Learn Digital Photography


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The presentation from the UND GaPS workshop, Learn Digital Photography. Unfortunately the animation of the slides does not work here, so on some slides only one image will be visible- all the text is still there however.
To see more of my work or send me questions, visit my webpage at: www.twerberg.com

  • Dear Nathan - Its been a very useful intro to Digital PHOTOGRAPHY.
    Thanks. And expecting more to come.
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Learn Digital Photography

  1. 1. Learn DigitalPhotography<br />Presented By<br />GaPS<br />
  2. 2. Patrick McLaughlin<br />Nathan Twerberg<br />
  3. 3. What We’ll Cover:<br />Some Camera Basics<br />How the camera<br /> changes images<br />Modes<br />Tricks<br />
  4. 4. The Basics<br />SLR v Point n Shoot<br />Image Quality<br />
  5. 5. The Basics<br />SLR v Point n Shoot<br />SLR <br /> Choose your picture<br />  Many different Lenses<br />  Many Photo Settings<br />  Tend to be bulky<br />sometimes complex<br />Higher Image quality<br />Point and Shoot<br /> simplicity<br />More modes for <br />quick selection<br />Many different modes<br />  Cannot “create”<br /> your picture<br />  Usually small enough<br /> to fit in your pocket<br />
  6. 6. The Basics<br />Image Quality<br />Pixels:<br />-What are they?<br /> - Is quantity <br />important?<br /> - What size of <br />pictures can I print?<br />-Quality can always<br />be lowered later! <br />
  7. 7. The Basics<br />A note on <br />Digital zoom &<br />In camera edits<br />-Only if you cant <br />do it later<br />
  8. 8. A Photograph isnothing but a recording of light<br />What AffectsThe Light<br />?<br />
  9. 9. What AffectsThe Light<br />Lenses<br />Shutter <br />Aperture<br />ISO<br />White Balance<br />Flash<br />
  10. 10. What AffectsThe Light<br />Lenses<br />Without lens<br />
  11. 11. What AffectsThe Light<br />Lenses<br />With a lens<br />Controls how<br />much and<br />what angle of <br />light enters the<br />camera<br />
  12. 12. What AffectsThe Light<br />Lenses<br />Focal Length<br />Measured in mm<br />“10x” is a measure of range<br />Equivalents<br />Name ranges (on 35mm) <br />
  13. 13. What AffectsThe Light<br />Lenses<br />
  14. 14. What AffectsThe Light<br />Lenses<br />
  15. 15. What AffectsThe Light<br />Shutter<br />Controls how long<br />the camera is <br />recording an image<br />(how much light <br />gets in)<br />
  16. 16. What AffectsThe Light<br />Shutter<br />Motion & <br />Shutter Speed<br />1 Hour<br />1/1000<br />Second<br />2.5 Seconds<br />
  17. 17. What AffectsThe Light<br />Aperture<br />A resizable opening<br />Controls light and<br />Depth of Field<br />
  18. 18. What AffectsThe Light<br />Aperture<br />3.5<br />11<br />
  19. 19. What AffectsThe Light<br />ISO<br />The camera’s sensitivity to light<br />Increasing it will increase<br />the amount of light picked<br />up by the image sensor<br />80<br />100<br />200<br />400<br />800<br />1600 <br />
  20. 20. What AffectsThe Light<br />ISO<br />Increasing ISO also increases <br />the graininess of images<br />It is generally good to keep <br />the ISO as low as possible<br />while still having<br /> desired settings <br />
  21. 21. Exposure<br />Combining all three<br />
  22. 22. What AffectsThe Light<br />White Balance<br />Auto<br />Custom<br />Fluorescent<br />Cloudy<br />Incandescent<br />
  23. 23. What AffectsThe Light<br />Flash<br />Distance<br />Not too close<br />Not too far<br />Motion<br />Freeze it!<br />Bounce or Diffuse<br />Adjust Strength<br />Unexpected Uses<br />
  24. 24. Camera Modes<br />Auto<br />Sports<br />Landscape<br />Portrait<br />Macro<br />Night<br />Semi Auto<br />Manual<br />
  25. 25. Camera Modes<br />Auto<br />The camera determines all<br />settings based on histogram<br />Doesn’t allow much<br />creative control<br />
  26. 26. Camera Modes<br />Sports/Action Mode<br />Fast shutter speeds <br />Continual AF Modes<br />Higher ISOs<br />Rapid shooting enabled<br />
  27. 27. Camera Modes<br />Landscape<br />Uses higher aperture values<br />To create deep focus<br />(Smaller Hole)<br />Tip: Focus 1/3 of the depth<br />Tip: The sky, position and time <br />
  28. 28. Camera Modes<br />Portrait<br />Uses small aperture values <br />to decrease depth of field<br />(bigger hole)<br />Tip: Use zoom to help<br />reduce DOF<br />Red eye reduction flash<br />if your camera has it <br />
  29. 29. Camera Modes<br />Macro<br />Allows camera to focus on <br />nearby objects<br />Also uses small aperture <br />values to decrease depth <br />of field<br />(bigger hole)<br />
  30. 30. Camera Modes<br />Night<br />Uses “Slow Shutter Synchro”<br />Flash with slow shutter speeds<br />allows flash to illuminate subj<br />while ambient light fills in<br />Tips: Hold camera steady<br />for sharp result…<br />experiment with lights<br />and motion for cool<br />effects<br />
  31. 31. Camera Modes<br />Semi Auto<br />P<br />Allows slightly greater control<br />User can alter select between<br />preset shutter and aperture <br />combinations<br />A or Av<br />Allows the user to select <br />aperture value, camera<br />decides the rest <br />S or Tv<br />Allows the user to <br />select shutter speed<br />camera decides the rest<br />
  32. 32. Camera Modes<br />Manual<br />Allows the user full control <br />of all settings<br />User must determine the <br />correct combination to<br />create desired effect<br />Tip: When using Manual,<br />know the effect you are<br />looking for, and set the<br />corresponding setting <br />first<br />
  33. 33. Camera Modes<br />Manual<br />Blub setting<br />Holds shutter open as long as<br />button is depressed<br />User must gage how long for<br />correct lighting <br />Great for creative effects<br />Tripod & Remote<br />
  34. 34. Tricks!<br />Fill the Frame<br />Color or B&W?<br />The Rule of 1/3s<br />Focus Lock<br />Line<br />Orientation<br />Depth of Field<br />Perspective<br />
  35. 35. Tricks!<br />Fill the Frame<br />Its simple…<br />If there’s nothing else<br />Important, don’t show it<br />Try to only include what’s <br />important to the photo<br />If you can’t do it while<br /> shooting, crop <br />
  36. 36. Tricks!<br />Color or B&W?<br />Use black and white images when<br />You want to emphasize shape<br />Or<br />Color is distracting<br />Try Images in between for <br />different effect<br />
  37. 37. Tricks!<br />The Rule of 1/3s<br />It’s also Simple…<br />Divide the photo into thirds<br />Put objects of interest here!<br />Focus Lock<br />This can be helpful when<br />offsetting the subject<br />Put camera in One Shot<br />focus on subject<br />While holding focus<br />move camera to <br />desired position<br />
  38. 38. Tricks!<br />Line<br />There’s Lots:<br />Horizontal<br />Restful, Status quo<br />Vertical<br />Height, Power, Balance<br />Diagonal<br />Movement or Order<br />Curves<br />Most appealing<br />to the eye <br />
  39. 39. Tricks!<br />Orientation<br />Tip it!<br />Many forget that the camera<br />can be rotated<br />Horizontal Composition<br />Width, wide open<br />Vertical Composition<br />Height<br />In Between<br />Dynamic, unexpected<br />
  40. 40. Tricks!<br />Depth of Field<br />How to change it:<br />Aperture<br />Zoom<br />Distance between subject <br />and background<br />
  41. 41. Tricks!<br />Perspective<br />We are used to seeing the world<br /> in ~50mm from between 4-7 feet <br />off the ground-shake it up!<br />Zoom out & move in<br />or<br />Zoom in & move out<br />Angle<br />Subject eye level<br />
  42. 42. Practice<br />Exercises<br />Experiment with various<br /> functions and features<br />Ask questions<br />