Introduction to power plants
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Introduction to power plants






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Introduction to power plants Introduction to power plants Presentation Transcript

  • Introduction to Power Plants
  •  Power plants are set up to meet electricity requirements of any nation.  Power is generated from various sources like wind energy, hydro energy, solar energy, heat energy and nuclear energy.  Accordingly, in India there are hydroelectric power stations, nuclear power stations, thermal power stations, solar thermal power stations.
  • Out of total electricity consumed in India  65.34% is generated by thermal power plants  21.53% is generated by hydroelectric power plants  2.70% by nuclear power plants &  10.42% by Renewable Energy Sources. More than 50% of India's commercial energy demand is met through the country's vast coal reserves.
  • Thermal Power Plant- Definition  A power-generating plant which uses heat to produce energy is called thermal power plant.  Such plants may burn fossil fuels or use nuclear energy to produce the necessary thermal energy.  In a thermal power plant, the energy stored in fuels such as coal, natural gas, and fuel oil is sequentially converted into electrical energy.
  • Current installed capacity of Thermal Power as of June 30, 2011 is 115649.48 MW (65.34% of total installed capacity)  Coal Based Thermal Power produces 96,743.38 MW (54.66% of total installed capacity)  Gas Based Thermal Power produces 17,706.35 MW (10.00% of total installed capacity)  Oil Based Thermal Power produces 1,199.75 MW (0.67% of total installed capacity) The state of Maharashtra is the largest producer of thermal power in the country.
  • Thermal Power stations in India
  • Power Plants in Gujarat  Ukai TPS (850 MW)  Gandhinagar TPS(870)  Wanakbori TPS (1470 MW)  Sikka TPS (240 MW)  Dhuvaran TPS (220 MW)  Kutch Lignite Power Plant (290 MW)  Surat Lignite Power Plant (500 MW)  Akrimota Lignite Power Plant (250 MW)  Mundra TPP (660 MW)  Sabarmati TPS (400 MW)
  • General Layout-Power Plant
  • Syllabus topics:  Boilers  Steam Nozzles  Steam Turbines  Condensers and Cooling towers  Gas turbine  General details of thermal power station