Kanban

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Kanban

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Kanban

  1. 1. PRESENTIONPRESENTION ONON KANBAN SYSTEMKANBAN SYSTEM Prepared by:Prepared by: Bhavshar Nisarg(06DME034)Bhavshar Nisarg(06DME034) Chaudhri Minesh(06DME029)Chaudhri Minesh(06DME029)
  2. 2. WHAT IS KANBAN SYSTEM?WHAT IS KANBAN SYSTEM? The kanban system was introduced in 1950 atThe kanban system was introduced in 1950 at Toyota by Taiichi Ohno.Toyota by Taiichi Ohno. A kanban system is a system of inventory andA kanban system is a system of inventory and production control which uses kanbans as theproduction control which uses kanbans as the principle information transmission devices.principle information transmission devices. ‘‘Kan’ means card and ‘Ban ‘means signal.Kan’ means card and ‘Ban ‘means signal.
  3. 3. Originally kanbam is referred to the card alongOriginally kanbam is referred to the card along with boxes or craters used to transportwith boxes or craters used to transport materials or semi finish components from onematerials or semi finish components from one workstation to another, in the product line.workstation to another, in the product line. The components are moved only when neededThe components are moved only when needed (on demand) by the next stations, such that(on demand) by the next stations, such that there is no waiting of parts for operation orthere is no waiting of parts for operation or further movement.further movement. A set of card one for each component beingA set of card one for each component being produce move from one stations to itsproduce move from one stations to its subsequent stations.subsequent stations.
  4. 4. TWO TYPES OF KANBAN COMMONLYTWO TYPES OF KANBAN COMMONLY USED:USED:  Withdrawal KanbanWithdrawal Kanban  Production Kanban.Production Kanban.
  5. 5.  Withdrawal kanban:Withdrawal kanban: In the withdrawal system, the Authorization isIn the withdrawal system, the Authorization is passed for movement of component from onepassed for movement of component from one station to another station.station to another station. The card remains with the component untilThe card remains with the component until the last pieces is consumed by followingthe last pieces is consumed by following station.station. The card is sent back to the precedingThe card is sent back to the preceding stations to get other batch components.stations to get other batch components.
  6. 6. The withdrawal kanban is used to indicate typeThe withdrawal kanban is used to indicate type and amount of product which the nextand amount of product which the next processes should withdrawal from theprocesses should withdrawal from the preceding process.preceding process. These card is contains the detail of componentThese card is contains the detail of component number, name, batch size, route name andnumber, name, batch size, route name and location of the next workstations and the detailslocation of the next workstations and the details of boxes.of boxes.
  7. 7. PRODUCTION KANBAN:PRODUCTION KANBAN: The order is released to the precedingThe order is released to the preceding workstation for the required batch size.workstation for the required batch size. This card contains the detail of the materials orThis card contains the detail of the materials or components required in previous stations andcomponents required in previous stations and details mentioned in the previous paragraph.details mentioned in the previous paragraph. In actual practice the withdrawal kanban isIn actual practice the withdrawal kanban is issued first to allow the component to enter theissued first to allow the component to enter the production stage.production stage.
  8. 8. Upon the entry, a production Kanban is issuedUpon the entry, a production Kanban is issued and retained with the component until all workand retained with the component until all work step listed in kanban is completed.step listed in kanban is completed. The production kanban specifies the type andThe production kanban specifies the type and quantity of product which the next process mustquantity of product which the next process must produce.produce.
  9. 9. OTHE TYPES OF KANBAN SYSTEM:OTHE TYPES OF KANBAN SYSTEM:  1.SUPPLIER KANBAN:1.SUPPLIER KANBAN: A Supplier kanban is used instead of theA Supplier kanban is used instead of the production kanban when preceding workstationproduction kanban when preceding workstation is an outsides supplier.is an outsides supplier. The supplier is a given fixed delivery frequency.The supplier is a given fixed delivery frequency. The information on a supplier kanban wouldThe information on a supplier kanban would include:include:
  10. 10. Name and identification number of the item.Name and identification number of the item. Quantity to be delivered in each lot.Quantity to be delivered in each lot. Store of supplier delivering the items.Store of supplier delivering the items. Quantity in each box or container and its type.Quantity in each box or container and its type. Delivery frequency, usually give as startingDelivery frequency, usually give as starting times Of the day: for examples, for an items totimes Of the day: for examples, for an items to be delivered: 8.00A.M, 2.00P.M.be delivered: 8.00A.M, 2.00P.M.
  11. 11. 2. CART KANBAN:2. CART KANBAN:  A cart kanban is used for withdrawal of large items,A cart kanban is used for withdrawal of large items, such as the complete the engines, where the cartsuch as the complete the engines, where the cart would normally be used transport the items.would normally be used transport the items. EXPRESS KANBAN:EXPRESS KANBAN:  An express kanban is used when a sub sequentAn express kanban is used when a sub sequent workstations or assembly line is in danger of havingworkstations or assembly line is in danger of having to stop due to shortage of one out of many itemsto stop due to shortage of one out of many items being used.being used.  Express kanbans are not circulated and are to beExpress kanbans are not circulated and are to be used few times as a possible.used few times as a possible.
  12. 12.  ADVANTAGES OF KANBAN SYSTEM:ADVANTAGES OF KANBAN SYSTEM: Eliminate waste or scrape and reduce costs.Eliminate waste or scrape and reduce costs. Design workstations to create mutual trust and supportDesign workstations to create mutual trust and support among humans beings.among humans beings. Design workstations to adapt and respond to changeDesign workstations to adapt and respond to change quickly.quickly. Promote archiving and assuring quality improvement.Promote archiving and assuring quality improvement. Over production is avoided.Over production is avoided. It respond quickly to increase or decrease inIt respond quickly to increase or decrease in demands.demands. Defective parts are isolated and move out of line.Defective parts are isolated and move out of line. Promote kaizen by the team members involved.Promote kaizen by the team members involved.
  13. 13.  RULES OF KANBAN OPERATION:RULES OF KANBAN OPERATION: The kanban must always be attached to the product.The kanban must always be attached to the product. Withdrawal of a product should never occur unless aWithdrawal of a product should never occur unless a kanban is attached.kanban is attached. The part should be produce according to theThe part should be produce according to the information provided on the kanban.information provided on the kanban. If no kanban is attached to be product, there shouldIf no kanban is attached to be product, there should not be any production function carried out.not be any production function carried out. In the event that defective items are produced theyIn the event that defective items are produced they should be not transferred to the subsequent process.should be not transferred to the subsequent process. It should be assured that only 100% quality parts areIt should be assured that only 100% quality parts are placed in the container available for use.placed in the container available for use.
  14. 14. Thank YouThank You

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