Power plants are set up to meet
electricity requirements of any nation.
Power is generated from various sources
like wind energy, hydro energy, solar
energy, heat energy and nuclear energy.
Accordingly, in India there are
hydroelectric power stations, nuclear
power stations, thermal power stations,
solar thermal power stations.
Out of total electricity
consumed in India
65.34% is generated by thermal power
21.53% is generated by hydroelectric
2.70% by nuclear power plants &
10.42% by Renewable Energy Sources.
More than 50% of India's commercial
energy demand is met through the country's
vast coal reserves.
Thermal Power Plant-
A power-generating plant which uses
heat to produce energy is called thermal
Such plants may burn fossil fuels or use
nuclear energy to produce the necessary
In a thermal power plant, the energy
stored in fuels such as coal, natural gas,
and fuel oil is sequentially converted into
Current installed capacity of Thermal Power as
of June 30, 2011 is 115649.48 MW (65.34% of
total installed capacity)
Coal Based Thermal Power produces
96,743.38 MW (54.66% of total installed
Gas Based Thermal Power produces 17,706.35
MW (10.00% of total installed capacity)
Oil Based Thermal Power produces 1,199.75
MW (0.67% of total installed capacity)
The state of Maharashtra is the largest
producer of thermal power in the country.