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The Production of Open Courses             as a Transformative Practice:A Case Study of the Chinese Top Level Courses Proj...
What	  kind	  of	  a	  “thing”	  is	  OCW?
OCW	  as	  a	  norm                         CC	  BY	  allygirl520	  @	  flickr
free	  software        6
http://fusionanomaly.net/informationwantstobefree.html
PD	  English	  Wikipedia
How	  can	  we	  analyze	  the	  spread	  of	  a	  norm?Finnemore	  &	  Sikkink:	  the	  life-­‐cycle	  of	  normsWomen’s	...
OCW	  as	  an	  policy	  innovation                                          CC	  BY	  txd	  @	  flickr
Universities working together to advance education and                                                                 emp...
Universities working together to advance education and                                       empower people worldwide thro...
Universities working together to advance education and                                        empower people worldwide thr...
Universities working together to advance education and                                        empower people worldwide thr...
Universities working together to advance education and                                       empower people worldwide thro...
How	  can	  we	  analyze	  the	  spread	  of	  a	  policy	  innovation?   David	  Phillips:	  policy	  attraction   more	 ...
OCW	  in	  East	  Asia
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InstitutionalismMeyer	  &	  Ramirez:	  convergenceLarge	  quantitative	  analyses	  of	  educational	  systemsEvery	  aspe...
Mainland	  China
Outlinewhat	  is	  the	  Chinese	  Top	  Level	  Courses	  Project,	  how	  does	  it	  work?how	  did	  it	  come	  to	  ...
My	  research	  approachparticipating	  in	  an	  international	  conference	  in	  Dalian	  in	  2008participation	  in	 ...
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Features	  of	  the	  Chinese	  OER	  projectselective	  and	  competitivethree	  levels	  (campus,	  province,	  national...
Purposesinduce	  full	  professors	  to	  teach	  undergraduate	  coursesencourage	  professors	  to	  use	  more	  techno...
Evaluation	  criteria•	  teaching	  team,	  including	  responsible	  person	  and	  main	  lecturer•	  the	  composition	...
Lanzhou City University                      School gave certain amount of funding      case study                        ...
Honor   JPKC diploma
Quality Project         (          )The OER project is a key part of the QualityProject, but it’s not the only part:The pr...
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historical	  background
Not	  quite	  like	  lightning	  from	  a	  blue	  skyFrench	  and	  German	  model	  of	  the	  medieval	  universitycour...
future	  trends
What	  does	  the	  future	  hold?New	  cycle	  in	  2011?Education	  Plan	  2010-­‐2020:	  less	  focus	  on	  distance	 ...
Key	  numbers	  from	  China’s	  2010-­‐2020	  education	  plan
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Establishing	  Beijing	  and	  Shanghai	  Open	  Universitiescourse	  teams,	  course	  evaluations	  go	  way	  back,	  f...
Foreign	  open	  course	  craze
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Thank you!                     shaklev@gmail.com                     http://reganmian.net/blog                     CC BYTh...
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The Production of Open Courses as a Transformative Practice: A Case Study of the Chinese Top Level Courses Project

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Stian Haklev of University of Toronto presents on the Chinese Top Level Courses Project.

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  1. 1. The Production of Open Courses as a Transformative Practice:A Case Study of the Chinese Top Level Courses Project Stian Håklev, PhD Student, OISE/University of Toronto Presentation to OpenCoursewareConsortium Global 2011 April 7, 2011 - Creative Commons BY
  2. 2. What  kind  of  a  “thing”  is  OCW?
  3. 3. OCW  as  a  norm CC  BY  allygirl520  @  flickr
  4. 4. free  software 6
  5. 5. http://fusionanomaly.net/informationwantstobefree.html
  6. 6. PD  English  Wikipedia
  7. 7. How  can  we  analyze  the  spread  of  a  norm?Finnemore  &  Sikkink:  the  life-­‐cycle  of  normsWomen’s  suffrage,  land-­‐mine  banRealist  vs.  constructivist  view  of  international  systemNorm  entrepreneursOrganizational  platformForming  vocabulary,  change  in  identity  and  motivationTipping  point:  1/3  of  all  participants  (states)?Institutionalization
  8. 8. OCW  as  an  policy  innovation CC  BY  txd  @  flickr
  9. 9. Universities working together to advance education and empower people worldwide through opencourseware. Connecting with Your University’s Goals —Recruitment • A 2005 Poll showed that 50% of incoming MIT students were aware of MIT OCW. • 35% of those students based their choice of MIT at least in part on their experience of MIT OCW • By midOCW Consortium Toolkit http://www.ocwconsortium.org/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_download&gid=33&Itemid=March 15, 2010 Open Sharing, Global Benefits 9
  10. 10. Universities working together to advance education and empower people worldwide through opencourseware. Connecting with Your University’s Goals —Recruitment • Builds a prior academic relationship with bright, motivated students, their families, their teachers and their advisors • Showcases key departments, faculty and coursesMarch 15, 2010 Open Sharing, Global Benefits 10
  11. 11. Universities working together to advance education and empower people worldwide through opencourseware. Connecting with Your University’s Goals —Reputation An OCW site can showcase areas of excellence in our university, such as name specific programs. Heightened awareness of these programs not only will attract talented students and faculty to our school but also will increase the visibility of our faculty within their disciplines.March 15, 2010 Open Sharing, Global Benefits 11
  12. 12. Universities working together to advance education and empower people worldwide through opencourseware. Connecting with Your University’s Goals —Retention An OCW site provides students with the potential for self-paced review of study materials before, during and after taking a course. Such review greatly increases a student’s chances of success in both that course and subsequent courses which build upon its teachings.March 15, 2010 Open Sharing, Global Benefits 12
  13. 13. Universities working together to advance education and empower people worldwide through opencourseware. Connecting with Your University’s Goals —Advising The ability to view OCW materials prior to enrollment allows students to make more informed choices about which courses and majors are right for them. Likewise, advisors will be able to base their recommendations on concrete information about courses, their requirements and their benefits.March 15, 2010 Open Sharing, Global Benefits 13
  14. 14. How  can  we  analyze  the  spread  of  a  policy  innovation? David  Phillips:  policy  attraction more  likely  to  borrow  in  time  of  upheaval,  change  or  great  crisis Mintrom  &  Vergari:  policy  networks investigating  policy  on  school  choice  in  US  states  -­‐  what  causes   similarity?  closeness  of  states,  or  similar  attributes?  no,   attending  the  same  conferences! The  role  of  MIT,  and  MIT’s  faculty,  international  conferences, organizations  (OCW  Consortium,  CCLearn/CC,  UNESCO  IIEP)
  15. 15. OCW  in  East  Asia
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  20. 20. InstitutionalismMeyer  &  Ramirez:  convergenceLarge  quantitative  analyses  of  educational  systemsEvery  aspect  of  education  is  becoming  more  similar,one  model  is  becoming  institutionalized.
  21. 21. Mainland  China
  22. 22. Outlinewhat  is  the  Chinese  Top  Level  Courses  Project,  how  does  it  work?how  did  it  come  to  be,  Chinese  historical  and  higher-­‐ed  contextsome  thoughts  on  the  future  of  this  project,  and  distance  ed  in  China
  23. 23. My  research  approachparticipating  in  an  international  conference  in  Dalian  in  2008participation  in  many  international  conferences,  and  communication  with  people  in  MIT  OCW,  Hewlett  etcanalysis  of  Chinese  academic  papers,  and  government  policiestwo  visits  -­‐  summer  2009  and  winter  2009-­‐10formal  interviews  with  professors  and  academic  staff  at  two  universities  visits  to  a  number  of  Chinese  departments  of  education,  interaction  with  graduate  students  and  professors  researching  relevant  topicsa  number  of  presentations  in  China,  including  one  for  the  Top  Level  National  Courses  resource  center,  testing  my  tentative  findings
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  25. 25. Features  of  the  Chinese  OER  projectselective  and  competitivethree  levels  (campus,  province,  national)teaching  teamsboth  content  and  methodfinancial  support,  requirement  to  make  course  available  online  for  five  yearsthree  kinds:  undergraduate,  vocational,  and  online  courses
  26. 26. Purposesinduce  full  professors  to  teach  undergraduate  coursesencourage  professors  to  use  more  technology  in  their  teaching  encourage  formation  of  teaching  teams,  rethinking  of  course  material  and  teaching  methodscourses  function  as  “models”  for  other  professors(course  material  used  directly  by  students?)
  27. 27. Evaluation  criteria•  teaching  team,  including  responsible  person  and  main  lecturer•  the  composition  and  quality  of  teaching  team•  educational  reform  and  educational  research•  the  course  content•  the  organization  and  planning  of  the  course  content•  the  practical  components  (removed  in  2008)•  teaching  materials  and  other  resources•  conditions  for  practical  components•  online  teaching  environment•  instructional  design•  instructional  approach•  instructional  practice•  instructional  outcomes  –  evaluation  by  peers,  by  university  supervisor•  student  evaluations•  evaluation  of  recorded  materials
  28. 28. Lanzhou City University School gave certain amount of funding case study Clear philosophy: Construction of CQOCW will improve quality ofHave already been evaluating best courses all coursesinternally since 2003. Developed system of Not just about putting old courses online, butindicators of course quality rethink content, teaching methodology, etc.Issue announcement, meeting of heads of Internal committee to evaluate courses, thendepartments invited 20 external experts - used online material, also sat in on classesTeaching committee to identify basic andadvanced courses they could apply for In the end, 11 courses were selected for provincial CQOCWBrought teachers together with computerdepartment ( 议 课 , )
  29. 29. Honor JPKC diploma
  30. 30. Quality Project ( )The OER project is a key part of the QualityProject, but it’s not the only part:The program targets 1000 universities with 10million FT students, and will cost approximatelyUSD $365 million.Targets:Help 3000 professors and administrators todevelop peer training exchangesSelect 1000 national-level teaching teamsGive awards to 500 top national teachersDevelop500 experimental teaching centers500 individual talent development and creativityareas500 high quality bilingual classes
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  48. 48. historical  background
  49. 49. Not  quite  like  lightning  from  a  blue  skyFrench  and  German  model  of  the  medieval  universitycourse  teams,  course  evaluations  go  way  back,  from  the  Soviet  Union?massification985  -­‐  evaluate  the  best  universities  (peer-­‐review)and  the  key  disciplinesevaluating  best  courses:  natural  next  steppush  for  increase  in  use  of  computers  in  higher  ed  already  from  early  1990’s(evidence  from  interviews)
  50. 50. future  trends
  51. 51. What  does  the  future  hold?New  cycle  in  2011?Education  Plan  2010-­‐2020:  less  focus  on  distance  ed  for  degrees,  more  focus  on  life-­‐long  learning  and  continuing  ed.Encouraging  reuse  of  the  resources
  52. 52. Key  numbers  from  China’s  2010-­‐2020  education  plan
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  54. 54. Establishing  Beijing  and  Shanghai  Open  Universitiescourse  teams,  course  evaluations  go  way  back,  from  the  Soviet  Union?985  -­‐  evaluate  the  best  universities  (peer-­‐review)and  the  key  disciplinesevaluating  best  courses:  natural  next  steppush  for  increase  in  use  of  computers  in  higher  ed  already  from  early  1990’s(evidence  from  interviews)
  55. 55. Foreign  open  course  craze
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  63. 63. Thank you! shaklev@gmail.com http://reganmian.net/blog CC BYThesis can be downloaded in a variety of formatsfrom http://reganmian.net/top-level-courses
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