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  1. 1. RECOVERY FROM “TOURISM CRISIS” ~ Case Studies of Bali and Phuket ~ Yetta Gurtner Centre for Disaster Studies James Cook University, Australia
  2. 2. Acknowledgements <ul><li>Centre for Disaster Studies, JCU </li></ul><ul><li>PhD Supervisors </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. David King </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Alison Cottrell </li></ul>
  3. 3. Recovery from Tourism Crisis Overview <ul><li>Risk Management, Crisis Management and Tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Case studies – Bali and Phuket </li></ul><ul><li>Destination vulnerability </li></ul><ul><li>Immediate/short term response </li></ul><ul><li>Recovery </li></ul>
  4. 4. Risk Management, Crisis Management and Tourism <ul><li>Risk Management </li></ul><ul><li>- Analyse, Assess, Mitigate Risk/Negative Impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Crisis Management </li></ul><ul><li>- Prevention, Preparation, Response, Recovery (PPRR) </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism Vulnerability </li></ul><ul><li>- Hazards: Natural, Anthropogenic, Technological </li></ul><ul><li>Destination Crisis Management </li></ul>
  5. 5. Bali: Isle of the Gods
  6. 6. Phuket: Pearl of the South
  7. 7. Case Studies – Bali and Phuket Bali Bombing – Kuta Beach October 12, 2002 South Asia Tsunami – Southern Thailand December 26, 2004
  8. 8. Destination Vulnerability Holism <ul><li>Holism – understanding the context </li></ul><ul><li>Political, economic, social, environmental background </li></ul><ul><li>Developing nations </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism development </li></ul><ul><li>Reliance on tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Hazard awareness and mitigation </li></ul>
  9. 11. Immediate/Short Term Response Integration <ul><li>Emergency response effort/volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>Medical capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Media perceptions </li></ul><ul><li>Safety and security </li></ul><ul><li>Communications </li></ul><ul><li>Relief funding/assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholder reaction – government, tourism, community </li></ul>
  10. 13. Recovery Proactive and Sustainable <ul><li>Medium to long term – social, economic, environment </li></ul><ul><li>Crisis Recovery = Opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional reform </li></ul><ul><li>- Hazard awareness </li></ul><ul><li>- Education </li></ul><ul><li>- Resource sharing </li></ul><ul><li>- Stakeholder participation </li></ul><ul><li>Mitigation </li></ul>
  11. 16. Destination Crisis Management “The Ideal” <ul><li>Holistic </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated </li></ul><ul><li>Proactive </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable </li></ul>
  12. 17. The Crisis Management Continuum Environment Economics Society/Politics HAZARD HAZARD HAZARD HAZARD Relief Rehabilitation Reconstruction Mitigation Preparedness Response Phase Risk Reduction Phase Trigger event
  13. 18. QUESTIONS

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