Biogas




 Biomass


46.000 residents in Thisted Municipality in Thy,
                   Denmark
    are leading the fiel...
Thisted Municipality, Denmark




Biogas




                                Biomass
Thisted Municipality

• Thisted municipality in Thy covers an area of 1.093 km2, with
  approx. 46,000 inhabitants
• One o...
Renewables for all energy needs

                                       •   Biomass
                                      ...
Self-supplying
•   Heating: Thisted, the main town and
    the other smaller towns in the
    municipality all have 100% d...
Local supply of electricity
                                      Wind


Thy:
• 226 windmills
• 114.640 KW installed wind ...
Electricity Consumption




• The total annual
production from the 226
windmills together with
biogas and CHP waste
accoun...
• Distinct economic benefits from locally owned turbines.
Renewables create new prosperity and jobs for a
considerable num...
Local mobilization


        Three important parameters
        to remember about Thisted:
•Thisted involves its citizens ...
The people of Thy have
  taken a proactive
  approach and managed
  to turn the power of
  nature to their advantage.
• Lo...
Strong Local Support in Thy
Strong local support is crucial; is obtained by
   • Local ownership of windmills
   • Local o...
THY – leading in Renewable Energy

                                   kW pr. capita

             3

            2,5

    ...
Wind generated electricity

• Thisted - total of 226 windmills in
  2008
• No NIMBY effect among local
  people until rece...
Related impacts
The transformation to renewable energy led to the
emergence of several new local industries:

•   Bach com...
Production one 2 MWwindmill:
        8 Mio. kWh/y
Windmills are a natural part of the landscape




Roshage møllen




                              Svankjær vindmøller
Wind energy and industry
Shaping the landscape




      Folkecenter for Renewable
               Energy
Windmill foundation for coastal protection
New income for the farmers
Powerfull simplicity
In harmony with nature
BIOMASS AND WIND
       WORKING TOGETHER


           Biomass –

a CO2 neutral local energy resource
Østerild local district heating

Biomass district heating for 200 households
What is biomass?
•   Biomass comes in many different forms
•   Agricultural residues
     – Food-processing (pits, shells,...
Energy crops

Energy crops
• Trees - Poplar, willow, and other “short-rotation" woody crops

How is biomass used to produc...
Biomass district heating
100% self sufficient heating from biomass district
heating carried out in:              Hurup
• H...
Large farm biogas plants
•   Boddum, Kappel
•   Brund, Kirk
•   Hunstrup, Kirk
•   Bedsted, Riis
Two main supply forms:
   Wind and CHP
Renewable Energy
• RE from windmills, biogas, biomass, plant oil,
  geothermal, solar energy and waste heat from industry
Combined heat and power
• Simultaneous generation of usable heat and power
• Utilizes the heat produced in electricity gen...
Five CHP plants
Thisted Municipality Heating System
                             1.   Heat fish co.
                             2.   Wast...
Thyra supplies10.000 households
   with heat and some power
CHP for 10.000 households




             District heating pipe system
Geothermic heat Thisted
Biomass – heat from straw
Peak loads covered by CHP
Local CHP plants prepared for
                 bio fuels
The local decentralized CHP primarily use natural gas
  but are p...
Advanced CHP:
42% Power + 48% Heat
The Danish way:
Clean and decentralized energy solutions
Wind Energy and Combined Heat and Power
“What we see in Thisted is a blueprint for
 adapting to climate change. It shows that
  people and communities really coun...
Consumption of power is steady
              –
    Windpower fluctuates
Yearly electricity consumption
Windpower is fluctuating

         08.09.2008 12pm Sat       18.04.2009 3pm Sat




www.energinet.dk
Power Production West Denmark


                         08/09/2007 18/04/2009
                          12pm Sat   3pm Sa...
Transportation
• There are about 17,000 private vehicles in Thisted
  municipality, driving 16,000 km per year at 10 km/l ...
NEXT STEP
Autonomous supply of energy:

  Integrating wind and CHP
WIND, GAS, POWER AND HEAT

Energy efficient supply
of heat and power:                    Gas supply


  Natural gas 3 MWel...
What is community power?
• Community power is typically owned and operated by
  the community
• Community power primarily ...
Benefits of community power
- Local Community Owns/Installs/Operates local green
  power producing infrastructure
- Benefi...
Future developments
•   Recently, plans have been presented about integrating all the local
    autonomous energy plants i...
Next step: Autonomous energy supply
Energy Autonomy Dubai




Power, Heat and Cooling   The Hotel




                                      54
Solar and Wind Power in a City

                Lighthouse Tower in
                       Dubai

            Features:
  ...
• Folkecenter for Renewable Energy – the
  Ecosite of the Thisted Municipality
Folkecenter for Renewable Energy

                 • Developing and
                 testing new CO2
                 neut...
Partner in Community
             Development

Folkecenter for Renewable Energy –

      technologies,
      encouragement...
Folkecenter develops
Building Integrated PV
Waste water – a resource
Nissum Bredning Test Station
 for Wave Energy Machines




             Test station operated and owned by Folkecenter
Folkecenter has Test Station
    for Small Windmills
                     Six platforms for
                     testing o...
Public meeting on future
ownership of the big windmills
Expert‘s Statement


 “The surprise is why isn’t everyone
  else doing what Thisted is doing?
They are a lighthouse but th...
Celebrities visit Thy to study
    renewable energy
Thy attracts international media
         and politicians in 2008



                       Minister Smitherman,
Energy Au...
EUROPEAN SOLAR PRIZE 2007

•   Mayor Erik Hove Olesen           Dr. Hermann Scheer
    states:                          gi...
EUROPEAN SOLAR PRIZE 2007

•   Thy in December 2007 got the
    esteemed EUROPEAN
    SOLAR PRIZE due to its
             ...
Transition to a
Renewable Energy Economy
3 km
                          Green Waste Water Treatment                Earth-Sheltered
                                ...
Thank you for your attention!
For further information please visit
         www.folkecenter.net
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Thisted Municipality

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Thisted Municipality

  1. 1. Biogas Biomass 46.000 residents in Thisted Municipality in Thy, Denmark are leading the field – 100% Renewable
  2. 2. Thisted Municipality, Denmark Biogas Biomass
  3. 3. Thisted Municipality • Thisted municipality in Thy covers an area of 1.093 km2, with approx. 46,000 inhabitants • One of the largest municipalities in Denmark • Rural region characterised by nature • Rolling hills, farmland and gentle fjord landscape • 100 km of unique coastline • Great surfing ‘Cold Hawaii’ • First National Park in Denmark • In 2007, Thy was awarded the European Solar Prize for its outstanding share of renewable energy.
  4. 4. Renewables for all energy needs • Biomass • Biomass for district heating • For the last 30 years, farmers, • Biogas and manure separation in industry, utilities and small and large scale facilities cooperatives in Thy have • Geothermic cooling extensively invested in and used • Geothermic heat renewable energy resources. • Passive house technology • “In Thy we live and breathe • Next generation vehicles including renewable energy. That is the hydrogen power essence of the Thy model where • Waste incineration for district people, economics and heating technology come together to • Wave power create clean carbon neutral • Wind Power energy.” Thisted Municipality • Wind energy management
  5. 5. Self-supplying • Heating: Thisted, the main town and the other smaller towns in the municipality all have 100% district heating with 85% using biomass. 86% of the heating in the Thy region comes from renewable energy. • Electricity: Thisted is self-supplying in terms of its electricity consumption. Wind energy covers 80% of Thisted’s electricity needs. Biogas and CHP make up the balance. • There are several CHP plants in the municipality. CHP plants use natural gas and also use other forms of renewable energy e.g. biomass such as straw, wood pellets, wood chips and waste material. CO2 emissions saved: almost 90.000 tons per year
  6. 6. Local supply of electricity Wind Thy: • 226 windmills • 114.640 KW installed wind capacity • 35.830 KW installed CHP capacity • 2008: power production from wind energy of 265 GWh • 2008: power consumption of 339 GWh • Electricity Consumption • 80% from wind • 20% from biogas and CHP waste • a small amount of PV
  7. 7. Electricity Consumption • The total annual production from the 226 windmills together with biogas and CHP waste accounts for 100% of the electricity consumed in Thisted Municipality.
  8. 8. • Distinct economic benefits from locally owned turbines. Renewables create new prosperity and jobs for a considerable number of people. This foster local acceptance of wind power
  9. 9. Local mobilization Three important parameters to remember about Thisted: •Thisted involves its citizens actively •Thisted involves local companies •Thisted uses mature technology that exists in the field •Achieve the best result when these interact in a sensible and economical way
  10. 10. The people of Thy have taken a proactive approach and managed to turn the power of nature to their advantage. • Local knowledge and expertise very important • Municipality occupies the role of coordinator and planner bringing together local enthusiasts.
  11. 11. Strong Local Support in Thy Strong local support is crucial; is obtained by • Local ownership of windmills • Local ownership of biogas plants by several farmers • All the CHP plants and then district heating are not-for-profit consumer owned • Strong political focus on renewable energy in “The Energetic Citizens of Thy” – new initiative Windmills in fields of barley.
  12. 12. THY – leading in Renewable Energy kW pr. capita 3 2,5 2 kW/capita 1,5 1 0,5 0 Thy Denmark Spain Germany USA UK France Country
  13. 13. Wind generated electricity • Thisted - total of 226 windmills in 2008 • No NIMBY effect among local people until recently
  14. 14. Related impacts The transformation to renewable energy led to the emergence of several new local industries: • Bach composite, main supplier of nacelles for Vestas • Cimbria SKET, leading producer of presses for treatment of oil seeds • Several additional sub-suppliers for the wind mill industry • TVT biogas plant builder • Ideal Combi making energy-efficient windows
  15. 15. Production one 2 MWwindmill: 8 Mio. kWh/y
  16. 16. Windmills are a natural part of the landscape Roshage møllen Svankjær vindmøller
  17. 17. Wind energy and industry
  18. 18. Shaping the landscape Folkecenter for Renewable Energy
  19. 19. Windmill foundation for coastal protection
  20. 20. New income for the farmers
  21. 21. Powerfull simplicity
  22. 22. In harmony with nature
  23. 23. BIOMASS AND WIND WORKING TOGETHER Biomass – a CO2 neutral local energy resource
  24. 24. Østerild local district heating Biomass district heating for 200 households
  25. 25. What is biomass? • Biomass comes in many different forms • Agricultural residues – Food-processing (pits, shells, hulls) – Manure (from cows, pigs, chickens and other farm animals) – Residues from crop harvesting/processing (stalks and stems, husks,) • Wood residues – Processing residues (waste materials produced in the processing of lumber) • Trimmings, sawdust, shavings, bark, etc. often converted into wood chips and/or wood pellets. – Forest residues (Materials from forest restoration, thinning, storm hazards or harvesting activities) • Tops and limbs, branches, bark, small diameter trees.
  26. 26. Energy crops Energy crops • Trees - Poplar, willow, and other “short-rotation" woody crops How is biomass used to produce energy? Primary methods: • Direct Combustion -- Producing heat, which can then be used for thermal applications or electricity • Gasification -- Converting the biomass into a gas, which can then be combusted in CHP producing heat and power.
  27. 27. Biomass district heating 100% self sufficient heating from biomass district heating carried out in: Hurup • Hurup • wood chips • Vestervig • wood chips • Bedsted • wood pellets Wood Pellets Renewable. • Øsløs Carbon-neutral. • wood chips A domestic resource. • Frøstrup • wood chips A source of economic development and job • Sennels creation. • wood pellets
  28. 28. Large farm biogas plants • Boddum, Kappel • Brund, Kirk • Hunstrup, Kirk • Bedsted, Riis
  29. 29. Two main supply forms: Wind and CHP
  30. 30. Renewable Energy • RE from windmills, biogas, biomass, plant oil, geothermal, solar energy and waste heat from industry
  31. 31. Combined heat and power • Simultaneous generation of usable heat and power • Utilizes the heat produced in electricity generation rather than releasing it wastefully into the atmosphere • Secure and highly efficiency in excess of 85% efficiency • CHP Applications: • In malt factory and waste incineration • District heating (heat distributed from CHP plant) • Water based district heating by insulated pipes. 85 degrees C.
  32. 32. Five CHP plants
  33. 33. Thisted Municipality Heating System 1. Heat fish co. 2. Waste wood 3. Waste wood 4. Waste wood 5. CHP (waste) 6. Geothermal 6a. Straw biomass 7. Wood pellets 8. Wood chips 9. Wood chips 10. CHP Nat Gas 11. Gas oven backup 12. Biofuel 13. CHP Nat. Gas 14, 15, 16. Back up 17. Malt Plant 18. CHP Nat Gas 19. CHP Nat Gas
  34. 34. Thyra supplies10.000 households with heat and some power
  35. 35. CHP for 10.000 households District heating pipe system
  36. 36. Geothermic heat Thisted
  37. 37. Biomass – heat from straw
  38. 38. Peak loads covered by CHP
  39. 39. Local CHP plants prepared for bio fuels The local decentralized CHP primarily use natural gas but are prepared for bio-fuel use • Hanstholm 4 MWel Snedsted • Klitmøller 2 MWel Discussing • Vorupør 2 MWel the move to bio-fuels • Snedsted 3 MWel • Dragsbaek malt factory 8 MWel
  40. 40. Advanced CHP: 42% Power + 48% Heat
  41. 41. The Danish way: Clean and decentralized energy solutions Wind Energy and Combined Heat and Power
  42. 42. “What we see in Thisted is a blueprint for adapting to climate change. It shows that people and communities really count.” Jacqueline McGlade, Director, European Environmental Agency
  43. 43. Consumption of power is steady – Windpower fluctuates
  44. 44. Yearly electricity consumption
  45. 45. Windpower is fluctuating 08.09.2008 12pm Sat 18.04.2009 3pm Sat www.energinet.dk
  46. 46. Power Production West Denmark 08/09/2007 18/04/2009 12pm Sat 3pm Sat Central power plants 888 1237 Decentral power plants 295 363 Wind power production 1804 148 export/import 935 193 Power consumption 2052 1941 Production in MW
  47. 47. Transportation • There are about 17,000 private vehicles in Thisted municipality, driving 16,000 km per year at 10 km/l at 10 kWh/l. • With this in mind, replacing these cars with electric cars which are at least 3 times more efficient than the average car, would require 90 GWh electricity from 21 additional 2 MW turbines. • These turbines would be additional to the 226 windmills already existing in the area.
  48. 48. NEXT STEP Autonomous supply of energy: Integrating wind and CHP
  49. 49. WIND, GAS, POWER AND HEAT Energy efficient supply of heat and power: Gas supply Natural gas 3 MWel CHP Wind and 10 MWth electric boiler 3 Mwel & 4MWth CHP 10 MW electric boiler for heating 4 x 1,65 MW wind turbines
  50. 50. What is community power? • Community power is typically owned and operated by the community • Community power primarily takes the form of decentralised green power generation • Wind power, solar power, biogas, biomass, and combined heat and power are examples of such infrastructure • Financial benefits are returned to the community • Community has a choice and may choose what infrastructure fits best with their needs and is economically efficient.
  51. 51. Benefits of community power - Local Community Owns/Installs/Operates local green power producing infrastructure - Benefits from the infrastructure are reaped by local community - Local pollution reduction, CO2 reduction, job creation, business development, economic diversification and skill building. - Once a community has experience with community power, that skill can be transferred to other communities. - Sense of community and acceptance is reinforced by working on projects which benefit the community
  52. 52. Future developments • Recently, plans have been presented about integrating all the local autonomous energy plants in Thisted municipality in one integrated autonomous system. • This plan suggests that new additional wind power capacity peaks will be used for district heating. • A further development of wind power will make wind energy the primary source of electricity and heating. • When there is a local surplus of wind electricity this will be used in combined heating and power plants and replace natural gas and biomass. • Biomass will function as back-up storage when wind- and solar energy is not sufficient to cover the need for electricity and heating.
  53. 53. Next step: Autonomous energy supply
  54. 54. Energy Autonomy Dubai Power, Heat and Cooling The Hotel 54
  55. 55. Solar and Wind Power in a City Lighthouse Tower in Dubai Features: - altitude: 400 meters - three 29 meter diameter, -225 KW wind turbines - 4000 PV panels -
  56. 56. • Folkecenter for Renewable Energy – the Ecosite of the Thisted Municipality
  57. 57. Folkecenter for Renewable Energy • Developing and testing new CO2 neutral energy solutions • One of the biggest eco-sites in Europe
  58. 58. Partner in Community Development Folkecenter for Renewable Energy – technologies, encouragement, innovation
  59. 59. Folkecenter develops Building Integrated PV
  60. 60. Waste water – a resource
  61. 61. Nissum Bredning Test Station for Wave Energy Machines Test station operated and owned by Folkecenter
  62. 62. Folkecenter has Test Station for Small Windmills Six platforms for testing of windmills from 0,5 KW to 75 KW 5 KW Victor windmill tested by Folkecenter.
  63. 63. Public meeting on future ownership of the big windmills
  64. 64. Expert‘s Statement “The surprise is why isn’t everyone else doing what Thisted is doing? They are a lighthouse but this should be going on now all over the world” Jeremy Rifkin, founder and president, Foundation on Economic Trends
  65. 65. Celebrities visit Thy to study renewable energy
  66. 66. Thy attracts international media and politicians in 2008 Minister Smitherman, Energy Autonomy film Canada Suzuki Diaries, CBC, Canada CCTV10 FROM CHINA
  67. 67. EUROPEAN SOLAR PRIZE 2007 • Mayor Erik Hove Olesen Dr. Hermann Scheer states: gives the Award to the Mayor "I am very proud and grateful that we today receive this award. Not us as authorities have the honour. Our 46.000 citizens, the Folkecenter and our 1700 local companies made the change. The many windmill owners, the farmers that have biogas plants and the community utilities, they have together made Thy self- sufficient with energy."
  68. 68. EUROPEAN SOLAR PRIZE 2007 • Thy in December 2007 got the esteemed EUROPEAN SOLAR PRIZE due to its From the EUROSOLAR award ceremony at KfW in Berlin. outstanding share of renewable energy in the municipality. • The mayor of Thisted gave a speech and said that Thisted would like to have even more renewable energy.
  69. 69. Transition to a Renewable Energy Economy
  70. 70. 3 km Green Waste Water Treatment Earth-Sheltered Earth- Building Wave Energy Test Site Plus Energy House StrawBale House Wind Blade Expo Wind Hydrogen Biodome Solar Heat Integrated Solar Cells Plant Oil Preben Maegaard www.maegaard.net Small Wind Turbine Test Site
  71. 71. Thank you for your attention! For further information please visit www.folkecenter.net

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