The scope of humanities


Published on

Published in: Education
No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The scope of humanities

  1. 1. THE SCOPE OF HUMANITIES By: Eric F. Pazziuagan
  3. 3. Visual ArtsPerceive by our eyesClassification: ◦Graphic: flat, two- dimensional surface ◦Plastic arts: three- dimesional
  4. 4. The Graphic Arts Any form of visual representation in which portrayals of forms and symbols are recorded on a two-dimensional surface. All processes and products of the of the printing industry.
  5. 5. 1.Painting2.Drawing3.GraphicProcesses4.Commercial Art5.Mechanical Processes
  6. 6. Painting Process of applying pigment to a surface to secure effects involving forms and colors. Painting mediums: oils, watercolors, tempera, others. Surfaces: canvas, wood, paper and plaster.
  7. 7. Drawing The art of representing something by lines made on a surface or the process of portraying an object, scene, or forms of decorative or symbolic meaning through lines, shading, and textures in one or more colors. Medium: pencil, pen and ink, crayon, brush, and charcoal.
  8. 8. Graphic Processes Processes for making multi- reproduction of graphic works. Involve the preparation of master image of the drawing or design on some durable material such as wood, metal, or stone, from which printing is done. Processes: ◦ Raised (relief) ◦ Depressed (Intaglio) ◦ Flat (surface, or plane)
  9. 9. Relief Printing Unwanted portions of design are cut away on the master image. Printed image is formed by the remaining surfaces. Examples: linoleum cuts, woodcuts, wood
  10. 10. Intaglio Printing Printing from a plate on which incised lines, which carry the ink, leave a raised impression. Dry point: ◦ Artist draws directly on a metal plate with a sharp needle and scratches lines, or grooves, into the metal. ◦ For each print, ink is rubbed into the grooves and the unscratched surface is wiped clean. ◦ In printing, the ink in the grooves is transferred to paper.
  11. 11.  Etching: ◦ Drawing or designs on metal plates covered with wax. ◦ Needle penetrates wax to the surface of the plate. ◦ Plate is then dipped in acid, which eats the lines into the metal. ◦ For printing, etched (bitten) lines are filled with ink which is transferred to the paper. Engraving: ◦ Done on a metal plate with a cutting tool called a barin, which leaves a V-shaped trough. ◦ Drawings or designs on the plate are entirely composed of lines or dots.
  12. 12. Surface Printing Includes all processes in which printing is done from a flat (plane) surface. Lithography: ◦ Printing from a flat stone or metal plate by am method based on the repulsion between grease and water. ◦ Design is put on the surface. ◦ Surface is treated so that ink adheres only to areas where drawing has been done. ◦ Ink is then transferred to the paper in printing.
  13. 13.  Silkscreen: ◦ Silk is stretched over a rectangular frame and unwanted portions in the design are blocked out. ◦ Pigment is forced through the clear areas. ◦ For multi-color prints, a separate screen is used for each color.
  14. 14. Commercial Art  Designing of books, advertisements, signs, posters, and other displays to promote sale or acceptance of product, service or idea.
  15. 15. Mechanical Processes Developed by commercial- mechanical process for rapid, large- quantity reproduction of words and pictures in one or more colors.
  16. 16. Photography Chemical- mechanical process by which images are produced on sensitized surfaces by action of light. Reproductions may be in black or white or in full colors of the original.
  18. 18. The Plastic ArtsAllfields of the visual arts in which materials are organized into three- dimensional forms.
  19. 19. Architecture The art of designing and constructing buildings and other types of structures. Materials: stone, concrete, brick, wood, steel, glass, plaster “mother of the arts”- it houses, serves as background for, or occurs in relation to other fields of art such as painting, sculpture, interior design, landscape architecture, and city
  20. 20. LandscapeArchitecture Planning outdoor areas for human use and enjoyment, especially gardens, parks, playgrounds, golf courses. Chief materials: plants, shrubs, trees, folwers, vines, and ground cover.
  21. 21. City Planning Planning and arranging the physical aspects of a large or small community. Structures and areas concerned with all phases of living and working are attractively and efficiently organized and related.
  22. 22. Interior Design Design and arrangement of architectural interiors for convenience and beauty. Includes backgrounds (wall, floors, ceilings), furnishings, and accessories. Fields: Design of wallpaper, furniture, textiles for curtains, and upholstery
  23. 23. Sculpture Design and construction of three dimensional forms representing natural objects or imaginary (sometimes abstract) shapes. Common materials: stone, wood, clay, metal; ivory, jade, wire, string and other materials. Sculpture of figures: statues
  24. 24. Crafts Designing and making of objects by hand for use or for pleasure. Ceramics, jewelry, leatherwork, and weaving. Mass- produced: industrial design.
  25. 25. Industrial Design Design of objects for machine production. Examples: automobiles, household appliances
  26. 26. Dress and Costume Designs Design of wearing apparel of all types- dresses, coats, suits, shoes, ties, etc.
  27. 27. Theater Design Design of settings for dramatic productions.
  28. 28. LITERATUR E
  29. 29. Literature Theart of combining spoken or written words and their meanings into forms which have artistic and emotional appeal.
  30. 30. DramaA form of literature.
  31. 31. Essay Non-fiction,expository (descriptive or explanatory) writing ranging from informal, personal topics to closely reasoned critical treatments of important subjects.
  32. 32. Prose Fiction Includes narratives (stories) created by the author, as distinguished from true accounts. Fiction: comes from the Latin word which means “to form”, “to invent”, or “to feign.” Divided into: novel, novelette, and short story forms. Novel or short story: describes
  33. 33. Poetry Literature of a highly expressive nature using special forms and choice of words and emotional images. Narrative (story telling) poetry includes epics, romances, and ballads. Lyric forms: sonnet, ode, elegy and songs.
  34. 34. Miscellaneous History,biography, letters, journals, diaries, and other works not formally classified as literature often have literary appeal and status due to high quality of the writing.
  35. 35. MUSIC
  36. 36. Music The art of arranging sound in rhythmic succession and generally in combination. Melody results from this sequence, and harmony from combinations. Both creative and a performing art Common forms: songs, march, fugue, sonata, suite, fantasy, concerto, and symphony.
  37. 37. Vocal music Composed primarily to be sung. Voice or voices are generally accompanied by one or more instruments.
  38. 38. Instrumental music Written for instruments of four general types: ◦ Keyboard (piano, organ, etc.) ◦ Stringed ( violin, cello, guitar, etc.) ◦ Wind (flute, clarinet, etc.) ◦ Brass winds (trumpet, saxo-phone, etc.) ◦ Percussion (drum, xylophone, etc.)
  39. 39. Music combined with otherarts Opera: ◦ drama set to music ◦ Mostly or entirely sung with orchestral accompaniment ◦ Spectacularly staged with accomplished singers, elaborate scenery, and costumes.
  40. 40.  Operatta and musical comedy: ◦ Drama set to music but is light, popular, romantic and often humorous or comic ◦ Use spoken dialogue instead of recitative
  41. 41.  Oratorio and Cantata: ◦ Sacred musical drama in concert form. ◦ Made up of recited parts (recitative), arias, and choruses, with orchestral accompaniment. ◦ No action, sets, and costumes are used. ◦ Oratories are usually based on Biblical themes
  42. 42. Other forms Ballet music Background music for motion pictures
  44. 44. Drama or playA story re-created by actors on stage in front of an audience.
  45. 45. Tragedy One of literatures greatest dramatic art forms. A drama of serious nature in which the central character comes to sad or disastrous end. All tragedies portray
  46. 46. Melodrama Emphasis is on action rather than on character. The action is sensational or romantic and usually has a happy ending.
  47. 47. Comedy All plays with happy endings. Romantic comedy: light, amusing tale of lovers in some dilemma which is solved happily, Farce: light, humurous play. Emphasis is on jokes, humorous physical action, ludicrous situations, and improbable characters. Comedy of manners or “drawing room comedy”: sophisticated or satirical. Characters are usually high-society types, and situations have little to do with real
  48. 48. Miscellaneous Tragicomedy: drama blending tragic and comic elements but which ends happily. Miracle and mystery plays: dramatized stories from the Bible and lives of saints. Morality plays: characters represent specific vices and virtues. Closet drama: plays written for reading than for staging.
  49. 49.  Piano drama: based on piano works which revolve around the musical pieces composed under the inspiration of a literary work. It combines the interpretation of music with the recitation of poetry and the literary source of music.
  50. 50. DANCE
  51. 51. Dance Involves the movement of the body and feet in rhythm.
  52. 52. Ethnologic Includes folk dancing associated with national and cultural groups.
  53. 53. Social or Ballroom dances Popular types of dancing generally performed by pairs. Waltz, fox trot, rhumba and tango.
  54. 54. The Ballet Formalized type of dance which originated in the courts of the Middle Ages. Amy either be solo or concerted dances with mimetic actions accompanied by music. Generally built around a theme or story.
  55. 55. Modern Sometimes called contemporary or interpretative dances. Represents rebellion against the classical formalism of ballet: they emphasize personal communication of moods and themes. Past: movements were natural and untrained. Today: varied forms of movements usually based on the current trend.
  56. 56. Musical Comedy Refers to those dances performed by soloists, groups, and choruses in theaters, night clubs, motion pictures, and television. Combines various forms of ballet, modern, tap and acrobatics.