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Proposal of multilingual thesaurus for geoinformational ... Proposal of multilingual thesaurus for geoinformational ... Presentation Transcript

  • Proposal of multilingual thesaurus for geoinformational support of crisis management Petr Kubíček, Tomáš Káňa Masaryk University Laboratory on Geoinformatics and Cartography
  • Project partners
    • Masaryk University
      • Faculty of Science, Geographical Institute, Laboratory on Geoinformatics and Cartography
        • Petr Kubíček
      • Faculty of Pedagogy, Department of German Language and Literature
        • Tomáš Káňa
    • Umweltbundesamt GmbH
      • Abteilung Internationale Zusammenarbeit
        • Johannes Mayer, Rudolf Legat
  • Why Disaster Management? - „ Disasters and catastrophic events don't care about the national borders!“
  • Project Objectives
    • Crisis situations are of multidisciplinary nature - have to be managed in cooperation with different specialists
    • P repare a proposal of terminology unification, which would effectively facilitate communication related to prevention and management of crisis situations .
    • Creation and provision of access to a multidisciplinary multilingual thesaurus .
    • „ Do not reinvent the wheel“
  • MEDSI and TED Mercure Environmental Disaster Information System Team
  • Project Activities
    • Analysis of current status of crisis management terminology in the Czech Republic
    • Relationship with emergency management authorities of the Czech Republic
    • Joint workshop of TED team and the Masaryk University
    • Proposal of joint project for creation of a functional model of internet portal „Multilingual thesaurus for geoinformational support of crisis management“
  • Project Impact and Co-operation
    • The issue of crisis management and geoinformation is reflected in a wide range of project both on the national and European levels :
    • INSPIRE ( http:// inspire.jrc.it/home.html )
    • MEDSI ( http:// www.medsi.org )
    • GEOLAND ( http:// www.geoland.at )
    • Portal of the Public Administration Map S ervices ( http:// geoportal.cenia.cz/mapmaker/ceu/portal )
  • Thesaurus and Linguistic Background
    • Thesaurus – lexical meaning
      • New Latin for “treasure”, means “treasure of words”
      • specific dictionary
      • tries to reflect mental dictionary
      • links words
    • Kinds of Thesauri
      • general Thesauri include vocabulary of the common language
      • specific Thesauri include vocabulary of
        • common language
        • specific field (such as Biology, History, Enviroment...)
  • Structure of Thesauri
    • Mental lexicon:
      • Words have their meanings.
      • Every human being has its own imagination of that meaning.
      • Aim of a Thesaurus – help to coordinate this subjective me a ning
    • Structure of the mental lexicon:
      • Every word is a part of the lexical system of a language and stands in re la tions to other words:
        • superordinate terms – broader term
        • subordinate Terms – narrower term
        • related Term :
          • same meaning (quite rare)
          • almost the same meaning
          • opposite meanig
    • Use examples as you please!
  • Interoperable Geoinformation and Emergency Management
  • (Geo)-Information Mining
  • Data Visualization
  • Semantic Network Services
      • a thesaurus of environmental terms (UmThes®, German source of GEMET)
      • a gazetteer including the intersections between geographical objects of all kinds ( EuroGeonames, GN250, includes UN LOCODE);
      • a chronology of historical and contemporary events that have affected the environment .
    Bi-lingual German/English Before SNS, these were three distinct ontologies.
  • Thesaurus Concept Term Component preferred broader composite related Synonym Descriptor Morphology as implemented in UmThes ® ISO 2788/5964
  • The Gazetteer Model GeoObject intersects Names Morphology part of Types / Layers Coordinates addressed by Open GIS Consortium (OGC)
  • Chronology Event sequence Names Morphology related Types Temporal Extent
  • Integration in a Topic Map Descriptor Topic Event Location Accident Community Nation Nuclear Accident Chernobyl radiation disaster 1986-04-26 Chernobyl ex. USSR situated in broader where what Nuclear Energy occurrence www.chernobyl.com/ Ukraine Thesaurus topic type topic association
  •  
  • Directions
    • 7th FP
    • eContentplus
    • INSPIRE
    • Public Sector Information (PSI) – metadata
    • Water Framework Dicetive (WFD)