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Idea Generation-Innovation Process-Manajemen Inovasi-ITBK-MM-2011

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Innovation or ability to innovate is one of differentiation and added-value need to be had by every company to be able to compete in current business environment. One part of innovation process is …

Innovation or ability to innovate is one of differentiation and added-value need to be had by every company to be able to compete in current business environment. One part of innovation process is innovation value chain composed of 3 activities: idea generation, idea conversion, and idea diffusion. This presentation explore more detail on idea generation.
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  • Four double-sided arrows indicate the four types of integration that youwill need to implement successfully when you want to innovate: 1. Integration of the project with the strategic vision of the organization: oneshould constantly verify that the project is aligned with and contributes towhat the organization is trying to achieve in the long run. 2. Intertemporal integration between the different phases in the project:what happens at the start of a project should not hamper the activities atthe end of a project. Often this has been translated into statements suchas ‘design for manufacturability’ or ‘design for serviceability’. But it boilsdown to the simple insight that design decisions made in the early stagesof the innovation project should take into account the effect that thesedecisions may have on later stages in the project. Think of the cable youuse for your PC. If that cable is designed such that it can easily bedisconnected (as is the case for almost all of them today), you can replaceit with cables that are compatible with different types of electrical plugs.On the other hand, if it goes into the black box, you would need tojuggle with all kinds of adaptors in order to use your computer indifferent countries. It also makes manufacturing easier when discon-nected cables are used: computers for different countries can be stan-dardized and manufacturing achieves greater economies of scale. With afixed cable, the production would have to be adjusted for each country. 3. Interfunctional integration along the project: throughout the project thedifferent departments, functions or competence centres need to work inan integrated way.4. Integration with the environment: the innovation needs to be compatiblewith the context in which it will be used. For instance, does it match thecapabilities of your suppliers, can it be shipped by your distributors, are theretailers able to repair the product, is it environmentally friendly?
  • Started from the Idea Generation which is boosted by the Vision & Leadership from the Top Management, Systematic-Innovation Strategies, and the Learning Organization Climate. The Idea Generation delivers the Innovative Ideas which would be realized in the Idea Implementation phase. The Idea Implementation eventually produces new products / services, and when they are utilized in the Commercialization phase, they would generate Increase in Productivity, Market Share, Profit and Competitiveness.The Innovation Process in someway is also triggered by the Adversity resulted from the Competition, Globalization & Diminishing Margin. Another important feature to manage is the Connectedness with R&D Centers and Incubators / New Startups through the Adoption & Transfer of New Technology into Astra.
  • 1. Brainwriting uses writing as its creative modus operandi. Each participant writes down an idea they would like the group to consider. Then, they pass their sheet to their immediate neighbor who uses this idea to a) trigger a build-on the original idea or b) trigger an entirely new idea. Sheets are passed and passed again until each ―idea sheet‖ arrives back at its original owner. 2. The Worst Idea, as its name implies, is a creative technique in which the facilitator asks participants to come up with the worst possible idea they can. A really awful, occasionally disgusting, sometimes repulsive idea. Example: Think of the worst possible idea you can for soup. How about a soup with rocks in it? How about a soup that has green slime…eye of newt, or even snot in it? How about throw-up soup? Sometimes a group can have ―creative performance anxiety.‖ The group may be pressing too hard for a great idea—and coming up dry. The Worst Idea Technique relieves much of this performance anxiety. Why? Because what is someone going to say, ―your idea wasn’t bad enough‖! 3. Questioning Assumptions techniqueencourages the group to begin by questioning the assumptions they may have made about the particular creative challenge on which they’re working. Example: If you’ve been asked to invent a new chair, did you assume, for instance, that the chair is for sitting in? Couldn’t you instead design a ―standing chair‖, for use at a space-cramped train station coffee shop? As a way to function (some might say maintain a modicum of sanity) in the complex world in which we live, it’s natural (and necessary) that we make assumptions about how the world operates. Otherwise, much like a child who continually asks why, we’d never get anything done. However, from a creative, idea-generating standpoint, it’s often useful (if not absolutely critical) that, at times, we question the most basic assumptions about the task on which we’re working.20 Questions Instead of generating a list of assumptions, simply generate a list of questions that re-frame the problem/issue/opportunity. Then use these questions to stimulate new ideas4. Problem Re-Definition Technique helps you invent new ways of looking at a problem -- and ultimately come up with other, even better answers -- by first, re-defining that problem.Words carry with them their own creative limitations. Put another way, how a problem is defined will often determine the kind and quality of ideas that will be generated to solve it. The problem re-definition technique allow you to literally create 1000’s of different ways to define a problem… and therefore helps you generate potentially 1000’s of different ideas to solve that problem. 5. IDEA HOOKS. This technique uses associated metaphors as jumping off points for new ways of thinking about a problem or opportunity. Example: If a company is trying to think of new ways to improve intra-company communication, Idea Hooks® such as ―Smoke Signals‖, ―Body Language‖, and ―Love‖ might be three ―communication‖ metaphors that the group uses as ―jumping off points‖ to get new ideas. Rationale: Associated metaphors have contained within them principles that can help participants look at a problem in an entirely new way. They have the advantage of being related (i.e. the communication associations above), and therefore potentially more relevant than entirely random stimuli; and yet are sufficiently different from the original problem as to offer the possibility of creating a truly breakthrough idea. 6. Semantic Intuition generates new ideas by having participants combine associated key words – and name a possible new idea – before they have any idea what this newly named idea is. Example: How would you play a new game called: Hand Signal Roulette, or Killer Cactus, or Hopping Hyenas. Rationale: Key words – related to the opportunity for which you are trying to create ideas – have the advantage of being ―relevant,‖ and yet different enough from your original problem as to yield entirely new ways of thinking. 7. The Headliner Technique uses a database of almost 90,000 word phrases, headlines, tag lines, and slogans to stimulate new ideas. The power of the software/technique is that it allows you to pre-select (by inputting key words) those phrases, that are specifically related to brand equities and essences. Mindmappingwas invented in the mid-sixties by Englishman Tony Buzan. It is essentially a way to more creatively – and effectively – remember, organize, process, and combine information in the brain. Mindmapping has four key visual-oriented facets/elements that enable users to achieve increased mental efficiency: 1) Key Words 2) Diagramming 3) Symbols 4) Colors Each thought is recorded in one or two representational key words. Relationships amongst key words are shown by diagramming. (Much like diagramming in junior-high grammar classes). Symbols are used to add visual variety and increase memorability. Different colors are used to represent different groups of ideas. Rationale: Mindmapping mirrors the way the creative brain processes, records, remembers, retrieves, and re-combines input/stimuli. The right brain thinks visually and associationally. Mindmappingallows the participant to speak the ―same language‖ as the right brain. As a creative technique, we use Mindmapping to identify 1) ―the facts‖ about a problem, from which 2) great ideas can grow. We will often have participants do a mindmap/ ―brain dump‖ on a particular topic (often one they know a great deal about) and use the output from the ―brain dump‖ (presented in mindmap form) to help other participants get to know a particular subject area better. Then they combine these ―facts‖ with their own ideas/insights to create new ideas. Note: Mindmapping can be used for everything from note taking, to speech organizing, memorizing, to writing better business plans. 9. The Magazine Rip and Rap exercise (also known as collaging when extra time is taken to arrange the magazine ―rips‖ on the page) uses words or phrases (taken from magazines) relevant to the problem being worked on. Rationale: M.R.& R. is particularly useful for both initating seminal ideas, as well as developing germs of ideas into full-blown concepts. Visuals, because of their right brain orientation, have a way of eliciting useful feelings and intuitions about a particular idea. M.R.&R. is especially valuable for branding, positioning, and customer mindset identification. 10. The Wish Technique begins with the assumption that anything is possible. Money, energy, time…are no object. Whatever you can imagine, you can have. As a creative technique, wishing helps you start fresh, moving beyond the often limiting constraints of ―reality.‖ Rationale: Because anything is possible in the world of ―wishing‖, as a technique it helps you challenge basic and limiting assumptions around any given creative challenge / opportunity. The paradox of The Wish Technique is that it’s only by first considering the ―impossible‖ that we can know the outer limits of what is possible, and therefore the potentially most exciting ideas. Typically, the output from ―wishing‖ session will be entirely new and original points of view, and concepts. 11. Billboardingis a concept development technique designed to help group participants take the day’s best ideas from an ideation session – and turn them into testable concepts. The technique itself involves having teams create a ―billboard‖ for the idea that includes: a short headline, an appropriate visual, and a tag line. Rationale: Over the years we have experimented with different methods for helping group participants develop ―raw ideas‖ into testable concepts. After much trial and error, we’ve found Billboarding to be the most fun and effective way to: 1) help participants focus on the most important potential consumer benefit(s) of an idea and 2) develop the idea into a concept that can ultimately be tested with consumers/customers. When a team goes through the process of creating a billboard for an idea, it helps them determine just how good an idea is. Occasionally, ideas that seemed quite exciting in the ideation session, turn out to be less so after the Billboarding, because the team discovers the idea’s anticipated consumer benefit simply is not new, exciting, or compelling enough. Conversely, teams that have billboarded good (but not necessarily great) ideas from the ideation session have suddenly realized that they do indeed have a breakthrough concept, because in part, the consumer benefit is so unique, needed and/or compelling. 12. Whiteboarding is a personal, departmental, or even organization-wide idea generation technique/process designed to help co-workers generate ―big ideas‖/Eureka insights by stimulating connections between seemingly un-related or random thoughts, facts, insights, intuitions, and/or idea fragments. You might think of Whiteboarding as a kind of interactive suggestion box: in part, because of its ability to elicit ideas from co-workers in a non-threatening and non-judgmental way; and in part, because it encourages dynamic/on-going ―idea building‖ from a wide variety of employees. The technique entails having co-workers scribble/record ideas against a specific topic/creative challenge on a whiteboard in an employees office, in a departmental or organization-wide common area over a pre-determined length of time – usually from two to four weeks. Rationale: We developed the very simple Whiteboarding technique for three reasons: 1) To improve on the ability of a person, department or organization to collaborate on generating breakthrough ideas on an on-going basis. 2) To leverage/exploit the inherent ability of the human brain to make connections, recognize patterns, and generate breakthrough insights and ideas over time. 3) To capture some of the energy, excitement, and ―concept-productivity‖ that comes from group ideation, without the organization having to devote planned or dedicated time and resources.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Rantai Nilai InovasiPenggalian Ide (Idea Generation)
      1
      Featuring...
      Coached by...
      Siti Nurjanah
      Fadli Suwondo
      Avanti Fontana
      Dendi Efendi
      Noverino Rifai
      To be presented on October,1st 2011
      InstitutTeknologidanBisnis Kalbe (ITBK)
    • 2. Agenda
      Proses Inovasi
      Rantai Nilai Inovasi
      DefinisiPenggalian Ide
      Mengapa Menggali Ide Inovatif?
      Sumber-Sumber Ide
      Kemampuan Esensial menurut Tipe Inovator
      Pertanyaan Kunci dan Indikator Keberhasilan
      12 Teknik Penggalian Ide
      10 Tips Untuk Menggali Ide Baru
      Studi Kasus: P&G, Sony, Lady Gaga, Google
      2
    • 3. Proses Inovasi
      3
      *) De Meyer dan Garg, Inspire to Innovate, hal.20; Avanti Fontana, Innovate We Can, hal.129
    • 4. Proses Inovasi (Astra)
      4
      *) http://www.bmw.astra.co.id/images/imagebank/2006080418000030.jpg (diambil 2011-09-30 16:30 WIB)
    • 5. Rantai Nilai Inovasi
      5
      1
      Organisasi
      unit
      Penggalian Ide
      Ide-ide Inovatif
      3
      Penyebaran Ide
      Produk Inovatif
      Keunggulan Ekonomi & Sosial
      Pengembangan Ide
      2
      *) Ilustrasi berdasarkan buku Avanti Fontana, Innovate We Can, hal.91
    • 6. Ide
      “a thought or suggestion as to a possible course of action(Oxford dictionary)”
      pemikiran atau saran mengenai kemungkinan tindakan atau serangkaian tindakan
      Penggalian Ide
      “the creative process of generating, developing, and communicating new ideas(wikipedia)”
      proses kreatif yang menghasilkan, mengembangkan, dan mengkomunikasikan ide-ide baru
      6
    • 7. Mengapa Menggali Ide Inovatif?
      Ide adalah bagian dari rantai nilai inovasi yang bersifat sekuensial
      Sampah masuk - sampah keluar
      7
      *) Ilustrasi berdasarkan buku Avanti Fontana, Innovate We Can, hal.99
    • 8. Pertanyaan Kunci & Indikator Keberhasilan
      8
      *) Morten T.Hansen & Julian Birkinshaw, The Innovation Value Chain, Harvard Business Review Avanti Fontana, Innovate We Can, hal.92
    • 9. Sumber –Sumber Ide
      Karyawan internal organisasi
      Pelanggan
      Organisasi
      Pemasok
      Pesaing
      Perusahaan lain (others, media, inventors)
      9
      *) Glassman, Brian, Detailed Review of Idea Generations’Techniques, Activities, & Processes.
    • 10. Sumber Ide: Karyawan Internal
      10
      *) Glassman, Brian, Detailed Review of Idea Generations’Techniques, Activities, & Processes.
    • 11. Sumber Ide: Pelanggan
      11
      *) Glassman, Brian, Detailed Review of Idea Generations’Techniques, Activities, & Processes.
    • 12. Sumber Ide: Organisasi Nirlaba
      12
      *) Glassman, Brian, Detailed Review of Idea Generations’Techniques, Activities, & Processes.
    • 13. Sumber Ide: Pemasok
      13
      *) Glassman, Brian, Detailed Review of Idea Generations’Techniques, Activities, & Processes.
    • 14. Sumber Ide: Pesaing
      14
      *) Glassman, Brian, Detailed Review of Idea Generations’Techniques, Activities, & Processes.
    • 15. Sumber Ide: Perusahaan Lain
      15
      *) Glassman, Brian, Detailed Review of Idea Generations’Techniques, Activities, & Processes.
    • 16. Kemampuan Esensial menurut Tipe Inovator
      16
      *) Avanti Fontana, Innovate We Can, hal.98-99
    • 17. 12 Teknik Penggalian Ide
      Brainwriting/Brainwalking
      The Worst Idea Techniques
      Questioning Assumptions/20 Questions
      Problem Re-Definition
      Idea Hooks
      Semantic Intuition/Idea Naming
      17
      Headliner
      Mindmapping
      Magazine Rip and Rap/Collaging
      The Wish Technique
      Billboarding
      Whiteboarding
      *) Bryan Matimore, Ideation Technique
    • 18. 10 Tips Untuk Menggali Ide Baru
      Tahu apa yang membuat gairah
      Ciptakan sistem untuk menangkap ide
      Rapikan pikiran
      Nikmati ritual kreatif
      Sisihkan waktu untuk refleksi & instropeksi
      Bersyukur, cari keberkahan
      Menghargai
      Ciptakan komunitas
      Abaikan suara negatif
      Rayakan kemenangan kecil
      18
    • 19. Studi Kasus
      19
    • 20. P&G:Pentingnya menggali ide dengan benar
      Elemen rantai inovasi harus saling seimbang
      Studi kasus P&G
      Lemah dalam penggalian ide dari luar
      mengembangkan produk secara internal dan meluncurkannya ke pasar
      AG Lafley melakukan inovasi di bidang penggalian ide
      5 tahun investasi
      Menggali ide dari luar
      Jaringan sumber daya global
      Situs pertukaran pengetahuan online
      Penjualan naik 42%, keuntungan naik 84%
      20
      *) Avanti Fontana, Innovate We Can, hal.90
    • 21. Sony:Perlunya menggali ide dari luar
      Di era 80/90-an sangat berhasil dengan Walkman dan Play Station
      Terlalu berorientasi ke dalam, tidak mau mengambil ide dari luar karena
      Kehilangan peluang dan kesempatan ketika lahir ide-ide baru dari pesaing, seperti iPod dan Xbox.
      21
      *) Avanti Fontana, Innovate We Can, hal.93
    • 22. Lady Gaga:Tampil beda dengan inovasi
      22
      *) http://www.sensationizer.com/2010/09/list-of-lady-gaga-plagiarisms.html. accessed 2011-09-28 17:54 WIB
    • 23. Google
      We don’t just want you to have a great job. We want you to have a great life. We provide you with everything you need to be productive and happy on and off the clock.(Larry Page, Google cofounder)
      80/20 “innovation time off” (ITO) model keep employees challenged and engaged in ways that aid retention and keep staff learning and growing1*)
      Idea Generation
      Google offers $10M for ideas that can 'change the world‘ (computerworld.com 24 Sept ‘08)
      Google Bus seeks start-up ideas (New York Times 28 Sept ‘11)
      Facilities
      Google Engineering says most of his innovations come up during conversations at work, with the environment facilitating them. (Google incubates ideas at workplace - Economic Times)
      23
      1*) http://themamabee.com/2009/03/27/management-friday-googles-8020-innovation-model/accessed 2011-10-01 02:00
    • 24. 24
    • 25. Backup Slides
      25
    • 26. Contoh Penggalian Ide
      Incidental
      Archimedes
      Newton
      Enhancement
      Wright bersaudara
      Coklat Putih
      Kegigihan
      Sour sally
      Es Teler 77
      Teh Botol
      Aqua
      26
    • 27. 27
    • 28. Proses Inovasi
      28
      *) De Meyer dan Garg, Inspire to Innovate, hal.20
    • 29. Idea Management System
      29

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