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page 14, Weeping Mary Carries On in East Texas

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Medalliond January/February Medalliond January/February Document Transcript

  • Preservation News TEXAS HISTORICAL COMMISSION January/February 2011 THEMEDALLION Galveston GoinG stronG Island is Building Back its Historic TreasuresAfrican American Legacy Honored in New THC Travel Booklet n Historic Courthouses Help Texas’ Economy Grow
  • PROGRAM FOCuS Banking on the Bankhead Classic Cross-Texas Roadway is Vehicle for Proposed Historic Highways Program Dear Friends, The rich heritage of our state is one of the reasons George and I are so happy to be home. Historic preservation has an important place in Texas, and all across America. As our nation ages, more and more places are at risk of falling into disuse or being cleared to make way for new construction. I In the 1940s and ‘50s, classic roadways such as Route 66 and the Bankhead Highway were major arteries through Texas, forever altering the development and cultural heritage of the Lone Star State. Decades later, Texas’ landscape changed with the introduction of interstates that bypassed Main Street communities. However, vestiges of the forgotten highways are still visible today, and “We expect a positive impact on the urban and rural communities in the counties (almost 50) along the Bankhead Highway route.” The Bankhead Highway—a trans- continental roadway running from Wash- ington, D.C. to San Progress is healthy, but it should be coupled with respect for the efforts are currently underway to Diego—had three places of our past. identify, designate, and promote these routes in Texas, two historically significant roads. of which connected Rep. Carol Kent of Dallas authored Texarkana to El Paso Restoring and protecting grand old buildings and two house bills during the 81st Texas and are roughly rep- The Bankhead Highway traversed Texas’ rural communities, including storied homes is one component of historic preservation. But Legislature that established a program resented by current Pyote in Far West Texas (photo courtesy Dan Smith). preservation goes beyond bricks and mortar. Preservation builds for the identification, designation, Interstates 20 and 30. interpretation, and marketing of Texas’ The original routes community partnerships, bringing together governments, historic roads and highways (the played important roles in the develop- the town square for service, drinks, citizens, and businesses to celebrate the rich heritage of a Bankhead Highway, in particular). ment of Texas by providing corridors and food. With the 1956 passage of community. And preservation educates a new generation about A partnership between the Texas for transportation, commerce, the Interstate Highway Act, however, Historical Commission (THC) and the and tourism. drivers soon opted for wider, safer, how people lived and played and worshiped in the past. and faster new interstates, which Texas Department of Transportation The Bankhead’s legacy in Texas (TxDOT) is expected to result in is immense, providing a scenic typically bypassed small-town main The Texas Historical Commission plays a vital role in research, preservation, and economic system for cross-country travelers streets. The THC and its partners development through heritage tourism to experience the real places and hope the Historic Highways Program preserving and saving the vibrant history of the Lone Star State. will rejuvenate interest in these dollars, providing a vehicle for new job real stories of the Lone Star State. I’m grateful for my fellow citizens of Texas and local leaders for creation in the state. According to a report compiled by historic roadways. sustaining THC and urge continued strong support. The Texas Historic Roads and historical researcher Jerry Flook of “Communities along the route Highways Program, dependent on Garland, the first auto excursion in will benefit from a new appreciation of matching funds from the 82nd Texas Texas is widely believed to have taken regional history, facilitated economic Sincerely, Legislature currently in session, would place in October 1899 on a rutted dirt development planning, and resources enable the THC to prepare a historic road that eventually became part of to attract heritage travelers,” Colley context for Texas highways, a survey of the Bankhead Highway between Terrell says. “Identifying historic sites and historic resources along the Bankhead and Dallas. In 1916, the Bankhead structures along the corridor will Highway corridor, and a Bankhead Highway Association was formed also help preserve them for future Highway travel guide. (named for Alabama Sen. John Hollis generations and create an important “This project would be a great Bankhead, the “father of good roads”) link between the transportation benefit to Texas’ rural and economically and in 1920, Texas State Highway 1 corridors of prior generations and disadvantaged areas and increase from Texarkana to El Paso officially today’s modern highway systems.” H marketing opportunities for expanding become part of the project. Flook notes tourism statewide,” says Terry Colley, the impact on Garland was significant, This article was written by Andy Rhodes, the THC’s deputy executive director. with 75 percent of drivers stopping on managing editor of The Medallion.TEXAS HISTORICAL COMMISSION Januar y/Februar y 2011 Januar y/Februar y 2011 TEXAS HISTORICAL COMMISSION TEXAS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 2 3
  • PROGRAM FOCuS The most recent funding for community, and business Round VI of the Texas Historic leaders and collecting data for Texas Historic Courthouse Preservation Program Courthouse Preservation Program was included in the appropriations bill of research and analysis. A final report detailing the economic, Reinvests in Local Communities the 81st Legislature in 2009, approving the sale of $20 million in bonds, the environmental, social, and visual dividends accrued fromD smallest amount appropriated for the the restoration projects in program since its inception. both counties will be made Subsequently, a total of 44 available to the public throughDriving the highways of Texas, you The THC plays a applications were received the THC.can’t help but notice them. Their lofty key role in the process requesting more than $173 Preliminary findingsgothic spires, classical copper domes, through its Texas million in state assistance. In indicate the courthouseand stately silhouettes dominate the Historic Courthouse January 2010, 20 projects were restorations in bothskylines of many counties, luring Preservation Program. selected to receive grants. Three communities have served totravelers to leave the interstate and The agency submitted full restorations, three exterior stabilize and enhance tenant an exceptional item phased projects, four emergency demand for real estate in the Stunning architectural detailing featured in the prominentexplore the charm of downtown. towers of the Harrison County Courthouse in MarshallHistoric courthouses are a county’s request to the 82nd projects, and 10 planning grants vicinity of the courthouses, (above) and Denton County Courthouse in Dentonpersonal brand, advertising the promise regular session of the were awarded. and property values have (below) are enhanced through the Texas Historic Courthousenot only of a nostalgic return to the Texas Legislature for “The Texas Historic increased. Additionally, Preservation Program.hometown of our childhood memories, $20 million in funding Courthouse Preservation the restoration of these two for the program, Program has experienced some historic buildings, as opposed Graves adds that courthousebut also the opportunity to visit a place the same amount challenges during the economic to demolition or relocation, represents preservation projects help create adefined by family-owned businesses, appropriated in the a tangible commitment by the state to business-friendly environment throughvibrant social gatherings, and a sense of preceding biennium. both the community and sustainable improvements to infrastructure, suchcommunity. In short, courthouses are “The Texas Historic development in Texas. as enhanced parking and traffic flow,the centerpiece of a growing economic Courthouse Preservation This investment is represented increased pedestrian accessibility,boon to their counties. Program makes even in the 138 courthouse grants that expanded event hosting capabilities, The State of Texas, through the more sense in tough have been awarded to 82 Texas and the development of a unique andTexas Historical Commission’s (THC) economic times,” said counties over the last decade. To inviting historic context or “sense ofTexas Historic Courthouse Preservation Program Director Stan date, 42 courthouses have been fully place” centered upon the restoredProgram, is reinvesting in small towns Graves. “It plants restored and by the end of 2011, courthouse. They promote increasedacross Texas at a time when they need the seed for recovery in the rededication of 10 more historic visitation to the downtown businessit the most. The current economic communities courthouses will be celebrated. community by hosting events andrecession has taken a heavy toll on small across Texas.” According to Graves, a $20 million encouraging heritage tourism, intowns and their residents. In this time In the first six general revenue appropriation addition to creating a secure andof economic duress, Texas is providing a rounds of the program, extended over two years (fiscal year inviting environment that enticescost-effective example to the nation on the THC received 2012–13) would complete the courthouse visitors to stay and explorehow to refocus community pride, utilize 138 courthouse restoration of approximately five the square.existing assets, and The Maverick County Courthouse in Eagle Pass (above) and Lavaca County master plans, the first Courthouse in Hallettsville (below) have benefited from participating in additional courthouses. Of these The Texas Historic Courthousemaximize the step required in the the THC’s Texas Historic Courthouse Preservation Program. Both are projects, it is likely three would be Preservation Program can be thereturn on historic assistance process. Of prominent structures in their communities, drawing tenants, tourists, and second-phase interior projects to follow catalyst that encourages additionalcivic buildings related business investments to their downtown districts. those 138 plans, 127 their exterior restorations and the other public and private investment inin its county were approved. At two selected would have previously the historic downtown. There areseats. downturn, but we’re still trying to make this time, 72 counties still need been distributed between 2000–2010 received a planning grant. often vacant buildings in the central the most of what we have,” Graves said. program funding. Twenty- through five biennial appropriations of “This request is less than in commercial district when a courthouse “We believe the program has not merely seven of these have received as high as $62 million, with an average our earlier rounds, but is the same project begins, but vacancies dwindle been an investment in our past, but is either partial construction of $40 to $50 million per biennium. amount we received last session,” by the project’s completion. an investment in our future.” or planning grants, “The estimated current need to said Graves. “Because of the state’s “The preservation of Texas’ historic Two groups of graduate students and 46 counties with restore all remaining courthouses economic and budget woes we felt courthouses is an investment that offers at Texas A&M University are currently approved master plans that have approved master plans is compelled to request no more than immediate returns, yet continues to pay researching the metrics of preservation have yet to receive any approximately $250 million in state we received last time, knowing that generous dividends to the citizens of economics in Lampasas and Wharton program funding (many funds,” said Graves. “Those funds it won’t address more than a fraction tomorrow,” Graves said. H counties, both of which have restored have applied in four or would be matched, in part, by local their historic county courthouses of the need, but it will certainly keep This article was written by Mark Cowan more rounds). A total dollars creating jobs and stimulating through the THC program. Student the program alive and viable into and Sharon Fleming of the THC’s of $227 million has adjacent businesses.” teams are interviewing civic, the future.” Architecture Division.TEXAS HISTORICAL COMMISSION Januar y/Februar y 2011 TEXAS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 4 5
  • PROGRAM FOCuS Let Freedom Ring Resounding Legacy of African Americans in Texas Is the Subject of a New THC Booklet and WebsiteBBuffalo Soldiers. Black SeminoleScouts. Civil Rights leaders. Educators.Spiritual advisers. Cowboys andranchers. Farmers. Legislators. Musiclegends. Sports champions. The GreatDebaters. A pioneering female pilot.These and countless more AfricanAmericans in Texas left behind therich and fascinating heritage that isthe subject of the Texas Historical history, a timeline of key dates and figures, and nine thematic sidebars. Organized by the 10 heritage regions comprising the THC’s Texas Heritage Trails Program, the booklet highlights famous and lesser-known sites in urban and rural locales throughout the state. The concept development and content were guided by an advisory committee made up of at St. Paul United Methodist Church in Dallas, one of the publication’s featured sites. To request a free copy of the booklet, visit or call 866.276.6219. The following excerpts from African Americans in Texas: A Lasting Legacy exemplify the statewide journey through this diverse and Texas’ rich legacy of African American heritage is represented in diverse structures throughout the state, in- cluding (clockwise from above) Fort Ringgold in Rio Grande City, the Connelly-Yerwood House in Austin, and Booker T. Washington High School for the Performing and Visual Arts in Dallas. students aspiring to future careers in the performing and visual arts. FORT RINGGOLD, RIO GRANDE CITy Established during the U.S.-Mexico War, this fort became the site of a racial confrontation in 1899. Buffalo Soldiers of the 9th U.S. Cavalry, freshCommission’s (THC) latest esteemed scholars of African vibrant heritage. Conner worked for the state’s Bar-B-Que. The site still features from victories in Cuba during theeducational travel guide, African American history in Texas, as Department of Health where, despite concerts and musical fundraisers. Spanish-American War, came to FortAmericans in Texas: A Lasting Legacy. well as THC staff members. A.C. MCMILLAN AFRICAN facing discrimination both as an Ringgold refusing to tolerate racial The 72-page booklet is the largest In addition to the printed piece, AMERICAN MuSEuM, EMORy African American and as a woman, BOOkER T. WASHINGTON HIGH segregation in the local communitytravel guide produced by the THC, the THC launched its first-ever Alfred Clifton McMillan was a notable she eventually rose to the position of SCHOOL FOR THE PERFORMING and harassment by its civilianwith 79 entries on sites of cultural or online companion guide, www.african teacher and administrator in Rains Chief of the Bureau of Personal Health AND VISuAL ARTS, DALLAS population. Tensions between thehistorical importance, a chronological The website County for 36 years. He received Services. Conner paid special attention Constructed in 1922, Booker T. troops and local residents resulted in aintroduction to African American features approximately 100 more sites degrees from Texas College and East to the problem of child and infant Washington High School replaced disturbance on the night of November than the booklet, a gallery containing Texas State University, spent much of mortality in Texas, which she the older Dallas Colored High School. 20, when Lt. E.H. Rubottom ordered stunning imagery photographed his career as a teacher and principal addressed through programs aimed The student body traces its origins his men to open fire with their Gatling specifically for the project, and of Sand Flat School (a Rosenwald at training midwives, providing to 1892, when the Dallas Board of guns. One person was injured and, additional resources that encourage school that the McMillan Museum is prenatal care, and expanding Education created the segregated although official investigations into the further exploration. active in preserving) and, later, was child immunization. city’s first African American high incident did not result in any charges, “We’re very excited to feature principal of Rains County Junior High school. During its first 17 years of the U.S. Army relocated the Buffalo other sites that were considered for School. His family has been central STuBB’S MEMORIAL, LuBBOCk operation, the often-overcrowded Soldiers to avoid further conflict. the print booklet but weren’t to the effort to tell the story of African Christopher B. Stubblefield was school served every African American Today, the remaining buildings of the included due to space Americans in this part of northeast born in Navasota, and his family student in Dallas County. In 1976, fort belong to the local school district constraints,” said THC Texas. The museum has exhibits and moved to Lubbock in the 1930s to facing court-ordered desegregation, and are still in use. H Deputy Executive Director artifacts on Reconstruction in Texas, pick cotton. “Stubb” learned to cook the Dallas Independent School District Terry Colley. “Even with Rosenwald schools, sports and art, in local establishments and, later, redesignated Booker T. Washington as This article (minus excerpts) was written by Rob Hodges the additional sites on and its collection is built largely from oversaw daily meal preparations for a magnet school for artistically gifted of the THC’s Marketing Communications Division. the new website, these artifacts donated by the community. as many as 10,000 soldiers as a staff resources provide only sergeant during the Korean War. In a glimpse into this CONNELLy-yERWOOD 1968, he opened a barbecue restaurant intriguing and enduring HOuSE, AuSTIN that became a center of Lubbock’s history. We hope This house was purchased in 1925 music scene, attracting regular people will be inspired by Dr. Charles Yerwood, an African performers such as Joe Ely, Jimmie to delve deeper into this American physician. Later, his daughter, Dale Gilmore, and Stevie Ray significant aspect of our Dr. Connie Yerwood Conner, took Vaughan. The restaurant burned state’s heritage.” ownership, resided in the house and in the 1980s, and Stubb moved it The booklet painted it the pink and aqua colors of to Austin, where it continues to beThe THC’s new booklet features Texas’ Buffalo and website her sorority, Alpha Kappa Alpha, the a mainstay of food and live music.Soldier regiments, represented (above) by areenactor at Abilene’s Fort Phantom were launched oldest Greek-letter society established Stubblefield died in 1995, and aHill and (at right) a medal of honor on December 2 at a by African American women. memorial statue was erected in 1999at Brackettville’s Fort Clark. commemorative event Following in her father’s footsteps, on the site of the original Stubb’sTEXAS HISTORICAL COMMISSION Januar y/Februar y 2011 TEXAS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 6 7
  • T R AV E L T E X A S T R AV E L T E X A S National Register districts and was even placed on the repair or not operable can be moved by truck with enough National Trust for Historic Preservation’s 2009 list of preparation time. America’s 11 Most Endangered Historic Places. Jones says “There were several aircraft left behind that we couldn’t the iron has an especially strong impact on historic structures move and artifacts from our hall of fame that didn’t survive because it expands and contracts, affecting the integrity of the storm—these were irreplaceable items,” Gregory says. the accompanying building material. “I can tell you that when we returned a few days later to all He adds that although Hurricane Ike had a significant the wreckage, it was completely devastating for us. It felt like impact on Galveston Island’s 20,000-plus historic properties, someone knocking you in the gut.”GoinG local preservationists have learned important lessons He adds that spirits were raised after a strong initial regarding future hurricane preparation. GHF’s plans will clean-up and restoration response from the U.S. Navy continue to emphasize boarding up windows, securing and community volunteers. The key was re-opening thestronG appropriate shutters, weatherproofing additional exterior museum as soon as possible (January 31, 2009) and offering elements, and prioritizing important files and furniture to be the museum’s signature flight experiences on World moved to upper floors. The group has also made adjustments War II-era aircraft. to its plans by implementing appropriate preparation levels as “The rides have picked up a bit (in 2010), but visitationTwo years after Hurricane Ike, soon as a storm enters the gulf instead of waiting to gauge its is still down slightly fromGalveston Island is on the Road to Recovery projected path. the pre-storm days,” According to Jones, GHF also learned valuable lessons Gregory says. “We’re just from Ike about which elements of historic buildings were trying to make the bestOn September 13, 2008, Hurricane Ike slammed into most affected by prolonged exposure to standing water of it.”Galveston Island’s gulf shore, bringing images of destruction and how they can be responsibly addressed in the future.and devastation to the rest of Texas and the world. Thirteen For example, he points to the high percentage of damaged GallivantinGfeet of water submerged the historic downtown Strand heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems, in GalvestonDistrict, hundreds of boats littered the island’s fractured most of which were Museum staffers androads, and nearby neighborhoods were decimated by located at ground preservationists claimthe storm. level and rendered the island’s cultural More than two years have passed since video footage completely inoperable attractions re-openedand photographs of these scenes reached the public, yet their after several days of much sooner thanpowerful imagery resonates. Visitors still ask about the status being submerged in expected after Ike.of Galveston’s abundant heritage attractions, and Hurricane seawater. Representatives fromIke water-line markers have been placed throughout town “We’re looking tourist destinationsto help guests gauge the severity of the storm’s impact. at ways to get these throughout town offerAccording to local preservationists, the news from Galveston things off the ground similar accounts, notingis primarily positive these days. The city recovered from and incorporate them that they still receivethe storm sooner than expected and even came away with Galveston’s most-visted historical attraction, Bishop’s Palace, was largely into historic buildings frequent calls fromvaluable lessons learned. unaffected by the storm. in an environmentally At left: The Galveston Historical people inquiring about “People are usually surprised to find out how quickly responsible way,” Jones Foundation’s Green Revival Show storm damage and sitewe returned from Ike—they still have images in their on a pier that once hosted legendary performers such as House in the historic East End district says, noting that GHF’s accessibility. is a model for sustainable residentialheads of boats in the streets and flooded buildings,” Frank Sinatra, Bob Hope, and Duke Ellington. Green Revival Show The following brief renovation following Hurricanesays Dwayne Jones, executive director of the Galveston According to Jones, Hurricane Ike’s wrath was perhaps House (an 1890 cottage Ike-related damage. Above: The overviews of Galveston’sHistorical Foundation (GHF). “Fortunately, there’s been most significant in unexpected areas. He says the primary at 3101 Avenue Q) 1859 Ashton Villa is still undergoing premier historical sitesa lot of reinvestment here, especially in our historic district visible loss was the historic oak trees—most were planted after showcases these types of storm repairs. include storm-relatedproperties. Since a lot of damage was on the interior of the 1900 storm—which added to the character of the island’s plans. “Storms like Ike reports, along with athese structures, you can’t always tell what was affected. historic districts by providing a connecting canopy among are always going to be a threat on the island, so we’re making summary of their significance as destinations for heritageAs soon as you step inside some of the homes, sidewalks, and streets. evaluations now about how to make sustainable decisions for travelers from across the country.these buildings, though, you can see The combination of the storm water future occurrences.”recovery is still occasionally ongoing.” (with its salt, petroleum, and sewage) Other heritage-related businesses in Galveston are also BisHoP’s PalaCe Indeed, a glance inside the 1859 and an existing drought resulted in making alterations to their future hurricane plans. One of This stunning 1892 mansion—the most-visited historicAshton Villa residence reveals water weakened trees, which fell on homes, the city’s most popular cultural attractions, the Lone Star attraction in Galveston—sustained little damage fromlines on the walls, damage to a historic streets, and cars. Dozens of flat Flight Museum, experienced significant losses, from historic Hurricane Ike, much like it avoided the wrath of the island’smirror, and a floor restoration project in one of the stately stumps now occupy yards where mighty oaks once stood. aircraft to vintage vehicles to hall-of-fame memorabilia items. catastrophic 1900 hurricane. According to Jones, severalrooms. Another area of the mansion is slated for a major Jones says another Ike-related loss was Galveston’s Museum Director Larry Gregory says the aircraft, most of windows were broken and the home was flooded on thefloor replacement project. One of the island’s most notable noteworthy historic ironwork. The city’s cast-iron which are operable and available for guest flights, will be bottom floor, which affected the walls but did not causelosses was the gulfside Balinese Room, a 1940s-era nightclub architecture was recognized as a significant aspect of its flown off the island even earlier than before, and items under permanent structural damage.TEXAS HISTORICAL COMMISSION Januar y/Februar y 2011 TEXAS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 8 9
  • T R AV E L T E X A S A National Historic Landmark, Bishop’s Palace is also Located at Pier 22 in the historic port of Galveston, the causing extensive operational damage (HVAC system,listed in the National Register of Historic Places and is museum also showcases the legacy of maritime commerce mechanical equipment) and resulting in the loss of manyconsidered one of the country’s most significant examples and immigration. Another popular museum attraction is permanent records.of a Victorian residence. Boasting a dramatic turret on its database exhibit, allowing visitors to search the names The structure’s extensive use of cast iron was consideredthe southeast corner, the mansion features an exquisite of more than 133,000 immigrants who entered the country revolutionary at the time of construction, and the buildinginterior, with marble columns, 14-foot ceilings, an octagonal through Galveston, once known as the Ellis Island of went on to become a courthouse and offices for federal mahogany stairwell, spectacular stained glass, woodcarvings, the West. agencies throughout the 20th century. Listed in the National and decorative plaster ceilings and walls. Bishop’s Palace is or call 409.763.1877 Register of Historic Places, the U.S. Custom House now open to the public for several tours throughout the week provides public access to the city’s architectural history offering varying degrees of access to the rooms. asHton villa through GHF services such as historic property research or call 409.762.2475 The famous 1859 Italianate mansion received fairly and technical rehabilitation guidance. significant storm-related water and mold damage on its or call 409.765.7834 tHe ELISSA interior (floors and walls) as well as its exterior, particularly Galveston’s remarkable the historic ironwork. GHF is working with the Federal tHe stranD 1877 tall ship emerged in Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) on replacing Standing water was the primary issue in the Strand Mechanic remarkably good shape portions of the mansion’s flooring and HVAC system; as a National Historic Landmark District, Galveston’s downtown following Hurricane Ike. result, it is closed for public tours yet offers facility rental business center in the prosperous late-1800s and early 1900s. Anchored to the harbor floor in a limited capacity. Ashton Villa’s carriage house remains Some of the historic iron architecture was affected, and there with large steel pipes, the open as a visitor’s center, offering publications and personal was substantial flooding-related loss, including ground floor vessel lost several sails but advice about the island’s cultural attractions. damage and inventory destruction. It continues to house otherwise was unharmed, Known as the first of Galveston’s great Broadway Street shops, restaurants, and galleries and host annual events such prompting Jones to muse mansions, Ashton Villa is also reported to be the legendary as Dickens on the Strand and Mardi Gras. that he “may consider taking site of Union Gen. refuge in the Elissa next time Gordon Granger’s reading lone star FliGHt MUseUM there’s a big storm since she of the Emancipation Located on the island’s west end, the museum experienced weathered Ike better than Proclamation on June significant damage and losses from Ike, but it has recovered anything else in town.” 19, 1865. The elaborate thanks in large part to its As a British cargo ship, residence was originally flight program. Director Larry Elissa specialized in voyages home to James Moreau Gregory reports that new and to smaller ports of the Brown, who ran a returning visitors marvel at the Caribbean and the Gulf successful Galveston collection of vintage warbirds of Mexico, and she twice hardware business, and in the museum’s impressiveloaded cotton at Galveston. This local connection prompted was eventually sold to Above and left: The city’s Strand collection, including a rare operational SBD Dauntless, athe GHF to purchase the ship and undertake a dramatic the Shriners before being National Historic Landmark popular AT-6/SNJ Texan trainer aircraft, and a mighty B-17 District fared relatively wellrestoration in 1982. Elissa remains a fully functional vessel acquired by GHF in 1974. Flying Fortress. Gregory is especially grateful for the World following Hurricane Ike despitethat continues to sail occasionally, and thousands of visitors or damage to some buildings’ exte- War II veterans who continue to visit and fly the aircraft theyboard the decks of this floating National Historic Landmark, call 409.762.3933 rior ironwork and interior walls. once piloted more than 65 years ago.also designated one of America’s Treasures by the National Above: this AT-6/SNJ Texan “They always tell me it feels the same, looks the same,Trust for Historic Preservation. MooDY Mansion trainer aircraft still takes to the smells the same—everything is exactly how they remember it, skies from the Lone Star Flight “More than a century ago, her cargo was bananas and The massive 1895 Museum, though other aircraft other than the fact they’re not getting shot at,” Gregory says.produce, but these days she carries an even more important mansion had several feet did not survive the storm. “I ask them afterward what it’s like to get back in the cockpitcargo—education and history,” says James White, director of of standing water on its after 60-plus years, and the genuine smiles on their faces tellthe adjacent Texas Seaport Museum. ground floor following the whole story.” Hurricane Ike. As a result, the exhibit area and the gift shop hand-carved woodwork, coffered ceilings, family heirlooms, or call 409.740.7722teXas seaPort MUseUM were destroyed, and the mansion’s reception room cornice opulent furnishings, and stained glass. The mansion is open For additional information about heritageIke caused fairly serious damage to Elissa’s home berth, over the fireplace was damaged. for daily tours and is often rented for reunions, weddings, and tourism destinations in the area, order a free copy ofdestroying the wooden workshops used for ship maintenance Located on Broadway Street near Ashton Villa and special events. the Texas Historical Commission’s Texas Independenceand damaging the brick and wooden pier. However, the Bishop’s Palace, this 28,000-square foot, 32-room mansion or call 409.762.7668 Trail Region travel guide by calling 866.276.6219 ornearby building housing the museum was unharmed. was purchased by financial magnate William Moody visiting H The museum tells the story of Elissa’s rescue from immediately following the 1900 storm, reportedly for “ten U.s. CUstoM HoUsethe scrap yard and her meticulous restoration through cents on the dollar.” The limestone and brick structure This stately 1861 building, which serves as GHF’san engaging video documentary and intriguing artifacts. features distinct styles in each room, many of which contain headquarters, was flooded by up to eight feet of water, Article and photos by Andy Rhodes, managing editor of The Medallion.TEXAS HISTORICAL COMMISSION Januar y/Februar y 2011 TEXAS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 10 11
  • PROGRAM FOCuS Lift Every Voice The program’s theme— to speak the names of the deceased so they could live Bull Hill Cemetery Marker Dedication Honors again—was particularly meaningful to friends and Forgotten African American AncestorsF family members who had been excluded from the cemetery for nearly half a century. With merelyFamilies, friends, and neighbors Many in the crowd were descended His remarks placed the history and seven intact headstonesfrom across the state celebrated from the Jones, Tomlinson, and closure of Bull Hill in the midst of remaining at Bull Hill, athe dedication of Bull Hill Cemetery Stallworth slave-owning families major political and social change and marker lists the 106 knownand the unveiling of its Official Texas and the enslaved African Americans epitomized the hallowed nature of names and acknowledgesHistorical Marker last summer. Nearly who came with them from Alabama the cemetery. the unknown.200 people attended the dedication in the mid-1800s. It was virtually Two of the area’s most prominent Styles felt stronglyto honor the long-forgotten African impossible for either group to tell African American groups—the Hopeful that the names of all 106American cemetery in Falls County their history without including the Masonic Lodge No. 78 and the Order identified people should benear Marlin and to reconnect with other, and for several hours both of the Eastern Star’s (OES) Peace read aloud. She helped readold acquaintances. groups shared food and memories Chapter 232—also participated in these names as Calloway, Cousins William Broadus and Ray of bygone days. the event. Many of those buried in Opposite page: Members of the 62nd Expeditionary Signal Battalion of Fort Hood participated in the Bull Hill Hawkins, and Mack sangHurd spent their childhood in Marlin Toni Anderson Kirk of Fort Worth Bull Hill were lifelong members of Cemetery ceremony last summer. Also taking part in the memorable event were (above) members of Marlin’s Hopeful softly alongside members said, “I thought that was big of them these organizations. Helen Woodson, Masonic Lodge No. 78 Prince Hall Affiliation.but had not seen one another in 44 of the Masons andyears. Both returned to pay homage (the Jones descendants) to come and Worthy Matron of the OES, remarked, Eastern their common ancestors resting in speak. Everyone seemed receptive “I just keep thinking, these are our prayer of dedication. Vocalists Alma Lee by saying, “I shall never forget “I am truly grateful to everyoneBull Hill. Hurd brought his daughter of them.” Harrell Williams of Austin people.” She led the Eastern Star Calloway, Shirley Hawkins, and their kindness, enthusiasm, and desire at the THC, the citizens of Marlin,Jayda to experience family history, agreed, adding, “The more powerful women in a remembrance of their Carlene Mack sang “Precious Lord” to shine a light on this forgotten and everyone that took time fromnoting, “I want her to see where she story for me was the descendants departed sisters with the placement and “Guide Me O Thou Great Jehovah,” burial ground that contains so many their busy schedules to attendcame from, to know more about her of the slave owners who were there of a single white rose. Ronnie the latter involving forms of call and of my ancestors. They have been a the dedication ceremony,” Stylesgreat-great-grandmother Pearl Sneed with the descendants of the slaves. Jones, District Special Deputy of response—a bedrock of the African blessing to me and my entire family said. “Most of all, I thank God forPaul. (I want her to learn) about the That was a mark of how far we’ve the Hopeful Masonic Lodge No. 78, American church. Both songs invoked for generations to come.” the opportunity to be a part of anslaves and everything they went come. Standing on the same ground read a resolution saluting the group’s the crowd to remember the pains ofthrough to get where we are now.” under different circumstances and brethren with words of thanks for slavery and the trials and tribulations Christopher Jones and CourtneyJones Keady, the great-great-great-grandchildren of the original land enjoying one another. That was a beautiful situation.” Gary Bledsoe, president of their service. Sharon Styles, descendant of the Paul, Sneed, Bailey, and of obtaining freedom. The dedication program was a culmination of roughly three years “ The more powerful story for me was the descendants of the slave owners who were there with the descendants of theand slave owner Churchill Jones, the Texas chapter of the National Johnson families of the China Grove of research and preservation efforts slaves. That was a mark of how far we’ve come. Standing onechoed these sentiments. They Association for the Advancement community, along with Nedra Lee, spearheaded by the Summerleediscussed their childhood on the land of Colored People, joined family and doctoral student of anthropology Foundation and the Texas Historical the same ground under different circumstances and enjoying ”encompassing Bull Hill, which is now community members to recognize his at the University of Texas at Austin, Commission (THC). In 2007, theowned by the Summerlee Foundation. deep familial roots to Bull Hill and the began planning the ceremony in Dallas-based Summerlee Foundation one another. That was a beautiful situation.Although the homecoming was nearby China Grove community. One February 2010. Many Marlin residents purchased the 400-acre site that — Harrell Williamsbittersweet, the Jones descendants of six local and state dignitaries helped them throughout the process, includes Bull Hill, and its president Event Participantexpressed confidence the property offering remarks at the dedication including Hilda Blann and Trudie Lee John Crain (also a THC commissioner)would be well preserved. ceremony, Bledsoe asked the crowd Asbury of the Falls County Historical provided funding to support the rescue The real stories of Bull Hill event that brought so many people to remember the sacrifices of those Commission, who worked with Styles and preservation efforts at Bull Hill. and China Grove will be celebrated together. I believe God gave me this resting in Bull Hill. He recalled and Lee for nearly four months to Lee and Jim Bruseth, director in perpetuity on two historical assignment, and I did my best to the last Bull Hill burial was organize the ceremony. of the THC’s Archeology Division, markers—a THC marker with the complete it in a way that would be in 1961, a significant year The surviving kin of those worked closely with Styles to use history of this Historic Texas Cemetery, pleasing to Him and those resting in in many ways. Bledsoe buried in the Bull Hill Cemetery archeological, genealogical, and oral and a second marker listing the Bull Hill.” H noted that President Barack also were given an opportunity to history research to recover the names known names of the interred. THC Obama was born in 1961, honor the memories of their loved of 106 individuals buried in Bull Hill Vice Chairman David Gravelle and This article was adapted from a report by John F. Kennedy was sworn ones by participating in the dedication and to highlight the history of the the agency’s Executive Director Mark Sharon Styles and Nedra Lee. in as president, and the program. Minister Sanford Paul, Jr. China Grove community. Wolfe attended the ceremony with Civil Rights movement offered the opening prayer and Rev. Styles gratefully acknowledged the other staff members who contributed was gaining momentum. Will Miller, Jr. provided the closing support offered by Bruseth, Crain, and to the burial ground’s preservation.TEXAS HISTORICAL COMMISSION Januar y/Februar y 2011 TEXAS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 12 13
  • •  P I E C E O F H I S T O Ry • •  •  ● ●  ● ● ● ●                                       Weeping Mary Carries On in East Texas ● ● ●  ●  ● ● ● ●W ●  ● ● ● ● ●  When he saw two elderly women Founded after the Civil War, � � Weeping Mary is tucked away in descending their porch, shaking theirfingers at him as he strolled into the the woods about six miles southwest  � �small community, Norris White thought of Alto. The subject of a 2009 THC                                ●      ●he must have done something wrong. historical marker for undertold stories, Weeping Mary has a mystique  “I didn’t know what I had done,” aUstisaid the Texas Historical Commission’s associated with its name and origins.                   n e X a s                 t (THC) 2010 Preservation Fellow, “but It was founded by two sisters—Nancy I saw them coming at me and was sure (Ross) Lockhart and Emily (Ross) Skinner—on land purchased when they I was in trouble.” One month earlier—during his were freed from slavery. The matriar- Above: Weeping Mary matriarch Bessie Mae Ross  ANNUAL HistoriCinternship at Caddo Mounds State chal town could have been named after  Parker has strong ties to the community’s agrarianHistoric Site in Alto—White had Mary Magdalene, though local legend says the namesake was a freed slave past. Below: a THC undertold stories marker was learned about the adjacent African dedicated in 2009.American community of Weeping named Mary who was swindled of  PreservationMary. He had printed the THC’s 1998 her land. her son (about me), ‘Who is this boy?’ ” brochure African Americans in Texas: Today, Weeping Mary’s population Parker recalls. “Then she said to me, ‘Let is estimated at nearly 75, as young Historical & Cultural Legacies, walked me tell you something—I’m the boss!’ ”to the village after work, introduced people have moved away in search George is married to one of Weeping himself to some residents, and of opportunity. But those remaining Mary’s current matriarchs—Aunt Mae’s distributed copies of the brochure. cling to tradition, a strong sense of second cousin once removed, Bessie  ConferenCeThe visit went well, and he had looked community, and a proud, agrarian Mae Ross Parker. Bessie Mae workedforward to returning. legacy. Weeping Mary Baptist Church more than 40 years as a thrasher for the  It was during his second visit to continues to anchor the community, and Texas Forest Service at the former Indian Weeping Mary that White thought the one-room schoolhouse (closed since Mounds Nursery, now part of Caddo World War II) still stands as testimony he was being admonished. Vertie Mounds State Historic Site. Martin and Ellie Mumphreydemanded to know where he of the enduring communal spirit residents say was embodied in the George fondly recalls using the old well tapped from one of several springs March 31-aPril 2, 2011 sheraton austin hotel  obtained the brochure, woman they called in the area. The springs were a major “Aunt Mae.” and he sheepishly factor in Caddo Indian settlement, andresponded that it was Grand nephew they testify to the area’s long history          • Online Registration Available in January            •from a state agency’s Cherry Jenkins of sustenance. website. As it turned remembers Eula “It’s been a good community,” out, the women were Mae Ross, who says George Parker. “We take care ofnot upset, but died “around 10 our own. I wouldn’t want to live overjoyed—a photo years ago,” as tough. anywhere else.” of an unidentified “She was 4’ 2”, but Weeping Mary is featured in woman on page could outwork any the THC’s new website, www.african6 portrayed their man,” he contends., an online  � �  � �“Aunt Mae,” a George W. Parker, or companion to the new travel booklet,deceased community “Daddy Parker” as African Americans in Texas: A Lasting  ● ●pillar of whom no he is known locally, Legacy (see “Let Freedom Ring” onother photo is known remembers meeting page 6). H to exist. White Aunt Mae when his instantly became a family moved to town Article and photos by Rob Hodges of the community hero. in 1937. “She asked THC’s Marketing Communications Division.TEXAS HISTORICAL COMMISSION      y                        TEXAS        Januar y/Februar 2011  HISTORICAL COMMISSION 14 
  • NEWS IN BRIEFHarris CHC Honors Sessums holds the rare honor of Bailey has been instrumental in19th-Century African being the first and only African American drummer to serve in the Houston Light several THC courthouse restorations (Bee, Jefferson, and Wharton counties) National Register NewsAmerican Leaders Guards, one of the oldest National Guard and received the THC’s Award of The National Register of Historic Places is the country’s official list of cultural resources deemed worthy ofThe Harris County Historical companies in Texas. The group became Excellence in Historic Architecture. preservation, including more than 3,000 listings in Texas. Listing affords properties a measure of protection fromCommission (CHC) recently held a the first uniformed militia company in His wife Peggy is a trustee with the the impact of federally funded projects, as well as access to technical expertise, tax credits, and grant funds tomarker dedication ceremony honoring post-Reconstruction Houston, and Friends of the Texas Historical facilitate preservation. The following recently listed historic properties represent the real stories reflecting Texas’two men who made significant Sessums earned distinction in the 1870s Commission and the Baileys are Texas dynamic cultural heritage.contributions to Houston’s African and 1880s for his significant role in the Heroes with the Friends.American community. The legacies unit, which developed a proud reputation Bailey founded Bailey Architects inof Rev. John Henry “Jack” Yates and John Herrera Ranch—Von Ormy, Bexar Co. for superior skills in military drill. 1975 and went on to serve as president The Blas Maria Herrera and Maria Antonia Ruiz HerreraSessums, Jr. were commemorated for of TSA, president of Houston’s chapterfuture generations on a Texas Historical Ranch is a rare early-19th century homestead inCommission (THC) marker and Texas Archeological of the American Institute of Architects, southern Bexar County, and has been in continuous and is a founding president of thegravestone, respectively, in Houston’s Stewardship Network ownership by Herrera family members since 1845. The Houston Architecture Foundation. complex represents early settlement by Tejano settlers.College Memorial Park Cemetery. Receives Accolades Bailey Architects specializes in award- Randy Rieppe and Pastor Robert The Preserve America program honored At the heart of the ranch stands a large jacal structure winning historical preservation, (pictured) that served as the family residence, a smallerRobertson, members of the College a THC archeology program by designat- renovation, library, educational, andPark Cemetery Association, officiated ing it a 2010 Preserve America Steward. jacal with an attached open-air pavilion, and three smaller liturgical architecture. wood-frame buildings. Historic built features throughoutthe ceremony. Yates descendant Jackie This designation, awarded in recognitionBostic spoke about her great-grandfather, of the Texas Archeological Stewardship the ranch reflect the evolution and changing uses ofand Harris CHC member Ann Becker Network (TASN), recognizes programs Red River War Featured In the land, from active ranching, to scaled-back ranchingmade remarks on Sessums. The men that have demonstrated a successful use New Online Brochure activities, to social and community events, to the simple Photo courtesy of San Antonio Conservation Society pasturing of horses today. The property is listed in thewere further honored with official of volunteer time and commitment to Tumultuous battles, famous U.S. Armyproclamations and resolutions from caring for the nation’s heritage. leaders, Native American warriors, and National Register at the state level of significance in theTexas Gov. Rick Perry, Sens. John The TASN enlists the help of the plight of the buffalo all converge in areas of Settlement and Ethnic Heritage: Hispanic.Cornyn and Kay Bailey Hutchison, trained volunteers to monitor and the new THC online brochure Red RiverCongressman John Culberson, State interpret the vast archeological landscape War of 1874–1875: Clash of Cultures inSen. Rodney Ellis, State Rep. Ellen of Texas. With nearly two million the Texas Panhandle. The brochure Westgate Tower—Austin, Travis Co.Cohen, County Judge Ed Emmett, and archeological sites throughout the Lone explores the conflict that erupted The Westgate Tower—a 26-story mixed-use building containing commercialHouston Mayor Anise Parker. Harris Star State, most on private lands, the between the U.S. Army and Native space, apartments, a parking garage, and originally a restaurant andCHC Marker Dedication Chair Debra THC relies heavily on these skilled Americans in the 1870s. social club—is named for its location adjoining the west edge of the CapitolBlacklock-Sloan offered remarks about volunteers to carry out digs, document Red River War of 1874–1875 grounds in downtown Austin. At 261 feet in height, the Westgate Towerthe symbolism and importance of artifacts, and help landowners obtain highlights notable figures (including was the tallest building constructed in Austin during the 1960s, althoughAfrican American cemeteries. protective designations. Gen. William T. Sherman and Comanche it deferred in height to the Capitol (311 feet) and the tower of the Main Yates was considered one of For more information about Chief Quanah Parker) and includes a Building of the University of Texas at Austin (307 feet). The Westgate is listedHouston’s most influential 19th-century Preserve America or to view a list of map identifying 13 regional museums in the National Register in the area of Community Planning and DevelopmentFourth Ward leaders. Enslaved at birth other national Steward designations, and heritage sites where visitors can view for its association with a wave of high-rise residential construction in Texasin Gloucester, Virginia, Yates eventually visit artifacts relating to the war. One of the cities during the period 1962–66. Additionally, it is listed in the area ofmigrated to Houston where he worked For more information about TASN, most significant sites is Palo Duro Architecture for its association with the architects Edward Durell Stoneas a drayman and Baptist preacher, visit Canyon State Park, which features an of New York and Fehr & Granger of Austin. The building’s masonry solaradministering the rapid growth of interpretive center outlining the war’s screens embody the distinctive characteristics of Stone’s mid-20th century most pivotal battle. modern architecture.membership and influence of Antioch Texas Society of ArchitectsChurch until 1891. He encouraged other To download a copy of the online Honor Ray Bailey brochure visit Forformerly enslaved blacks to purchase The Texas Society of Architects (TSA) more information on the Red River War Photo courtesy of Rachel Leibowitzproperty by setting the example of recently awarded distinguished architect contact the THC’s Archeology Divisionbecoming a homeowner within five years Ray Bailey of Houston with the 2010 at 512.463.6096. H Other recent National Register listings include Bexar County’s krause House and Toltec Apartments (both in Sanof his emancipation. TSA Lifetime Achievement Medal. Antonio); Harris County’s Sylvan Beach Pavilion (La Porte); Karnes County’s karnes County Courthouse (Karnes Bailey was honored for his 40 years of City); Tarrant County’s Vandergriff Building (Arlington); and Travis County’s Chapman House (Austin). “leadership and dedication in architecture and community.”TEXAS HISTORICAL COMMISSION Januar y/Februar y 2011 TEXAS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 16 17
  • &TOOLS SITE SPOTLIGHT county Historical commission Experience Preservation in Progress at Levi Jordan Plantation TIPS The Medallion is published bimonthly byT the Texas Historical Commission. Address correspondence to: Managing Editor, The Medallion, P.O. Box 12276, Austin, TX 78711-2276. Portions of the newsletter thatThe Levi Jordan Plantation’s origins Emancipation are not copyrighted or reprinted from otherdate to 1848, when Jordan, a planter, brought freedom sources may be reprinted with permission. Contributions for the support of thisacquired more than 2,200 acres of to the enslaved publication are gratefully accepted. Forland west of the San Bernard River workers at information about alternate formats ofin Brazoria County and relocated his this publication, contact the THC the Jordan at and his agricultural operation Plantation, butto Texas. After years of moving across also many new TExas HisTORicaL cOMMissiON commissioners:the southeast in search of more fertile challenges. The Jon T. Hansen, Chairsoil, family lore claims the Georgia- Freedmen’s David A. Gravelle, Vice Chairborn Jordan reported finding an ideal Bureau office Diane D. Bumpas, Secretarypiece of land that would outlast them in Brazoria Thomas E. Alexander Steven L. Highlanderall in the heart of the Texas Gulf Coast Earl Broussard Jr. Sarita A. Hixon County reviewed Donna D. Carter Sheri S. Krauseregion near present-day Brazoria. several labor The mid-1850s main house at Levi Jordan Plantation is undergoing stabilization A. Mario Castillo Gilbert E. Peterson Upon taking possession of his contract disputes and is the focus of public programs at the site on the first Saturday of each month. Leslie “Kirk” Courson Thomas R. Phillips The Bee CHC has partnered with the Lott Canada Alumni and Coastal Bend College to pursue markers John W. Crain Nancy M. Steves and designations for the Lott Canada School in Beeville, a Rosenwald school built in the 1930s. It island, Jordan left about a dozen enslaved between Jordan Lisa A. Hembry Marcus W. Watson currently used as a school for continuing education and provides a museum space dedicated to the history ofworkers there to begin construction of and his recently freed laborers. While related to the African American the Lott Canada School. commissioner Emeritus: T. R. Fehrenbachresidences while he relocated his family. C the population of the former slave experience in 19th-century Texas. Executive Director: Mark WolfeThe main plantation house was a two- quarters area fluctuated during From 1986 to 2002, Dr. Ken Medallion staff:story, four-room, wood-frame Greek early Reconstruction, as many as Brown of the University of Houston Heather McBride Director of MarketingRevival style home. It was completed in 100 Africans and African Americans conducted extensive archeological Barbara Putrino Editorthe mid-1850s. The workers also built investigations at the site. The Andy Rhodes Managing Editor County Historical Commissions (CHC) American schools. Rosenwald remained at the plantation. Judy Jensen Senior Graphic Designerseveral slave quarters and a sugar mill. Jordan died in 1873 and investigations focused on the former Gina Milligan Graphic Designer are charged with developing and schools carry a rich history in Jordan raised sugarcane and cotton management of his agricultural empire slave quarters and areas around the maintaining an inventory of surveyed their association with communityand made a shrewd investment in one fractured as it transitioned to his plantation house. Numerous artifacts ISSN 0890-7595 properties in cooperation with the development and for their progressive Vol. 48, No. 1–2of the largest sugar mill operations in grandchildren’s generation. By the were recovered from the excavations Texas Historical Commission (THC). plans that were designed to create athe area. This mill processed his cane late 1880s, the quarters area of the that provided insights into the material As we enter the new year, we ask healthy learning environment. The Medallion is financed in part by a grantand the cane of several neighboring plantation was abandoned and over culture, daily lives, and beliefs of the from the National Park Service, U.S. that CHCs prioritize updating their CHCs can help celebrate the realplantations. Over the 10-year period the next few decades the structures former slaves at the plantation. Department of the Interior. All of the agency’s inventories to provide accurate location places that tell the real stories of theseculminating with the end of the U.S. deteriorated and were dismantled The site is currently an example public programs and activities are operated and condition information. important historic resources. Please free from discrimination on the basis of race,Civil War and Emancipation, Jordan for salvage. With time the structure of “preservation in progress,” with color, national origin, age, gender or disability. The THC is particularly interested check the inventory of Rosenwaldowned as many as 140 enslaved foundations, tools, and personal items efforts underway to stabilize and restore Any person who believes he or she has been in CHC assistance to update the schools currently on file with the THC discriminated against should write to Officeworkers, some Africans who were part left behind by the former plantation the 1850s plantation home. Texas of Equal Opportunity, U.S. Department of statewide thematic inventory for and let us know which schools stillof the illegal slave trade of the early inhabitants would become an Historical Commission (THC) staff the Interior, Washington, DC 20240. Rosenwald schools. In the early 20th exist in your county and the current19th century. archeological treasure trove of artifacts at the site have recently begun hosting century, many public rural schools condition of the properties. The Medallion is available online at www.thc. public programs on the first Saturdays If for African American children were More information about of each month. you would prefer to receive The Medallion dilapidated with few amenities. This Rosenwald schools can be found electronically instead of through the mail, “The complexities of preserving and drew the attention of Julius Rosenwald, on the THC website (www.thc.state. Levi Jordan Plantation State Historic Site developing facilities at the site will take please send your name and address to You will be notified by the president of Sears, Roebuck or from the agency’s National 7234 FM 521, Brazoria, TX • 979.798.2202 email when each new issue is available on the time,” says Brett Cruse, sites supervisor and Co., who developed the Julius Register Coordinator Greg Smith. We with the THC’s Historic Sites Division. THC web site and will no longer receive a Rosenwald Fund. Active from 1912 also suggest referencing the multiple printed copy. “For now, the community seems excited through 1932, the Rosenwald Rural property National Register listing for Note: The site is not open daily to the public during its current to be able to experience the site and Our Mission School Building Program provided Historic and Architectural Resources development planning phase. However, staffers open the site on the learn about these efforts by seeing them To protect and preserve almost 5,000 new schools in 15 states, associated with the Rosenwald first Saturday of each month for interested guests. In addition, the site first-hand.”H the state’s historic and prehistoric including more than 500 in East Texas. Rural School Building Program, is open for reserved group tours of 10 or more. Be aware it is very resources for the use, education, One of preservation’s leading or the National Trust for Historic rustic and lacks running water and modern restroom facilities. This article was written by Bryan McAuley, site enjoyment and economic benefit threats is the loss of our historic Preservation publication Preserving manager of Levi Jordan Plantation. of present and future generations. schools, even more so to African Rosenwald Schools.TEXAS HISTORICAL COMMISSION Januar y/Februar y 2011 TEXAS HISTORICAL COMMISSION 18 19
  • The Medallion PRESORTED Texas Historical Commission STANDARD P.O. Box 12276 U.S. POSTAGE PAID Austin, TX 78711-2276 AUSTIN, TX PERMIT NO. 1938 POSITION ONLy Cert no. BV-COC-080319W W H E R E O N E A RT H . . . I N T E X A SWhere on Earth? you tell us! Write to the TexasHistorical Commission, P.O. Box 12276, Austin,TX 78711-2276. you also may fax your answer to512.463.6374 or email it to first three people who correctly guess the site willbe named with the answer in the March/April issue ofThe Medallion. The first correct mail answer will becounted, even if correct emails and faxes arrive first. Want a clue? Located in a northern Texas community, this 1885 Renaissance Revival courthouse was rededicated in 2002 as part of the THC’s Texas Historic Courthouse Preservation Program. Answer to the photo from the last issue: The recognizable towerpictured above is the famous Taj Mahal (Building 100)at Randolph Air Force Base in San Antonio. A recordnumber of readers (50 and counting) enthusiasticallyresponded with the correct answer and shared manyheartfelt memories of the traditions associated with thetower’s patriotic broadcasts.Congratulations to the first three readers who quicklysubmitted the correct answer: Alfred Broden of SanAugustine, Bro. Edward Loch of San Antonio, andTresa West of Brownfield. They will receive prizes fromour Texas Heritage Trails Program as a token of ourappreciation for taking part in the fun. Thanks toall participants!H