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Disaster management in India
 

Disaster management in India

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    Disaster management in India Disaster management in India Presentation Transcript

    • Disaster management in India Anand Patwardhan IIT-Bombay
    • Why?
      • Climate change is likely to be perceived through experience of extreme weather events
      • Therefore, response to climate change will perhaps happen through adaptation to climate hazards
      • Important to characterize the institutional mechanisms and structures in place for responding to natural (and climate-related) disasters
    • Mortality due to natural hazards 1990 - 2000
    • Average annual impacts from natural hazards
      • Mortality: 3600
      • Crop area: 1.42 million hectares
      • Property (houses): 2.36 million dwellings
    • Exposure to natural hazards
      • 40 million hectares flood prone (5% of area)
      • 54% area exposed to seismic activity
      • East coast of India and Gujarat (West coast) exposed to cyclone risk
      • A preliminary assessment of exposure to major hazard categories has been done in 1996-1998 (as a part of IDNDR) by the Building Materials Technology Promotion Council of the Ministry of Urban Development. Check: http://www.bmtpc.org/disaster. htm
      • Trying to put this information in a GIS format
    •  
    •  
    • Disaster management
      • Climate hazards within overall context of disaster management
      • Statutory responsibility of state governments
      • Central government provides logistic and financial support
      • Elaborate response mechanism at national level
      • State level responses vary
      • National coordinating body: National Disaster Management Cell (NDMC), Department of Agriculture and Co-operation, Ministry of Agriculture ( http://www.ndmindia.nic.in/ )
    • GOVERNMENT OF INDIA : NODAL MINISTRIES / DEPARTMENT FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT DISASTERS NODAL MINISTRIES Natural Disasters Agriculture Air Accidents Civil Aviation Civil Strife Home Affairs Railway Accidents Railways Chemical Disasters Environment Biological Disasters Health & family Welfare Nuclear Accident Atomic Energy
    • National response mechanism
    • MANAGEMENT MECHANISM * Integrated Administrative Machinery * National Contingency Action Plan - identify initiatives by various agencies * Department of Agriculture & Cooperation - the Nodal Department * Central Relief Commissioner - Chief Nodal Officer at National level * State/District Contingency Plans and Relief Manuals
    • Natural Disaster Response- Government of India
      • National Crisis Management Committee(NCMC) under Cabinet Secretary
      • Crisis Management Group(CMG) under Central Relief Commissioner
      • Group of Ministers, Group of Secretaries and High Level Committees-Need base
    • GOI Departments for Disaster Response
      • Armed Forces-Ministry of Defence
      • Central Para Military Forces- Ministry of Home Affairs
      • International Response- Ministry of External Affairs
    • GOI Departments for Disaster Response
      • Ministries/Departments :
      • Rural Development, Drinking Water Supply Power, Telecom , Health, Urban Development
      • Food & Public Distribution, Shipping
      • Surface Transport, Railways, Civil Aviation
      • Women & Child Development
      • Water Resources, Animal Husbandry
      • India Meteorological Department(IMD)
    • DISASTER MANAGEMENT POLICY- SALIENT FEATURES * Recognition of linkages between natural disasters and development * Connecting of specific programmes like DPAP, DDP, NWDPRA and Wasteland Development Programme for managing natural disasters * Emphasis on forecasting and warning using advanced technology
    • CENTRAL SECTOR SCHEME FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT - SALIENT FEATURES * Human resource Development * Setting up of National Centre for Disaster Management (NCDM) * Setting up of Disaster Management Faculties in States * Programmes for Community Participation and Public Awareness * Observing National Disaster Reduction Day * Activities to achieve the goals and objectives of IDNDR/ISDR
    • External Assistance -Policy
      • No formal appeal for external assistance made for relief
      • External assistance,if offered as solidarity accepted with gratitude
      • Gujarat earthquake- international response overwhelming
      • Bi-lateral agreements suggested by some countries for emergency response
    • DISASTER RESPONSE ARRANGEMENTS IN THE STATES
      • STATE CABINET
      • STATES CRISIS MANAGEMENT GROUP: HEADED BY CHIEF SECRETARY.
      • INSTITUTION OF RELIEF COMMISSIONERS IN STATES
      • STATES/DISTRICTS CONTINGENCY PLAN S / RELIEF CODES.
    • Example: AP cyclone hazard mitigation project outcomes
      • Hazard mitigation studies (international consultants)
      • IMD early warning capacity through Doppler radar
      • Infrastructure creation and restoration
        • Floods – drains & embankments
        • Road restoration
        • Storm shelters
        • Electricity transmission and distribution
      • What about system / process capabilities?
    • Observations
      • Recognition of linkage between natural hazards and development
      • Connecting developmental programs (DPAP, NWDB) to disaster management
      • Forecasting and warning (technology use)
      • Contingency planning
        • Foodgrain availability
        • Preparedness
      • Adaptive capacity by creating a management system
      • However, focus still on relief; recovery and adaptive capacity not thought through
    • Underlying questions
      • How can we evaluate the portfolio of disaster management projects to:
        • Assess implications of climate change for project benefits?
        • Assess implications of project for reducing vulnerability to climate change?
      • Related question:
        • How can we incrementally adjust project design or implementation to enhance climate change related benefits?