Ponencia de Sergiy Morov sobre la DMA
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Ponencia de Sergiy Morov sobre la DMA

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Sergiy Morov, de WWF en Bruselas, hace balance de una década de Directiva Marco del Agua en el VII Congreso Ibérico de la FNCA en Talavera.

Sergiy Morov, de WWF en Bruselas, hace balance de una década de Directiva Marco del Agua en el VII Congreso Ibérico de la FNCA en Talavera.

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Ponencia de Sergiy Morov sobre la DMA Ponencia de Sergiy Morov sobre la DMA Presentation Transcript

  • 10 years of EU Water policy reform: state of play, critical analysis and pointers for the future Sergiy Moroz WWF European Policy Office 17 February 2011 VII Iberian Rivers Congress EU water policy reform
  • Contents – Past: 10 years of Water Framework Directive: good and bad news – Present: State of play, key challenges and risks – Future: 2012 Year of water policy in Brussels
  • Past: 10 years of Water Framework Directive: good and bad news
  • 2011 WFD brochure, European Commission
  • 2011 WFD brochure, European Commission
  • WFD and NGOs in Brussels
    • Involved in its development…
    • … but also implementation
    • Part of the WFD partnership – Common Implementation Strategy
    • Promoted it and used its requirements to stop unsustainable developments
    • Independent assessment of its implementation
    • NGOs in Member States slowly recognised as key partners in implementation
  • Good news: It’s possible to implement it +15% Information descriptor Can appear below the numbers
    • WFD set in motion unique water reform process
    • One of the biggest, most coordinated consultation exercises
    • Framework for international river basin management
    • Joint monitoring, new data and research on aquatic ecology, training and education
    • A number of good examples that it’s possible to implement it well and on time
    • In some cases budgets secured for river restoration
  • 5 NGO priorities for better water management
    • Transparent and publicly owned water management
    • Reducing wastage and using water well
    • More space for living rivers
    • Clean and healthy water for people and nature
    • Visionary and adaptive water policies
  •  
  • Transparent and publicly owned water management
    • Draft plans do not reach wider pubic
    • Lack of transparent objective setting and appraisal of measures
    • Untransparent application of exemptions
    • Lack of influence
    • Poor budgeting
  • Reducing wastage and using water well
    • Surface water measures mainly not effective
    • Progress with groundwater
    • Water saving objectives missing
    • Water pricing underdeveloped
  • More space for living rivers
    • Many positive signs, effective measures proposed of floodplain restoration but few firm targets and prioritisation
    • Some conflicting developments which would reduce space for rivers
  • Clean and healthy water for people and nature
    • Progress with addressing well known pollutants mainly due to existing legislation
    • WFD introduced elements are note yet sufficiently established
    • Strategies to tackle emerging water pollutants unclear
  • Visionary and adaptive water policies
    • Most respondents rated visionary and adaptive character of the RBMPs as poor
    • Even most obvious links, e.g. with flood management not build on
    • Economic analysis to inform decision making has been limited
    • Integration with other policies not explored in detail, no strategies to resolve conflicts
    • Climate change is dealt with reactively
    • Decisions that limit the flexibility of our systems needed to adapt
  • Is this enough? EC conference document, 2 nd European Water Conference
  • Present: State of play, key challenges and risks
    • RBMP adopted (17)
    • Consultation finalised, awaiting adoption (5)
    • Consultation on-going or not started (5)
    • By the end of 2010 RBMPs cover
      • 81% of EU territory
      • 83% of EU population
  • Why are the plans not finalised in 10 Member States? +15% Information descriptor Can appear below the numbers
    • Delays in the technical work
    • Difficulties in getting the new river basin authorities operational
    • Difficulties to agree measures regarding specific sectors
    • Political conflict between regions and/or the central government
    • Lack of political priority
  • (+ Annexes) Commission Communication Assessment of the River Basin Management Plans
    • Objective: 2012 implementation report
    • Covering legal, technical and strategic issues
    • Screening of all relevant topics
    • 170 plans in 21 languages
    http:// wfd.atkins.dk / Username and password: wfduser
  • Topics for WFD assessment +15% Information descriptor Can appear below the numbers
    • Governance
    • Characterisation of the RBD
    • Monitoring of surface waters and groundwater
    • Classification of the ecological status of surface waters
    • Designation of HMWB and definition of ecological potential
    • Assessment of groundwater status
    • Environmental objectives and exemptions
    • Chemical status of surface waters
    • Programme of measures – general
    • Measures related to groundwater
    • Measures related to agriculture
    • Measures related to chemical pollution
    • Measures related to hydromorphology
    • Measures related to Article 9 (water pricing policies)
    • Additional measures in protected areas
    • Strategy to deal with water scarcity and droughts
    • Adaptation to climate change
  • Key issues for implementation and risks +15% Information descriptor Can appear below the numbers
      • A solid technical basis
      • Risk: reduced monitoring, status quo objectives for HMWB
      • An effective administrative set-up
      • Risk: Superimposing existing structures, unworkable complexity
      • International coordination that delivers
      • Risk: Coordination on paper
      • Integration: get the right balance
      • Risk: RBMP developed in isolation, other priorities deemed over-riding
      • Smart use of economic incentives
      • Risk: Narrow application, failure to target most important water users
      • Active public participation
      • We know what we are doing, turned into bureaucratic tick box exercise
      • Political support / ambition
      • Risk: Crisis leading to cuts / exemptions due to public budget cuts
  • Future: 2012 Year of water policy in Brussels
  • 2012 year of water policy in Brussels 2012 Blueprint To Safeguard EU Waters Report on 2009 River Basin Management Plans Review Water Scarcity & Droughts Strategy Climate Change Vulnerability & Adaptation Report on 2009 River Basin Management Plans Review Water Scarcity & Droughts Strategy Report on 2009 River Basin Management Plans Climate Change Vulnerability & Adaptation Review Water Scarcity & Droughts Strategy Report on 2009 River Basin Management Plans Review Water Scarcity & Droughts Strategy Report on 2009 River Basin Management Plans Climate Change Vulnerability & Adaptation Review Water Scarcity & Droughts Strategy Report on 2009 River Basin Management Plans Outlook of sustainability and vulnerability of EU water resources « Fitness Check» EU water policy instruments Policy Options (e.g. Land-use management Economic instruments Eco-innovation)
  • Policy options
    • To be further identified as a result of the Outlook and the Fitness Check
    • To be mainstreamed into Europe 2020 priorities
    • Potential areas:
      • Demand management
      • Improved water efficiency
      • Spatial measures
      • Eco-innovation
      • etc.
  • Modus Operandi
    • Stakeholder consultation
    • Contracts
    • Contribution from JRC, EEA and Research projects
    • Other on-going processes
    • www.panda.org/eu
    Thank you © 2010, WWF. All photographs used in this presentation are copyright protected and courtesy of the WWF-Canon Global Photo Network and the respective photographers.
  • WWF IN SHORT WWF is in over 100 countries, on 5 continents +100 WWF was founded In 1961 1961 WWF has over 5,000 staff worldwide +5000 WWF has over 5 million supporters +5M Photo: © Michel Roggo / WWF-Canon