Elements of ART1. Line A basic element of art, referring to a continuous mark, made on a surface, by a moving point. It is man’s own invention but does not exist in nature. The artist uses lines to imitate or to represent objects and figures on a flat surface.
Types of Lines Horizontal Line It creates an impression of peacefulness and perfect stability. Vertical Line It appears balance and stable. We generally feel that a straight tree is a strong one, or that the person who stands tall is one who has confidence in himself. Diagonal Line It implies action. A man who is running bends forward and thus assumes a diagonal position.
Elements of ART2. Shape It is an enclosed space, the boundaries of which are defined by other elements of art. They can be used to simplify ideas. Limited into two dimensions: length and width
Types of Shape Natural Shapes those we see in nature, such as shapes of men, animals, or trees. Natural shapes may be interpreted realistically, or they may be distorted.
Abstract Shapes formed after the artist has drawn out the essence of the original object and made it the subject of his work.
Non-Objective Shapes show geometric shapes which seldom have reference to recognizable objects, but most often they show a similarity to some organic forms.
Elements of ART3. Form It is a three-dimensional geometrical figure (i.e.: sphere, cube, cylinder, cone, etc.), as opposed to a shape, which is two-dimensional, or flat. It allows us as viewers to mentally capture the work and understand it.
Example of Form Viewing Leonardos Mona Lisa, the formal elements therein are: color, dimension, lines, mass, shape, etc., while the feelings of mystery and intrigue the piece evokes are informal products of the viewers imagination. A sculptor, by default, has to have both form and space in a sculpture, because these elements are three-dimensional. They can also be made to appear in two-dimensional works through the use of perspective and shading.
Elements of ART4. Space Refers to distances or areas around, between or within components of a piece. It can be positive (white or light) or negative (black or dark), open or closed, shallow or deep and two- dimensional or three-dimensional. Sometimes space isnt actually within a piece, but the illusion of it is.
Elements of ART5. Texture Shows whether the surface is rough or smooth. A piece of sculpture, a building and a painting may have texture which we can describe in much the same way.
Elements of ART6. Value Refers to the lightness or darkness of a color. Value becomes critical in a work which has no colors other than black, white, and a gray scale. For a great example of value in action, think of a black and white photograph. You can easily visualize how the infinite variations of gray suggest planes and textures.
Elements of ART7. Color Element of art that is produced when light, striking an object, is reflected back to the eye.
3 Properties to Color Hue Simply means the name we give to a color (red, yellow, blue, etc.). Intensity Refers to the strength and vividness of the color. For example, we may describe the color blue as "royal" (bright, rich, vibrant) or "dull" (grayed). Value Meaning its lightness or darkness. The terms shade and tint are in reference to value changes in colors.
Principles of Design Harmony Refers to the adaptation of the visual elements to each other, the agreement between the parts of a composition which result in unity. Variety It may be achieved through repetition. However, too much repetition easily results in monotony; hence, the principle of variety is needed to prevent this. Rhythm Is continuance, a flow or a feeling of movement achieved by the repetition of regular visual units Proportion Deals with the ratio of one part to another and of the parts to the whole. It implies a comparison between parts. It is expressed in size, number, and position. Balance A feeling of equality in weight, attention, or attraction of the various elements. It is inherent in nature. We see balance in the human body.