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2013 MBAA/NAMS presentation: "Why is the Stained Glass Window a Glass Ceiling? Organizational Perspectives on Female Bishops in the Anglican Communion." Rev. Canon Judy Rois, Trinity College, …

2013 MBAA/NAMS presentation: "Why is the Stained Glass Window a Glass Ceiling? Organizational Perspectives on Female Bishops in the Anglican Communion." Rev. Canon Judy Rois, Trinity College, University of Toronto and Alex Faseruk, Memorial University of Newfoundland

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  • 1. Why is the Stained Glass Window a GlassCeiling?: Organizational Perspectives on Female Bishops in the Anglican Communion Judy Rois, Trinity College, University of Toronto & Anglican Foundation Alex Faseruk, Memorial UniversityFACULTY OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATIONWWW.BUSINESS.MUN.CA
  • 2. Rowan Williams, Archbishop“A Church that ordains women as priests but not as bishops is stuck with a real anomaly.”•  October 2012 in preparation for Synod in November to vote on the ordination of women as bishops in the Church of EnglandFACULTY OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION WWW.BUSINESS.MUN.CA
  • 3. FACULTY OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION WWW.BUSINESS.MUN.CA
  • 4. FACULTY OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION WWW.BUSINESS.MUN.CA
  • 5. Nature of Churches•  hierarchical & centralized•  hierarchical & decentralized•  non-hierarchical & centralized•  non-hierarchical & decentralized•  span of control-diocese-province•  CEO model, branch model, franchise modelFACULTY OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION WWW.BUSINESS.MUN.CA
  • 6. Role of Women in The Church•  ancient church controversy•  traditional orders of ministry•  Bishop•  Priest•  Deacon•  barriers to entry•  entry level positions•  stained glass ceilingFACULTY OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION WWW.BUSINESS.MUN.CA
  • 7. FACULTY OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION WWW.BUSINESS.MUN.CA
  • 8. Conditions for a Glass CeilingCotter et al. (2001)•  not explained by other job relevant characteristics•  greater at higher levels than at lower levels•  does not reflect proportional data•  increases over the course of a careerFACULTY OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION WWW.BUSINESS.MUN.CA
  • 9. History of Female Ordination•  until 19th century none ordained•  Margaret Fell, “Women’s Speaking Justified, Proved and Allowed of by the Scriptures, all Such as Speak by the Spirit and Power of the Lord Jesus and How Women Were the First That Preached the Tidings of the Resurrection of Jesus and Were Sent by Christ’s Own Command Before He Ascended to the Father”FACULTY OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION WWW.BUSINESS.MUN.CA
  • 10. Reasons against Ordination•  Tradition•  Scripture•  Zagano (2008)•  Martinez, Rodriguez-Entrena and Rodriguez-Entrena (2012)FACULTY OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION WWW.BUSINESS.MUN.CA
  • 11. Differential Treatment•  conscience clauses•  reversal of decisions•  church shopping•  selective attendance and participationFACULTY OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION WWW.BUSINESS.MUN.CA
  • 12. Reaction by Other Women•  Radford-Ruether (2011)•  Via (2011)•  Hunt (2011)•  Buchannan, Warning and Tett (2012)FACULTY OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION WWW.BUSINESS.MUN.CA
  • 13. Women in Other Churches•  ELCA (2004)•  United Methodist (2012)•  Houseal (2003) Nazarene•  Presbyterian USA (2003)•  Roebuck (2012) PentecostalFACULTY OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION WWW.BUSINESS.MUN.CA
  • 14. Governance in Anglicanism•  check and balances in provinces•  episcopally led but synodically governed•  nature of bishops-leadership•  majority or super majority?•  requirements for ordination•  issue started with deaconesses•  elections as a glass windowFACULTY OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION WWW.BUSINESS.MUN.CA
  • 15. Church of England•  deacons 1986•  female priests 1992•  loss of members•  bishops-ongoing debated at Synods 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2012FACULTY OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION WWW.BUSINESS.MUN.CA
  • 16. Vote at Synod•  For/Against•  House of Bishops 44/3•  House of Clergy 148/45•  House of Laity 132/74•  Total 324/122FACULTY OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION WWW.BUSINESS.MUN.CA
  • 17. FACULTY OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION WWW.BUSINESS.MUN.CA
  • 18. FACULTY OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION WWW.BUSINESS.MUN.CA