Britain and France joint control of Cameroons and Togoland
S. Africa: Namibia
League of Nations - 4
Covenant required members to peacefully settle disputes either by arbitration or judgement.
Managed by special ad-hoc commissions and bodies created by the Council.
A Permanent Court of International Justice was also created. The Court was designed to deal with any disputes referred to it by conflicting parties or the Council for advisory opinions.
Social and Economic issues
Article 23 accepts that problems with trafficking of people and narcotics should be addressed by the international community - through the League.
‘ specialist technical agencies’ included International Labour Organisation, Communications and Transit Organisation, Economic and Financial Organisation and International Health Organisation
IR emerged as area of study around WW1
Reflected views and opinions of time
Explanations for WW1 revolved around belief that leaders of autocratic states of the time, unfettered by restraining forces, (Russia, Germany, Austria) bore responsibility for war because they made short-sighted and egotistically informed decisions that forced war.
Leaders from triumphant liberal states pushed for creation of democratic states, believing these were less prone to war.
Creation of international institution would better regulate interstate relations, making them more transparent. An international authority might more effectively promote peaceful relations between than states could.