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Open Monograph Models
OA edition + sales from print and/or e-books NAP, Bloomsbury Academic
Institutional Support for Press World Bank, Amherst
Library-Press collaboration Mpublishing/Michigan
Library Publishing Library Publishing Coalition (USA)
Funding body side publication fee NOW Netherlands, FWF Austria, Wellcome UK,
Max Planck Society, Germany
Author side publication fee SpringerOpen Books, Palgrave Open, Manchester
University Press OA
Library consortium Knowledge Unlatched
Open Book Models
Knowledge Unlatched Goals
• Provide a sustainable path to Open Access for HSS
Monographs (long-form publications)
• Ensure HSS research long-form publications are as
accessible as OA science journals
• Enable additional formats to be available too
• Help library book budgets go further
The KU Vision:
Publishers and Libraries creating a new model
making OA a reality for Books
• The Knowledge Unlatched proposition lowers risk to
both libraries and publishers
• A global consortium (KU) can share the fixed costs of
creating the digital edition
• KU can enable global support for library and
institutionally based publishing as well as traditional
What is Knowledge Unlatched Doing?
• Creating an international library consortium
working with publishers to Unlatch books
• Organising payment of fixed costs in exchange for
an open access digital version
• Publishers remain free to sell print copies and
other digital versions
What are the fixed costs of a book?
Preparation of Digital File
Printing and binding
Maintenance of Digital
What Libraries Want
Must provide full-level bibliographic records that meet current national cataloging standards and interoperability to enable users to identify and access e-books
in the library catalogs, in the subject-specific LibGuides, or platforms preferred by library users.
Must provide access to e-content through IP authentication and/or EZProxy to authorized users such as current faculty; staff and students; walk-in users;
visiting scholars and researchers; and remote users. Must seek access support for alumni users.
Must provide ability to coordinate discovery applications such as Primo, SFX, etc. Must provide ADA compliance according to state and federal laws.
Research and Instruction
License must allow fair use under Section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Act and other similar provisions of the copyright laws or other intellectual property laws in
the United States or in other countries.
Library users must be able to navigate/browse, search, and preview content easily and efficiently.
Library users must be able to highlight text and take notes that can be accessed at a later date.
Library users must be able to save, print, and download chapters (at very least) of content.
Library users should be able to download entire book to an e-reader (Kindle, Nook, iPad, etc.) for convenient reading.
Purchased and/or subscribed content must be accessible on various platforms and devices, and must be delivered in standard formats compatible with
emerging technologies (i.e. EPUB).
Libraries must be able to incorporate persistent URLs on intranet and internet, electronic reserves, course packs, and course management systems.
Publishers must maintain consistency of content for both, print and e-book versions.
Digital Rights Management
Publishers must provide unlimited access to all e-book content to simultaneous multiple users. Vendors and librarians must work with publishers to encourage
unlimited access to e-book content previously acquired under single user option.
Publishers and aggregators must allow expansion of interlibrary loan to include the entire book.
Publishers and aggregators must allow transmittal to third party colleague of an electronic copy of minimal, insubstantial amounts for personal, scholarly, or
Libraries must seek elimination of limits imposed on printing, copying, saving, and downloading capabilities.
Publishers must invest in long-term digital preservation solutions such as LOCKSS, CLOCKSS, and Portico, or enable libraries to archive e-content.
Publishers and aggregators must notify libraries directly (i.e. via email) when content is removed from licensed materials.
Publishers and aggregators must send alerts when new e-books have been added to or removed from existing collections.
Sustainable and Fair Business Models
Publishers and aggregators must provide simultaneous format availability of frontlist titles (print and e-book).
Publishers and aggregators must offer purchased e-content versus subscribed e-content.
Publishers must provide perpetual access to purchased content at no cost or for a reasonable maintenance/access fee.
Publishers and aggregators must dismantle bundled e-book packages and develop reasonable, flexible pricing models, which allow for the purchase of title-
by-title or library designed collections.
Publishers and aggregators must provide timely (i.e. weekly) COUNTER-compliant usage statistics.
Publishers and aggregators must protect library users’ privacy according to state and federal privacy laws, and the ALA Code of Ethics.
What Stays the Same
‣ Publishers undertake selection, peer
review, production, marketing and author relations
‣ Publishers decide on formats and pricing of individual
‣ Member libraries make selections in any way they
‣ Member libraries choose to purchase other format or
not with a discount that reflects earlier payment via KU
We’re Working With These Publishers:
Open Book Publishers
Penn State UP
Edinburgh University Press
All parts of the library community
• JISC Collections
• Max Planck Society
Supporters of KU
• Melbourne, QUT and U of
Western Australia Libraries
• New York Public Library
• Harvard University Library
• British Library
• Hathi Trust
• YBP/Baker & Taylor
• Ingram / Coutts
• University Press Platforms
are recognising the opportunity
First Pilot Package
Publishers are submitting titles for unlatching
A Library Advisory Group will select titles from
publishers’ longlists for the first package in these
• Media & Communications
Unlatching a modest collection
• Single collection of 30 - 50 titles
• Selection: A group of librarians selects titles from those
submitted by publishers
(like a pre-publication approval plan)
• Cost per library (~$2,000 - $3,000) depends on the
number of titles in this initial collection
Collection compiled over the summer
Commitments from libraries in the Autumn (Sept – Nov)
Unlatching at the end of 2013/early 2014
for consideration in 2014
• Subject collections
• Single titles
• Review Results
• Begin metrics study
• Iron out any bugs
• Scaling Up:
Repeat the cycle again with more books and
Continue recruiting more libraries
Next Steps in 2014
Making Knowledge Unlatched Sustainable
First Three Years
Grants and library contributions cover set-up and
Looking for other partnerships too
After Three Years
KU will take up to 5% of Title Fees to cover
costs, reducing as volume goes up
What’s Different about KU
• Spreads costs across many institutions
• Retains a market element
• Minimally disruptive
• Draws on established funding pools
• Distanced from university politics
• Applications for developing countries
• Globally coordinated
• Conducting research around the model
• Everyone else too
Contact: Dr Frances Pinter