Facets of Academic Openness


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Presentation during Open Access Week celebrations at Wits University, Johannesburg, South Africa

Goal of the presentation: Address broader aspects of openness in higher education

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Facets of Academic Openness

  1. 1. Facets of Academic Openness Igor Lesko OA at Wits University, November 2013, Johannesburg, South Africa igorlesko@ocwconsortium.org Twitter: @igor_lesko Unless otherwise noted, the presentation “Facets of Academic Openness” by Igor Lesko is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License” Open Sharing, Global Benefits The OpenCourseWare Consortium www.ocwconsortium.org
  2. 2. Openness in HigherEducation Education Content Research Practice T&L
  3. 3. Gold OA Green OA Openness in Research
  4. 4. Openness in Education Content Podcasts Video Lectures Open Educational Resources (OER) Lecture notes, quizzes Open Textbooks http://ocw.mit.edu http://free.uwc.ac.za/ OpenCourseWare (OCW)
  5. 5. Openness = Free&Open © All rights reserved ✗ Some rights reserved ✓ NO rights reserved ✓ Creative Commons = Alternative to “all rights reserved” Creative Commons = Lets users know upfront what they can do with content Creative Commons = Always attribute at the very minimum Choose CC license for your work: http://creativecommons.org/choose/
  6. 6. Creative Commons: South Africa http://www.creativecommonsza.org/
  7. 7. Openness in Practices I (T&L) Developments in ICTs: Access to resources anytime, anywhere By Ed Yourdon (CCBY-SA) By OER Africa (CCBY) By thelampnyc (CCBY-NC-ND) Teaching: Supporting (re) use and production of OER Learning: Engaging your students with OER
  8. 8. Openness in Practices II (T&L) Supports Flipped Classroom Pedagogy By Tulane Public Relations, (CCBY) By smannion, (CCBY-NC) By Tulane Public Relations, (CCBY) Using class time for discussions, clarifications, peer interactions and additional support for your students
  9. 9. Openness in Education Why? • Educationis about Sharing of Knowledge • Educational materials developed by public funds (taxpayers money) need to be sharedOpenly •Maximizing Return on Investment
  10. 10. Openness in Education Why? Rising cost of education and decreasing public funding By marsmet471 (CCBY-NC-SA) By mrchrisadams (CCBY-NC) Don’t let the rising cost of education and the cost of additional educational materials that students need to purchase be the reason why they don’t finish their studies!
  11. 11. Openness in Education Why? Consider Opportunities For your Institution: reputation, collaboration, innovation, increased access For your faculty: collaborations, enhanced teaching practices, efficient content development, reflexivity on teaching practice For students: enriched learning experiences, additional support mechanisms (in order to improve retention), bridge to formal learning, LLL
  12. 12. Openness in HigherEducation Showcasing Initiatives Who we are OpenCourseWare Consortium
  13. 13. http://www.ocwconsortium.org/
  14. 14. OCWC Members present in 49 different countries Nearly 300 institutions and organizations worldwide advancing development, use and sharing of OER and open educational practices in higher education
  15. 15. The purpose of Open Education Week, organized by OCWC, is to raise awareness of the open education movement and opportunities it creates in teaching and learning worldwide: http://www.openeducationweek.org/
  16. 16. Openness in HigherEducation Initiatives in Africa • • • • • • African Health OER Network initiated in 2008 150 learning modules + videos + open textbooks developed and released as OER Resources accessed, on average, by 8,500 people per month (190 countries) Videos on YouTube: 2,5 million views Reference: https://open.umich.edu/blog/2012/12/17/completion-ahon/ OER Africa: http://www.oerafrica.org/
  17. 17. Openness in HigherEducation Initiatives in Africa • • • African Virtual University: 219 modules in Mathematics, Sciences, Teacher Education, ICT Basic Skills, Integration of ICT in Education (12 universities, 10 countries, 3 languages) 300,000 visitors during Dec 2010-Aug 2011 (US, France, Portugal, Brazil: 50% accessing materials in English, 30% in Portuguese and 15% in French: http://goo.gl/bqTav) African Virtual University: http://oer.avu.org/about
  18. 18. Openness in HigherEducation Initiatives in South Africa University of the Western Cape: http://free.uwc.ac.za/ University of Cape Town: http://opencontent.uct.ac.za/
  19. 19. Openness in HigherEducation Initiatives in South Africa University of South Africa: http://goo.gl/s7Zqo Anchor Partner of OERU network: http://wikieducator.org/OER_university/Home Siyavula: http://projects.siyavula.com/ Openlylicensedtextbooks in Scienceand Math for Grade 10-12
  20. 20. Openness in HigherEducation Policy Initiatives: IGO Urging governments to openly license publicly funded educational materials: http://goo.gl/OVHiF
  21. 21. Openness in HigherEducation Policy Initiatives: South Africa New Policy Framework Initiative in South Africa: Address demand for education through increasing distance teaching offerings and creation of OER: www.dhet.gov.za/
  22. 22. Role of OER in Teaching & Learning Case Studies
  23. 23. Case Study I: OCWC User Feedback Survey http://www.ocwconsortium.org/projects/surveyresults/ Source: OCWC Feedback Survey March 2011 - May 2013 • Responses received from 1773 respondents. Nearly 50% of respondents are students currently undergoing secondary or university-level education. Working professionals represent 22% of all respondents
  24. 24. Case Study I: OCWC User Feedback Survey Source: OCWC Feedback Survey March 2011 - May 2013 More than 50% of respondents are 29 years old or younger. Next Steps: Follow-ups with 1100 respondents who agreed to follow up interviews/survey questions
  25. 25. Case Study I: OCWC User Feedback Survey Source: OCWC Feedback Survey March 2011 - May 2013. Respondents were allowed to select more than one option so percentages add up to more than 100% • • Respondents: 90 different countries around the world 25 African countries: Tanzania, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Kenya, Namibia, Nigeria, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Morocco, Tunisia, Rwanda, Guinea-Bissau, Congo, Ghana, Mali, Liberia, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Zambia, Cote d’Ivoire, Benin, Botswana, Senegal
  26. 26. Case Study II: Use/Creation of OER/OCW in SA HE • Research carried out as part of a project on Emerging ICTs in Higher Education (http://www.emergingicts.blogspot.com/) • National survey conducted in 2011 with academics and elearning practitioners based at various HEIs in SA, probing respondents on innovative teaching and learning practices using Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) over the past 3 to5years • Out of 261 respondents, 120 indicated that they used OER/OCW on a regular basis (24%) or at least once (22%) in 2011 Source: http://goo.gl/vyktGT
  27. 27. Case Study II: Use/Creation of OER/OCW in SA HE • During the period 15 February 2012 – 31 March 2012, a subsequent survey was distributed to 97 respondents who had agreed to be contacted for follow up questions • Aim: Motivation, Benefits & Challenges to using/producing OER/OCW in Teaching in SA HE • Responses received from 48 respondents (17 HEI in SA) • Research paper published in May 2013 (peer-reviewed OA): http://www.openpraxis.org/index.php/OpenPraxis/article/vie w/52
  28. 28. Case Study II: Use/Creation of OER/OCW in SA HE Results: Rationale for using OER/OCW in Teaching • 69% making OER/OCW available as additional resources to their students • 56% use OER/OCW to improve their knowledge in the field • 46% include OER/OCW in their teaching materials or course syllabus • 33% of respondents have used OER/OCW to help develop or revise curriculum for their departments or schools Source: http://goo.gl/vyktGT
  29. 29. Case Study II: Use/Creation of OER/OCW in SA HE Results: Reported Benefits to using OER/OCW in Teaching • Classes are more interesting and engaging for their students • They are able to improve their teaching materials or incorporate new concepts into their teaching • OER/OCW help them to save time preparing course materials • They are more motivated to teach • Ability to use their class time more effectively for class discussions as a result of using OER/OCW Source: http://goo.gl/vyktGT
  30. 30. Case Study III: Use/Creation of OER/OCW in SA HE Results: Reported and Identified Challenges to using or producing of OER/OCW A number of challenges that have implications for using or for producing OER/OCW have been identified. • Lack of knowledge related to regimes governing ownership and use, reuse, modification of OER/OCW • lack of awareness about policies/regulations that govern ownership and use of course materials created by faculty • Institutional support/infrastructural challenges • Lack of knowledge about the existence of OER/OCW or where to find applicable/quality OER/OCW Source: http://goo.gl/vyktGT
  31. 31. Openness in Education Why? Consider Opportunities for your Institution, for your faculty,for students Consider your Institution's Mission, values and goals and how Openness in Education can help you achieve your mission. Join the Global Movement and help build a world with education for all!
  32. 32. Activities of the OpenCourseWare Consortium are generously supported by: The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation Sustaining Members of the OCW Consortium: The African Virtual University Delft University of Technology FundaçãoGetulio Vargas Japan OpenCourseWare Consortium Johns Hopkins Bloomburg School of Public Health Korea OpenCourseWare Consortium Massachusetts Institute of Technology Netease Information Technology Co. Open Universiteit Taiwan OpenCourseWare Consortium Tecnológico de Monterrey Tufts University Universia Universidad Politécnica de Madrid University of California, Irvine University of Michigan And contributions of member organizations
  33. 33. www.ocwconsortium.org feedback@ocwconsortium.org igorlesko@ocwconsortium.org