Emergency Management Planning for Universities and Colleges Eric Klingensmith, Psy.D. Post-Doctoral Fellow/Coordinator Critical Incident Response Team Grand Valley State University’s Counseling Center and Housing/Residence Life Offices [email_address]
Introduce the concept of “All Hazards” concept of Emergency Management/Planning.
Introduce the four phases of Emergency Management.
Discuss application of the phases of Emergency Management in University and College environments
Introduce planning questions for Universities and Colleges.
What is an Emergency/Disaster
“ Disasters are the final exam for a community, when they have not even taken the course.”
(D. O’Nieal, Superintendent of the National Fire Academy - From: Emergency Management for Universities and Colleges Workshop - Lori Hornbeck, Asst. Training Officer – Michigan State Police-EMD)
Emergency Management is…
A system that deals with events that potentially can cause…
Injuries and death
Disruption of campus community life
(From: Emergency Management for Universities and Colleges Workshop - Lori Hornbeck, Asst. Training Officer – Michigan State Police-EMD)
Completing a Hazard Analysis
Foundation to all emergency planning efforts
Should be one of the first steps in designing an emergency program
Examining vulnerability as well as potential impact of all types of hazards.
Planning for not just the “big ones”, but also the little ones (“everyday crises”).
Different Types of Crises, Emergencies, and Disasters
Commonplace for Setting/Environment (historical)
Some “Unique” Hazards for Universities and Colleges
Unsafe and antiquated infrastrucutre/buildings
Hazardous Materials (HAZMAT)
Death of students
(Adapted From: Emergency Management for Universities and Colleges Workshop - Lori Hornbeck, Asst. Training Officer – Michigan State Police-EMD)
Four Phases of Emergency Management Mitigation Preparedness Response Recovery
Effort to correct, prevent, or reduce the impact of an identified problem.
“ An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.”
Some ways to mitigate:
Modify the hazard by removing it all together or controlling its size, amount, etc.
Keep the hazard away or keep people away from the hazard.
Adapt to the hazard.
Early warning, education, etc.
Can’t mitigate from all disasters or situations.
So, how are you going to respond when something does happen.
EOP’s – Emergency Operation Plan versus
EAG’s – Emergency Action Guidelines
All of your campuses/areas included in the planning?
Disaster Assumptions vs. Reality
What happens when a fire alarm is sounded in a dorm?
What happens when tornado sirens go off?
Whose going to respond to help (emergency services/first responders, staff, faculty, students, etc.)?