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Learn Digital Photography

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The presentation from the UND GaPS workshop, Learn Digital Photography. Unfortunately the animation of the slides does not work here, so on some slides only one image will be visible- all the text is …

The presentation from the UND GaPS workshop, Learn Digital Photography. Unfortunately the animation of the slides does not work here, so on some slides only one image will be visible- all the text is still there however.
To see more of my work or send me questions, visit my webpage at: www.twerberg.com


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  • Dear Nathan - Its been a very useful intro to Digital PHOTOGRAPHY.
    Thanks. And expecting more to come.
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Transcript

  • 1. Learn DigitalPhotography
    Presented By
    GaPS
  • 2. Patrick McLaughlin
    Nathan Twerberg
  • 3. What We’ll Cover:
    Some Camera Basics
    How the camera
    changes images
    Modes
    Tricks
  • 4. The Basics
    SLR v Point n Shoot
    Image Quality
  • 5. The Basics
    SLR v Point n Shoot
    SLR
    Choose your picture
      Many different Lenses
      Many Photo Settings
      Tend to be bulky
    sometimes complex
    Higher Image quality
    Point and Shoot
    simplicity
    More modes for
    quick selection
    Many different modes
      Cannot “create”
    your picture
      Usually small enough
    to fit in your pocket
  • 6. The Basics
    Image Quality
    Pixels:
    -What are they?
     - Is quantity
    important?
     - What size of
    pictures can I print?
    -Quality can always
    be lowered later!
  • 7. The Basics
    A note on
    Digital zoom &
    In camera edits
    -Only if you cant
    do it later
  • 8. A Photograph isnothing but a recording of light
    What AffectsThe Light
    ?
  • 9. What AffectsThe Light
    Lenses
    Shutter
    Aperture
    ISO
    White Balance
    Flash
  • 10. What AffectsThe Light
    Lenses
    Without lens
  • 11. What AffectsThe Light
    Lenses
    With a lens
    Controls how
    much and
    what angle of
    light enters the
    camera
  • 12. What AffectsThe Light
    Lenses
    Focal Length
    Measured in mm
    “10x” is a measure of range
    Equivalents
    Name ranges (on 35mm)
  • 13. What AffectsThe Light
    Lenses
  • 14. What AffectsThe Light
    Lenses
  • 15. What AffectsThe Light
    Shutter
    Controls how long
    the camera is
    recording an image
    (how much light
    gets in)
  • 16. What AffectsThe Light
    Shutter
    Motion &
    Shutter Speed
    1 Hour
    1/1000
    Second
    2.5 Seconds
  • 17. What AffectsThe Light
    Aperture
    A resizable opening
    Controls light and
    Depth of Field
  • 18. What AffectsThe Light
    Aperture
    3.5
    11
  • 19. What AffectsThe Light
    ISO
    The camera’s sensitivity to light
    Increasing it will increase
    the amount of light picked
    up by the image sensor
    80
    100
    200
    400
    800
    1600
  • 20. What AffectsThe Light
    ISO
    Increasing ISO also increases
    the graininess of images
    It is generally good to keep
    the ISO as low as possible
    while still having
    desired settings
  • 21. Exposure
    Combining all three
  • 22. What AffectsThe Light
    White Balance
    Auto
    Custom
    Fluorescent
    Cloudy
    Incandescent
  • 23. What AffectsThe Light
    Flash
    Distance
    Not too close
    Not too far
    Motion
    Freeze it!
    Bounce or Diffuse
    Adjust Strength
    Unexpected Uses
  • 24. Camera Modes
    Auto
    Sports
    Landscape
    Portrait
    Macro
    Night
    Semi Auto
    Manual
  • 25. Camera Modes
    Auto
    The camera determines all
    settings based on histogram
    Doesn’t allow much
    creative control
  • 26. Camera Modes
    Sports/Action Mode
    Fast shutter speeds
    Continual AF Modes
    Higher ISOs
    Rapid shooting enabled
  • 27. Camera Modes
    Landscape
    Uses higher aperture values
    To create deep focus
    (Smaller Hole)
    Tip: Focus 1/3 of the depth
    Tip: The sky, position and time
  • 28. Camera Modes
    Portrait
    Uses small aperture values
    to decrease depth of field
    (bigger hole)
    Tip: Use zoom to help
    reduce DOF
    Red eye reduction flash
    if your camera has it
  • 29. Camera Modes
    Macro
    Allows camera to focus on
    nearby objects
    Also uses small aperture
    values to decrease depth
    of field
    (bigger hole)
  • 30. Camera Modes
    Night
    Uses “Slow Shutter Synchro”
    Flash with slow shutter speeds
    allows flash to illuminate subj
    while ambient light fills in
    Tips: Hold camera steady
    for sharp result…
    experiment with lights
    and motion for cool
    effects
  • 31. Camera Modes
    Semi Auto
    P
    Allows slightly greater control
    User can alter select between
    preset shutter and aperture
    combinations
    A or Av
    Allows the user to select
    aperture value, camera
    decides the rest
    S or Tv
    Allows the user to
    select shutter speed
    camera decides the rest
  • 32. Camera Modes
    Manual
    Allows the user full control
    of all settings
    User must determine the
    correct combination to
    create desired effect
    Tip: When using Manual,
    know the effect you are
    looking for, and set the
    corresponding setting
    first
  • 33. Camera Modes
    Manual
    Blub setting
    Holds shutter open as long as
    button is depressed
    User must gage how long for
    correct lighting
    Great for creative effects
    Tripod & Remote
  • 34. Tricks!
    Fill the Frame
    Color or B&W?
    The Rule of 1/3s
    Focus Lock
    Line
    Orientation
    Depth of Field
    Perspective
  • 35. Tricks!
    Fill the Frame
    Its simple…
    If there’s nothing else
    Important, don’t show it
    Try to only include what’s
    important to the photo
    If you can’t do it while
    shooting, crop
  • 36. Tricks!
    Color or B&W?
    Use black and white images when
    You want to emphasize shape
    Or
    Color is distracting
    Try Images in between for
    different effect
  • 37. Tricks!
    The Rule of 1/3s
    It’s also Simple…
    Divide the photo into thirds
    Put objects of interest here!
    Focus Lock
    This can be helpful when
    offsetting the subject
    Put camera in One Shot
    focus on subject
    While holding focus
    move camera to
    desired position
  • 38. Tricks!
    Line
    There’s Lots:
    Horizontal
    Restful, Status quo
    Vertical
    Height, Power, Balance
    Diagonal
    Movement or Order
    Curves
    Most appealing
    to the eye
  • 39. Tricks!
    Orientation
    Tip it!
    Many forget that the camera
    can be rotated
    Horizontal Composition
    Width, wide open
    Vertical Composition
    Height
    In Between
    Dynamic, unexpected
  • 40. Tricks!
    Depth of Field
    How to change it:
    Aperture
    Zoom
    Distance between subject
    and background
  • 41. Tricks!
    Perspective
    We are used to seeing the world
    in ~50mm from between 4-7 feet
    off the ground-shake it up!
    Zoom out & move in
    or
    Zoom in & move out
    Angle
    Subject eye level
  • 42. Practice
    Exercises
    Experiment with various
    functions and features
    Ask questions

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