Ocean BiogeographicInformation System (OBIS)Robert BrantonDirector of Data Management,Ocean Tracking NetworkDalhousie University, Halifax CanadaBuilding Synergies with IOC projects & related InitiativesBuilding Synergies with IOC projects & related InitiativesBob.Branton@dal.ca
Typical Use ScenariosWhat organisms have beenfound or observed here?Where has this organism beenfound or observed?Oncorhynchus nerka / sockeye salmonhttp://iobis.org/mapper/
http://iobis.org/obis/regional-nodesOBIS nodes (data assembly centres) are engaged in a widespectrum of activities, which demonstrates that the role ofOBIS is not limited to raw data encoding but also to developtools and products and offering services (including capacitybuilding) for data-science and science-policy activities on alocal, regional to global scale.
OBIS StatisiticsNumber of datasets: 1,130Number of valid species with data: 146,496http://iobis.org/about/statistics
Discovery Metadata• Collaboration betweenOBIS and the US NationalAeronautics and SpaceAdministration (NASA)Global Change MasterDirectory (GCMD) hasresulted the OBIS MasterDirectory atGCMDhttp://gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov/KeywordSearch/Home.do?Portal=OBIS&MetadataType=0413 records
News Highlights• May 2013 - Mike Flavell joined IOC Project Officefor IODE, in Oostende Belgium to providetechnical support to OBIS and marine biodiversityrelated activities at IODE.• Nov 2012 - Second IODE Steering Group for OBISmeeting was held at IOC Project Office for IODEin Oostende, Belgium.• 2012 - All OBIS activities previously at RutgersUniversity, USA were transferred to IODE inOostende.http://iobis.org/news
Relevance• OBIS is an evolving strategic alliance of peopleand organizations sharing a vision to makemarine biogeographic data, from all over theworld, freely available over the World WideWeb.• OBIS is increasingly picked-up by the scientificcommunity; scientific papers using OBIS dataappear on a weekly basis (80 publications in2012) and 50,000 people visited the data portalin 2012 (35% are returning visitors).
CrossoverICAN …• Internet-accessible collectionsof digital maps and datasetswith supplementary tables,illustrations and information.• Systematically illustratecoastal areas for the purposesof coastal zone managementand planning, including marinespatial planning.OBIS …• Portal to many datasetscontaining information onwhere and when marinespecies have been recorded.• Provide guidance andinformation for theidentification of Ecologically orBiologically Significant marineAreas.
Collaboration OpportunitiesICAN …• A range of communicationstools will be developed andutilised to ensure informationsharing within the ICANcommunity itself and to reachout, attract new members andinform potential users of thebenefits of CWAs. These toolswill include a dedicated set ofweb pages …OBIS …• Will produce an IOC Manualand Guides for OBIS nodesthat will include thedefinition of OBIS nodes,the terms of reference andprocedure to establish OBISnodes, standards and bestpractices (OBIS handbook)and a section on qualityassurance, criteria andevaluation of OBIS nodes.
Filling Gaps In Ocean Knowledge• From broad maps, onesees that althoughmore data is availablefrom coastal areas thanfrom open waters, lessis known about smalleranimals than largerones and on thesouthern hemispherethan on the northern.• OBIS is an open-accessdatabase with datafrom every corner ofthe world, whereby anyprovider (individual,institution, orotherwise) who cares toupload to the serverand contribute to theglobal maps OBIS seeksto fill out.http://iobis.org/about/vision http://iobis.org/maps/distributionFor example: invasive species like tunicates.Didemnum vexillumDidemnum vexillummarine vomitmarine vomit
Ocean Tracking NetworkAnd questions like:How might oceanwarming affectanimal behaviour?Will some speciesflourish while othersdie? Might somemigrate to where theocean is cooler?What is impact onfishery managementplans.http://global.oceantrack.orgKnowledge on where animals go and what they do.
Ocean Tracking NetworkOcean Tracking NetworkGlobal Data WarehouseGlobal Data Warehouse53.0 million records• 32,082,397 detections• 31,178 known animals• 52 species• 15 ocean regions• 164 projects• 73 institutions• 14 countrieshttp://members.oceantrack.orgOTN data managers at Dalhousie University and around the world are working tomake the worlds ocean tracking data and related information freely accessiblewithout charge by the broader scientific community as well as respecting theintellectual property rights of its providers. 90% of these data are from unfundedcontributors.