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OCWC Global Conference 2013: Ubiquitous Learning: Putting the Framework in Place
 

OCWC Global Conference 2013: Ubiquitous Learning: Putting the Framework in Place

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Nizam

Nizam
Secretary of the Board of Higher Education
Ministry of Education and Culture

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    OCWC Global Conference 2013: Ubiquitous Learning: Putting the Framework in Place OCWC Global Conference 2013: Ubiquitous Learning: Putting the Framework in Place Presentation Transcript

    • Ubiquitous Learning:Putting the Framework in PlaceNizamSecretary of the Board of Higher EducationMinistry of Education and CultureOCWC International Conference, Bali, 7-10 May 2013OERin Brazil: State of the Art, ChallengesandProspectsfor Development andInnovationDr Andreia Inamorato dosSantosainamorato@gmail.com/ @aisantosOERWorld Congress– Paris- June 2012
    • Talking heads
    • Background
    • • Population: 243 million• Member of G-20(economic scale: 16th)• Key country of ASEAN(total population: >600 million)• 3rdlargest democratic country• Endowed with natural resources(nat resource per capita > China and India)• Politically and economically stable(economic growth rate circa 6.4%)Introduction: Strategic PositionIntroduction: Strategic Position
    • Indonesia 2045VisionVisionMasterplan Acceleration and Expansion of Indonesia Economic Development, 2011-2025
    • McKinsey (2012)PredictionPrediction
    • DEMOGRAPHICDEMOGRAPHIC BONUSBONUSDependency Ratio semakin kecil (2010-2040):Usia produktif semakin besar (Bonus Demografi), kesempatan dan potensi meningkatkan produktivitassemakin tinggi, semakin tinggi tingkat kesejahteraan. Namun bila tidak dikelola dengan baik akanmenjadi Bencana Demografi.Kualitas SDM sebagai kata kunci, Pendidikan dan Kesehatan sebagai peran kunci.
    • OF THE 2025 ECONOMIC MASTERPLANSTRATEGY
    • Increased EconomicCompetencyNatural Resource-BasedEconomyFactor Driven Investment DrivenIndustry-BasedEconomyExcellenceHeritagesIncreasedMasterplan P3EIBasicPrinciples, Prerequisitesfor Successand Main Strategiesof MP3EI41Key for development:Key for development: HRD and InovationR & D ChallengeR & D Challenge
    • 10Current Workforce ConditionChallengeChallenge
    • Improvement of Workforce QualificationChallengeChallengeSource: McKinsey, 2012
    • Improvement of HR ProductivityChallengeChallengeSumber: McKinsey, 2012
    • INDONESIA 2010OECDData Kemdiknas, Diolah dari: Encyclopedia of Nations, http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/ diakses Januari 2011HIGHER EDHIGH SCHELEMENTARY INCREASEINCREASEIN PROPORTIONIN PROPORTIONFOR HIGHFOR HIGHSCHOOL &SCHOOL &HIGHER EDHIGHER EDINCREASEINCREASEIN PROPORTIONIN PROPORTIONFOR HIGHFOR HIGHSCHOOL &SCHOOL &HIGHER EDHIGHER ED100%100%175%20%45%35%Improvement of Workforce Educational ProfileChallengeChallengeINDONESIA 2025
    • 14Catatan: kesenjangan bukan Jawa-Luar Jawa, bahkan di Jawa kesenjangan sangat lebarAverage GER = 27,4%Geographical DisparityChallengeChallenge
    • 15Average GERSource: WB, 2010Socio-economic DisparityChallengeChallenge
    • Expansion of Higher EducationLaw 2/1961 : 23 Public HEDevelopment of students 1975: 230,000 students 1985: 1,100,000 students 1995: 2,500,000 students 2001: 3.400.000 students 2005: 3.868.358 students 2008: 4.501.500 students 2009: 4.657.547 students 2010: 5.226.450 students 2011: 5.381.216 studentsGER from 2% in 1975 to27,4% in 201216 16Higher Education SystemExpansionExpansion
    • Policy and Strategyin HE Development
    • Fulfilling the Demand of Skilled WFSUPPLYBANNABKKNIIQFBNSPFramework: UU 12/2012
    • 19Innovation for sustainabledevelopmentCompetitive Industry andEconomic DevelopmentCompetitiveIndustry & Economythrough skillfulworkforceHumah Resource DevelopmentSCHEME
    • OER Policy & Strategy
    • Paris OER Declaration 2012UNESCOThe Universal Declaration of Human Rights: “Everyone has the right toeducation”The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural: “the right ofeveryone to education”The 1971 Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Worksand the 1996 WIPO Copyright Treaty;The Millennium Declaration and the 2000 Dakar Framework for Action: globalcommitments to provide quality basic education for all children, youth and adults;The 2003 World Summit on the Information Society, Declaration of Principles,committing “to build a people-centred, inclusive and development-orientedInformation Society where everyone can create, access, utilize and shareinformation and knowledge”The 2003 UNESCO Recommendation concerning the Promotion and Use ofMultilingualism and Universal Access to Cyberspace;The 2005 UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity ofCultural Expression,The 2006 Convention on the Rights of People with DisabilitiesThe declarations of the six International Conference on Adult Education(CONFINTEA) ConferencesBACKGROUND
    • Paris OER Declaration 2012UNESCOa. Foster awareness and use of OER.b. Facilitate enabling environments for use of Information andCommunications Technologies (ICT)c. Reinforce the development of strategies and policies on OER.d. Promote the understanding and use of open licensing frameworks.e. Support capacity building for the sustainable development of qualitylearning materials.f. Foster strategic alliances for OER.g. Encourage the development and adaptation of OER in a variety oflanguages and cultural contexts.h. Encourage research on OER.RECOMMENDATIONSRecommends the states to:
    • • Equitable access to quality education [Section 6]• Adult and continuing education [Section 13]• Resource Sharing [Section 41 (2)]• Inclusive education (education for people withdisabilities and special education) [Section 32]• Develop distance learning to reach the unreached[Section 31]• Develop ICT for education [Section 56]• Develop higher education and research network(INHERENT) [Section 79 (5)]• Develop open educational resources [Pasal 79 (4)]Framework of UU 12/2012INDONESIA
    • For Accessible Quality EducationELEMENTS
    • By integrating the internal ecosystem and external forces, an open educationecosystem within campus can be generated to expedite the adoption of OERBy integrating the internal ecosystem and external forces, an open educationecosystem within campus can be generated to expedite the adoption of OERGOVERNMENT AND REGULATIONGOVERNMENT AND REGULATIONSTANDARDS AND QUALITYSTANDARDS AND QUALITYTRENDONEDUCATIONTRENDONEDUCATIONVALUESANDEXPECTATIONVALUESANDEXPECTATIONSUPERSTRUCTURE AND POLICIESSUPERSTRUCTURE AND POLICIESINFRASTRUCTURE AND RESOURCESINFRASTRUCTURE AND RESOURCESPEOPLESTAKEHOLDERSCOMMUNITYLITERACYPEOPLESTAKEHOLDERSCOMMUNITYLITERACYPROCESSEDUCATIONDELIVERYPARADIGMPROCESSEDUCATIONDELIVERYPARADIGMCONTENTKNOWLEDGEASSETS ANDREPOSITORYCONTENTKNOWLEDGEASSETS ANDREPOSITORYTOOLSAPPLICATIONSSPECTRUMAND ICT ROLESTOOLSAPPLICATIONSSPECTRUMAND ICT ROLESEcosystem for OER DevelopmentENABLING
    • A good number of initiatives is being introduced by education communitiesbased on the spirit of sharing and collaborating among scholars and HEIsA good number of initiatives is being introduced by education communitiesbased on the spirit of sharing and collaborating among scholars and HEIstoward Open Education SystemINITIATIVES
    • Bersama untuk Maju BersamaTogether we Progress27