahkan di Jawa kesenjangan sangat lebarAverage GER = 27,4%Geographical DisparityChallenge
  • 15Average GERSource: WB, 2010Socio-economic DisparityChallenge
  • Expansion of Higher Education Law 2/1961 : 23 Public HE Development of students 1975: 230,000 students 1985: 1,100,000 students 1995: 2,500,000 students 2001: 3.400.000 students 2005: 3.868.358 students 2008: 4.501.500 students 2009: 4.657.547 students 2010: 5.226.450 students 2011: 5.381.216 students GER from 2% in 1975 to27,4% in 201216 16-1,000,0002,000,0003,000,0004,000,0005,000,0006,000,0001970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015StudentsHigher Education SystemExpansion
  • Policy and Strategyin HE Development
  • Fulfilling the Demand of Skilled WFSUPPLYCompetentWorkforceUniversitas/InstitutAkademi KomunitasSMKTraining providersODLPoliteknikBANNABKKNIIQFBNSPFramework: UU 12/2012
  • 19Innovation for sustainabledevelopmentCompetitive Industry andEconomic DevelopmentCompetitiveIndustry & Economythrough skillfulworkforceHumah Resource DevelopmentSCHEME• Grooming 10-20 Research UniversitiesPTRiset• One Flagship University & 2Polytechnics in Every ProvincePTPendidikandanPoliteknik• One Community College inEvery District/City (521 CC)AkademiKomunitasutk TenagaTerampilSetempat• Improvement in theration of SMK:SMASekolah MenengahKejuruan• Improvement ofquality andrelevance of trainingprovidersKursus/Pendidikan NonFormal utk MeningkatkanKompetensi Naker Setempat
  • OER Policy & Strategy
  • Paris OER Declaration 2012UNESCOThe Universal Declaration of Human Rights: “Everyone has the right toeducation”The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural: “the right ofeveryone to education”The 1971 Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Worksand the 1996 WIPO Copyright Treaty;The Millennium Declaration and the 2000 Dakar Framework for Action: globalcommitments to provide quality basic education for all children, youth and adults;The 2003 World Summit on the Information Society, Declaration ofPrinciples, committing “to build a people-centred, inclusive and development-oriented Information Society where everyone can create, access, utilize and shareinformation and knowledge”The 2003 UNESCO Recommendation concerning the Promotion and Use ofMultilingualism and Universal Access to Cyberspace;The 2005 UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity ofCultural Expression,The 2006 Convention on the Rights of People with DisabilitiesThe declarations of the six International Conference on Adult Education(CONFINTEA) ConferencesBACKGROUND
  • Paris OER Declaration 2012UNESCOa. Foster awareness and use of OER.b. Facilitate enabling environments for use of Information andCommunications Technologies (ICT)c. Reinforce the development of strategies and policies on OER.d. Promote the understanding and use of open licensing frameworks.e. Support capacity building for the sustainable development of qualitylearning materials.f. Foster strategic alliances for OER.g. Encourage the development and adaptation of OER in a variety oflanguages and cultural contexts.h. Encourage research on OER.i. Facilitate finding, retrieving and sharing of OER.j. Encourage the open licensing of educational materials produced withpublic funds.RECOMMENDATIONSRecommends the states to:
  • • Equitable access to quality education [Section 6]• Adult and continuing education [Section 13]• Resource Sharing [Section 41 (2)]• Inclusive education (education for people withdisabilities and special education) [Section 32]• Develop distance learning to reach the unreached[Section 31]• Develop ICT for education [Section 56]• Develop higher education and research network(INHERENT) [Section 79 (5)]• Develop open educational resources [Pasal 79 (4)]Framework of UU 12/2012INDONESIA
  • For Accessible Quality EducationELEMENTSAccessibleQualityEducationUniversity(HEI)Commu-nityPrivateSectorGovern-mentOERTechnology &InfrastructureODL
  • By integrating the internal ecosystem and external forces, an open educationecosystem within campus can be generated to expedite the adoption of OERGOVERNMENT AND REGULATIONSTANDARDS AND QUALITYTRENDONEDUCATIONVALUESANDEXPECTATIONSUPERSTRUCTURE AND POLICIESINFRASTRUCTURE AND RESOURCESPEOPLESTAKEHOLDERSCOMMUNITYLITERACYPROCESSEDUCATIONDELIVERYPARADIGMCONTENTKNOWLEDGEASSETS ANDREPOSITORYTOOLSAPPLICATIONSSPECTRUMAND ICT ROLESEcosystem for OER DevelopmentENABLING
  • A good number of initiatives is being introduced by education communitiesbased on the spirit of sharing and collaborating among scholars and HEIsPJJ Guru DalamJabatanOpenCourseWare OpenJournalsOpenProfessors OpenFacilities OpenConferenceOpenLibrary OpenCreditTransfer OpenCreditEarningOpenEBooks OpenLearning OpenResearch - VLtoward Open Education SystemINITIATIVES
  • Bersama untuk Maju BersamaTogether we Progress27