Emergency Management Institute Higher Education Project


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Emergency Management Institute Higher Education Project

  1. 1. Emergency Management Institute Higher Education Project B. Wayne Blanchard, Ph.D., CEM (301) 447-1262, wayne.blanchard@fema.gov http://www.training.fema.gov/EMIWeb/edu June 14, 2002 Draft
  2. 2. EM Hi-Ed Project Presentation Table of Contents <ul><li>Hi-Ed Project Background----- pp. 2-28 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Goals, The EM Profession, Audiences, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Philosophical Context, Activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technocratic/Social Vulnerability Approach </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EM Hi-Ed Project Courses----- pp.29-42 </li></ul><ul><li>Degree Program Information--pp.43-51 </li></ul><ul><li>Course Development Info.----- pp.52-59 </li></ul><ul><li>Additional Course Info.----------pp.60-96 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Goals EMI Higher Education Project <ul><li>(1) Increase Collegiate Study of Hazards, </li></ul><ul><li> Disasters, and EM </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Enhance EM Profession, and </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Support Colleges & Universities </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why Enhance and Study EM? <ul><li>In order to accomplish EM responsibilities nationwide, a cadre of professionals is required at every level of government and within the private sector which can bring to an organizational management team requisite knowledge-based competencies (education) and skills-based operational competencies (training). </li></ul>
  5. 5. Definition of “Profession” <ul><li>“ A Vocation or occupation requiring advanced education and training, and involving intellectual skills, as medicine, law, theology, engineering, teaching, etc.…” ( Webster’s New World Dictionary, Third College Edition ) </li></ul>
  6. 6. What Constitutes A Profession? <ul><li>Systematic Body of Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>System for Advancement and Dissemination of Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>College Degrees in Subject Area </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of Minimum Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Standards of Conduct or Ethics </li></ul><ul><li>Professional Societies </li></ul><ul><li>Public Recognition </li></ul>
  7. 7. Emergency Manager Stereotype Goal: Enhance EM Profession <ul><li>Not College Educated (4-year Degree) </li></ul><ul><li>White </li></ul><ul><li>Middle to Late Middle-Aged </li></ul><ul><li>Male </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency Mgmt. is 2nd or 3rd Career </li></ul><ul><li>Job Obtained Other Than With EM Competencies </li></ul>
  8. 8. Emergency Manager Stereotype Goal: Enhance EM Profession <ul><li>Spends E.M. Career In One Jurisdiction </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster Response Planning Oriented </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reactive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Command and Control Style </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Works Primarily With Emergency Services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bureaucratic </li></ul><ul><li>Works in Isolation from Community Served </li></ul><ul><li>Plans FOR Jurisdiction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Primarily Disaster Response Oriented </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Emergency Manager Stereotype Goal: Enhance EM Profession <ul><li>Minimal Access to Top Decision-Makers </li></ul><ul><li>Has Not Done a Risk Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Has Not Done a Mitigation Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Has Not Done a Strategic Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Has Not Joined EM Professional Assoc. </li></ul><ul><li>Doesn’t Read Disaster Research Lit. </li></ul><ul><li>Resistant to Change </li></ul>
  10. 10. Emer.Mgr. Stereotype (Con’t) Goal: Enhance EM Profession <ul><li>Knowledge Base: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Experiential (Learns on the Job) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consensus (Others who Learned on Job) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Past Practice </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Frequently Wears Other Hats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Or Is “The Other Hat” (e.g. Fire Dept. First) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Not Well Paid or Funded </li></ul><ul><li>Many Part-Time & Volunteer Positions </li></ul>
  11. 11. New Generation Emergency Managers Goal: Enhance EM Profession <ul><li>College Educated--Many With EM Degrees </li></ul><ul><li>More Professional and Knowledgeable </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge Base: Science and Research </li></ul><ul><li>Technologically More Capable/Adept </li></ul><ul><li>Younger </li></ul><ul><li>More Diverse and Culturally Sensitive </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency Mgmt. Career of 1st Choice </li></ul>
  12. 12. New Generation Emergency Managers Goal: Enhance EM Profession (Con’t) <ul><li>Risk-Based Approach to Emergency Management </li></ul><ul><li>Building Disaster Resilient Communities Focus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I.E., A Catalyst for a Safer America </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Emphasizes Social Vulnerability Reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Programmatically Rooted in E.M. Fundamentals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comprehensive Emergency Management (I.e., All Hazards) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Works On All Four Phases of the Disaster Life Cycle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pursues Integrated Emergency Management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>An Executive Manager, Facilitator, Networker, Partner, </li></ul>
  13. 13. New Generation Emergency Managers Goal: Enhance EM Profession (Con’t) <ul><li>Does Strategic Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Plans With Jurisdictional Stakeholders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Partnering and Networking </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Proactive </li></ul><ul><li>Life-Long Learner--Reads Disaster Lit. </li></ul><ul><li>Joins Professional Associations </li></ul><ul><li>Better Paid </li></ul><ul><li>Better Funding for E.M. Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Upwardly and Geographically Mobile </li></ul><ul><li>Broader Range of Working Contacts </li></ul>
  14. 14. Broader Range of Working Contacts Goal: Enhance EM Profession <ul><li>Elected and Appointed Officials </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Development Commissions </li></ul><ul><li>Planning and Zoning Boards/Commissions </li></ul><ul><li>Risk Managers </li></ul><ul><li>Building Departments and Code Enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>Developers -- Business Community in General </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Resources/EPA Organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Storm Water and Floodplain Managers </li></ul><ul><li>Academia and Professional Organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Community Based Organizations </li></ul>
  15. 15. Bottom Line A person who can articulate A persuasive and defendable case For disaster prevention and reduction To top elected and appointed officials.
  16. 16. Audiences Goal: Enhance EM Profession <ul><li>Typical College Students </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Juniors and Seniors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upon Graduation-- Enter EM Profession </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upon Graduation Enter Other Professions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public, Private, and Volunteer Sectors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Practitioners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhance Professionalism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Affiliated Practitioners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Want to Enter the Field </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Want Advancement/Knowledge Expansion </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Philosophical Context Overview Goal: Enhance EM Profession <ul><li>E.M. of the Future, Not E.M. as is Today </li></ul><ul><li>Building Disaster Resilient Communities </li></ul><ul><li>Balance Technocratic/Vulnerability Models </li></ul><ul><li>I.E. Paradigm Shift </li></ul>
  18. 18. Future of Emergency Management Goal: Enhance EM Profession <ul><li>New Hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Greater Hazard Frequency and Intensity </li></ul><ul><li>Escalating Costs </li></ul><ul><li>Growing Societal Vulnerability </li></ul><ul><li>Paradigm Shift -- a matter not of making minor corrections, but of adjusting to a major conceptual revolution. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Building Disaster Resilient Communities Goal: Enhance EM Profession <ul><li>Sustainable Development Philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>Unconstrained Development = Disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic Community Planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart Growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long Term View </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Respect and Defend the Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Network and Partner </li></ul>
  20. 20. Building Disaster Resilient Communities Networking and Partnering <ul><li>BDRC Too Big for One or Small Number </li></ul><ul><li>Bring People Together from Variety of Backgrounds and Disciplines to Refract Problems Through Prism of Complementary Minds Allied in Common Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthens Social, Economic, and Environmental Resiliency </li></ul>
  21. 21. Building Disaster Resilient Communities Goal 1: Enhance EM Profession <ul><li>Looks at Built and Social Environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce Vulnerability of People </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce Vulnerability of Structures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Seek Inter and Intra-Governmental Equity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality of Life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Responsibility for Future Generations </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Building Disaster Resilient Communities The Future of Emergency Management <ul><li>From Background to Boardroom </li></ul><ul><li>Long-term and Global Perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Four-Phases Disaster Life Cycle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Holistic -- Not Just Advanced Mitigation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Emer. Mgmt. Will Equate With BDRC </li></ul>
  23. 23. Technocratic versus Vulnerability Approach to Emergency Management Goal 1: Enhance EM Profession <ul><li>Technocratic Model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on Physical Processes of Hazard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apply Managerial Problem Solving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apply Technology, Engineering, Money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tends to be Top-Down Approach </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vulnerability Model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on Socio-Economic-Political Factors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce Vulnerability of People </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bottom-Up Approach </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Technocratic vs. Vulnerability Approach <ul><li>Focus: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical Processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce Damage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Style -- Managerial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hierarchical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Key Individuals and Orgs. Problem Solve </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apply Technology, Engineering, Money </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Philosophical Orientation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Utilitarian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conquer Nature </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Method ( Deconstructionist) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Newtonian Physics Analogy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Focus: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce People Vulner. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Style -- Collegial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decentralized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community Approach to Problem Understanding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apply Creativity, Imagination, Pressure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Philosophical Orientation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Egalitarian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Live with Nature </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Method: (Holistic) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quantum Physics Analogy </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Newtonian vs. Quantum Physics Analogy <ul><li>Deconstructionist </li></ul><ul><li>Apply Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Look for Simplicity </li></ul><ul><li>Isolate </li></ul><ul><li>Independent Parts </li></ul><ul><li>Parts Equal Whole </li></ul><ul><li>Distant Observer </li></ul><ul><li>Objective Reality </li></ul><ul><li>Holistic </li></ul><ul><li>Apply Synthesis </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize Complexity </li></ul><ul><li>Contextualize </li></ul><ul><li>Interdependent Parts </li></ul><ul><li>Whole Greater than Parts </li></ul><ul><li>Involved Activist </li></ul><ul><li>Subjective Reality </li></ul>
  26. 26. Paradigm Shift? <ul><li>Paradigm: The overall framework of basic assumptions used to analyze and interpret data, view the world, understand reality. </li></ul><ul><li>Anything that we perceive or say about the world is necessarily couched within some frameworked way of looking at it. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Paradigmatic Ways of Looking at the World <ul><li>Religious -- Revelation </li></ul><ul><li>Philosophical -- Contemplation </li></ul><ul><li>Tribal -- Tradition </li></ul><ul><li>Technocratic -- Observation </li></ul><ul><li>Vulnerability -- Participative, Interactive </li></ul>
  28. 28. HiEd Project Activities Goal 2: College and University Support <ul><li>Maintenance of the “College List” </li></ul><ul><li>Compilation of EM Course Syllabi </li></ul><ul><li>Proposals Compendium </li></ul><ul><li>Letters of Support, Consultation </li></ul><ul><li>Annual EM HiEd Conference at EMI </li></ul><ul><li>Intern Opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Resource Center Access </li></ul>
  29. 29. Types of HiEd Project Activities Goal 2: College and University Support <ul><li>Associate Degree Level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wide Range of Training Courses Available </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CD ROM and EMI Course Catalog </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bachelor Degree Level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developed EM Curriculum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Support Emergency Mgmt. Department </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Farmed-Out to Existing Departments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Courses to Support Other Disciplines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Graduate Level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Modify Advanced HiEd Courses </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. EM HiEd Project Course Information
  31. 31. EM HiEd Project Courses Goal 2: College and University Support <ul><li>Mostly Upper Division, Class-Room Based </li></ul><ul><li>Modifiable to Lower Division, Graduate </li></ul><ul><li>Developed via Contract by Academics </li></ul><ul><li>Academic Education, Not Advanced Training </li></ul><ul><li>Ready-To-Teach </li></ul><ul><li>More Than Can Be Taught in Semester </li></ul>
  32. 32. Courses Developed (11) Goal 2: College and University Support <ul><li>The Sociology of Disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Social Dimensions of Disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Political & Policy Basis of Emer.Mgmt. </li></ul><ul><li>Research & Analysis Methods in E.M. </li></ul><ul><li>Technology and Emergency Mgmt. </li></ul><ul><li>Business and Industry Crisis Management </li></ul>
  33. 33. Courses Developed (Con’t) Goal 2: College and University Support <ul><li>Public Administration and Emer. Mgmt. </li></ul><ul><li>Individual and Community Disaster Ed. </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism, Travel and Hospitality Mgmt. Industries and Emergency Management </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards Mitigation Principles and Practice </li></ul><ul><li>Terrorism and Emergency Management </li></ul>
  34. 34. Courses Under Development (10) Goal 2: College and University Support <ul><li>Building Disaster Resilient Communities </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster Response Operations & Management </li></ul><ul><li>Earthquake Hazard and Emer. Management </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency Management Skills & Principles </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards Risk Assessment </li></ul>
  35. 35. Courses Under Development (Con’t) Goal 2: College and University Support <ul><li>Holistic Disaster Recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Living in a Hazardous Environment </li></ul><ul><li>New Directions in Hazards Mitigation—Breaking the Disaster Life Cycle (Grad. Course) </li></ul><ul><li>Social Vulnerability Approach to Emer.Mgmt. </li></ul><ul><li>Theory, Principles and Fundamentals of Hazards, Disasters and US Emer.Mgmt. </li></ul>
  36. 36. Course Development Suggestions (1) Goal 2: College and University Support <ul><li>Cost-Benefit Analysis in Emer.Mgmt. </li></ul><ul><li>Creating a Safety First Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Issues In Emergency Mgmt. </li></ul><ul><li>EM for Grad Schools of Social Work </li></ul><ul><li>Ethical Considerations and Issues in E.M. </li></ul><ul><li>Floodplain Management </li></ul>
  37. 37. Course Development Suggestions (2) Goal 2: College and University Support <ul><li>Hazards Engineering Fundamentals for Non-Engineers </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards Mapping </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards Risk Management </li></ul><ul><li>Health/Medical Issues for Emer. Managers </li></ul><ul><li>Holistic Disaster Recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Hurricane Hazard Management </li></ul>
  38. 38. Course Development Suggestions (3) Goal 2: College and University Support <ul><li>Land Use Planning (Natural/Tech.Hazards) </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Issues in Emergency Management </li></ul><ul><li>Mitigation Loss Reduction Methods/Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Risk in the Built Environment -- Disaster Management for the Building Profession </li></ul><ul><li>Small/Rural Jurisdiction EM Capability Bldg. </li></ul><ul><li>Technological Hazards Management </li></ul>
  39. 39. Emergency Mgmt. Curriculum <ul><li>Building Disaster Resilient Communities </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster Response Operations & Management </li></ul><ul><li>Earthquake Hazard and Emer. Management </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency Management Skills & Principles </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards, Disasters and the U.S. E.M. System </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards Mitigation Principles and Practice </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards Risk Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Individual and Community Disaster Ed. </li></ul><ul><li>Living in a Hazardous Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Political & Policy Basis of Emer.Mgmt. </li></ul><ul><li>Public Administration and Emer. Mgmt </li></ul><ul><li>Research & Analysis Methods in E.M. </li></ul><ul><li>Social Dimensions of Disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Technology and Emergency Mgmt. </li></ul><ul><li>Terrorism and Emergency Management </li></ul><ul><li>Social Vulnerability Approach to Emergency Mgmt. </li></ul>
  40. 40. Courses to Support Other Disciplines Goal 2: Support Colleges and Universities <ul><li>Business and Industry Crisis Management </li></ul><ul><li>Living in a Hazardous Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Political and Policy Basis of Emergency Mgmt. </li></ul><ul><li>Public Administration and Emergency Mgmt. </li></ul><ul><li>Sociology of Disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism, Travel and Hospitality Mgmt. Industries and Emergency Management </li></ul>
  41. 41. Course Distribution Goal 2: College and University Support <ul><li>Via Internet: http://www.fema.gov/emi/edu </li></ul><ul><li>CD ROM </li></ul><ul><li>Via National Technical Info. Service (Dept. of Commerce) </li></ul>
  42. 42. Emergency Management and Related Degree Program Information
  43. 43. Degree Programs - 1995 Goal 3: EM Program in All States <ul><li>University of North Texas (BS) </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Edison University (BS) </li></ul><ul><li>Rochester Institute of Technology (BS) </li></ul><ul><li>UCLA Continuing Ed Certificate Pgm. </li></ul><ul><li>University of Wisconsin Diploma Pgm. </li></ul>
  44. 44. Degree Programs - 2002 Goal 3: EM Program in All States <ul><li>81 College Emergency Mgmt.Programs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>34 Certificates, Minors, Diplomas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>11 Associate Degrees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8 Bachelor Degrees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>21 Masters-Level Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7 Doctoral-Level Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>41 Others Under Development or Investigation </li></ul>
  45. 45. Emergency Management College Programs by FY Wisc------- TESC------- RIT------- UNT------- Project Begins-------- UC-Berk------
  46. 46. Map of US Showing Status of EM College Programs by State Emer. Mgmt. Program in Place = Proposed Emer. Mgmt. Program = No Program = Related Emer. Mgmt. Program =
  47. 47. State Map Break-Out <ul><li>31 States, DC & Puerto Rico Have EM Pgms. </li></ul><ul><li>11 States Are Investigating EM Programs </li></ul><ul><li>5 States Have EM-Related Programs </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>B&I Loss Prevention, Safety Management </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency Services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental Studies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hazardous Materials Management </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Natural Hazards Risk Management </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>3 States Have No EM or Related Program </li></ul>
  48. 48. Departmental Location of Bachelor Degree Programs in Emer. Mgmt. <ul><li>Building Construction, School of Arch. </li></ul><ul><li>Business Dept. (Fire and EM Degree) </li></ul><ul><li>Continuing Studies, School of </li></ul><ul><li>Emer.Admin & Mgmt.,Community Ed Sch </li></ul><ul><li>Human Services Management Dept. </li></ul><ul><li>Information and Mgmt. Technology Dept. </li></ul><ul><li>Interdisciplinary Technology Dept. </li></ul><ul><li>Public Administration (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Public Service, Department of </li></ul>
  49. 49. Problems/Challenges Schools With EM Certificates/Degrees Report (23) <ul><li>Academic qualifications of students (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Academic recognition (3) </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative and public support/recognition (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Career counseling/placement (4) </li></ul><ul><li>Change, keeping up with tech. & policy change (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Curriculum -- Need broad, solid and full curr. (4) </li></ul><ul><li>Distance Learning Arrangements (6) </li></ul>
  50. 50. Problems/Challenges Schools With EM Certificates/Degrees Report (23) <ul><li>Faculty -- recruiting qualified faculty (11) </li></ul><ul><li>Funding -- pgm./course development, staff, research (12) </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing (4) </li></ul><ul><li>Program Growth Pains (6) </li></ul><ul><li>Recruitment/Practitioner lack of interest (7) </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching (3) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Theory/practice balance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Making it interesting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Textbooks/Readings (4) </li></ul>
  51. 51. Emergency Management Course Development Information
  52. 52. Course Level <ul><li>Not Introductory Course--Have Several </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hazards, Disasters and U.S. Emer.Mgmt. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political and Policy Basis of Emer.Mgmt. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hazards Mitigation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Senior Level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Addresses Public Policy Issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Futuristic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Could Be Used at Graduate Level </li></ul></ul>
  53. 53. Course Session Layout <ul><li>Title of Course, Session, Length of Time </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Scope </li></ul><ul><li>Readings -- Instructor and Student </li></ul><ul><li>Requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Remarks </li></ul><ul><li>Supplemental Considerations </li></ul><ul><li>References </li></ul>
  54. 54. Knowledge, Skills and Abilities to be Emphasized in Sessions Goal 1: Enhance EM Profession <ul><li>Analytical Thinking -- Ability to Evaluate </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to Synthesize Information </li></ul><ul><li>Communication Skills -- Written, Oral </li></ul><ul><li>Creativity, Imagination, Adaptability </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity Sensitivity </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership and Followership Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Management Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Networking and Consensus-Building </li></ul><ul><li>Physical and Social Context Sensitivity </li></ul><ul><li>Problem Solving & Strategic Thinking </li></ul>
  55. 55. Deliverables <ul><li>Work Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Syllabus--Course Outline & Readings </li></ul><ul><li>Drafts of Individual Sessions as Developed </li></ul><ul><li>Complete First Draft--Global Review Process </li></ul><ul><li>2nd (3rd if necessary) Drafts Based on Review Comments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic (Microsoft Office 2000) and Camera-Ready Copies </li></ul></ul>
  56. 56. Previous Problem Areas in HiEd Course Development <ul><li>Written in Narrative Format -- Textbook </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Material Needs to be Broken Out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bullets -- I. E. Instructor User Friendly! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Not Very Interactive -- Lecture Format </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Need Student Activities, Exercises, Engagement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Minimum Use of Instructor Tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Need Power Point Slides/Overheads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Case Studies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Content -- Comprehensiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Poorly Written </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Out-of-Print or Hard-to-Get Readings </li></ul>
  57. 57. Copyright Approvals <ul><li>Responsibility of Course Developer </li></ul><ul><li>Usually Applies to Charts, Graphs, Tables, Photographs </li></ul><ul><li>The Earlier the Better </li></ul>
  58. 58. Course Development Considerations <ul><li>Developer Cannot Copyright Course </li></ul><ul><li>Not to be Tailored to a Specific State </li></ul><ul><li>Not to be “FEMA-Centric” </li></ul><ul><li>Not to be Single-Hazard Specific </li></ul><ul><li>Complete & Generous Source Citations </li></ul>
  59. 59. Additional Information on Existing and Proposed Hi-Ed Project Courses
  60. 60. Sociology of Disaster Course <ul><li>Dr. Thomas Drabek, Univ. of Denver </li></ul><ul><li>278 page course for Sociology Profs. </li></ul><ul><li>Not Meant for Emer.Mgmt. Curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Topics Include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Theoretical Approaches to Disaster Research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Theory of Disaster Response </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community Sociological Impact of Disasters </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NTIS Order # PB97-115380 </li></ul>
  61. 61. Social Dimensions of Disaster <ul><li>Dr. Thomas Drabek, Univ. of Denver </li></ul><ul><li>619 Page Course for Emer.Mgmt. Profs. </li></ul><ul><li>Topics Include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Disaster Mythology Patterns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Response to Disaster Warnings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual Response to Disaster </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disaster Stress and Denial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crisis Decision Making </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disaster Recovery & Community Change </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NTIS Order #: PB97-115372 </li></ul>
  62. 62. Political and Policy Basis of Emergency Management <ul><li>Dr. Richard Sylves, Univ. of Delaware </li></ul><ul><li>528 Page Course for Emergency Management or Political Science Profs. </li></ul><ul><li>Topics Include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EM and the American Political System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gov. Political and Organizational Issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intergovernmental Relations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NTIS Order #: PB98-169154 </li></ul>
  63. 63. Research & Analysis Methods In Emergency Management <ul><li>Dr. Peter Kincade, Univ. of Central Florida </li></ul><ul><li>207 Page Course for Emer.Mgmt. Profs. </li></ul><ul><li>Topics Include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Measurement and Data Gathering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Program Evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Questionnaire Design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Statistical Analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NTIS Order #: PB99-138315 </li></ul>
  64. 64. Technology and Emergency Management Course <ul><li>Dr. John Pine, Louisiana State Univ. </li></ul><ul><li>220 Page Course for Emer.Mgmt. Profs. </li></ul><ul><li>Topics Include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of the Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spatial Analysis Applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Networks and Communications Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decision Support Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emerging Technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NTIS Order #: PB99-131906 </li></ul>
  65. 65. Business and Industry Crisis Management…Course <ul><li>Greg Shaw, George Washington Univ. </li></ul><ul><li>617 Page Course for Business Admin. </li></ul><ul><li>Topics Include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crisis Mgmt., Disaster Recovery, and Organizational Continuity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business Area Impact Analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk Communication and Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contingency Planning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NTIS Order #: </li></ul>
  66. 66. Public Administration and Emergency Management <ul><li>Dr. William Waugh, Jr., Georgia State </li></ul><ul><li>457 Pages -- Dual-Use: EM or PA Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Topics Include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intergovernmental, Private Sector Relations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paying for Large-Scale Disasters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land-Use Planning and Hazards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal and Liability Issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implementing Emergency Mgmt. Policies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NTIS Order #: </li></ul>
  67. 67. Individual and Community Disaster Education Course <ul><li>Dr. Stephen Rottman, UCLA Schools of Medicine and Public Health </li></ul><ul><li>Supports Emergency Mgmt. Curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>483 Pages -- Topics Include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Governmental Responses to Disasters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizen Perceptions of Disasters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disaster Preparedness Education Methods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Model Preparedness Education Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CDE Program Planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CDE Teaching Materials and Techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NTIS Order #: </li></ul>
  68. 68. Principles & Practice of Hazard Mitigation Course <ul><li>Dr’s. David Brower, Charles Bohl, UNC </li></ul><ul><li>Supports Emergency Mgmt. Curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>300 Pages -- Topics Include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Case and Context of Mitigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mitigation Programs and Planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Broader Context of Mitigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Looking to the Future--Public Policy Trends </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mitigation as a Career </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NTIS Order #: </li></ul>
  69. 69. Tourism, Hospitality and Travel Mgmt. Industries and Emer.Mgmt. <ul><li>Dr. Thomas Drabek, Univ. of Denver </li></ul><ul><li>For Departments Of Tourism, Hospitality and Travel Management </li></ul><ul><li>570 Pages -- Topics Include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overview of Disaster Threats to Tourists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industry Managerial Experiences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessing Tourist Business Vulnerabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industry Disaster Planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Customer and Employee Expectations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NTIS Order #: </li></ul>
  70. 70. Terrorism and Emergency Management Course <ul><li>Dr. William Waugh, Jr., Georgia State U. </li></ul><ul><li>For Emergency Mgmt. Curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Topics Include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>History of Terrorism in the U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Domestic and International Terrorism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Law Enforcement/National Security Aspects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applying Emergency Mgmt. Framework </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Structure of Antiterrorism Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preparing and Responding to Major Events </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NTIS Order # </li></ul>
  71. 71. Living In A Hazardous Environment Course <ul><li>Dr. Jay Baker, Florida State University </li></ul><ul><li>Supports EM and Other Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Survey Course on Broad Range of Hazards Facing the US: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Causes, Characteristics, Consequences </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Overdue -- Began December 8, 1995 </li></ul>
  72. 72. Emergency Management Skills and Practices Course <ul><li>Don Schramm, University of Wisconsin </li></ul><ul><li>Supports Emergency Mgmt. Curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Topics Include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EM Principles, Planning and Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Budgeting and Financial Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leadership and Working with People </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promoting Emergency Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time and Information Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethics and Professionalism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Began May 15, 1997--Due Dec. 31, 2000 </li></ul>
  73. 73. Hazards, Disasters and U.S. Emer. Mgmt.--An Introduction <ul><li>Dr. Wayne Blanchard, FEMA HiEd Pjt. </li></ul><ul><li>Supports Emergency Mgmt. Curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Topics Include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What Are Hazards and Disasters? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Range, Cost, Analysis of U.S. Hazards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Factors Effecting Increase of Disaster Costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Historical Overview of US CD and EM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fundamentals of US Emergency Mgmt. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Key “Players” in US Emergency Mgmt. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Current Trends and Issues in US EM </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Expected Release: September, 2002 </li></ul>
  74. 74. Earthquake Hazard and Emergency Management <ul><li>Supports Emergency Mgmt. Curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Topics Include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Causes, Characteristics, Consequences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Societal Impacts of Earthquakes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Community’s Hazard, Built and Policy Environments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples of Policies and Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anticipated Delivery: 2003 </li></ul>
  75. 75. Building Disaster Resilient Communities Course <ul><li>Dr. Ray Burby, UNC, Chapel Hill </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bob Olshansky, U. of Illinois, Urbana </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anna Schwab, David Brower, Ed Kaiser, David Godschalk, UNC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timothy Beatley, UVA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Steven French, Georgia Institute of Tech. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Robert Paterson, University of Texas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jack Kartez, University of Southern Maine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Robert Deyle, Florida State University </li></ul></ul>
  76. 76. Building Disaster Resilient Communities Course (Con’t) <ul><li>Supports Emergency Mgmt. Curriculum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Designed As Capstone Course for Seniors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Topics Include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legacy of Vulnerability/Vision of Resilience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainability, Resilience, Smart Growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Managing Change to Build Hazard Resilience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using Resilience-Building Tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating Resilience (Top-Down/Bottom-Up) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Expected Delivery: Summer 2002 </li></ul>
  77. 77. Hazards Risk Assessment <ul><li>Dr. Ben Wisner, Oberlin College, OH </li></ul><ul><li>Supports Emergency Mgmt. Curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Focus Group Meeting, EMI, 28-29Sep2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Topics Include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hazard Identification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community Mapping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk Analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using Risk Assessment for Plans and Pgms. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy Implications and Issues </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Began 1 April 2000, September 2002 </li></ul>
  78. 78. A Vulnerability Approach to Emergency Management <ul><li>Dr. Elaine Enarson, University of Colorado </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Betty Hearn Morrow and Walter Peacock, FIU </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ben Wisner, Oberlin College, Ohio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Robert Bolin, Arizona State University </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheryl Childers, Washburn Univ., Kansas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Supports Emergency Mgmt. Curriculum </li></ul>
  79. 79. A Vulnerability Approach to Emergency Management (Con’t) <ul><li>Topics Include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduction to Vulnerability Analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Construction of Disaster Vulnerability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Power and Constraints in Disasters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying Structural Barriers to Resilience </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying Situational Barriers to Resilience </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implications and Practical Applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reducing Vulnerability: Change Strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>March 31, 2003 </li></ul>
  80. 80. Proposed Course: Hazards Mapping <ul><li>Utilization For All Four Phases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mitigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preparedness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Response </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recovery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use of GIS </li></ul><ul><li>Utilizing Existing Data Bases </li></ul><ul><li>Collecting Hazards and Community Data </li></ul>
  81. 81. Proposed Course: Holistic Disaster Recovery <ul><li>Long-Term Focus </li></ul><ul><li>BDRC Context </li></ul><ul><li>Economic </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental </li></ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological </li></ul><ul><li>Social/Cultural </li></ul>
  82. 82. Proposed Course: Risk in the Built Environment- Disaster Mgmt. In the Building Professions <ul><li>Upper Division College/Graduate Level </li></ul><ul><li>Students and Practitioners </li></ul><ul><li>Architects, Engineers, Planners, Public Administrators, Construction Industries </li></ul><ul><li>BDRC, Safety and Risk Contexts </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive Risk Management </li></ul><ul><li>Building Codes and Building Reg. System </li></ul><ul><li>Liability, Insurance, Ethical Issues </li></ul>
  83. 83. EM Higher Education Project Update <ul><li>Colleges and Universities </li></ul><ul><li>Conference </li></ul><ul><li>Course Development </li></ul><ul><li>Course Modifications </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency Management Competencies </li></ul><ul><li>Partnership Agreements </li></ul><ul><li>Practitioner’s Corner </li></ul><ul><li>Service Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Activity Reports </li></ul><ul><li>http://training.fema.gov/emiweb/edu </li></ul>