The University of Memphis
                               Crisis Management Plan

                                  THE BAS...
natural environment, and (c) preserving University property, resources and
          operations.


3. Assumptions
    3.1....
6.1.2 Emergency Operations Center (EOC) – The EOC serves as a centralized
              management center for emergency op...
aircraft emergency and terrorism.


8. Leadership Framework for Crisis Management
    8.1. This leadership framework is ba...
8.4.3 The organizational structure of the CMT is shown below:

                                     Policy Group          ...
the varied institutional, student, and community responses that must be
         coordinated. Activation of all or portion...
10.3. Public Information Center. The purpose of the Public Information Unit is to
         maintain liaisons with the news...
safety.

11.4.3 Assistant Vice President of Physical Plant will have the responsibility of
       coordinating service eli...
11.4.10 Assistant Vice President for Human Resources will have the
              responsibility of ensuring procedures are...
13.4. A tertiary EOC will be located on South Campus in the case of major damage
         to the main campus. The tertiary...
14.10.    Police Services Dispatch will notify all members of the CMT-Operations
         Group per Section 9.5.2, and pro...
assistance operations directed by outside agencies. Assistance of this nature may
require implementation of this Crisis Ma...
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The University of Memphis Crisis Management Plan

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The University of Memphis Crisis Management Plan

  1. 1. The University of Memphis Crisis Management Plan THE BASIC PLAN 1. Introduction 1.1. The President of The University of Memphis has primary responsibility for effectively managing any crisis which might occur on or affect the University of Memphis campus*. 1.2. Emergency Management is normally divided into four phases or parts: mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery. Mitigation might be best described as those measures taken to avoid crises or perhaps to prevent small emergencies from becoming large crises. Examples include designing and constructing buildings in accordance with applicable fire and life safety codes, installing fire alarm and sprinkler systems, designing adequate storm water drainage systems, and designing and maintaining adequate and reliable water supplies. Preparedness is the development of plans and procedures necessary to enable the effective and efficient use of resources in the event of a crisis. Response and recovery are self explanatory. This Crisis Management Plan (CMP) will focus on the latter three phases. 1.3. This plan is designed to provide a flexible framework for crisis management rather than step-by-step directions for handling any and every conceivable crisis, although Annex 2 to this document specifies procedures for some types of potential crises on an individual basis. 1.4. University departments involved in crisis management are responsible for developing internal procedures and training personnel as necessary to support this plan and its Annexes. *For the purposes of this plan, “campus” includes main campus and South Campus. It does not include the UofM Carrier Center, the Millington Complex, the Speech and Hearing Center, or any other off-campus sites at which University classes are offered. 2. Purpose 2.1. The University of Memphis Crisis Management Plan (CMP) formally establishes and documents a coordinated plan for managing crises, whether large or small, which may arise in spite of all mitigation efforts. 2.2. The aim for this plan is to provide (a) a leadership framework for crisis management and (b) response and recovery procedures with sufficient flexibility to accommodate contingencies of various types and magnitude. 2.3. The plan will be periodically reviewed and regularly exercised so that when crises do occur, the University’s response will be effective and efficient in (a) protecting human life, health and well-being, (b) minimizing damage to the 1
  2. 2. natural environment, and (c) preserving University property, resources and operations. 3. Assumptions 3.1. A crisis may occur at any time of the day or night, weekend, or holiday, with little or no warning. 3.2. Community-wide disasters may mean that County and City emergency services may not be available to assist the University, particularly for the first day or two. The worse the crisis, the more The University of Memphis will be left on its own. Therefore, the University has as a goal to be prepared to be self- sufficient for 72 hours if the need arises. 4. Objectives 4.1. Protect and preserve human life, health and well-being. 4.2. Minimize damage to the natural environment. 4.3. Minimize loss, damage or disruption to the University’s facilities, resources and operations. 4.4. Ensure appropriate communications and notifications within the University, the community, and beyond. 4.5. Elicit a response which is appropriate to the magnitude of the crisis. 5. Scope 5.1. The scope of this plan is limited to: 5.1.1 Crises that may occur on any part of the University of Memphis campus, as defined in the footnote to Section 1.0. 5.1.2 Activities that commence from the first indication of a crisis condition and continue until the end of the incident. The end of the incident is defined as the time when non-crisis operations are resumed. 5.1.3 Nothing in this plan shall be construed in a manner that limits the use of good judgment and common sense in matters not foreseen or covered by the elements of the plan. 6. Definitions 6.1. For the purposes of this plan, a brief description is given for the following terms: 6.1.1 Crisis - An incident with the potential to cause deaths or injuries – physical and/or psychological - to students, faculty, staff, or the public; or to shut down business, disrupt operations, cause physical or environmental damage; or to threaten the institution’s financial standing or public image. 2
  3. 3. 6.1.2 Emergency Operations Center (EOC) – The EOC serves as a centralized management center for emergency operations. Here, decisions are made by the Crisis Management Team based upon information provided by the Incident Commander and other personnel. 6.1.3 Incident Commander - The individual in charge of the response to the crisis. Different individuals will take on the role of Incident Commander depending on the type of crisis and level of severity. Until Incident Command is formally ceded, the Director of Public Safety will assume Incident Command. 7. Types and Levels of Crisis 7.1. Limited Crisis – A limited crisis, within the scope of this plan, is any incident, potential or actual, which will not seriously affect the overall functional capacity of the university, but nevertheless requires some degree of action. In some cases, a limited crisis may be small enough that it can be effectively handled by the affected department(s). In other cases, it may require assistance from the University Police and from off-campus emergency response groups according to the standard operating procedures of the University Police. Examples of Limited Crises in the context of this plan include, but are not limited to the following: localized chemical spill, plumbing failure or water leak. 7.2. Controversial Issues. Issue driven and/or slowly developing situations that may negatively impact The University of Memphis. These situations are primarily people, rather than infrastructure, focused. Examples of controversial issues include, but are not limited to the following events: unscheduled or planned protests or disruptions; civil disturbances; unauthorized occupancy of campus areas; sexual assaults; hate crimes; controversial speakers; and bias related crimes. 7.3. Major Crisis. An incident posing major risk to University personnel, students, visitors, or resources that has caused or has the potential for causing fatalities or injuries and/or major damage. Such an incident is equivalent to a campus-wide ‘state of emergency,’ and is expected to require activation of the Crisis Management Team and the assistance of off-campus emergency response. A Limited Crisis or a Controversial Issue may develop into a Major Crisis. Examples of emergencies which are covered by this plan include, but are not limited to one or a combination of the following perils: infectious disease, fire, explosion, inclement weather, earthquake, building collapse, power failure, flood, wind, chemical release, radioactive contamination, riot, bomb threat, 3
  4. 4. aircraft emergency and terrorism. 8. Leadership Framework for Crisis Management 8.1. This leadership framework is based on the Incident Command System, which is designed to provide an organizational structure capable of responding to various levels of emergencies ranging in complexity. It also provides the flexibility needed to respond to an incident as it escalates in severity. Because of this flexibility: 8.1.1 The leadership framework for crisis management as defined in this plan does not resemble the day-to-day organizational structure of the University. Employees may report to other employees to whom they do not usually have a reporting relationship. 8.1.2 Further, assignments and reporting relationships may change as crisis conditions change. 8.2. The Crisis Management Team (CMT) coordinates the campus response to and recovery from Controversial Issues and Major Crises. 8.3. Each member of the CMT has a designated back-up. For the purposes of this plan and its Annexes, the primary CMT member will be mentioned by position title. However, it is to be assumed that if the primary CMT member is unavailable, his or her back-up will carry out the duties of the primary CMT member. 8.4. The CMT is composed of two teams or groups – the Policy Group and the Operations Group. 8.4.1 Role of Policy Group (CMT-Policy): - Defines Crisis Policy - Approves overall priorities & strategies - Issues public information reports & instructions - Determines program closures and resumptions - Plans and prioritizes long term recovery 8.4.2 Role of Operations Group (CMT-Operations): - Determines the scope and impact of the incident - Prioritizes emergency actions - Deploys and coordinates resources and equipment - Communicates critical information and instructions - Monitors and reevaluates conditions - Coordinates with government agencies 4
  5. 5. 8.4.3 The organizational structure of the CMT is shown below: Policy Group Public Information External Agencies Incident (EMA, Fire, Police, etc.) Commander Operations Group 9. Response Framework for Crisis Management 9.1. Any Unpredicted Crisis or Emergency. Report any crisis or emergency immediately to University of Memphis Police Services at 678-HELP (4357). 9.2. Police Services Dispatch will follow a defined sequence of responses for nearly all emergency situations: 9.2.1 Dispatch police officers and make appropriate fire and/or medical rescue calls 9.2.2 Notify the Director of Public Safety or designee according to departmental procedures. 9.2.3 Notify the Director of Environmental Health & Safety, the Assistant Vice President of Physical Plant, Student Health Services, and/or Residence Life per internal procedures. 9.2.4 If warranted, the Director of Public Safety will notify the President, the Vice President for Business & Finance, and/or other individuals, after crisis conditions have been verified by Environment Health & Safety, Physical Plant and/or Student Health Services. 9.2.5 The President or designee determines whether to declare a Major Crisis and notifies the Director of Public Safety. 9.2.6 See Section 14.3 for subsequent notification procedures. 9.3. Response to a Limited Crisis. The impacted departments or personnel coordinate directly with Public Safety, Environmental Health & Safety, Residence Life, or Physical Plant to resolve a Limited Crisis. Limited Crises are reported through normal channels (Police Services for issues of public safety, Physical Plant for building issues, Telecommunications for telephone problems, etc) and are handled based upon established departmental practices. Limited Crises do not require activation of the University’s Crisis Management Plan, although portions of the plan may be utilized (e.g., Building Evacuation procedures). 9.4. Response to a Controversial Issue. The University’s administrative staff comprise a critical group that must evaluate controversial issue situations on a case-by-case basis. Controversial situations can be quite complex because of 5
  6. 6. the varied institutional, student, and community responses that must be coordinated. Activation of all or portions of the Crisis Management Plan may be warranted. For example, the Crisis Communications Plan will normally be put into place when the University is addressing a Controversial Issue. 9.5. Response to a Major Crisis. 9.5.1 When a major crisis has been declared by the President or designee (see Section 9.2), such declaration authorizes the Director of Public Safety to activate the CMT-Operations Group. 9.5.2 Members of the CMT-Operations Group are notified by Police Services Dispatch. 9.5.3 Members of the CMT-Policy Group are notified by the President’s Office or the Office of the Vice President for Business & Finance. 9.5.4 When crisis conditions abate, the CMT-Policy Group and the Incident Commander determine the appropriate time to declare the state of Major Crisis over. 9.5.5 Prior to the assembling of the CMT-Operations Group, on scene responders are authorized to make necessary operational decisions and to commit resources to mitigate and control the crisis. Police Services may also request help from other departments on an emergency basis, including asking staff be pulled off less critical assignments to assist their officers. 9.5.6 If a Major Crisis is declared, it may become necessary to restrict access to specific areas on campus to authorized individuals. Only those authorized individuals who have been assigned crisis response duties will be allowed to enter an area or building affected by an incident. Access restrictions will be appropriately communicated. Failure to comply may result in disciplinary or legal action. 10. Crisis Management Team-Policy Group 10.1. Members of the CMT-Policy Group are notified by the President or the Vice President for Business & Finance. 10.2. Membership. The CMT-Policy Group consists of University leadership as follows: - President - Provost - Vice President for Advancement - Vice President for Business & Finance - Vice President for Information Systems - Vice President for Student Affairs - Legal Counsel - Director of Communications Services - others as needed depending on the nature of the incident 6
  7. 7. 10.3. Public Information Center. The purpose of the Public Information Unit is to maintain liaisons with the news media; provide news releases and other information as approved by the President; assure that official statements are issued only by those administrators authorized to issue such statements; assist in handling telephone inquiries from the public relative to the disaster; accredit bonafide members of the news media operating on campus. The Director of Communications Services is responsible for developing procedures related to the development of such a Center. 11. Crisis Management Team-Operations Group 11.1. Members of the CMT-Operations Group are notified by Police Services Dispatch, and follow provided instructions. 11.2. Once the CMT-Operations Group is activated, members report to the Operations Group Leader. 11.3. CMT-Operations Group Leadership 11.3.1 The CMT-Operations Group Leader has ultimate responsibility for activation, oversight and termination of the Emergency Operations Center (see Section 13). 11.3.2 The CMT-Operations Group Leader will serve as the Incident Commander except in those instances when Incident Command is ceded to a non- University official (see Section 12). - If Incident Command is ceded to a non-University official, the CMT- Operations Group Leader will be the Director of Public Safety. - In these instances, the Director of Public Safety may cede Operations Group Leadership to the Assistant Vice President for Physical Plant, the Director of Environmental Health and Safety or other University official, as the situation warrants. 11.4. CMT-Operations Group Membership & Responsibilities 11.4.1 Director of Public Safety will assume Incident Command in the majority of campus emergencies. The Director will furnish and direct manpower and equipment to cordon and maintain security in the affected area; conduct search and rescue operations; maintain traffic and crowd control; and direct large-scale evacuations. 11.4.2 Director of Environmental Health and Safety will coordinate safety and hazardous materials issues internally, with other government agencies, and with emergency services response personnel. The Director has responsibility for evaluating hazards to the environment, health, and 7
  8. 8. safety. 11.4.3 Assistant Vice President of Physical Plant will have the responsibility of coordinating service elimination and restoration with utility agencies; furnishing and directing manpower and equipment for restoring buildings to functional use; performing damage assessment and determining if buildings are structurally sound before being occupied. The Assistant VP will also have the responsibility of furnishing and directing manpower and equipment in setting up cleanup operations. 11.4.4 Designee of Director of Communications Services will serve as the liaison between the Public Information unit and the CMT-Operations Group. With the Public Information unit, this individual will coordinating the needs of the outside media and assist in providing news releases to the public. 11.4.5 Director of Telecommunications will provide alternate voice and data communications capability in the event normal telecommunications lines and equipment are disrupted. The Director will evaluate the requirements and select appropriate means of backing up the telecommunications network. 11.4.6 Designee of Provost will have the responsibility of informing and assigning responsibility to the Deans and the faculty. This individual will also serve as a liaison between faculty and the CMT-Operations Group, informing the crisis responders of the specific aspects of an affected facility 11.4.7 Designee of Vice President for Student Affairs will have the responsibility of ensuring that the care and shelter needs of resident students are met. This responsibility may include the evacuation and relocation of resident students, if necessary. This individual will serve as the liaison with student leaders, and will arrange for deployment of the Student Affairs Crisis Response Team, if warranted (Annex 7). The purpose of this team is to provide services to students in times of crisis or trauma. 11.4.8 Director of Residence Life will have the responsibility of ensuring that the care and shelter needs of resident students are met. This responsibility may include the evacuation and relocation of resident students, if necessary. 11.4.9 Director of Student Health Services will have the responsibility of coordinating medical aid in the event of a crisis, detecting disease, coordinating with non-University health care providers, and consulting on all health-related incidents. 8
  9. 9. 11.4.10 Assistant Vice President for Human Resources will have the responsibility of ensuring procedures are in place to provide response personnel with information regarding their families (see Section 14.14). The AVP-HR will coordinate services for affected faculty and staff to include referral for injuries covered by worker’s compensation, counseling services and EAP referrals, and staff notification through various communications channels. 12. Incident Command 12.1. University response under any crisis is normally directed by the University Police. The Director of Public Safety or designee will therefore normally assume Incident Command. 12.2. The Incident Commander has overall responsibility for the management of all operational activities related to the crisis, including post event assessment. 12.3. The Incident Commander is responsible for coordinating operational activities with external agencies (Police, Fire, EMA, Health Department, etc.). This responsibility may be delegated to another member of the Operations Group. 12.4. Incident command may be ceded by University Police to representatives of Physical Plant, Environmental Health and Safety, Student Health Services or other University units, as the situation warrants. 12.5. If warranted, incident command will be ceded to the governmental agency with the broadest jurisdictional authority (e.g., Memphis Fire Department, EMA, among others) for that incident. 12.6. If necessary, an Incident Command Post will be established at a location near the crisis which provides the best available location for observation and logistical support but which ensures an adequate level of safety. 12.6.1 The Incident Command Post is the location from which on-site response is staged and managed. 12.6.2 Communication facilities at the Incident Command Post will be made available for use by participating units. 12.6.3 Each responding agency and unit must have a representative present at the Incident Command Post. These representatives will identify themselves to the on-site commander. 13. Emergency Operations Center (EOC) 13.1. The requirements of the EOC of The University of Memphis are defined in Annex 4.1. 13.2. In cases of a Major Crisis, the Director of Public Safety may activate the Emergency Operations Center (EOC) which shall serve as the work space for the CMT-Operations Group. Normally, it will be located at the Public Safety Office in the Zach Curlin Parking Garage. See Annex 4.2 for details. 13.3. Should this location be destroyed or be inaccessible, the alternate location of the EOC will be in the FedEx Technology Institute (space to be determined). 9
  10. 10. 13.4. A tertiary EOC will be located on South Campus in the case of major damage to the main campus. The tertiary EOC will be in the Murphy Athletic Complex. 13.5. The Director of Public Safety is responsible for ensuring that these locations are appropriately equipped. 14. Communications 14.1. At the onset of a crisis, news is likely to spread quickly. Nevertheless, a formal plan must be in place and supporting protocols must be followed to ensure that all necessary notifications are reliably made. 14.2. Communications with Media. The University of Memphis Crisis Communications Plan (Annex 3) establishes procedures related to communications with external audiences (i.e., media, community, etc.). In line with this plan, a Public Information Center will be established in the event of a University crisis (see Section 10.3). 14.3. CMT Communications – Initial Notification. 14.4. The key University of Memphis communications hub is the Police Services Dispatch. The Physical Plant Facilities Operations unit serves as a back-up. 14.4.1 Polices Services Dispatch is the only communication link with 911 and the Memphis Police and Fire Departments. 14.4.2 Police Services or Physical Plant Facilities Operations will usually be the first to be notified of a crisis. Each unit shall ensure that any notification of a crisis is shared with the other unit. 14.5. As defined in Section 9.2, Police Services Dispatch will follow a defined sequence of responses for nearly all emergency situations: 14.5.1 Dispatch police officers and make appropriate fire and/or medical rescue calls 14.5.2 Notify the Director of Public Safety or designee according to departmental procedures. 14.5.3 Notify the Director of Environmental Health & Safety, the Assistant Vice President of Physical Plant, Student Health Services, and/or Residence Life per internal procedures. 14.6. If warranted, the Director of Public Safety will notify the President, the Vice President for Business & Finance, and/or other individuals, after crisis conditions have been verified by Environment Health & Safety, Physical Plant and/or Student Health Services. 14.7. The Vice President for Business & Finance or designee shall be responsible for contacting the President, the Provost, the Vice President for Student Affairs, the Vice President for Information Systems and others, as appropriate. 14.8. The President or designee determines whether to declare a Major Crisis and notifies the Director of Public Safety. 14.9. The Director of Public Safety notifies Police Services Dispatch of the declaration, and provides Dispatch with instructions for the CMT-Operations Group. 10
  11. 11. 14.10. Police Services Dispatch will notify all members of the CMT-Operations Group per Section 9.5.2, and provide them with appropriate instructions. 14.11. Communications Equipment. 14.12. Telephone will be the primary means of communications and will be used to contact CMT members and university departments. 14.13. Cellular phones, two-way radios and pagers will be issued to CMT members as appropriate. 14.14. Family Communications. In an emergency, personnel will need to know whether their families are okay. Taking care of one’s loved ones is always a first priority. As described in Section 11.4.10, the Assistant Vice President for Human Resources will develop appropriate procedures to address these needs in the case of a Major Crisis. 15. Plan Development, Maintenance & Dissemination 15.1. The Vice President for Business & Finance is the Responsible Executive Officer of the Crisis Management Program of The University of Memphis, and is as such responsible for ensuring that the plan is developed and maintained. 15.2. The maintenance and further development of the plan must be a shared responsibility, involving many departments and units across campus. The Vice President for Business & Finance shall appoint a CMP Coordinator to facilitate that work. 15.3. Each unit or department identified as having a role in this CMP is responsible for communicating the content of the CMP to its staff. 15.4. The CMP shall be reviewed annually by the Crisis Management Team- Operations Group and be modified as necessary. Results of the reviews and any changes to the CMP shall be reported to the President for approval. 15.5. As potential crises emerge, any member of the CMT-Operations Group may convene the Group to prepare hazard-specific plans. 15.6. Biannual exercises shall be held to train response personnel and evaluate the adequacy of the CMP. Reports of exercises shall be prepared and submitted to the President. 15.7. Each administrative and academic unit shall develop their own crisis plans. These plans will outline strategies for protecting department personnel and programs, and for coordinating with the whole. The Vice President for Business & Finance or designee will develop a common framework for this purpose. 16. Assistance to community by The University of Memphis. A crisis affecting the community may require local authorities to request the assistance of The University of Memphis personnel and/or facilities. It is logical to assume such assistance would most likely involve the necessity to provide temporary shelter for victims of a disaster and/or medical care for these persons. The University of Memphis will cooperate as much as reasonably possible in any emergency 11
  12. 12. assistance operations directed by outside agencies. Assistance of this nature may require implementation of this Crisis Management Plan. 12

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