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Breaking the Hydro-illogical Cycle: Are we making progress?

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  • 1. Breaking the Hydro-illogical Cycle: Are we making progress? Donald A. Wilhite, Director School of Natural Resources University of Nebraska
  • 2.  
  • 3. The Dirty ‘30s . . a reference point
  • 4. The Great Depression will never happen again!
  • 5.  
  • 6. Responding to the 1930s Drought
    • First federal response to drought
    • Combination of reactive and proactive responses
      • Proactive responses emphasized building institutional capacity
      • Creation of new federal infrastructure
      • Public works projects
    • Federal efforts in the 1930s sets a precedence for future federal involvement in drought response
    • Similar practices were followed in the 1950s, i.e., a combination of reactive and proactive response measures.
  • 7.  
  • 8.  
  • 9.  
  • 10. Designation of drought emergency areas, 1977. What were the criteria used for designations? 1977
  • 11.
    • Criteria used by the Interagency Drought Coordinating Committee
    • PDSI
    • Political influence
  • 12.  
  • 13. Drought impacts today are similar but more complex as more economic sectors are affected, creating more conflicts between water users.
  • 14.  
  • 15. How do we break the cycle? STOP!
  • 16. The Cycle of Disaster Management
  • 17. CRISIS MANAGEMENT RISK MANAGEMENT . . . . requires a paradigm shift! Movement from crisis to risk management . .
  • 18. Principle Elements of Drought Risk Reduction Framework
  • 19. National Drought Mitigation Center . . . . a catalyst for change Mission : To lessen societal vulnerability to drought by promoting planning and the adoption of appropriate risk management techniques.
  • 20.  
  • 21.  
  • 22.  
  • 23. Support for RISK-BASED DROUGHT MITIGATION PLANNING . . . . has been from the BOTTOM UP! State/Local/Tribal Regional Federal
  • 24. Response Mitigation Increasing need for timely, reliable climate/water supply assessments Increasing need for higher resolution analysis for policy/decision support Drought Planning Continuum Increasing need for more reliable seasonal forecasts/outlooks
  • 25. The progression to drought mitigation planning . . . . . Demand for mitigation planning Development of new monitoring tools a synergistic relationship!
  • 26.  
  • 27.  
  • 28.  
  • 29. New tools not only make the USDM task much easier and the finished product more reliable, these tools promote improved decisions by a diverse set of users from local to national and from managers to policy makers.
  • 30. Progress has been impressive . . . . . . . . with more on the way!
  • 31. and then along comes . . . NIDIS
  • 32.
    • Western Governor’s Association
    • 1996 : Recommendation for national preparation for and response to drought.
    • 2000: Creation of National Drought Policy Commission.
    • 2003: Partnership with NOAA to improve drought monitoring and forecasting.
    • 2004: Formal document published recommending NIDIS.
    • U.S. Congress
    • The 109th Congress introduced a bill (H.R. 1386/S. 802) to improve national drought preparedness, mitigation, and response efforts, etc.
    • Subcommittee on Disaster Reduction (President’s National Science and Technology Council)
    • Highlighted drought as one of the grand challenges for disaster reduction in 2005.
    • Proposed actions calls for developing an implementation plan for NIDIS.
    • U.S. Integrated Earth Observing System
    • NIDIS is one of six near term opportunities identified by U.S. GEO.
    Major Drivers of NIDIS
  • 33. Are we there yet? Darn! . . . but we’re making good progress!
  • 34. “ If we don’t succeed, we run the risk of failure.” Dan Quayle
  • 35. That’s all folks! School of Natural Resources snr.unl.edu [email_address]