OCC-UPF / KOFAC: Conferencia del Dr. Yoon Chung
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OCC-UPF / KOFAC: Conferencia del Dr. Yoon Chung



Presentación que el Dr. Yoon Chung, presidente de la Korea Foundation for the Advancement of Science and Creativity (<a>KOFAC</a>). ...

Presentación que el Dr. Yoon Chung, presidente de la Korea Foundation for the Advancement of Science and Creativity (<a>KOFAC</a>).

Chung utilizó la presentación para ilustrar la conferencia que pronunció el 28 de mayo del 2010 en Barcelona, en el contexto del Máster de Comunicación Científica, Médica y Ambiental que imparte el Instituto de Educación Continua de la Universidad Pompeu Fabra, y que coordina y dirige el Observatorio de la Comunicación Científica.



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OCC-UPF / KOFAC: Conferencia del Dr. Yoon Chung OCC-UPF / KOFAC: Conferencia del Dr. Yoon Chung Presentation Transcript

  • The Development S&T and Science Communication in KOREA 2010. 5 Dr. Yoon CHUNG President, Korea Foundation for the Advancement of Science & Creativity “과학이 문화로, 창의가 희망으로”
  • CONTENTS 1 About Korea 2 The Development of Science &Technology 3 KOFAC and Its Activities 4 Three Prime DIRECTIVES - Involvement - Creativity - Collaboration 5 Vision & Future
  • About KOREA From an impoverished country in the 60s to an advanced country in the 21st century The Seoul Olympic Games World Cup Games G20 Host Country (1988) (2002) (2010) OECD Membership GNI per capita (1996) (World’s 36th) Gross Domestic Product (World’s 14th) Trading Volume (World’s 11th) (48 Million Population) Dynamic country with beautiful mountains, rivers and four distinguished seasons. 1
  • About KOREA Behind its success, there are outstanding human resources & competitive science & tech <The IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook> Area Ranking Science & • $33.7 Bil. invested in R&D technology (3.47% of the GDP, world’s 4th highest) Science Infrastructure 3rd • over 200,000 researchers reform Higher Education 4th Employment Rate 6th • 83.8% go to college Educational • 115,000 Doc. degree Merchandise Export 12th reform - 33,000 from overseas Technological 14th Infrastructure • Korea has the latest technologies in  Information-electronics, ship building, automobiles and steel making industries • Future-oriented green energy, bio-tech and nano-tech 2
  • The development of S&T • Unique Culture & Science(5,000 years of history) – A language and characters, Hangul (한글) • The world’s most outstanding country in industrialization, information and democracy • Paradigm shift from “Catch up” to “Creative innovation” • Around 2.5% of world capability (Technology, Industry & Economy) – A top 10 level country in terms of GDP, Trade and S&T – Chairing G20 Submit(November. 2010) • Generating new industries based on excellent human resources and S&T 3
  • The development of S&T Korean S&T System & Policies Period System • Policies 60’s-70’s • Ministry of Science & Technology • National Science & Technology Promotion Act • Government-funded Research Institutes(GRIs) • First 5-year National Plan for Economic Development 80’s • National Science & Technology Promotion Committee • GRIs + Private Research Institutes(PRIs) 90’s • Ministry of Information and Communication • National Science & Technology Council(NSTC) • Science & Technology Framework Law • GRIs + PRIs + Universities • Act for promoting industries oriented technologies 2000 and after• Elevate minister of science and technology to a deputy prime-minister level • National Technology Road Map(NTRM) • Long-term plan for green growth, future technology 4
  • The development of S&T Achievements in the Development of the Korean Science & Technology Period Achievements 60’s-70’s • KAERI (Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute), KIST (Korea Institute of Science and Technology) KAIST (Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology) • Textiles, Chemicals, Steel 80’s • Technology introduction • Collaboration between public and private sectors • Expansion of overseas study, utilization of HR trained in overseas • Shipbuilding, Automobile, Semiconductor 90’s • National Big Science R&D programs - Frontier R&D program, Creative Research initiative project • Patent registrations and SCI publications • Display, Cellular phone, Nuclear power plant 2000 • Improved R&D investment structure (government : private = 3 : 7) and after • Self-reliance on nuclear technology (power supply) • Bio-industry, Green Tech, Hi-Tech electronics 5
  • Inviting scientists Studied in overseas (invitation scientists) project (70’s –80’s) • Developing for heavy industry and R&D government invited Korean P.h.D scientists from overseas ※ Preferred treatment in salaries, houses, vacations and independent research activities • Around 300 researchers between 1968 and 1980 • Deregulating policies of studying overseas since 1980s • 13 overseas Korean scientist associations (2010) – Korean-American Scientists and Engineers Association (1971) – Korean-German Scientists and Engineers Association (1973) The 1st generation in the R&D 6
  • The development of S&T Compatibility of the S&T in Korea (Ⅰ) • Total National R&D budget (38 billon USD, 2010) : Government + Private Government R&D Increase rate of R&D Government R&D annual average 13.3% 14.4 11.4% Budget(billion USD) 11.9 of 11.8% 10.8% 7.9% 6.9% 10.7 6.4% 9.6 annual average of 7.1% 2008 2009 2010 2012(Plan) 2008 2009 2010 Increase rate of the total Increase rate of the government budget (%) R&D budget (%) Ratio of government R&D investment Prospect of private R&D investment Ratio of fundamental R&D(%) 11.1% 8.8% to government R&D investment 8.0% 35.0% 31.3% 29.3% 25.6% 21.8 23.5 26.1 2008 2009(Estimate) 2010(Plan) 2008 2009 2010 2012(Plan) Private R&D (billion USD) Increase rate compared to last year (&) 7
  • The development of S&T Compatibility of the S&T in Korea(II) S&T research papers International Patents 7,908 (Public, Private) 35,569 (4th) 6,295 (12th) (4th) 7,870 (18th) 4 1,891 (53th) 30 288 10 1981 1997 2008 1984 1997 2008 Number of Research Papers (Rank) Number of patents registered Number of International Patents in the U.S. S&T competitiveness (IMD) 2th 3th 6th 6th 5th 8th 12th 14th 14th 7th 10th 13th 14th 14th 17th 17th 21th 24th Competitiveness in Science Competitiveness in Technology 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 8
  • The development of S&T – Future direction(1) World’s 100s-levels Focused on Catch up / World Top 10s Competition Focused on Creative innovation / Pioneer • Government R&D has focused on solving global issues (climate change, diseases, energy, foods and water shortages) • R&D System to improve efficiency - Strengthening overall coordinating in adjustment, evaluation and management - Evaluating, analyzing and utilizing intellectual assets for globalization - Linking infrastructure(accelerator, nano-fab, nuclear fusion, disaster prevention & safety, nuclear reactor) with R&D activities 9
  • The development of S&T – Future direction(2) • Strengthening Collaboration - Industry: Developing applied technology - University: Research on basic science and cultivating HR - Research institute: Executing big science programs related global issues, sharing infrastructure & HR with industries & universities • Expanding Globalization - Combining original technologies on IT & GT - Global collaboration in big science like nuclear fusion, marine/space tech • Enhancing Public Awareness of Science & Technology - Strengthening science and risk communication for general public - Reinforcing creative education for youth Balanced growth between quantity & quality 10
  • KOFAC and its activities Cultivation of world-class Strengthening future global leaders Excellence education for the gifted and talented Cultivation of creative human Creativity resources through the reinforced math and science education Developing creative human resources Rationality Supporting school youth’s science activities Building the foundation for coalition Enhancing public understanding of science among science, humanities & arts and global issues 11
  • DIRECTIVE 1 : Involvement Supporting Science Culture • Korea’s promising future leaders award - for 100 creative and talented future leaders among the youth group • Science Culture Grants - for private-level science culture projects (59 projects a year) • Science Culture Academy & SCRC - for academic research & professional education ※SCRC : Science Culture Research Center • Science Times / ScienceAll - for providing scientific information 12
  • DIRECTIVE 1 : Involvement Diversifying Science Culture Experience • Korea Science Festival - Korea’s largest interactive science festival (since 1997, 200,000 visitors in 2009) • ISEC - research-oriented biannual camp from 11 countries ※ISEC : International Youth Science & Engineering Camp • Science Ambassador - science lectures by leading scientists & engineers (1,100 ambassadors in action) 13
  • DIRECTIVE 1 : Involvement Sharing Science Culture Experience • Science Volunteers Program - College volunteers teach STEM to underprivileged area - 1,000 volunteers from 83 universities • Everyday Science Class - for youth at local community centers (493 classes) • Youth Science Club (YSC) - for science club activities at schools (690 clubs in 2009) 14
  • DIRECTIVE 1 : Involvement Public Awareness of Global Issues •R GB campaign - exhibition, public lectures, concerts and performance “Hope of in Planet Earth” three colors • Development and distribution of TV documentary programs, books and cartoons 15
  • DIRECTIVE 2 : Creativity Enhancing Student’s Creativity in STEM • Launching the first “Korea International Science & Engineering Fair (KISEF)” - sending the winners to ISEF in U.S.(May, 2010) • Creativity & Character Education • Creative hands-on activity in cooperation with Industry/University/Research Institute 16
  • DIRECTIVE 2 : Creativity Encouraging student’s Creativity in school • National curriculum development - reinforcing math & science education • Strengthening the gifted & talented - designating science oriented high school - honors programs (HP) & undergraduate research program (URP) 17
  • DIRECTIVE 2 : Creativity Development and distribution of creativity contents • Next-generation math and science textbooks - experiment-oriented textbooks designed to stimulate students’ creativity and interest in science • Creativity Resources Center - development and collection of world-class science and math educational resources - experiment kits, visual references, and publications 18
  • DIRECTIVE 3 : Collaboration Collaboration Café & Festival • Collaboration Café - arena for experts in S&T, social and liberal sciences, culture, and arts - discuss about future society and collaborated technologies • Grants for collaboration activities - creative theater : performances where science is merged with culture and arts - science storytelling: creative writing on science projects, where science is the main theme - visualization of science: visual works that make science easy to understand ▶ Collaboration festival: once a year 19
  • Key Message 2 S+C=A Science + Creativity = Answer × Advancement Visions for the future of Korea Promoting scientific literacy & enhancing logical thinking power Cultivating global future leaders by strengthening math & science education Science-oriented creative society 20