The origin of personality…..
Measurement of personality……….
Personality test ………
Methods of measurement of personality….
1.Measurment means to describe any thing
or trait in quantitative value.
2. According to N.E. Gronlund measurement
is the process of obtaining a numerical
description of the degree to which an
individual possesses a particular
characteristic. (Answers the question
The Origin of Personality
The word the personality is derived from
the Latin word persona that was
associated with Greek Theatre(a building
where theatrical performances) in
Persona was meant a “mask” , which a
Greek actor commonly used to wear when
they work on the stage. We can say that
the mask for persona(performance) of the
actor implied a cover for the real person
Personality is the extent to which a person
impresses or attract other people , but in
psychology it means the whole of person
outstanding characteristics, his ability, his
emotional and social traits(relating to
human society and its member), his
interests and attitude.
Personality is the combination of
vague(not clear) and intangible quality .
Why measure personality?
• Determine workplace suitability
• To be used in conjunction with intelligence tests to make
decisions about school suitability
• To assist in diagnosis (identifying the nature) of a mental
• To be used to court by forensic (relating to)
psychologists to determine personality of a possible
• Sport psychologists: to help understand their clients
• As part of a research study or to develop tests
• Generally used for diagnostic purposes
• A personality test is an assessment device used to
evaluate or measure aspects of personality, such as
factors (dimensions) and traits
• Different tests based on different theorists
• Two different kinds or types of personality tests:
personality inventories and projective tests
• Most commonly used of personality tests
• A personality inventory is a self-report, ‘paper and pencil’
or online test which has a list of questions designed to
assess various aspects of personality are considered to
be ‘objective’ tests because the person giving the test
does not subjectively (personally) interpret what the test-
taker means by their responses
example NTS, CSS, ISSB
• The answers given are compared with the answers of
• individuals with known personality traits who have taken
Other Classification of methods of
(depending on direct observation of patients)
•One of the clinical method of studying personility
is through life history.
•A Psycologist collects the information from the
•The task psycologist to collect information is very
different from that of biographer or a police officer.
Charactiristic of clinical method
• They are observer dependent.
• They are primarily qualitative.
• Data collected can be analysed in various
• Their reliability and validity are not very
B: Psychometric methods
• These methods do not require the presence of
• The responses are self-recorded and are
analysed according a fix set of rules;.
• These method aim at qualitative assessment.
• The psychometric methods tell us only
something about specific traits.
C: Experimental Technique
• This method helped in contributing the theory of
personility and perception.
• The controlled conditions in the laboratory have
made it possible to study the person under
condition assess in the laboratory leading to
greater understanding of factors that lead to
organization and breakdown.
• In this method the child gives an account of his life
experiences from early childhood to the date of writing.
• This method helps the teacher or the counselor to have
a glimpse of the personality structure, his ability thinking,
his like and dis like.This method also gives evidence of
instructional achievement of the child.
Organization of autobiography
Following outline in writing an autobiography may
2.My first year before school.
3.My years in the elementary school.
4.Places I have lived.
5.Vocation I have spent.
6.Trips I have taken.
• An anecdotal (short account of an incident) is a
running description of actual example of
behavior of a student as observed by teacher
and the counselor.
• It is followed by comments.
• According to brown and martin ’’ anecdotes are
descriptive accounts of episodes or occurrences
in the daily life of the student.
Diaries of children
• Diaries, if available, can be used as an important
and unique tool in throwing depend upon many
important and vital aspects of the personality of
individual because it is the most personal of
personal documents and contains the records of
events, thoughts and feelings.
• In interview may be deinfed as aface to face verbal
exchange in which one person i.e. the interviewer
attempts to elict information on a veriety of topics form
the interviewer . Interviews as use for a variety of
purposes and as such there are various types of
interview perosn for adimsision for evaluative interview
for determining the fitness of person admission, for a job
or for scholarship, etc.
• Observation is one of the most ancient and
widely used ments of assessing personality
• Ob serration has been defined as measurement
without instruments education observation is
the most commonly employed of all
measurement techniques in the present as
well as in the past , student have been labeled
as good fair
Projective Methods/ technique
• Projective methods are those methods in
which we provide subject with relatively
indefinite and unstructured material and
than alley him to structure the material in
anyway he like.
• The projective techniques have the follwing
• The stimulus mateiral is ambiguous and weaky
strcutred and the expecterd to supply meaning,
significance, organization or in some leave the
impression of his personlity upon the under
• Projective techniques tap the implicit or
unconscious aspects. Of the personality.
Kinds of projective
• some of the proejctive test are stan derdized
and are widely used. The include rorschach, ink
blot test, thematic apperception test and various
other picture tests like children apperception.
Teast picture frustration study etc. out of these
chidlren roschachis ink blot thematic
Projective Techniques (PT)
• • Clinical psychology
• Consumer, marketing, advertising
• • Generally known as motivation research
• Cf. Motivation is the activation or
• goal-oriented behavior.
Types of PT
• • Categorized in terms of the response types
• required of subjects
• 1. Association
• 2. Construction
• 3. Completion
• 4. Expressive
• 5. Choice Ordering
we studied that……
• Mayer in personality
• Methods of personality (clinical method, psychometiric, experiment
• Other method i.e
• Autobiography method
• Anecdotal record
• Diaries of children
• Projective methods
• Type of project