Inversion
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Inversion

on

  • 5,317 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
5,317
Views on SlideShare
5,317
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
3
Downloads
88
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Inversion Inversion Document Transcript

  • Inversion คือการสลับทีระหว่างประธานและกริ ยาหรือการกลับประโยค เพือให้ใจความมีความหมายทีเน้นมากขึน หรือให้ดเป็ นทางการ สุภาพมากขึน ซึงการทําเป็ น ูประโยคแบบ Inversion นันก็จะสามารถดูเป็ นกรณียอยๆได้ดงนี ่ ั 1. กรณีทมีกริยาวิเศษณ์ (Adverb) หรือสํานวนทีมีความหมายในเชิงของการปฏิเสธ ซึง ี การทําเป็ น Inversion จะมีโครงสร้างคือ Adv. / สํานวน (ทีมีความหมายเชิงปฏิเสธ) + Helping V. + Sub. + V. แท้ Adverb เชิงปฏิเสธทีเราพบบ่อย never hardly rarely scarcely seldom not + Obj. barely only nowhere Ex. Never does he forget her. Nowhere can you go without them. Not a single word did he say. Scarcely had I arrived home when there was a knock on the door. Hardly had I got into bed, when there was a knock at the door.
  • ENGPHON |2| วิชา ภาษาอังกฤษ โดย พีฝน – สุภทร์พร โปสกนิษฐกุล ั สํานวนเชิงปฏิเสธ At no time No longer Not until On no account Not only Under no circumstances No sooner…than… Only after/ by Ex. No sooner had I reached the door than I realized it was locked. Not until September will John comes to my house. At no time did I say I would accept late work. Print and reformulate the following sentences using inversion. Ex. 0. I had never go to this park. Ans. Never had I go to this park. 1. I had hardly begun to apologize when the door closed. Ans. ________________________________________________________ 2. I have seldom heard such a talented singer. Ans. ________________________________________________________ 3. If John had known that she liked curry, he would have brought her to an Indian restaurant. Ans. ________________________________________________________ 4. The artist rarely paid any attention to his agents advice. Ans. ________________________________________________________ 5. He had never felt so depressed. Ans. ________________________________________________________ 6. The shop can in no way be held responsible for customers lost property. Ans. ________________________________________________________© 2011 All Rights Reserved. www.Edu-deo.com www.Edu-deo.com ห้ ามผู้ใดทําซํา หรือลอกเลียนแบบ หรื อคัดลอกบทความไปใช้โดยมิได้รับอนุญาตสงวนลิขสิทธิโดย
  • ENGPHON |3| วิชา ภาษาอังกฤษ โดย พีฝน – สุภทร์พร โปสกนิษฐกุล ั 7. The couple had no sooner arrived than the priest started the ceremony. Ans. ________________________________________________________ 8. Tom only understood the meaning of the comment when he saw his wifes face. Ans. ________________________________________________________ 9. She never at any time said that she was allergic to cats. Ans. ________________________________________________________ 10. The restaurant cannot accept animals under any circumstances. Ans. ________________________________________________________ 2. กรณีทในประโยคมีคาเหล่านีวางอยูขางหน้า เราก็จะใช้ประโยคให้อยูในรูปของการ ี ํ ่ ้ ่ Inversion อีกเหมือนกัน few little so such โดยทีมีเงือนไขคือ คําเหล่านีจะต้องไม่มคานาม (Noun) ตามหลัง ี ํ Ex. Little does she know about the present he gave her. Such was the thing he gave us yesterday. ส่วนถ้ามี N. ตามหลังแล้ว จะไม่ใช่ Inversion Ex. Few injuries are running for life. พวก Preposition บางตัว เช่น in up down under here Ex. In walked a woman with a gift in his hand. Here is the paper you asked for.© 2011 All Rights Reserved. www.Edu-deo.com www.Edu-deo.com ห้ ามผู้ใดทําซํา หรือลอกเลียนแบบ หรื อคัดลอกบทความไปใช้โดยมิได้รับอนุญาตสงวนลิขสิทธิโดย
  • ENGPHON |4| วิชา ภาษาอังกฤษ โดย พีฝน – สุภทร์พร โปสกนิษฐกุล ั หรือบางครังถ้าเจอเป็ นบุพบทวลี (Prepositional Phrase) แล้วกริยาของประโยคเป็ นกริยาทีไม่ตองการกรรมมารองรับ (Intransitive verb) ก็ใช้การสลับประธานและกริยาได้ ้ Ex. In the doorway appeared two strangers. On the table lies my textbook. แต่ถาเป็ น V. ทีมีกรรมต่อท้ายแล้วนัน จะสลับไม่ได้ ้ Ex. In the kitchen, he ate an apple. At the restaurant, the food was too spicy. 3. กรณีถาเป็ นประโยคแบบ Passive voice (ถูกกระทํา) แล้วมีการใช้ V.3 ขึนต้น ้ ประโยค ก็จะใช้ประโยคเป็ นแบบ Inversion Ex. He was bitten by the dog. -> Bitten by the dog was he. This building has been built in 1987 by the protesters. -> Built by the protester in 1987 has been this building. 4. กรณีในเรือง If-Clause เฉพาะทีมีการใช้พวก should, were, had มาแทน Ex. If I were a bird, I would fly as high as I can. -> Were I a bird, I would fly as high as I can. If I had taken the subway, I would have arrived on time. -> Had I taken the subway, I would have arrived on time.© 2011 All Rights Reserved. www.Edu-deo.com www.Edu-deo.com ห้ ามผู้ใดทําซํา หรือลอกเลียนแบบ หรื อคัดลอกบทความไปใช้โดยมิได้รับอนุญาตสงวนลิขสิทธิโดย
  • ENGPHON |5| วิชา ภาษาอังกฤษ โดย พีฝน – สุภทร์พร โปสกนิษฐกุล ั 5. พวกประโยคคําถาม ก็ถอเป็ นการ Inversion ื Ex. Is he a doctor? Did she dance last night? 6. การกล่าวเสริมหรือแสดงความเห็นด้วยกับข้อความข้างหน้า Ex. I can sing a song. So can she. He can’t bear this situation. Nor can I. Choose the right answer 11. In no circumstances ______________________! a. I would accept this b. would I accept this c. would I accepted this 12. Nowhere else ______________________. a. you will find such nice people b. wont you find such nice people c. will you find such nice people© 2011 All Rights Reserved. www.Edu-deo.com www.Edu-deo.com ห้ ามผู้ใดทําซํา หรือลอกเลียนแบบ หรื อคัดลอกบทความไปใช้โดยมิได้รับอนุญาตสงวนลิขสิทธิโดย
  • ENGPHON |6| วิชา ภาษาอังกฤษ โดย พีฝน – สุภทร์พร โปสกนิษฐกุล ั 13. Only in the USA ______________________. a. have I seen such high buildings b. I have seen such high buildings c. have I saw such high buildings 14. Never in the field of human conflict ______________________. a. has so much been owed by so many to so few b. so much has be owed by so many to so few c. has so much be owed by so many to so few 15. Not only ______________________. a. he is handsome but is he also rich b. is he handsome but is he also rich c. is he handsome but he is also rich 16. No sooner ______________________. a. had I thrown him out that he tried to come in again b. had I thrown him out than he tried to come in again c. had I thrown him out than he tried to come in again 17. Rarely ______________________. a. will you see him in a pub b. would you saw him in a pub c. have you see him in a pub 18. Only with the help of everybody ______________________. a. we can hope to find her b. could we hoped to find her c. can we hope to find her© 2011 All Rights Reserved. www.Edu-deo.com www.Edu-deo.com ห้ ามผู้ใดทําซํา หรือลอกเลียนแบบ หรื อคัดลอกบทความไปใช้โดยมิได้รับอนุญาตสงวนลิขสิทธิโดย
  • ENGPHON |7| วิชา ภาษาอังกฤษ โดย พีฝน – สุภทร์พร โปสกนิษฐกุล ั 19. Never in my life ______________________! a. will I talk her again b. will I talk to her again c. will I talked to her again 20. On no account ______________________! a. must repeat you this b. do you must repeat this c. must you repeat this Choose the right answer. 21. Rarely (has I seen/have I seen/have I see) such beautiful landscapes! 22. My grandmother and grandfather were short of money, as (was/been/were) most people in our country. 23. No sooner (had I went/had I gone/had I go) to the cinema than I realized I had forgotten to take the ticket with me. 24. Never (have I hear/has I heard/have I heard) such a stupid decision! 25. Little (did I know/did I known/did know me) that Marlon would arrive. 26. (Had I know/Have I known/Had I known) geometry better, I wouldnt have failed the exam. 27. Only by patience and hard work (will you learnt/will you learn/will you learning) English. 28. (Had you ask/Had you asked/Has you asked) me earlier, I would have helped you with your English grammar. 29. (Be/Were/Is) she rich, she would buy a big house in New York. 30. (Should she phoned/Should she phone/Do she phone) me, I will invite her to my party.© 2011 All Rights Reserved. www.Edu-deo.com www.Edu-deo.com ห้ ามผู้ใดทําซํา หรือลอกเลียนแบบ หรื อคัดลอกบทความไปใช้โดยมิได้รับอนุญาตสงวนลิขสิทธิโดย
  • ENGPHON |8| วิชา ภาษาอังกฤษ โดย พีฝน – สุภทร์พร โปสกนิษฐกุล ั Rewrite each sentence using the words in brackets. 31. There are no circumstances where audience members may consume alcohol. (Under no circumstances) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 32. Nobody has won so many matches for his team since 1994. (Not since) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 33. We wont consider you for the basketball team until you grow up. (Not until) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 34. The gang didnt know that the police had them under surveillance. (Little) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 35. You cant use my car at any time. (At no time) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 36. They started to argue soon after they had gotten married. (No sooner) Ans. ________________________________________________________ Rewrite the following sentences using inversion. 37. I have never before been asked to accept a bribe. Never before __________________________________________________ 38. He had hardly left the house when the storm broke. Hardly _______________________________________________________ 39. As soon as he had left the house the storm broke. No sooner ____________________________________________________ 40. This switch must not be touched on any account. On no account _________________________________________________ 41. She rarely has any money to spare. Rarely ________________________________________________________© 2011 All Rights Reserved. www.Edu-deo.com www.Edu-deo.com ห้ ามผู้ใดทําซํา หรือลอกเลียนแบบ หรื อคัดลอกบทความไปใช้โดยมิได้รับอนุญาตสงวนลิขสิทธิโดย
  • ENGPHON |9| วิชา ภาษาอังกฤษ โดย พีฝน – สุภทร์พร โปสกนิษฐกุล ั 42. He hardly speaks to anyone. Hardly ______________________________________________________ 43. The nation has seldom been faced with such difficulties. Seldom _____________________________________________________ 44. They had hardly started playing tennis when it began to rain. Hardly ______________________________________________________ 45. A father has seldom sacrificed so much for his child. Seldom _____________________________________________________ 46. You may not return after midnight on any account. On no account _______________________________________________ 47. He would not give up writing his satires under any circumstances. Under no circumstances _______________________________________ 48. He realized the danger he had been in only after he had read the newspaper the following morning. Only after ___________________________________________________ 49. They were not able to assess the damage until the floods had subsided. Not until ____________________________________________________ 50. He only stays in bed if he is seriously ill. Only if ______________________________________________________ 51. We only then realized how much he had suffered. Only then ___________________________________________________ 52. He was only able to do the exercise with a great deal of effort. Only _______________________________________________________ 53. He didn’t manage to get permission until she had calmed down. Not until ____________________________________________________ 54. He was so anxious to start a new life that he actually changed his name. So anxious __________________________________________________ 55. He could only make himself heard by shouting at the top of his voice. Only by _____________________________________________________© 2011 All Rights Reserved. www.Edu-deo.com www.Edu-deo.com ห้ ามผู้ใดทําซํา หรือลอกเลียนแบบ หรื อคัดลอกบทความไปใช้โดยมิได้รับอนุญาตสงวนลิขสิทธิโดย
  • ENGPHON | 10 | วิชา ภาษาอังกฤษ โดย พีฝน – สุภทร์พร โปสกนิษฐกุล ั 56. No director has made such an intellectually challenging sci-fi movie since Kubrick’s 2001. Not since ___________________________________________________ 57. He became so suspicious that he didn’t even trust his family. So suspicious _______________________________________________ 58. He laughed so much that tears rolled down his cheeks. So much ___________________________________________________ 59. Her business was so successful that Marie was able to retire at the age of 50. So successful _______________________________________________ 60. If you were less than delighted with our product, we will refund your money immediately. Were ______________________________________________________ 61. If you were to accept our offer, we could avoid the costs of a court case. Were ______________________________________________________ 62. If the builders were to finish their work to schedule, they would receive a bonus. Were ______________________________________________________ 63. If the tickets should fail to arrive before the departure date, we would arrange to have duplicates waiting at the airport. Should _____________________________________________________ 64. If the film had been released in the summer, it would not have been so successful. Had _______________________________________________________ 65. He had no money and his sister didn’t have any either. He had no money, neither / nor _________________________________ 66. They have no intention of paying and we don’t either. They have no intention of paying and nor / neither __________________ 67. I couldn’t face my father and Jane couldn’t either. I couldn’t face my father and neither / nor _________________________ 68. Tom came in. In _________________________________________________________© 2011 All Rights Reserved. www.Edu-deo.com www.Edu-deo.com ห้ ามผู้ใดทําซํา หรือลอกเลียนแบบ หรื อคัดลอกบทความไปใช้โดยมิได้รับอนุญาตสงวนลิขสิทธิโดย
  • ENGPHON | 11 | วิชา ภาษาอังกฤษ โดย พีฝน – สุภทร์พร โปสกนิษฐกุล ั 69. Two large dogs jumped up. Up ________________________________________________________ 70. Half a dozen apples fell down. Down ______________________________________________________ 71. The body of our late lamented sovereign lies here. Here _______________________________________________________ Fill the gaps using the words in the box. has before than audience then was started will can did so many had 72. Hardly __________ ever an athlete won so many medals in such a short time. 73. Little __________ we realise what a social faux-pas we had committed. 74. Scarcely __________ the match started when the trouble began. 75. Only by standing on tip-toe __________ I able to see anything at all. 76. Seldom can an __________ have heard a better interpretation of this symphony. 77. Hardly had the controversial opera __________ when people began to walk out. 78. Only if we leave now __________ we be in time to catch the train. 79. Never have I seen __________ people turn out for this event. 80. Rarely __________ a remark have been more ill-judged. 81. Only __________ did it become clear what the extent of the damage was. 82. Barely had we had time to pack up the picnic things __________ the heavens opened 83. No sooner had we asked for a quieter room, __________ we were given one.© 2011 All Rights Reserved. www.Edu-deo.com www.Edu-deo.com ห้ ามผู้ใดทําซํา หรือลอกเลียนแบบ หรื อคัดลอกบทความไปใช้โดยมิได้รับอนุญาตสงวนลิขสิทธิโดย
  • ENGPHON | 12 | วิชา ภาษาอังกฤษ โดย พีฝน – สุภทร์พร โปสกนิษฐกุล ั Fill the gaps using the words in the box. else way did circumstances nothing such nor until would account only even 84. At no time __________ he seems to realize what an idiot he was making of himself. 85. At no time before have I heard __________ arrant nonsense. 86. Nowhere __________ do they charge you so much for water 87. On no __________ should you miss this once-in-a-lifetime opportunity. 88. Under no __________ must this door be left unlocked. 89. Not __________ she apologizes for what she said will I speak to her again. 90. Not __________ if they halved the price would I buy such a heap of old rubbish. 91. Not for all the money in the world __________ I do what youre suggesting. 92. Not __________ do I know youre wrong, but I can also prove youre wrong. 93. Neither was the food up to standard __________ was the service particularly good. 94. Everyone except me got soaked. Not for __________ do I always carry an umbrella. 95. No __________ am I going to jump into that cold water! Make inverted sentences from the sentences given, using the words in brackets (). Ex. 0. I have seldom been a good girl. (Seldom ...) Ans. Seldom have I been a good girl.© 2011 All Rights Reserved. www.Edu-deo.com www.Edu-deo.com ห้ ามผู้ใดทําซํา หรือลอกเลียนแบบ หรื อคัดลอกบทความไปใช้โดยมิได้รับอนุญาตสงวนลิขสิทธิโดย
  • ENGPHON | 13 | วิชา ภาษาอังกฤษ โดย พีฝน – สุภทร์พร โปสกนิษฐกุล ั 96. You shouldnt tell him about my trip to China. (On no account...) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 97. You are not going to get me to eat that! (No way ... !) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 98. I have seldom seen such a brilliant goal. (Seldom ...) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 99. Such a hurricane has rarely happened in Hereford. (Hardly ever ...) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 100. I wouldnt want to hurt your feelings for all the world. (Not ...) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 101. They were never aware of the danger that threatened them. (At no time ...) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 102. This must not leak out to the press. (Under ...) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 103. He wasnt rich and he wasnt handsome. (Neither ...) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 104. We havent often witnessed such artistry. (Rarely ...) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 105. The bridge collapsed as soon as we managed to get across. (No sooner ...) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 106. We were only able to cross the border by offering him a bribe. (Only ...) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 107. Immediately he opened his mouth he started complaining about everything. (Barely ... before …) Ans. ________________________________________________________© 2011 All Rights Reserved. www.Edu-deo.com www.Edu-deo.com ห้ ามผู้ใดทําซํา หรือลอกเลียนแบบ หรื อคัดลอกบทความไปใช้โดยมิได้รับอนุญาตสงวนลิขสิทธิโดย
  • ENGPHON | 14 | วิชา ภาษาอังกฤษ โดย พีฝน – สุภทร์พร โปสกนิษฐกุล ั 108. She has no idea what a surprise shes going to get. (Little ... know) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 109. The bell had barely started to ring when the children rushed out of the classroom. (Scarcely …) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 110. He didnt start his speech until there was absolute silence in the hall (Not ...) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 111. We will only be able to accept your offer if we are offered free delivery. (Only ...) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 112. It is with good reason that Edinburgh is known as the Athens of the North. (Not for ...) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 113. We have never been so well wined and dined in our lives. (Never ...) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 114. She didnt break the news of her engagement until after dinner. (Only ...) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 115. We werent told that we would need our passports. (At no time ...) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 116. They dont charge you as much for water anywhere else. (Nowhere else ...) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 117. I wouldnt fly with them again even if they offered me a free flight. (Not even ...) Ans. ________________________________________________________© 2011 All Rights Reserved. www.Edu-deo.com www.Edu-deo.com ห้ ามผู้ใดทําซํา หรือลอกเลียนแบบ หรื อคัดลอกบทความไปใช้โดยมิได้รับอนุญาตสงวนลิขสิทธิโดย
  • ENGPHON | 15 | วิชา ภาษาอังกฤษ โดย พีฝน – สุภทร์พร โปสกนิษฐกุล ั 118. We had barely entered the shop when an assistant jumped on us. (Hardly ... when ...) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 119. He is both charming and very rich. (Not only ..., but ... also …) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 120. Jane didnt tell the story to her boyfriend until after party. (Only ...) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 121. I have never been here before. (Never ...) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 122. They hardly type messages in Thai because they usually type in English. (Hardly …) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 123. We didnt play game until our work has been done. (Not ...) Ans. ________________________________________________________ 124. They havent often punished the students. (Rarely ...) Ans. ________________________________________________________© 2011 All Rights Reserved. www.Edu-deo.com www.Edu-deo.com ห้ ามผู้ใดทําซํา หรือลอกเลียนแบบ หรื อคัดลอกบทความไปใช้โดยมิได้รับอนุญาตสงวนลิขสิทธิโดย