Proposal of multilingual thesaurus for geoinformational ...Presentation Transcript
Proposal of multilingual thesaurus for geoinformational support of crisis management Petr Kubíček, Tomáš Káňa Masaryk University Laboratory on Geoinformatics and Cartography
Faculty of Science, Geographical Institute, Laboratory on Geoinformatics and Cartography
Faculty of Pedagogy, Department of German Language and Literature
Abteilung Internationale Zusammenarbeit
Johannes Mayer, Rudolf Legat
Why Disaster Management? - „ Disasters and catastrophic events don't care about the national borders!“
Crisis situations are of multidisciplinary nature - have to be managed in cooperation with different specialists
P repare a proposal of terminology unification, which would effectively facilitate communication related to prevention and management of crisis situations .
Creation and provision of access to a multidisciplinary multilingual thesaurus .
„ Do not reinvent the wheel“
MEDSI and TED Mercure Environmental Disaster Information System Team
Analysis of current status of crisis management terminology in the Czech Republic
Relationship with emergency management authorities of the Czech Republic
Joint workshop of TED team and the Masaryk University
Proposal of joint project for creation of a functional model of internet portal „Multilingual thesaurus for geoinformational support of crisis management“
Project Impact and Co-operation
The issue of crisis management and geoinformation is reflected in a wide range of project both on the national and European levels :
INSPIRE ( http:// inspire.jrc.it/home.html )
MEDSI ( http:// www.medsi.org )
GEOLAND ( http:// www.geoland.at )
Portal of the Public Administration Map S ervices ( http:// geoportal.cenia.cz/mapmaker/ceu/portal )
Thesaurus and Linguistic Background
Thesaurus – lexical meaning
New Latin for “treasure”, means “treasure of words”
tries to reflect mental dictionary
Kinds of Thesauri
general Thesauri include vocabulary of the common language
specific Thesauri include vocabulary of
specific field (such as Biology, History, Enviroment...)
Structure of Thesauri
Words have their meanings.
Every human being has its own imagination of that meaning.
Aim of a Thesaurus – help to coordinate this subjective me a ning
Structure of the mental lexicon:
Every word is a part of the lexical system of a language and stands in re la tions to other words:
superordinate terms – broader term
subordinate Terms – narrower term
related Term :
same meaning (quite rare)
almost the same meaning
Use examples as you please!
Interoperable Geoinformation and Emergency Management
Semantic Network Services
a thesaurus of environmental terms (UmThes®, German source of GEMET)
a gazetteer including the intersections between geographical objects of all kinds ( EuroGeonames, GN250, includes UN LOCODE);
a chronology of historical and contemporary events that have affected the environment .
Bi-lingual German/English Before SNS, these were three distinct ontologies.
Thesaurus Concept Term Component preferred broader composite related Synonym Descriptor Morphology as implemented in UmThes ® ISO 2788/5964
The Gazetteer Model GeoObject intersects Names Morphology part of Types / Layers Coordinates addressed by Open GIS Consortium (OGC)
Chronology Event sequence Names Morphology related Types Temporal Extent
Integration in a Topic Map Descriptor Topic Event Location Accident Community Nation Nuclear Accident Chernobyl radiation disaster 1986-04-26 Chernobyl ex. USSR situated in broader where what Nuclear Energy occurrence www.chernobyl.com/ Ukraine Thesaurus topic type topic association