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Oer movement carolina 2h30
Oer movement carolina 2h30
Oer movement carolina 2h30
Oer movement carolina 2h30
Oer movement carolina 2h30
Oer movement carolina 2h30
Oer movement carolina 2h30
Oer movement carolina 2h30
Oer movement carolina 2h30
Oer movement carolina 2h30
Oer movement carolina 2h30
Oer movement carolina 2h30
Oer movement carolina 2h30
Oer movement carolina 2h30
Oer movement carolina 2h30
Oer movement carolina 2h30
Oer movement carolina 2h30
Oer movement carolina 2h30
Oer movement carolina 2h30
Oer movement carolina 2h30
Oer movement carolina 2h30
Oer movement carolina 2h30
Oer movement carolina 2h30
Oer movement carolina 2h30
Oer movement carolina 2h30
Oer movement carolina 2h30
Oer movement carolina 2h30
Oer movement carolina 2h30
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Oer movement carolina 2h30

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Transcript

  • 1. OER movement in Latin America: Is it facing a paradox?
  • 2. http://www.flickr.com/photos/claudio/3054776394/ my CC stickers have arrived!!! by laihiu available at http://www.flickr.com/photos/laihiu/290630500/ under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 licence
  • 3. What are Open Educational Resources?
  • 4. Implementation Resources Text on OER slides are licensed GNU FDL v1.2 http://www.gnu.org/licenses/fdl.html Michael Reschke cba Learning Content Tools
  • 5. Implementation Resources Michael Reschke cba Full courses, course materials, content modules, learning objects, collections, journals Full courses, course materials, content modules, learning objects, collections, journals Full courses, course materials, content modules, learning objects, collections, journals Software to support the creation, delivery, use and improvement of open learning content including searching and organization of content, content and learning management systems, content development tools, and on-line learning communities. Intellectual property licenses to promote open publishing of materials, design-principles, and localization of content. OCW Learning Content Tools
  • 6. JISC CETIS Study Why do institutions adopt OER ?
    • Altruism
    • Tax contributions can be better invested when sharing resources
    • Quality improvement and development cost
    • Public relations at the institutions can use OER projects to attract new students
    • Need to look at new models for sustainability (experience and competition)
    • Free sharing increase development speed, innovation, reuse and help institutions to keep track of their materials and the way they are used
    + What is produced with public money should be public
  • 7. There is data on OER projects in the developed world... but
    • What is happening locally with Open Licensing in higher educational OER projects?
    • How are educational institutions receiving the initiative?
    • How is it that the Open Licensing initiative relates to educational resources?
    • Are there local examples of open educational resources?
    • How do local experiences use Creative Commons in the educational frame, especially OER projects?
  • 8. 10 to 18 years More than half connect via schools More than half had a home computer 80% had access to cell phones 11% create content Central Area
  • 9. OCWC in Latinamerica 43 4 43 9 7 43 http://ocw.universia.net/es/instituciones-integrantes-iberoamericanas-opencourseware.php 5 15 8 8 1 2 1 1 1
  • 10. What makes resources OPEN? The ability to: • Access • Share — Copy, Distribute, Display • Adapt — Perform, Translate • Derive — Remix The openness of a resource increases with the permissions given. More permissions = More open.
  • 11. Problem
    • A look at Latin American initiatives points to interesting projects that meet the “open” philosophy that gives basis to the OER- OCW- movement, while there are important technical implementations towards that goal, but paradoxically they do not seem to incorporate the legal framework in order to adopt and sustain the open concept, or they do it without assesing the legal compromise
  • 12. Let me explain
    • UNVirtual OCWC case
    • Latest Universia-OCWC standards by using Educommons platform
    • The support of the ministries of education to the “open” idea (sharing really)
  • 13.  
  • 14. National University OCW
    • 1998
    • Philosphy followed economical and technical approach not the legal aspects
    • 2006 joined OCWC
    • 2008 some contents from OCW entered the National Repository -Ministry of Education, with ”all rights reserved” because of lawyers fears
    • From 2006 teachers start asking to close their Open Courses, but latelly some of them are comming back... (?)
    • The legal concerns are still an issue
  • 15.  
  • 16. Latest Universia-OCWC standards by using Educommons platform
    • During last years Educommons has become the default platform for OCWC projects supported by Universia in LA
    • New members are using “CC BY-NC-SA” license exactly in the same way in Educommons
    • There is little understanding on the scope of the legal commitment
    • There is need for legal understanding of the scope beyond the social practices
  • 17.  
  • 18.  
  • 19. Educational Ministries as promoters of “open” idea
    • National repositories of Learning Objects (LO)
        • RELPE
        • CEDUCAR
    • Public policies related to ICT appropiation (democratisation, ICT mass appropiation, millenium goals)
  • 20. RELPE, 20 countries
    • 1. Each country develops it`s site (total autonomy according to their educational project and national interest, partners support each other)
    • 2. There is an open statement: “los contenidos desarrollados por los portales miembros son de libre circulación en la Red.” However this is mainly a philosophical statement that not all barriers are leveraged
  • 21.  
  • 22. ColombiaAprende (Col)
    • Default license “all rights reserved”
    • Harvester
    • Dispite the initial declaration
    • En este proyecto participaron nueve universidades en cuatro regiones del país, publicando mas (sic) de 1700 objetos de aprendizaje e informativos. Invitamos a toda la comunidad académica a que participe de esta iniciativa, consultando el banco, comentando y valorando los objetos que se encuentran publicados, los cuales son de libre acceso y descarga, respetando la licencia de uso de cada universidad ”
  • 23.  
  • 24. Social Practices
    • LO repositories and OCW projects in Latin America are commited with collaborative technologies
    • They are “free” as in gratis
    • They are building communities of practice
    • They are devoted to learners communities
    • But the legal strategy... remains an unanswered question...
    • So, do they want to be “free” as in OER?
  • 25. But, of course there are interesting projects
    • Not just those OCW that have done their work but...
  • 26.  
  • 27.
    • EVD
  • 28. Gracias A menos que se informe de otra manera esta presentación está licenciada CCBYSA 2.5 Colombia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5/co/ Carolina Botero Cabrera, mayo 2010 www.karisma.org.co/carobotero [email_address] www.slideshare.net/carobotero

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