BioMed Central and OA Publishing

          Matthew Cockerill
   Managing Director, BioMed Central

   OASPA Webinar, 20th...
About BioMed Central

 Largest publisher of peer-reviewed OA journals
 Launched first open access journal in 2000
 Now ...
BioMed Central revenue streams

 Publication fees
  – From authors
  – From meeting organizers
  – From sponsoring instit...
BioMed Central revenue streams

 Publication fees
  – From authors
  – From meeting organizers
  – From sponsoring instit...
BioMed Central membership

 Prepay membership
 – Institution pays APCs centrally at a
   discounted rate
 – Authors do no...
How do publication fees get paid?
       (last 12 months)
                    Prepay
                  membership
        ...
Rejection rates and the open access
                model
 High prestige journals often have a high
  rejection rate
 Lo...
Journal peer review cascade
                      High
                      rejection rate




                      Mode...
Advantages of peer review cascade

 Avoids delays for authors
 Avoids saddling academics with
  repeated peer review of ...
Is OA publishing still growing?
1000
                    2000
                           3000
                                  4000
                     ...
Growth rate is increasing

20000                                50%

         41%
                                     40%...
What factors are helping BioMed
       Central to grow?
Google pagerank


      Similarly:
      Cell Biology
      Molecular Biology
      Systems Biology
      Bioinformati...
BioMed Central journals with official
Thomson Reuters/ISI impact factors

    No. of journals
         with
     Impact Fa...
Journal transfers
Established titles are moving to OA
        with BioMed Central
Increasing visibility and increasing
    impact for a society journal

                                 Acta Veterinaria S...
Helping authors to comply with
institutional Open Access policies
Manual deposit to IR


             1
                         Publisher

Manuscript


                 2




            ...
Automated deposit to IR via SWORD

                                      SWORD
                                      Expor...
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Bmc Oaspa Webinar

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Presentation by panelist Matthew Cockerill, BioMed Central, for OASPA hosted webinar: A Q &A with five publishers working with Open Access on 20 October 2009. www.oaspa

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Bmc Oaspa Webinar

  1. 1. BioMed Central and OA Publishing Matthew Cockerill Managing Director, BioMed Central OASPA Webinar, 20th October 2009
  2. 2. About BioMed Central  Largest publisher of peer-reviewed OA journals  Launched first open access journal in 2000  Now publishes 202 OA titles  >60,000 peer-reviewed OA articles published  All research articles published under Creative Commons license  Costs covered by 'article processing charge' (APC)  Part of Springer Science+Business Media since October 2008
  3. 3. BioMed Central revenue streams  Publication fees – From authors – From meeting organizers – From sponsoring institutions/organizations  Subscription content (e.g. reviews)  Services (e.g. Open Repository)  Advertising / sponsorship
  4. 4. BioMed Central revenue streams  Publication fees – From authors – From meeting organizers – From sponsoring institutions/organizations  Subscription content (e.g. reviews)  Services (e.g. Open Repository)  Advertising / sponsorship
  5. 5. BioMed Central membership  Prepay membership – Institution pays APCs centrally at a discounted rate – Authors do not have to pay  Supporter membership – Institutions pay a flat fee – Authors pay a discounted Article Processing Charge
  6. 6. How do publication fees get paid? (last 12 months) Prepay membership 18% Individual payment (Standard) Individual 54% payment (Supporter member) 16% Promotional waivers 7% Low income country waivers Discretionary 2% waivers 3%
  7. 7. Rejection rates and the open access model  High prestige journals often have a high rejection rate  Lots of submissions, few publications  How to make economically viable under Open Access? – Higher APC? – Submission fee? – Cascade model?
  8. 8. Journal peer review cascade High rejection rate Moderate rejection rate Low rejection rate
  9. 9. Advantages of peer review cascade  Avoids delays for authors  Avoids saddling academics with repeated peer review of less interesting papers  Separates question of soundness of research from level of interest – Soundness determines whether to publish – Interest determines where to publish
  10. 10. Is OA publishing still growing?
  11. 11. 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 0 apr.00 okt.00 apr.01 okt.01 apr.02 okt.02 apr.03 okt.03 apr.04 okt.04 apr.05 okt.05 apr.06 okt.06 submissions apr.07 okt.07 apr.08 okt.08 apr.09 Growth in quarterly manuscipt
  12. 12. Growth rate is increasing 20000 50% 41% 40% 15000 30% Submissions 28% 10000 (Jan-Aug) 19% 20% 18% %ge growth on 5000 previous year 10% 0 0% 2006 2007 2008 2009
  13. 13. What factors are helping BioMed Central to grow?
  14. 14. Google pagerank Similarly: Cell Biology Molecular Biology Systems Biology Bioinformatics Developmental Biology All on first page of Google results
  15. 15. BioMed Central journals with official Thomson Reuters/ISI impact factors No. of journals with Impact Factor 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
  16. 16. Journal transfers
  17. 17. Established titles are moving to OA with BioMed Central
  18. 18. Increasing visibility and increasing impact for a society journal Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica Moved to 1 BioMed Central and became 0.899 Open Access Impact Factor 0.8 0.717 0.6 0.408 0.375 0.4 0.318 0.2 0 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
  19. 19. Helping authors to comply with institutional Open Access policies
  20. 20. Manual deposit to IR 1 Publisher Manuscript 2 Institutional Repository Author (DSpace/Eprints etc.) final version
  21. 21. Automated deposit to IR via SWORD SWORD Export Manuscript Published articles from SWORD institution’s Import authors Institutional Repository Published (DSpace/Eprints etc.) article

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