As things have turned out, I should just have submitted our prize-winning poster from 2001 !!!
As many of you will know, JISC is the Joint Systems Committee of the UK funding bodies for higher and furtjher education. It has a number of sub-committees which help inform policy and also watch over programmes of funding and the operation of services, such as those provided by the two National Data Centres. It has also set up a company, JISC Collections as a legal body to broker licences.
It is a national academic data centre, established in 1995 following the success of the University of Edinburgh putting forward its Data Library in an open competition to set up three datacentres capable of hosting and providing access to bibliographic datasets and numeric research data. The other two were BIDS, which subsequently moved into the private sector as Ingenta, and MIDAS, the data centre at the University of Manchester - its now renamed as Mimas. The mission of EDINA, which incidentally is the older poetic name for Edinburgh, is to enhance productivity of research, learning and teaching in the UK. It used to host a range of key A&T databaes like BIOSIS ~Previews, Compendex, Inspec, Art Abstracts etc, but now the services on journal ….
This screenshot is the Jorum website, with URL <click>, now featuring JorumOpen <click> I will say more about JorumOpen <next slide>
Jorum is a social word, it’s a cup and its contents – to be shared and enjoyed. It is mentioned in the Old Testament of the Bible, so it has provenance …
Jorum has some pre-history, at least from the perspective of Open Educational Resources It began as a keep-safe for output from JISC-funded projects, having had its origins in two different projects funded under the JISC 5/99 Call (1999 that is) It was a support service for the X4L Programme
It all seemed quite busy then too. IntraLibrary was chosen through open procurement as the repository software for Jorum
This simple diagram summarises how Jorum works. Jorum Contributor allows institutions to submit resources, Jorum User gives institutions access to these resources. An R&D strand runs in parallel with the service where we explore issues relevant to our work.
Two years ago, this was what Jorum was for – meeting needs of learning technologists and the enthusiasts – and quite a few teachers too!
Jorum supports a range of object types, from single file resources to more complex content packages. Jorum can also store records for resources held elsewhere which can be pointed to upon previewing the object. This is useful for contributors who still wish to host their own resources but want to increase its use.
I don’t want to trespass too much into what Malcom Read may say in his plenary on Friday, but let be give you a flavour of how we saw what was happening.
The OER pilot programme
This was a pilot but a major pilot intended to be a game changer
Open Repositories, web 2.0, release for easy discovery
This screenshot is the Jorum website, now featuring JorumOpen which was launched on 19 th January 2010.
This is from the Jorum website
There are 2 user interfaces to Dspace - XML (Manakin) or JSP (Java Servlet Pages). Jorum chose the Manakin route as it was felt at that time, that the XML route would offer greater flexibility in changing the user interface and would allow the Jorum team to make significant changes to the interface more easily. It was also felt that basing the user interface on XML would mean that the interface could be transformed using XSLT for various devices e.g. mobile. Hindsight has shown that the Manakin interface is very complex and requires significant work in the XSL stylesheets - it may have been quicker and easier to use the JSP interface.
This screenshot shows the initial front page of the JorumOpen collection (based on the Manakin XML interface).
This screenshot shows the JorumOpen entry in ROAR - shows that the OAI-PMH target is available now.
The screenshot shows a Google site search as this limits the results just to one site (namely open.jorum.ac.uk). We produce Google sitemaps nightly which lists every resource in JorumOpen.Google then crawls these links and any subsequent links it finds on those pages (hence you can see in the screenshot it found a video called “Lennox Castle Hospital” which was found on the preview page of a content package). You do not have to perform a site search in Google to find results in JorumOpen - you can search as normal. A site search just makes the search more specific and targets it at a certain website.
Depositor can add additional DC metadata to a deposited resource
As the screenshot shows, we now present the 6 UK Eng & Wales v2.0 CC licences to the depositor at the same time to let them choose. This was felt to be a better approach than the existing Dspace chooser (which led the user off to the CC website, went through their wizard and then navigated back to DSpace). This approach makes the deposit process more streamlined, maintains look and feel and allows the depositor to more efficiently choose a licence if they know which one they want.
The blue button “Download Original Content Package” when clicked will initiate a download of the original content package archive the depositor submitted to Jorum (the licence in the manifest however may have been altered to match the CC licence chosen on deposit). The orange button “Export Resource” when clicke will initiate download of a file in the Dspace Simple Archive Format. This is essentially a Zip file containing all the files in the resource, a single file containing the DC metadata and licence files. This format will contain the most up to date metadata for the item. From the DSpace manual: “ The basic concept behind the DSpace's simple archive format is to create an archive, which is directory full of items, with a subdirectory per item. Each item directory contains a file for the item's descriptive metadata, and the files that make up the item.”
Screenshot which shows the file listing in a content package I.e. it shows the individual package components View links (or clicking on the thumbnails) will show the content in the browser. Download links will force the browser to save the file to their local machine.
This screenshot shows the HTM preview of an IMS content package. Notice the tree view on the left showing the package components. Clicking on a component on the left will render this on the right hand side.
DIM stands for “DSpace Intermediate Metadata”. DIM is the XML notation for DSpace's internal Item metadata, that is, the metadata fields stored in the database for each Item. It is used by the metadata crosswalking component. . It is called the Intermediate format because it is intended solely as an intermediate stage in XML-translation-based crosswalks.
JorumOpen - learning and teaching resources whose creators/owners have made available for sharing under Creative Commons (CC) licences. JorumUK - learning and teaching resources deposited in Jorum prior to January 2010 that creators/owners made available for sharing through an institutional licence . The JorumUK collection contains resources that their creators and owners prefer to share only within UK Higher and Further Education. This collection contains all resources deposited in Jorum before 2010 which were licensed under the institutional-based licence. At present, JorumUK still requires an institutional subscription to deposit, search, browse and download resources. Depositing resources into JorumUK, requires institutions to subscribe as a JorumUK Depositor , and for individual staff members to be nominated as depositors. You will then receive a JorumUK Depositor account and will be able to deposit resources in JorumUK, authenticating via the UK Access Management Federation. Further developments in 2010 will extend JorumUK to enable sharing across all UK Further and Higher Education institutions, without the need for an institutional subscription, through the introduction of the JorumEducationUK licence . Further enhancements in 2010 Spring: a unified search – enabling users to search across all resources held within both JorumOpen and JorumUK collections – one simple search! Summer: a central deposit tool – a single point for depositors to contribute resources automatically under either JorumOpen or JorumUK
Peter Burnhill & Jackie Carter Jorum Co-Directors My Day Job: Director, EDINA national data centre University of Edinburgh, UK [email_address] Pushing Open The Jorum: A national repository for learning materials OCWC, Hanoi, May 2010 www.jorum.ac.uk
Standing committee of the UK funding councils for higher and further education (a creature of Government Agencies)
Responsible for ‘top-slice’ recurrent funding + special capital grants:
It manages and funds projects within thematic programmes
Their outputs and lessons made available to HE and FE community.
It supports Services that provide online resources, expertise, advice
3 largest services are
JANET(UK) - which oversees high speed networking
two national academic data centres, EDINA and Mimas
UK funding councils for HE & FE Content, Tools & Infrastructure JISC Sub-Committees JISC Collections acting as platform for network-level services & helping to build the JISC Integrated Information Environment research, learning & teaching in UK universities & colleges UK Research Councils National Data Centres
“ Pushing the Jorum” Jorum tune Jorum could be an acronym … but it is a word that embodies sharing 'jo-r-*m, 'jo.r- n [perhaps from Joram “ … brought with him vessels of silver" (2 Sam 8:10 - AV)] : a large drinking vessel or its contents Brewers Phrase & Fable hypertext Webster Interface Jorum sharing content
Text documents, Spread Sheets, PowerPoints, Images, Video, Audio, Flash Animations Bundling learning resources together with metadata. Content can be moved between programs, facilitating easier delivery, reuse and sharing of materials. Jorum can catalogue and point to resources stored elsewhere e.g. a licensed service at EDINA, Mimas or elsewhere … and now Open CourseWare A variety of content
“ ...digitised materials offered freely and openly for educators, students and self-learners to use and reuse for teaching, learning and research.”
Giving Knowledge for Free: The Emergence of Open Educational Resources
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD, 2007)
“ The UK must have a core of open access learning resources organised in a coherent way to support on-line and blended learning by all higher education institutions and to make it more widely available in non-HE environments.”
one year programme – HEFCE-funded; managed by JISC & the Higher Education Academy.
subject institution individual 14 projects 9 projects 7 projects support function – covering technical, legal, strategic advice, workshops, support for deposit and aggregation of materials, communities of practice. Based around existing JISC services & OU “SCORE” project. OER infokit – a “how to” guide for future work evaluation & synthesis function Programme Management
[ a custom licence] content whose creators/owners who need/opt to restrict availability of resources to members of UK further and higher education; authenticated via the UK Access Management Federation