Happiness and productivity in the workplace
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Happiness and productivity in the workplace

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2013 MBAA/NAMS presentation, "Happiness and Productivity in the Workplace" Mansour Sharifzadeh, California Polytechnic University-Pomona

2013 MBAA/NAMS presentation, "Happiness and Productivity in the Workplace" Mansour Sharifzadeh, California Polytechnic University-Pomona

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Happiness and productivity in the workplace Happiness and productivity in the workplace Presentation Transcript

  • Happiness  and  Productivity  in  the  Workplace  Dr.  Mansour  Sharifzadeh  Department  of  Management  and  Human  Resources  California  State  Polytechnic  University,  Pomona  
  • Questions  to  be  Answered  1.  How  do  you  define  happiness?  2.  What  makes  you  happy?  3.  What  does  the  “pursuit  of  happiness”  mean?  4.  Is  a  happy  employee  a  more  producLve  employee?  Survey  respondents:  850+  Cal  Poly  Pomona  students  
  • De;initions  of  Happiness   45.0% 40.0% 35.0% 30.0% 25.0% 20.0% 15.0% 10.0% 5.0% 0.0%Student  definiLon:  “Happiness  is  being  saLsfied  with  all  aspects  of  your  life.  It  includes  economical,  physical,  emoLonal,  and  other  elements.  One  does  not  have  to  be  rich  to  be  happy,  but  financial  stability  is  a  key.  It  would  be  very  difficult  to  be  happy  if  you  constantly  have  to  worry  about  where  your  next  meal  is  coming  from.  Likewise,  the  other  aspects  of  your  life  need  not  to  be  perfect,  but  rather  saLsfactory.”  (Sean  Wiase,  MHR  301)  
  • Contributing  Factors  •  Money  and  saLsfacLon    •  Age   •  Candy?  Or  a  new  car?  •  Time   •  Short-­‐term  vs.  long-­‐term  •  RelaLonships   •  Friends,  spouses   •  Effort  •  Religion   •  Islam:  inner  peace  •  Making  others  happy    •  Student  criteria:  fulfillment,  saLsfacLon,  independence,   contentment,  success,  love,  confidence  
  • Happiness  Builds  •  Self  creaLon  is  a  perfect  example  of  how  each  layer  has  its   purpose,  and  then  it  comes  out  as  a  whole  to  form  happiness:     I  want  a  car.   Why  do  you  want  that?   So  I  can  get  to  work.   Why  do  you  want  that?   So  I  can  earn  enough  money  for  a  house.   Why  do  you  want  that?   So  I  can  have  a  place  I  call  my  own.   Why  do  you  want  that?   So  I  can  feel  free  to  do  with  it  what  I  will.   Why  do  you  want  that?   Because  when  I  feel  free,  I  feel  happy.    
  • What  Makes  you  happy?    •     •  The  most  common  responses  (not  in  order):  •     •  Accomplishments  •  Family  •  Wealth/Money  •  Love  •  Rest/sleep  •  Food  •  Entertainment  •  Friends  •  Hobby  •  Music  •  Health  •  EducaLon/school/good  grades  
  • What  makes  you  Happy?  •  A  peaceful  place  •  Car/driving  •  Boyfriend/girlfriend/spouse  •  Reward/recogniLon  •  A  nice  day/good  weather  •  Friendly  people  •  Helping  others  •  God/church  •  Pets  •  Sports/exercise  •  Places  (beach,  mountains,  amusement  park,  Las  Vegas)  •  Having  fun  •  Children  •  Solitude/peace/relaxaLon  •  VacaLon/travel  •  Job  
  • What  Makes  you  Happy?  •  Outdoors/nature  •  Reading/wriLng  •  Video  games  •  Smile/laughter  •  Free  will/independence  •  Shopping  •  Performing  (singing,  dancing)  •  Freedom  from  worry  or  conflict  •  Possessions  •  Elevators/escalators  •  Computers  •  Surprises/gies  •  Rain  •  Team/group  •  MeeLng  people  •  Socializing/party  •     •    There  is  not  too  much  to  be  said  about  this  list  except  that  there  is  some   commonality,  perhaps  because  of  the  narrow  age  range  and  shared  experience  of  college   students.    
  • Pursuit  of  Happiness  •  QuesLon  3:  What  does  the  "Pursuit  of  Happiness"  mean?  •     •    Very  few  students  had  a  clear  idea  of  what  this  meant.  Most   interpreted  the  phrase  literally  as  the  process  of  ahaining  happiness,   which  makes  them  happy.  Some  related  it  to  equal  opportunity  or   the  American  Dream.  No  one  pointed  out  the  fact  that  this  phrase   comes,  not  from  the  Bill  of  Rights,  but  the  document  that  founded   our  naLon  -­‐  Jeffersons  DeclaraLon  of  Independence:    •     •  "We  hold  these  truths  to  be  self-­‐evident,  that  all  men  are  created   equal,  that  they  are  endowed  by  their  Creator  with  certain   unalienable  Rights  that  among  these  are  Life,  Liberty  and  the  pursuit   of  Happiness.  -­‐-­‐That  to  secure  these  rights,  Governments  are   insLtuted  among  Men,  deriving  their  just  powers  from  the  consent   of  the  governed…"  
  • Pursuit  of  Happiness  •  The  original  drae  referred  to  the  "Pursuit  of  Property",  but   that  was  later  changed.  The  ConsLtuLon  was  wrihen  to   guarantee  that  these  rights  could  not  be  taken  away  from  its   ciLzens  except  by  due  process  of  law.    
  • Pursuing  Happiness  •  Realize  that  enduring  happiness  does  not  come  from  material   wealth  or  success  •  Take  control  of  your  Lme  •  Act  happy  •  Seek  work  and  leisure  that  engages  your  skills  •  Join  the  movement  •  Get  plenty  of  rest  •  Give  priority  to  close  relaLonships  •  Focus  beyond  the  self  •  Count  your  blessings  •  Take  care  of  the  soul  
  • Are  Happy  Employees  More  Productive  at  Work?  •  Survey:  majority  agreed  (>90%  Yes)  •  Work  happiness  depends  on:   •  Fair  treatment   •  Pay/benefits  compensaLon   •  Hours  worked   •  Enjoyable  work  environment   •  70%  of  responses  indicated  that  work  environment  is  more   significant  than  monetary  saLsfacLon  •  RelaLonship  seems  to  be  linear   •  DirecLon?  (Will  happiness  outside  work  contribute  to  greater   effort?)  
  • Conclusions  •  Happiness  is  difficult  to  define,  as  it  means  different  things  to   different  people   •  Everyone  has  an  idea  of  what  would  make  them  happy  •  QualitaLve  variable  rather  than  quanLtaLve   •  But  subject  to  degrees  •  Difficult  to  measure   •  Scope  must  be  defined  •  Factors  which  management  can  control  may  vary