A novel OER initiative underA novel OER initiative under
University of Delhi’s new FYUP:University of Delhi’s new FYUP:
an...
OERs in teaching-learning process: New approach on
learning horizon
Focus is on development of cognitive skills vis-à-vis
...
Recently University of Delhi (DU) has shifted to new Four
Year Undergraduate Programme (FYUP) from conventional
three year...
Overcome barriers to participation, especially those absent
in class, employed or differently-abled
Another chance to unde...
Becoming technology enabled at home with more hours
spent on accessing OER
Moving from abstract theories described in text...
University of Delhi’s take on FYUP using OER
Exemplar shift in curriculum with augmented tenure of
study
Entails training ...
Introduction of Free and Open Source Software (FOSS)
Furthering Open Education: circumventing licence fees or
royalties
An...
The present investigation seeks to analyze the pedagogical
impact of the twin effects
a)students utilizing internet enable...
Investigation of access, licences, awareness and
understanding of Open education materials
Awareness about Open EducationA...
Teaching-learning process under FYUP is seen to be
dependent on the availability of information and material
content.
Stud...
Investigation of awareness about various licences
of Creative Commons
Creative Commons LicencesCreative Commons Licences
0...
Students introduced to HQOER gain valuable insight about
different types of licences proffered by Creative Commons
Student...
Effect of fast internet access on autonomous learning, past-
class stay back and educational material access
Effect of fas...
Availability of fast internet connection and free software
enabled laptops is seen to motivate students embrace the
concep...
Google
73%
Yahoo
15%
Bing
8%
Delta
4%
Preferred Search engine for HQOER
Choice of web-search engine preferred by students ...
For assignments requiring HQOER students reported
using search engines including Google, Yahoo, Bing, Delta
etc.
Google wa...
Subject Matter
31%
Explanation of
Principles
23%
Authenticity
23%
Originality
11%
Clarity
8%
Media usage
4%
Usefulness of ...
For the students specifically choice of
HQOER was found to depend on:
 Subject matter
 Explanation of principles
 Authe...
Effect of listing sequence and preferential
listing of HQOER by Google
Effect of listing sequenceEffect of listing sequenc...
Sequencing of HQOER material listing by the search engine is
seen to majorly influence its use by students.
This in turn i...
Harnessing of HQOER is seen to be influenced by:
Authenticity of the OER material
Specificity of topic
Sequencing of HQ...
Need for a dedicated tag and keyword search
interface for HQOER
 Providing widgets and APIs that can be used to insert
“m...
Despite OERs being available under Creative Commons licensing
Actual adoption and adaptation by another institution wishin...
Content completeness: HQOER re-user may have to remix materials
to revise content before it can be redistributed
Relevance...
Savithri Singh, Principal, Acharya Narendra Dev
College (University of Delhi) for continuous guidance
and support.
Univers...
Thank youThank you
HvalaHvala
Contact Email:
Charu: charukgupta@gmail.com
Arijit: arijitc123@gmail.com
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A novel OER initiative under University of Delhi’s new Four Year Undergraduate Programme: an investigation into the Pedagogical Impact

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Recently University of Delhi (DU) has introduced a new four year based undergraduate programme (FYUP) wherein all (> 50,000) newly admitted undergraduate students have been given laptops that are powered exclusively with Ubuntu OS (12.04 LTS) and other freeware including Open Office, Firefox, VLC and Rythmbox. Out of a batch of 52 students selected for case study 26 were introduced with concept of high quality OER (HQOER). The present investigation seeks to analyze pedagogical impact of the same on the twin effects of a) students utilizing internet enabled laptop computers during real-time classroom teaching and b) using OER content linked with resource based learning so as to leverage both most effectively. The investigation concludes that topic specific OER ought to be available preferentially through a dedicated search engine for HQOER. Further, an independent OER regulatory body should recommend chronological listing of HQOER sites after a thorough evaluation of the quality of their content. The future of teaching-learning process bodes well for hybrid education that includes HQOER as a built-in standard.

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A novel OER initiative under University of Delhi’s new Four Year Undergraduate Programme: an investigation into the Pedagogical Impact

  1. 1. A novel OER initiative underA novel OER initiative under University of Delhi’s new FYUP:University of Delhi’s new FYUP: an investigation into the Pedagogical Impactan investigation into the Pedagogical Impact Arijit Chowdhuri & Charu K. Gupta Acharya Narendra Dev College University of Delhi, INDIA 23 – 25 April, 2014 Ljubljana,
  2. 2. OERs in teaching-learning process: New approach on learning horizon Focus is on development of cognitive skills vis-à-vis mentoring approaches adopted Dynamic learning, teaching and assessment strategies Engaging, easy, effective and collaborative learning techniques PreamblePreamble OCWC Global 2014
  3. 3. Recently University of Delhi (DU) has shifted to new Four Year Undergraduate Programme (FYUP) from conventional three years All (> 50,000) newly admitted undergraduate students have been given laptops for promotion of E-learning through access to HQOER Laptops are exclusively powered by Ubuntu OS (12.04 LTS) and other freeware include Open Office, Firefox, VLC and Rythmbox Laptops are internet enabled with 40 mbps connections in college BackgroundBackground OCWC Global 2014
  4. 4. Overcome barriers to participation, especially those absent in class, employed or differently-abled Another chance to understand classroom teaching for those who did not comprehend it the first time – time versus pace issues Student can be separated from the mentor for a substantial part of the total learning time Students have opportunity to access printed texts or other media, such as video, audio and multimedia, real-time Option for full-duplex communication between the student and mentor Perceived advantagesPerceived advantages OCWC Global 2014
  5. 5. Becoming technology enabled at home with more hours spent on accessing OER Moving from abstract theories described in text-book to becoming stakeholders in OER development Opportunity for parents at act as resource persons Simultaneously bolstering the ‘technocrat’ as well as the ‘academic’ in the student Internet is expected to help rethink and reorganize the process of knowledge dissemination between education and research Collateral AdvantagesCollateral Advantages OCWC Global 2014
  6. 6. University of Delhi’s take on FYUP using OER Exemplar shift in curriculum with augmented tenure of study Entails training students to possess greater flexibility Develop qualities for autonomous learning Cultivate taste for opening up to wide-ranging career choices Combining knowledge with practical skills Why OER ?Why OER ? OCWC Global 2014
  7. 7. Introduction of Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) Furthering Open Education: circumventing licence fees or royalties An upgraded course content Ingenious idea to make students stakeholders in accessing OER Popularizing use of OER with pre-incorporated licence for reuse and/or adaptation sans copyright holder’s permission Policy implementation: multimedia applications, streaming videos, textbooks or any other media used for teaching-learning process, free for dissemination. Initiatives taken by DUInitiatives taken by DU OCWC Global 2014
  8. 8. The present investigation seeks to analyze the pedagogical impact of the twin effects a)students utilizing internet enabled laptop computers during real-time classroom teaching b)using OER content linked with resource based learning so as to leverage both most effectively The Study……The Study…… OCWC Global 2014
  9. 9. Investigation of access, licences, awareness and understanding of Open education materials Awareness about Open EducationAwareness about Open Education 0 5 10 15 20 Understand Open environment concept Awareness about Creative Commons licences Understand licences by Creative Commons Access educational materials under Open licenses Somewhat No Yes Number of students OCWC Global 2014
  10. 10. Teaching-learning process under FYUP is seen to be dependent on the availability of information and material content. Students with exposure to HQOER are seen to possess a different take within the existing framework. Students’ access to Open educational materials on the internet, associated licences and awareness of Creative Commons are noted to be important. Introduction to HQOER substantially affects their pedagogic approach. Open Education…..Open Education….. OCWC Global 2014
  11. 11. Investigation of awareness about various licences of Creative Commons Creative Commons LicencesCreative Commons Licences 0 5 10 15 20 25 CC-BY CC-BY-SA CC-BY-ND CC-BY-NC-SA CC-BY-NC-ND Yes No Somewhat Types of Creative Commons licences OCWC Global 2014
  12. 12. Students introduced to HQOER gain valuable insight about different types of licences proffered by Creative Commons Students become aware about usage of various licensed HQOER materials while preparing assignments & presentations Citation of appropriate sources as deemed necessary is followed. A fine balance is seen to emerge about usage of copyrighted and OER materials while accessing course materials from world’s top sites / universities Creative Commons…..Creative Commons….. OCWC Global 2014
  13. 13. Effect of fast internet access on autonomous learning, past- class stay back and educational material access Effect of fast internet availabilityEffect of fast internet availability 0 5 10 15 20 25 Educational materials preferentially accessed in college Has high-speed internet access increased college stay post classes Concept of autonomous learners Somewhat No Yes Number of students OCWC Global 2014
  14. 14. Availability of fast internet connection and free software enabled laptops is seen to motivate students embrace the concept of autonomous learning. Autonomous learning is seen to result in stay back by most students post regular college class hours. Traffic on the sites hosting Journals and HQOER material is seen to grow post regular college class hours thereby indicating the following: Preferential use of the University of Delhi enabled network Access of the sites by the students in the college premises which otherwise are inaccessible from home Internet Connectivity….Internet Connectivity…. OCWC Global 2014
  15. 15. Google 73% Yahoo 15% Bing 8% Delta 4% Preferred Search engine for HQOER Choice of web-search engine preferred by students for HQOER Preferred Search Engine for HQOERPreferred Search Engine for HQOER OCWC Global 2014
  16. 16. For assignments requiring HQOER students reported using search engines including Google, Yahoo, Bing, Delta etc. Google was rated the most preferred search engine by a whopping 73% of the students. However, an in-depth investigation indicated that even Google was unable to address requirements for HQOER based content at all times. Google was noted to short-list results according to the choice of keywords besides primarily promoting its own affiliates including but not limited to Wikiepedia etc. Google etc….Google etc…. OCWC Global 2014
  17. 17. Subject Matter 31% Explanation of Principles 23% Authenticity 23% Originality 11% Clarity 8% Media usage 4% Usefulness of HQOER Parameters governing choice of particular HQOER material by students Usefulness of HQOERUsefulness of HQOER OCWC Global 2014
  18. 18. For the students specifically choice of HQOER was found to depend on:  Subject matter  Explanation of principles  Authenticity  Originality, clarity  Media usage HQOER choice….HQOER choice…. OCWC Global 2014
  19. 19. Effect of listing sequence and preferential listing of HQOER by Google Effect of listing sequenceEffect of listing sequence 0 5 10 15 20 25 Does Google provide results for HQOER Is sequencing of HQOER important for access Does Google give prefrential shortlisting of certain HQOER sites Yes No Somewhat OCWC Global 2014
  20. 20. Sequencing of HQOER material listing by the search engine is seen to majorly influence its use by students. This in turn is seen to be depend on the choice of keywords besides preferential use of a particular search engine. Mismatch with Google search algorithm can relegate a dedicated HQOER hosting site deep down short-listed results. Paucity of time and natural reluctance to skim through all search results leads it to not being accessed. HQOER site is therefore inherently never accessed by students and they make do with whatever content is available in the first few pages Search Results…Search Results… OCWC Global 2014
  21. 21. Harnessing of HQOER is seen to be influenced by: Authenticity of the OER material Specificity of topic Sequencing of HQOER hosting sites Students notice preferential short-listing of certain sites at the top specially those belonging to a specific conglomerate HQOER HarnessingHQOER Harnessing OCWC Global 2014
  22. 22. Need for a dedicated tag and keyword search interface for HQOER  Providing widgets and APIs that can be used to insert “more….” recommendations into HQOER pages  Allow access to HQOERs and their full-text  Allow creation of profiles such that personalized recommendations can be received HQOER InterfaceHQOER Interface OCWC Global 2014
  23. 23. Despite OERs being available under Creative Commons licensing Actual adoption and adaptation by another institution wishing to include them in the local context remains a challenge Mentors routinely reuse content however, connecting with OER demands more groundwork Learning objectives in HQOER ought to have clear outcomes and objectives with details of learning resources, activities and assessments License wording ought to be simple and clear-cut preventing multiple interpretations in different countries Challenges AheadChallenges Ahead OCWC Global 2014
  24. 24. Content completeness: HQOER re-user may have to remix materials to revise content before it can be redistributed Relevance of Local content: HQOERs ought to be self-contained with option to customize and include local content Seamless website navigation: Navigating HQOERs on web becomes difficult because of materials hosted on LMS and truncated addresses linked to local servers Sources on the web: HQOERs on websites are optimized for web- access and sources are obscure preventing customization Local issues in OERLocal issues in OER OCWC Global 2014
  25. 25. Savithri Singh, Principal, Acharya Narendra Dev College (University of Delhi) for continuous guidance and support. University of Delhi and University Grants Commission for travel grant Organizers of OCWC 2014 for registration fee waiver AcknowledgementAcknowledgement OCWC Global 2014
  26. 26. Thank youThank you HvalaHvala Contact Email: Charu: charukgupta@gmail.com Arijit: arijitc123@gmail.com

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