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delivered at the conference "Contested Truths", Berlin, Humboldt Universitat, 19 June 2011. …

delivered at the conference "Contested Truths", Berlin, Humboldt Universitat, 19 June 2011.
by Federica Timeto

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  • 1. Articulating representation: Haraway’s semiotics and the politics of diffraction
    Federica Timeto, Universityof Plymouth, UK, PlanetaryCollegium, Milan Node/ Università di Urbino Carlo Bo
    1
    Contested Truths. Re-Shaping and Positioning Politics of Knowledge. June 16-18, 2011, Humboldt-Universität, Berlin
  • 2. ObjectivityasSituatedKnowledge
    Contested Truths. Re-Shaping and Positioning Politics of Knowledge. June 16-18, 2011,
    Humboldt-Universität, Berlin
    2
    StandpointEpistemology:
    An epistemology,
    A methodology,
    A politicalstrategy.
    Knowledgeisalwayssituated.
    A standpointisdifferentfrom a viewpointbecauseitisanachievement.
    Neitheruniversalism
    Norrelativism
    How a regime oftruthworksratherthanwhatTruthis
    The usefulnotionof “less false” claims
    See:
    Harding, S. (Ed.) (2004) The Feminist Standpoint Theory Reader: Intellectual and Political Controversies, S. Harding (ed.), New York: Routledge.
  • 3. ConstrainedConstructivism[Hayles, , N. K. (1991) Constrained Constructivism: Locating Scientific Inquiry in the Theater of Representation. New Orleans Review, 18, 76-85. ]
    Realism
    Simmetrybtw. signs and things
    Affirmation/negation
    The importanceofconstraints *
    Asymmetricalcoimplication
    Assertion/denial
    3
    Contested Truths. Re-Shaping and Positioning Politics of Knowledge. June 16-18, 2011,
    Humboldt-Universität, Berlin
    CONGRUENCE
    CONSISTENCY
    * Note that I am not saying constraints tell us what reality is. This they cannot do. But they can tell us which representations are consistent with reality, and which are not. (Hayles, 1991/1997)
  • 4. SituatedKnowledges
    Contested Truths. Re-Shaping and Positioning Politics of Knowledge. June 16-18, 2011,
    Humboldt-Universität, Berlin
    4
    So science becomes the paradigmatic model not of closure, but of that which is contestable and contested. Science becomes the myth not of what escapes human agency and responsibility in a realm above the fray, but rather of accountability and responsibility for translations and solidarities […]. We do not seek partiality for its own sake, but for the sake of the connections and unexpected openings situated knowledges make possible. The only way to find a larger vision is to be somewhere in particular.
    (Haraway, 1988/1991, p. 196)
    Partiality
    Responsibility
    Accountability
  • 5. it’s anontoepistemologicalframework (non relativistbutrealist)
    Are non relativistantirealistpositions
    5
    Contested Truths. Re-Shaping and Positioning Politics of Knowledge. June 16-18, 2011,
    Humboldt-Universität, Berlin
    Agentialrealism
    Mostfeminist science studies
    Accordingto Karen Barad…
  • 6. Baradrefusesmediationbecause:
    Contested Truths. Re-Shaping and Positioning Politics of Knowledge. June 16-18, 2011,
    Humboldt-Universität, Berlin
    6
    Questioning the basisof the Newtoniantradition, Bohrrefusesto take forgranted the delineationof the “object” and the “agenciesofobservation” and makes the constitutionof the inside boundary a centerpieceofhisanalysis.
    […] In particularheemphasizesthatthe cutdelineating the objectfrom the agenciesofobservationisenactedratherthaninherent.
    (Barad, 2007, p. 142)
    Itrelies on a “geometryofabsoluteexteriority”
    Itpresupposes a dichotomybetweennoumena and phenomena (representationalmodel)
    Itdoesnot account for the performativityofmatter(ing)
  • 7. The brittlestars challenge notonlydisembodiedepistemologiesbutalsotraditional, and indeednontraditional, notionsofembodiment. Bodies are notsituated in the world; they are part of the world (Barad, 2007, p. 376)
    The brittlestarsaretheirvisualapparatus
    7
    Contested Truths. Re-Shaping and Positioning Politics of Knowledge. June 16-18, 2011,
    Humboldt-Universität, Berlin
  • 8. … discursivepractices are specific material (re)configuringsof the world throughwhich the determinationofboundaries, properties and meaningsisdifferentiallyenacted. Thatis, discursivepractices are ongoingagentialintra-actionsof the world throughwhichspecificdeterminacies (alongwithcomplementaryindeterminacies) are enactedwithin the phenomenaproduced. (Barad, 2007, pp. 148-9)
    Intra-actionmeansthat:
    8
    Contested Truths. Re-Shaping and Positioning Politics of Knowledge. June 16-18, 2011,
    Humboldt-Universität, Berlin
  • 9. Harawayvaluesmediationas:
    Contested Truths. Re-Shaping and Positioning Politics of Knowledge. June 16-18, 2011,
    Humboldt-Universität, Berlin
    9
    anactiveoperationoftrasformationthatstandsinside the practiceitactivates (< Latour)
    the specificityofsituatedknowledges, embodiments and visions
    the connectionsof the semiotic and the material
    the articulationofrepresentation
  • 10. Non-RepresentationalTheory(Thrift, 2008)
    Contested Truths. Re-Shaping and Positioning Politics of Knowledge. June 16-18, 2011,
    Humboldt-Universität, Berlin
    10
    Radicalempiricism
    Anti-subjectivism
    Generativityofpractices
    Performativityofevents
    Posthumanist stress on affect
    Situationalapproach
  • 11. RepresentationsasFigurationsaccordingtoHaraway
    Contested Truths. Re-Shaping and Positioning Politics of Knowledge. June 16-18, 2011,
    Humboldt-Universität, Berlin
    11
    Figurations attempt to draw a cartography of the power relations that define these respective positions. They don’t embellish or metaphorize: they just express different socio-economic and symbolic locations. They draw a cartographic map of power relations and thus can also help identify possible sites and strategies of resistance.
    (Braidotti, 2003, p. 54)
    Strong link with location
    Living and trasformative accounts
    Situatedcartographies
    Matter + meaning (the material + the semiotic)
  • 12. First and foremost, as Haraway suggests, a diffractive methodology is a critical practice for making a difference in the world. It is a commitment to understanding which differences matter, how they matter, and for whom. It is a critical practice of engagement, not a distance-learning practice of reflecting from afar. (Barad, 2007, p. 90)
    Diffraction
    12
    Contested Truths. Re-Shaping and Positioning Politics of Knowledge. June 16-18, 2011,
    Humboldt-Universität, Berlin
  • 13. HowDiffractionworks
    Contested Truths. Re-Shaping and Positioning Politics of Knowledge. June 16-18, 2011,
    Humboldt-Universität, Berlin
    13
    Opticalmetaphor + physicalphenomenon
    Itmapswhere the effectsofdifferenceappear
    Itdisplaces the sameelsewhere
  • 14. SeeBarad, 2007, chapter 2 for a detaileddiscussionof the two-slitexperiment.
    The two-slitexperiment
    14
    Contested Truths. Re-Shaping and Positioning Politics of Knowledge. June 16-18, 2011,
    Humboldt-Universität, Berlin
  • 15. The politicsofdiffraction, or enactingthe cut
    Contested Truths. Re-Shaping and Positioning Politics of Knowledge. June 16-18, 2011,
    Humboldt-Universität, Berlin
    15
    Dealingwithheterogeneityratherthanwithoriginality
    Historicity
    Unpredictability and emergenceofevents
    Possibilityofinterveningto produce “consequentialmeanings”
    The diffractionfringescreatedby the diffractionofwavesaround the edgesof a razorblade
  • 16. Thankyou! 
    federica.timeto@plymouth.ac.uk
    Contested Truths. Re-Shaping and Positioning Politics of Knowledge. June 16-18, 2011, Humboldt-Universität, Berlin
    16