Fitzgerald report 1953

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Fitzgerald was special counsel to the Senate Interstate and Foreign Commerce Committee in 1953. He was commissioned by Congressman Charles Tobey of Massachusetts to investigate the obstruction of natural cancer treatments by the American Medical Association.

His report to the committee is known as “The Fitzgerald Report” of 1953.

Alone, this information is a bombshell. But, to my knowledge the information you are about to read hasn’t been put into the same or connect-the-dots context before.

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Fitzgerald report 1953

  1. 1. A5350. CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX CONCORD, N. R . Ae t i vf!y repor t Jn c.: a gue of Ca th ollc s tovontan AmerHo ra WILLIAM LANGER, P u rs u a n t to the a bo ve. th e u n d ersl tca ns : Miss ionaries of St . Ch ar les for th e T h e Senn e bte ce B llfld 17 at Of!l 19, co m m en ced a coll ecl on and stud j' 0 1 gne d !ta lla n Immigrants : Na ti on al AllIa n cc of lVa .sh t ngton . D. C . ter ra t co verrng t he operatlons o r I OUn datlm a Czech Ca tholics; National Ca t holic DE.'R S ENA TOR LANGER: M v f ther had In - h os p i t als . enn tcs. an d G O',"ernmeDt -sp on ons , Ru ra l Life Con ference: Nationa l Con - t e n d ed to p u t t h e cn ci osed re :t In the r gan lza tlo na specu IIz ln g In c ne e: probl ~r ed fer ence of Cath olic cha rltlcs : Na t ion al CONGRESSIONAL !l Econ D b u t . d ue to hi s u n - InclUd in g t h e t o ll o wlng : rna. Council of Cathollc Men ; Na ti ona l Coun- t Im ely d e nt h . t h is w • trn p osstb l c, Arner tca n Can cer Soc le y. It wo u ld be &Teatl ;. np prcc ta ed I t j' OU · cil of Ca tholic Women : New York DioAm er lc n :'l ed lc nl IIss oc l t lo n . cesa n R esettlemen t Commit t ee; P olish w oul d h. ve t h is re po r t In serted In t h e cox An n e Jo'u ll er Fund . l>e w II nven , Co nn. Ga ESSION, L RECORD Ap p e n d iX und er the su g D be R u t h Fou n d n t lo n . Jm m lgra tlon Comm ittee : Slova k C. th o gest d h elld ln [; or ..... R epo r t to t he sen ate Bl a ck . Stevenson C ricer Fou n da t io n. H at ollc Federation of Ameti ca : Uk raInIan Jn t ers ta 0 Co m m erce Co m m ittee o n t h e ti esb u rg . Miss . Catholic Comm ittee : UkraIn ia n Con- Need for I n ~ es tl g a t1 o n of C a n c e r Reses r ch Bonds Fund , Ne w York . gr ess Committee : nlted F riends of Orga n lza t tona ." J o h nllthan Bowman Fund , Ma dIs on , Wls Wi th personal r eg a r d s, I a m . Needy a nd Dlsplac ed People of Y u 0 Cr oc k e r Ca n c er R es ea r ch Fun d. Ne w YO~k S in cer el, j·ou rs. Da m on R u n yon Ca n cer Fund . . sla vla : u nuce Lith ua nia n R elief Fund CH ARLES W. T o o!:". J r . Ph tllp L, Dr os nes and t h e Dr os n es Lnzen . of America ; Uni ed Ukrain ian Am erica n bey ono rc. Plt tsburgb. Pa, R ellef Com m it tee ; Wh ite R u th eni a n Prom : Be n ed Ict F . F it " ernl d , J r .. spcc ta l Dr . F, M . Eug ene, Bl ll&! Clin ic, Lo n g Vu ll ey By elorll S5la n- Congress Com m it tee : . counsel t o t he Comm ittee o n I n t en t n le N . J . and F ore ig n Co m m er ce . G o ver n m en t o rgn n lzntlons : Th e Dep rt. Wa r Relief se n 'lces-Nationa l Ca thol1c T o : Hon. J OHN W. Ba lcl<>:R a n d men: bers of m en t o f Health , E d u ca t ion , an d Welf a r e: ( ) w crrnre Conf erence. ' the I nterstate nn d F ore ign mrnerce loood a n d Drug Ad m in is t r a tio n: (bl Fe d era l T here bein g no ob jectio n . the resolu Committe e of t h e Uni t ed S t ates Se n ate . T r ade Commi ssi o n . ti on was ordered to be printed in the Dr . G rego ry ClinI c. P asnd c na , Caut. S u b j ect : Pr ogr ess r e por t o n s t udy requested R EconD, as follows : Hon ey Cancer C li n ic. 40507 G llst on Ave n u e, by the la te Se n a tor C h a r les W , To bey , T ho ne rnbcr s or th e Na ti on . I Ca tho llc R c nc ttle m e n t Coun cil a n d th e Am er tcun c o rem lttee on S p ecIal M igra t ion t a j ot n t, m e et In g unantmousty p assed the t ollowln g reso tu li o n : " Wh er eas t h e 63d Co n gr ess . lst s ess tc n , h as enac te d }I. R. &:81 In r e ponse t o r ec om m e nda ti on s m ad e b y Pres id en t E is enhower : "Wh er eas t h e en ac t m en t o f this le gi s!. t lon ner ves t h e hi gh est Interes t o f ou r b elov ed Am e r ica wh il e , at, the same tim e, It will as 1lt SOIl)C o f our m o t Im portant a llies In h ' ln g p roblems c re a t ed by t ymnny, w ar , a n d It" aftermn th ; " Wh e reas the enac tmen t or t h is leg is la t Ion w as made possIb le by t h e lIr m s u ppor t and de te rm ined le ad e rs h ip of ce rta in :.l em b ers 0 1 Co n gress : Th er e rore. be It "R esolved, Th a t t h e Na ti onal en h oll c Re set lem en t Coun e ll a nd tho Amerlcn n mm ltteo 011 Speci al Migr a t Ion, r epresen t in g M they d o mllliona of Am eri ca ns wn oee h o pes n n d p raye rs beseec h pe a ce w ith rrced om lo r n il rn nnkt nd, ex p r ess t h e Ir &TatcfUI a p p reCia ti on to all t hose w h o assis t ed In brln g ln " bou t t he enac tIOOn t Of e merge ncy l eg is la ti on : be It tUrther " Reso lved , Thn t a co py o f this r es ol u lOll b e t ra nsmItted to t h os e Me m be rs o f Co n g r e Wh o e ,ervlc es In t h is wo r t h y clI Us e wer e outst n ndl n g.., ehal rmn n, Selllite I n t N s t a t e a nd Fore l[;11 Co m m erce Co m m it tee. l )ROJ ECT The u nder s ig n ed, as s peci a l co u n se l to the S en a t e tnter st nte and F o r e ig n Co mmerce Co m m it te e. WIS directed t o aupervlse a stu d y of t h e ro llo wln g : I. All t h ose In d lvld · nl s . o r gan t zat tc ns , rounc nu ons, hospi tals a nd eu nice. through o u t t h e U nited S ta te s , wh ic h n a ve a n etr ect u po n In ters t a te commerce nnd wh ic h n ave bee n conductlng r esea r c h es , tn vcs tt gatto ns, expertmcnts a n d d e m o ns tra t ion s r el a tl n to t he ca u se, prc vcntto n, nnd m e t h ods of d iag n os is and r eatment of t h o di se ase cancer , to de termine t h e In t e rs t a t e ram l fi Io n s o f t h eir op e ra tion s, t h e ir d n a n clal str u ct u res, Inclu d In g t n err fun d -rais in g m eth ods. and t h a m ou n ts e xpe n d ed for cUnlcal r e earcn as d is ti n gu is h ed fr o m admin istrative exp end It u r es . a n d to as certa in the ex rc n of th e t h er a pe u tl c value cla im ed b y eacu In t h e us e 01 Its p art. Ic ul nr therapy. 2 . The fnc ts In vOl'l n g t h e d is co very of, t h e 1m po r ts fr o m a for el s n co untr)' of. the re search es upo n . and t h e In to r sta te cx per l . m en ts, de m o n stratIons , a nd u se o f t h e . a r l OWl dr u gs . prep nra tl ons. and remedIes for th e t re a t m e n t of the d Isease c anc e r, suc h d rugs t o In clude t h e so -ca ll ed 'I' o n d er dru g kr e b lo ze n , gl oxyllde, m ucorhle ln , and oth ers. 3. The t ac ts I n ' o l ~ l n g the Inte rstate co n ap lr a cy. If an y. e n ga ged In b j' any In dl' ld u als , organIzations, corp oratl on s , ass o ci a A Report 10 the Senate IDlers/ate Com- t o ns. and, co m b In es 0 1 a n y kin d Wh a tsoever. . to hInder. sup p r ess, or r estrict t·h e tree now merce Committee OD the Need for In- o r trans m is si on 0 1 kreblo7.en. g lox ~· lI d e . a n d m u co r h lcJn . a n d o t her druga, p re p nratlon s vest igatioD of Cancer R ~s ea.eh Organa n d remed ies. a n d In fo r m a tl o n . · re aear c h es. izations In ves t lga tl ons , experiments a n d d em on s t rat ion s r el a ti n g to the ca use . pre ve n tion a n d methods of diagnosis a n d trea t m en t o f the EXTENSION OF REM ARKS d isease ca n cer. 0 >" 40 . T he f acts h w ol vln g the operatl n o f volu n ta r y coop era tl ve prepaid medIc al p la ns a n d t h e orga n lz tlon s sponsor In g said p la ns which n re en ga ge d In In ters t tlte com m erce 0>" No aTH IMKOT A a n d whic h In cl ud e In the ir {lro rams medical IN TIlE S -ATE OF TIIE UNIT E D STA TES t r ea t m e n t for t h e d is eas e c. n cer, t o d etermine the ex ten t o f their Interst ate Ins urM onda y. August 3, 1953 ' n C operatio ns. t h e Id e n t l y of the ir orl Ie n t o rs a nd spo n so rs , a n d t h e res istan ce. If 1I r. LANGER. Mr. P resid en t. Ire· an y. t h at each In s u r e r h as experI enced f rom q les permlS5Joll to havc In se r te d In th e a ,. y In d l~ldu al s , or 17.a tlo ns . corporl'.tl ons. CONG RESSIONAl, R ECORD un der da tc of assoc ia t io ns, o f co mbines , In t h e ir aUempl.'l Augus t 3, 1953 , the letter from Ch a rlcs to offer p ro t ec Ion t o th ose who a r c nnll cted V. To bey, J r.. son o f the la to Senator wit h t h e di s eas e cancer. 5 . T h o t a ct s Im 'ol vlng t h e In eq u a lity o f Ch a rles Tobey, togeth er with h is en · opportunlt j' , If a n y. th a t e xis ts with r eg a rd closure. t o raeo. creed . or col or. In co n n ec ti on with T h ere beIng no obje cti on . th e letter the ad m l... lon f stude n t.q. r ese a rc h ers . a n d nn d enclosure were ord er ed 1.0 lJe Pl'luted p a tl e n ts to Ins t lt u tl o ns t h r ou gh ou t t h e in th e R ECORD, a s follows : Unl ted States c g aged In ca n cer thern p j . HON. WILLIAM LANGER Da ll ns . T ex. C . P . H u n t in gton F u n d . Ne w Yor k . t nternut tou : I Cance r R ct e nrcl' u nda. t lon , P h il a d elp h ia . P n. Johns Hopki ns Hosp it a l , Ba lt im or e, , Id. Dr . Wa ld o J o nes , M j'r tl e Bea c h . S . C. D r . W ill i am F . K och and R<:'. S m S ... a ln · Cli n ic. a lso kn own as the Ch r is tia n Med ical Res earc h Le a gu e . Det roit , Mic h .. . nd Br azil . Sou th Am er ica . La ke la n d Found a ti on . Ch lc ng . III. L In co l n Foundntlon . Medto rd, Mass, M em o r ia l Hos p lnl . New Y or k , D r. K . F . Murph y a ri d D r . Charles Lym a n ner c n n ic. 25 E as t Was h in g to n tr ee t , Ch iCAgO, III . N ew Yo r k Sk In and Ca n ce r Hos It I , :f ew 'l:or k. R ad Ium I ns tl t u t e o f New Yo:k . H e n r~' R u t her'Iord Fund . f<: cw Yo rk, C h r les F . S p a n g Fo u n tl a t lo n . P ittsb u rgh. Pa. n l, 'e rs lt y 01 Chicago. Ch Ic ago , III. n l'c rs lt j' of I lIl n o ls ' ChampaIg n. I ll . T h er e H e r , the u nder si gn ed tr. velc d to I 11I n o is to In ve stlgate the so-called kreb loze n co n n o vers j·. and on J Ulj' 2. 1053. wr ote 8 r ep or t o n h is fin dJ n gs which Is a t t a ched h er eto a nd m luk ed "Exh ib it A." I n clud ed In t h is r ep or t W !.S tho e v lu atlo n : " The controvers y Is In vo lv ed and req u ir es f u r t h e r rese arc h and de velopment, T h ere Is reM on to b ellevo t h a t the AloiA hns b een h llStj' . capricIous . arbitr a r y, a n d outrJght d ishon est. and o f co u rs e If the doctrin e o f 'respondeat superior ' Is 10 b e obser ved, tl le a lle ged m ac hi nations of D r. J . J . Mo or e (l or t h e p ~t 10 ye rs t h e reM u rer of t h e A. 1, I c oul d In 'ol " o ~ll e ,A, M , Bnd o thers In nn In lCrs t :>.te co nspir acy ot al arming propo : t lo n • . "Th e p ri n ci p a l wit ne ss es wh o t ell of Dr . M oore 's rlUeallt y nr c Alber to Ba rrelra, Argen t in e c a b ine t m e m be r , nd h is ecrctnr " . An n . D . Sc hmidt." Therea fte r. t h e und ersi gn ed " ls it ed oth er a r eas . In t orrogBUn g med ical men. a nd o n July JoI. 19 53 . wrote " f u rt h er r epor t . In cl u ded In this was t h e e 'a luat!o n: " Be ing ' It n lly In te r es te d nnd h l' ln l; trIed o listen a n d obse rve close l y. It Is my pro fo u n d co nvi cti on th a t t his s u bst ance k re b lo ze n Is on e of t he most promisIng m a t e: lal ' ~' e Is o lated for t h e management o f cancer. I t Is bi ol og ic all y ae t h 'e. I h a 'e go ne c ver t h e re cor ds o f 530 cases, m ost o f t h e m con ducted at a d lstance fr om Chicago, b j' un ' bl llSed ca nce r eJq>er ~ a nd ellnlcs . I n r ea ch In g ro v conclusions I h a ve of cours e dis . counte'd mj' o wn la y observ a tlot15 a nd r elied m os tl y o n the op in io ns ot q u a ll ll ed c~ncer r esenre h workers nn d rdlJ r; e xper ie n ced phj'sl c lans,
  2. 2. i. CONGRESSIONAL RECORD " J h ave co n clu de d th nt I n the va lu e of pr ese nt ca n cer researc h , th is s ubs tance a n d t h e t h eo r y be h Ind It d eserve s t ho most f u ll Ilin d complete and s cientific s t u d y, I ta valu e In tbe m nn ag em cn t, of t h e cance r p a ti en t h lS bee n d em ons tr nte d In n su rnclent n u m b er ' no d percemage of eas es 10 d em a n d f ur t her 'work. "B eh in d a n d over .,11 thIs Is t h e weirdes t con glom era t io n or co rrupt m c ttves , Intrigue , :s oU1s h n ess , jeal ou s )t , ob struct io n , a n d con' sp lra cy that I hnve ever s een . "D r. An dr ew C. Ivy, wh o h as b een co n d uc ll n r es earch u p on t hi s dmg , Is abso IUt.ely bon es t In tellect ually, acle n Ul1ca lly , 'nn d In every otber wa y. Mor co ver, he a p p ea rs to be a c e a ! t h e m ost compe tent a nd u n b ias ed ca n ce r exp erts til. t I h a ve ever in com e In con t a ct wit h , h a V g served on t bo nrd o r h o A rn crt cnn Cnn ccr SocIet y an d t h o Am er ica n Med ical Associat Ion , nnd In t h at c" pa cl t y h avi ng been ca ll ed u pon to o"a lu a t o vario us types o r ca n cer thera p )' . 'Dr, Georg e O. Stoddar d , president or t h o .Unlverslty of Il lin ois , In nss ls tl n g In the cess at ion or Dr . I vy'. r es ea r ch on can cer a t t ho Un ivers ity or nu nors , a n d In r eco mm en d tn g .rh e a bo nshment. or t h e Intter', pos t B vlcc p r esi d e n t of t h a t tnstt t u t ton , n es , In m y opinion , s hown a tt r ibu tes o r In to ler a n ce for scien tifi c r es earch In gene ra l." I t Is a matt er or co mmon knowledg t h llt t il. entire s u b j ect m ntter Is hi ghly centro 'Crs la l a nd th us rur t h er and a dd ltlonnl re s earch and develop me nt would entail m or e ti m e. A contro vers y a mon g renowned su r goon s, p a t hologtats , ca n cerolog ts ts , a nd r adl o log ls ta should n ot de ter or silence t h lB co m m it te e fr om carrym out the m a nda t e con t em pla t ed and ex pr essl y dIr ected b)' th e la t. o c h a irma n or yo u r commIttee, Sen ntor Ch arles W . To ~y, by virtue of th o r esolu ti o n p asaed b y the Senate. :'< ow, pass in g on to a n t h er Im tl t u tl on . I h ave very carefully s t u die d t h e court .records or t h r ee cas es tried III t h e Fed er al and Sta t<:l cou r ta or Da ll as , Tex. A ru n ni n g figh t has ·bee n golng o n be t wee n onlclals. es pe clnll y Dr. Mor ris Flshbeln , o r tbe Am er ic an Med.lc I Asso cia t io n t hrou gh t he jou rnal or Ih nt o rga n iza ti on , n d the H oxaey Ca n cer Clin ic. Dr. Jo'l shbo ln con ten d ed tha t th e m ed ici ne s em p lo)'ed by t h o Hoxaey Cancer Cli ni c h nd DO therapeu tic value; t h t It was run by a q u a ck an d a charlatan . (This clin Ic Is m nn n ed hy a stalf o r over 30 employees , Inc lu d in g n u rs es a n d p h ys icia n s . ) Rep rin ts and cIrc u la ti on or s everal million cop Ies o r IIrl1cles f,() p repa r ed resu lte d In li t igatIo n . T h e Gove r nment tlleN!aH cr Interv en ed a nel EOu ght an In ju n cti o n to p re ven t t h e tra ns m iss ion In In te rst a te co m me rce o f ce rtnl n m ed icin es. It Is In teresti ng to n ote th nt In t b e t r ia l cou rt, herore J Ud ge At well , wh o h ad an o ppor t u n lt,' to h e nr t he wltn csses In t wo dIffe re n t t r ial s. It wa s h eld that t h e so c, lie d Ho xs ey m eth od or treat in g ca n ce r ..... M In orne rc.spe cts su pe r io r to th a t o r X- ray. r a d ium. a n d s u rger y a nd did h a ve t b erap e u t lc ·nlu o. T h e Cir cuit Cou r t o f Ap pe als of t h e Fltth CIrc ui t d ecId ed othe rwl so. Th is d ecis io n was hande d down during tho trl I of a libel s u it In t h e Dis trict Court o r Dall as , T ex., b)' Hoxsey agaInst Morr is F1Bhbelll, ""h o II.d ml ttod t h a t he had ne,'er p racticed med ic in e one dar In h lB lire lind h a d n ever had p rl'ate pa tien t , v, b lch re s ul te d In a verd ict ror Hoxs ey an d a gainst Morr is Fishbein , Tho derense ndm lt te d t h at Boxae,' co uld cure eXternnl enncer hu t co n tcn ded t h llt his m ed icines ror In :., rna l cancer ha d n o t h e ra peu t Ic ,·a lu e. Th e jur )-. a rt e r 11 ten ln to le nd In s p a t h ol og is ts , ra d Iol ogis ts , p hysi cia n s, s u r geo ns, a n d sco res or wI ne sses . a great number o r wh om hnd n eyer been treated b y an y phys lcl II c r surgeon excep t t h e tn a t m en t r ece h 'ed a t t b e 8 0l<se,' Ca n cer Cli n ic . concl u d ed th t Dr , F1sh ~ l n 110' s wr o n g: th at hi pUblished statemen ts we r e ral se , and thn t the n oxaey methOd o r Irent ln g ca n cer di d have the ra pe u ti c " a lue, APPENDIX A5351 In t h Is li ti ga t Io n the o c ver n m ee t of t n e the h sp ltBls In I n d ia , Ch i n a nn d J apa.n . Un it ed St a te s , IS we llns Dr . 1"Lsbbe ln , b rough t H e Is a rell ow of t h e Am er ica n Assoctauo rr to the co u r t the lend ing m ed icat scton t ts ts , t or til. Ad vnn eem en t or SCience. H e h olds In c ludi ng pa t h ologis ts nd o th ers s k ill ed I n Do natlonn l board certi fica te a n d s ince 194 5 the treatmen t or cancer. The y ca me from h o bas been medic I direc to r or t he G tha m a ll pnr or t h e cou ntry, It Is s lgn lfic nn t 10 JI pu a ), Now Yor k. n o te t h nt n gr ea t n u m h er of t h es e d oc t ors " Re po r t of Dr. Mil ey of a s u r v ey m a d e b y admi tted tha t X- TIl)' therapy co ul d caus a Dr. S tn n ley Relm lln n (I n charge or t umor re c a n cer. Th is view Is s upporte d by m edI ca l s earch a n d pnlbology , G ot h a m H os p ital) b epu blica ti ons, In clUdi n g tho m ng nzlne en- roro Sena tor P ep per 's committee on S en a t e Utled " Cnn eer ," published by t h a Am or lcan b Ui 1875, a bill to nuthorlze e x pen dit u re o r Cancer Soc iety, May tss ue or 1948. $100 mUl la n In ca ncer r es earch . I a m h ere wi t h tnc tudtng t h e n a m es a n d "D r. Re lmnn n 's repo rt o n cancer c as ca In ad d r ess es or so m e or the witne sses wn o testt- P ennsylva nt a ove r a lo ng p eriOd or tl m o n ed In th e S tnte a nd Federal cou r t . It h as s howed t h a t t h os e wh o r ece i ved n o t r elltb een d et er m in ed b y p llthol ogy , In ( gren t m ent liv ed a lon ger p eriod t h n u t h os e t h n t mBn y Ins t a nc es b y la bora tories Wh oll y d is - r eceived surgery , ra di u m . or X -r a y, The ex co n n ec ted rro m t b o Hoxsey Cancer Cli n ic, cep t ion s we r e thOllo pa ti en ts w h o h d r e t ba t t b ey ", ere su ffer ing fro m d lffc ren t ty pes c etved e lectros u rgery. T h o esu r vev atso or ca n cer , bo t h m tern al nn d e xre r n a t, a n d " h aw ed t h nt foll owIn g the Us o r radIUm an d foll OWin g t re a t m en t they tcs ll fl.ed tbe y_were X -ra y much mo re b nrm t h nn go od wns do n o cured . to t h c av erage cancer p a ti e n t . "Dr. Wl lll nm SeamBn Bnlnbrldge. A. M ., Nam e, add r ess, and !lI P. J. A. J oh nson. Ra n g Jr. Tcx., sq u a m o us cell S c. D.. M. D.. C. M., 1". I . O. S . (h o norary) . W lU tbe r ec ip Ien t or s ix h on orar y d egr ee' No. 2. Mrs. R. J . R lck m nn , 122G Enst Alle n St r eet , rr om var tou s In s ti tu t ions, t h e m ost r ecen t b e in g t h e d egr ee or d oc tor honor I s caus e rr c m Fo r t Wor th , rnc tnn oca r ctn em n. Ro ber t Tha n e. Avoc a , Tex., m yxol t pos nr - t h e Univer sity or San Mar cos, P eru. He h lU,l b oen su rgeo n at t h e Ne w Yor k Sk in a n d Cnn com a. {I'll. H. H. J oh n son. Den ton , T ex ., ad ena- c r Hosp it a l, eurgrcnt dI recto r of New Yor k Cit y Children's Ho pl tal, a nd or ~I nn h .. t t nn car etn oma. Mr s. Elmer Smit h , Well in gto n , Tex.. rnn n g- State Ho. p lt nl, War d 's lsi n d , a.ad ccneut t .-. In g surgeon nn d In' necologl. t to v erio us h os n nn t m elan rna. Mild r ed I"ager , 2101 sr ovan S tre et . Da ll as, p i tals In the Ne w Yor k m etro poli t a n and . s u bu rba n are lUI . T ex.. m ela no m a. " Vhlle th ere ar e som e wh o s U Il b eli eve In A. Q . Burgess , 2oll6 W ym an n Stree t . Da ll as , t h e emency or r ad iat ion as a cu r ,my skepti -n, x .. blUlal cell cnr cl noma. Ira Pos to n , 6322 Vict or Str eet , Da tlaa , Tcx.. c is m with re gard to Its va lu e 111 betng In cr eas in gly sUbstnnUate d. Bu t e ven w it h th o bas a l ce ll carctnomn. s t tecn m e or tod ny, Its curat I ve elrect In W. E. Harmon , Grapevin e, T ex " pri ck le ce ll r e nl cancer Is q uestlonnble . In 1939 t h o car c in om a . Ml'1l. J . A. Rob b, Weat b erford . Tex., blUm grea t Br itish p hy si ologis t. S ir Leo n a r d Bill , l WI' Ie : ' La r go d Os ~ (of g mmn a nd b ard cell carcin oma . Mrs . Les sl e Hes l e r , LUb bOck , Tex.• a d eno- X - m ys ) pr Odu ce d C05t ru c t lon oC n ol'lll I tI .. s u es ouc h as m arrow and lymp h oid ti ssue, car cIn om a of u t er u s . l eu co cyt ... nn d ep lt ho llal li n in gs , and d ent h D.~~~I~kl~· c~;r=~::~i~~ersVllle, T er, R . F. en su es. • , • The nation " 'ould , I t hink, bo Mrs . Lor n Barn et t , Penl el, TOX .. adeDocar- IIttlc th e worse a ll Ir all the r ad IUm In t h e c o un t ry n ow hurled ror s ec u r it y t r a m bOmbcln om n o( utenls. T . E. Truma n , Wa co, Te x., epId er m oi d cnr- In g In de ep b oles, r em a In s t h er e i n : " A n eo plasm should n Oer be In cis ed ror ' cln om a . Fritz Troja n. Wa co, Te x., sq uamou s cell d i agn osti c p urpo s es, ror one Cl,n n ot tell at WAnt sp lit momen t t h e ca u ce r c e Us m a y be t yp e . Mr. C. W. Ma lon e, Brown wood , T ex., bas I d issem inat ed a n d th e p atient d o om.: d. As p lratlng the neoplnsm to drnw o u t h e cella ce ll t ype. Va l Seurer. Hi n to n , Okl n.. ma llg n an l car - b )' l uc tlon . This, 100 . Is a ver,' q uestlonabl o p rocedu re , for wh at or t b e cnn cor ce lls til t c inoma. Jo Parelll, spor to to r lu m , Da ll , T ex., m n- m ny be present be low t b e pu nct ure poIn t; a n d arou n d t he ne edle whI ch ha " e h e en se t IIgn ant carclnomn. Mrs . R . M. HoUm nn, C e J . B. Bair d Co ., fr ee ? I t m ust be r eallud th nt w h ile ca ncer ar e lln n ot b e tran spl a n ted from man to m n, It Sh r evep ort. La .. s pi n dle cell carclnomn. Tom COnt es , Mer kel , Tex. , h ns al cell car - CllD b e t r a n splanted III t he s lim e host : ' ci nom a . "Th er e I. a r ep or t fr om !lDoth er so u rco J . L. ~nrro, Mer k el, Tex ., m a UgDl.lllt enr - In wh ich Dr. F'oln b llt t , ror 6 yenr s p at h ologis t c ln oma . o r Ih e Mem o r ia l Hos p it a l. New Yo rk , re po r ted Mrs. J. D. DoUgl ,Fort Wor t h, T ex ., d u ct t h a t the Mem ori a l BOllplt al had o riginally ce ll ca rc inoma . clven X -r n)' and r adium t r ea tm ent b eror e Mrs. R . S . 'Turner, squa mou s cell c.lTcl- a n d nlter rndlca l ope rations for b reast m nc om a , gra de 3 . ll gn nn cy, Thes e patients did n o t lon g s ur MI'll. C. E. :.1a ll ory , Equ nm ous cell cnr- vive. so X-m y nnd r ad ium were Ive n nfte r cln om :l. s u r gery o n ly. Thes e p tlen ts lived a b rle t Mrs . Ber m a n Thom as, 5222 Mer rlm e time only, and nr te r omittin g ,, 11 r ndl ntl on S treet . D li as, T ex .. m el nnocarcln om a . patlenta li ved t b e lon gest of a ll . Clltton B. sm ith . 5637 H ira m Stre et . Fo r t HOOCI'O I/AK N EO TO DE W AIt Y IN USE 0 x · r.. . T S Wor th , T ex .. m a ll nlln t · clrcl nom . IN DISEASE nt.E.. T),l J:NT Re y. Hor nee W. Irw in , Wcst Warw Ick , R . I. , " (Dy Howar d W. Blakes lee, A!s oc lnted P r e"" m a li gn a n t ca r cIn om a . . s cIen ce edl o r ) I h n'e h ad nccess to literat ure by leading " Nl:w YOIIK , J uly 6. 1948 .- X-rn,·s nnd g m scientIsts In t h e field of me dicIne. The a t t en ti on or t h e commltt.ee Is InvI ted to t h e m R r a)'s cnn cause bone cancer Is wl rnln g h ear in gs h eld du ring t h e 79th Congress, In Issu ed In Cnncer, n ne w med ical j ournnl J u l)' 1946; Se n a te hlll 1875 being u n d er co n - s t nrlC d by t h e Am er Ica n Ca n c er Soclet", Th e bon e cnncer war n in g, covering m or e th an s ld er ntl on , wh erein It appe llrs, as ro ll ows : "Dr. George Mil e y WAI born In Ch Icago . 20 pnge s , Is b y Drs . Wil li am G . G Rh n , H el en 1907, gradun ted tram C b lc ago La t i n Schoo l, Q . Wood wnrd . Nor m a n L. Itl ggln b o t h nm , Fred I y, all oC New 1923. gra d u at ed wit h b neh elo r o r arts rrom W , St ewa rd , nn d Bra d ley I . Y nl" Un l'ers lt ,· In 1927, rrom Nor t h wes ter n Yo rk CIty. " On o or th e m os t d a n ger ou s t h In gs about Med len l SChoo"I, 193:l . In tern ed. n t Chi ca go Mem or lnl Hos p ital In 193:l and 1933, Uni - Ih ls k in d o! bono cancer, t h e r e port s tes, Is the very lon g d ela )' betwee n t h e u sc oC vers ity or Vien n a P ost grad u a t e Medical SChoo l, 1933. 1934, t o llowln g wh lcb be vl.6 ed t h o r ays and the ap pear a n ce o( t h e CRncer , lt
  3. 3. A5352 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - Tb e de ltly time In t h e 11 case ra n ged rro m 6 to 22 y ears. . "Dr, Hermnn J osep h Mu lle r . Nob el Prize wm ne r, " world -r en owne d sctcn t ts t , n na stated the medical prof essi on Is I' er m nn en tl y d a m agtn g the Am er rca n IH e s t re nm throug h t h e unwise u se of X -r nys, Tb ere Is a dosage o f X -ra y so low ns to be w lt b o u t rtsk at p rod ucin g n arm t u t mu t tl ons ." The a tton t lon of t b e comm t teo Is In v it e d to t h e request m a de by Senator Elm er T h om :u; foll owIn g an In'es tlg uo n m od e b y t h e Senntor of t h e H oxs ey Ca n c er Cli n ic u n d er d to of Feb ru ary 25, 19,,7, nn d a d d r esse d to t h e Surg eo n G en eral , bll c H e a lt h Depar t m en t , w astu ngto n , D , C" wh ere in he so ugb t to en lis t t h e s upport or t h e Fed era l Oo ve rn m cn t. to m ke nn tn ves t lga t lon and r eport . No such Invcs t tgat ton was m ade , In f ct, every error t wns m ade a 'old a n d ev do the In'estlgntlo n b> tho ' S ur geon Geneml 's office. T h e r eco rd wlU r eveal tb t t h ts clinic dId ru rnrsh 62 com p le te c nse histor Ies , Inc ludIng p a t h ology, n nrn es of h ospitals , ph yslctana, etc .. In 1(145. Agnln , In J u n e 1950, 77 case histor ies, whIch In clu d ed t he n am es of t he patients, pa t h ol o g l c.~ l reports In man y rn s tan ces, and In t h e absence the reof, the n am es of t h e pu tno lgists, hospttals, and ph ysicIans wh o h ad tre a te d these patients be(o,e beln t rea t ed a t t h e 1I0x.ey Ca ll cer ClJn lc. The Cou n cll of Na ti ona l C n Ccr I nst ItU te, wi t h ou t In,'es tl ga tlon, J.n Oc to ber 19:;0, r cl uscd t o order nn In ·C5t lga tl on . The record In t h F ed eral c our t d isc los es tba t thIs agency of t he Fedc, I G overnmc n t k sldcs " n d. sough t In a c n ' T)' wni' to h lndcr, suppress, a n d ftstrlct t h ts In s tituti on In t h e ir t r ea t m ent a t cancer , (See testlmon )' ot Dr . O llcln Mend ors, p p . 1125-1139, transcript ot record , C, se No, 13645, U. S, C, A.) Am on t h e n umcr o us fo u o d ntl on s , n d cli n ic. wh leb rot ess to possess II r em cd)' for the re ntment of ca n cer Is t he LInCOln Fou n d ati on of Medford, Mnss .. wh Ich hn. b een t h e partlcu lar target ot t he .~:'l : . I ha 'e n ot hnd IU1 o pportunIty to sufficiently exp lo r e the p . rtlcu.l nr t)'pe ot thera py emp lo )'ed b y t h l.! In ti t utlo n. Uowever , I unde rsta nd It Invo l'C!I un ique th eo ry of In h nlen t t h er a py n d t h e t r ansmIss ion or bnctc r la -ph a ge, In p as s In g It Is Im porta n t to note th t t h b t e chn iq u e was t b e subject of p r t lcullU' l n te re" t to t h e la t e ch a lrm ~ n wh o wns a trustee of the LIn coln Fo u n d a ti on followln a successf u l t re a t m en t of h Is so n , harl cs ' ,V. T obey, Jr. Th is remed > h ns b eon tried b )' h und,eds of I' Uents nnd It I. a lleged tha t th ese trentments h n' e been pro'en beneficIal . An o t h er In s titu ti on wh Ich claims to ha'e m ad e .ome p rogress In t h e t reat ment of can cer Is th e Dros Dos-L lI"en b e' Cance r Cli n ic , of l ' lt ts b u rgh , P o.. The rep orts wo u ld In d ica te th nt t h Is In s ti t u ti on Is IIk ew)s e en ti tl ed to a hearing oefore this cummlttee. Tol e !::e:'.":r t oll of life being taken by cancer r eq Uir es n searching In ves tigation . The method s em p loyed , us I unde rstand It , Is a s ubs tanc e k n own IlS Mucorh lcln , wh ich I.! r eported to b e of thuapeu tlc " lue. Under the fou r t h lUlSlgn m ent con cer n ln volu ntaT)' cooperatl 'e prepaid med lenl pl ans nn d a n y r es is ta nc e c n cou n te re d (r om org a n Iz a ti on s , IS soclllt lons , or combi n es , I Is a matte r of pu bli c record In th e F edernl a l d S t ate court t h nt medical assoclatlons hn ve p u t u p " ro ad block wh enc 'er or wh ere 'c r t h Is Is attempted. The Comm Ittee on abo r an d P u b li c Wei f nr e, t h ~ou gh Its Subcommittee all 1Icr.. th . l .ubmltted th e reSUlts at n study of h ea lt h Ins u r a n ce plans In the UnIte d S t a tes, In n r ep ort Issued In May 1951, 62d Con gr ess . Th is was nccompJlshed unde r t he d ir ec ti on o( Dr . Dea n H , Cla rk. oow the dI r e tor o r th e. IIIa ss ach u se t ts G en er a l Hospital. TIlts ap pcars to be tho firs t objcctl ' 0. and Itn pnr tl a l stud)' or the scope, benefits, nnd ellectl'e !Jess of volu n t rj' h eal t h Insu ra n ce pl ans. It shows tha t one-half of the popula tio n at t h a t tim e had : ome f orm o r p r otectloll APPENDIX a , Ins t tho cost or h osp it al care, b ut only 3 mJlllon h a d "..I t can be c Hcd co m p r on cns tve pr ot ecti on nga tnst, the cos t of h asp lt nl and rn cd t cnt care. S pe cIfi cally w it h r efer en ce to can cer. Jt wou ld appenr th nt n n o p p ort u n ity wo u ld b e aff ord ed memb e rs at t h is sor t at n h eal th pr og ra m to pe riod ic c h eck up s t o de te rmine wh ether the)' h ad ca n cer . TIl ls s u bject was d iscussed a t l en gth b e tw ee n K e n n et h MeIk lej oh n , s talf d ir e ct o r o r t h e SUbcommittee on He nlth , nn d Sen a tor T ob e)', 2 ye a rs ago. Correspon dcnce be tween the two 18 a va tla b le . The repor ,of course, a r e nvatlnble to t h e m embers of t h is com m ittee . From a stri ctl y Ie al as we ll M et h len l np pre ach, If one In d ivid u a l h ns t h e r ight to s elec t hI s o wn phystcta n or n ospltn l, wby c annot 10,000 In d h' ld u a ls an d thclr rum m es d etermIn e th t t h ey In te nd t inves t. di rec tly, or In d lr ec tl )', In t h e construc tion and m ntu tenan cc of a h ospital, '1011'1 0)' a s t 1I of co m p etent pb yst ciana, surgeons, rech u tcra ns, labor atory expe r ts, nurses , Inte r ns , e t ecto r. , to look aI te r t b elr h e a l t h pr o blems ? TIl l" Is not so - call ed eoc tnnzed m edtcinc. It ts pur ely ,o lu n t nr > Her e, as else wh ere stilted ', In h ls re po rt, the Ju ri sdiction of the corn murcc rna > b llrn ltl'd , a may properl y ' belon g to h e S tcs and th eIr l egi sla t o rs and co u rts to de termIne thl. probl em. 'How ev cr, t h e ge n eral welflU'e clause of the Co n s ti t u tio n m a)' bo t he a nswer , U the com mlt te ee s hmlld de termine t ha t It h Ju r 19di ction, I n m o f t h e opIn ion th nt competen t IOGal e 'ldence cnn be p r es en t ed which "'111 a id a nd llSSlst t h o c om ml t t ee In It s fin a l JUd gm en t. Wit h re fe renoo to t he fift h nss lgn mcn t , ,' ou a re IId'lsed that time d Id n ot permi t m e to ascertaI n t he n um ber of studen or th e In cre,,"e t h er eof In t h e " nr lous m ed ic a l scbools th r ou h ou t the co u n try. It h ns be ell suggeste d thM a st Ud ie d elIor! h as b ee n m nd e by cer tll ln gr o u ps to k ecp the n ll m b er o f s t u de nts en r oll ing In m ed lcnl sc h ools a t a low tl ure. r do n o t asser t t h Is to be t he f act nn d I d ou bt If th e committ e e · wo u ld ha'e Ju r isd Icti on to go Io t a t h at question, Th is wou ld properl> belo11g to the S t tos , ' It t h Is Is a f act , t h en Ule various S ts te le g l _ Intur es o( the cou n try s houl d , of co u rse, t s ke ne cess a ry step., cons is tent Wltll t he pu b li c welf nr e , to see t h at ev er)' opportun lt )' Is giv en to Im y bo y or gIr l who po""eSses the necessnr)' quali fica ti ons to be permItted to "en t er medical ac hoo l. , If, o n the oth er h a n d , l h ls m m l t tee b all e' es Ih a t It h as Ju ri sdi ction unde r the ge n eral welfare clause of t h e Consti tution to go ( or w rd , then cernly It would b e n p ro per n d t im ely mn tter of In quIry. I n an y e' ent, yo u do b a 'o Jur ladJct lon and shou ld completo t he In ' os tl gnt lo n In sofar IS cancer Is concer n e d by thos e en gnged In the r es cnrch field . • ca re fu l 5 lid ;; of the subject m at te r e m b r aced In tbe d ir ec ti on of t h e lat ch Irma n w lJl d lael t h e tr em en d ou s .Im por tan ce of l h e Inv es tlg nt lon u n d er t a k en nnd t h e c on s idera tio n o( t h e r es ll its by t h e m em ber s Of tb lll commIttee . We h ', lon g sI nce passed the age o f w it ch h u n ti n g, We ar e, notwIthstanding, 1l" ln g In a n er a or hyster ln. In ves Uga t lon s eems t o be t h e ord er of the d a y. Crude t h luklng r esults In b )'s ter lcal action , Perh a ps the co n verse Is true, Tho beginn in g of hyst eria Is t h o e n d of sou nd thinkIng. P r oceeding , the re (or e, to the en d res ul t sought b >' II, We r ec ogn ize t ho ,' aill e of our goal In str iving f or so u n d , " Igorou a, and bellI t hr ill Na tl on a t Jlllnlmum cost... Mon ey, b owe'er, la,l sh l y spe nt to stnmp o u t n dreadf ul scou rg e I s ou nd p u bli c econom v. I ha'e np proacbed' Ulls proble m wit h n n op en m ind. Recog nIZin g th e Im po r t a n e e of m en s killed In t h e sc ien ce o( m ed lclne , who nre be st Intorm ed , U n ot qu allfied , on t he q u estl on of cnncer, Its cn uses and t rea t men , I dIr ect ed my a tte n ti o n t o the pr opa ga nl1n b)' th e Amer ica n Med len l Assoclntlon a m l t h e American Ca ncer SocI ety to til e elI ect, n am ely , "til t rad iu m ; :': -r a y theraI''' surge r j- are t he on ly r ccogn lzed t re ai' fur cancer." nOd en Is there an > di spute among r ecoe I ' medlcat se ton usts In Am er Ica an d elseg~h7-e<l In the world on t h e use of radIu m nnd ~ _:r , 1 t hera py In t h e t re, t ment of cancer? a n swer Is d cfinltely "Yes ," There I. ~ ~ si a n of op ln o n o n t h e us e Of ra d IUm <1lvl_ X - rny, Bo t h ag e nc les are des truc 1 '0 /In ti ccnatru c t.t vo, In the all eged d es tr u ctl';' nn~; t b e abnor mnl, ou t taw, or cancer cells b h :l'~ -rny t h erapy and ra di u m destroy nr>r~t ti ssue an d normal c n s, Recognized medl nI n u thorl t le s In Amerl c and elseWhere ~"I posi ti vel y thn t X - ra y therapy can cnuse ~ te ce r In and of Its elf , Doc u m e n ted cases an , a v l1able, arc The I ncrer s ed n umbor of cnncer pa t len In Am er rca or nil nges and the nppnren t f II_ ure t o p resen t ty cope wI t h t his drea d d lse In d ica tes t h neccssr ty of a s us tal n od c lIort of p r tvn tc an d Fed eral a gen cie s to con tlnue r esearch III t h e Ileld of c. ncer , Its c nus nn d t ren m en e, es It r ad Iu m , X -rar, o r surgery or elt er Of them Is t he complete ans wer, t hen the g reat_ es t boa x of ttl e age Is be Ing perpetra ted UPOIl t h e people by t he con t inued appeal for .fu n ds tor fur h r es earch , If n e ither X -I . j ' rad iu m , o r surgery Is Ih e complete anawe; to lhJs drend ed d Isease, nnd I submit th t It Is not , then wbat Is the p laI n d u t y of soci e ty ? ShOUld we s ta nd st lll? ShO U l d we s It Idl > br a nd count t h e n u m ber of p h)' 1' clnns, surgeons, nn d ea n cerologts t s ""h o are !Jot on ly dl 'lde d but wh o, because o r fe:uo r f a ,or, nre.. forced to li ne u p wl t b . the so c nll ed nceepted vIe w of U IS Am eri ca n H e dlca l Asso cln tl o n . or sh OUld this commIttee m nk e a l u ll -s c Ie Im'estlg, tl on of t h e orgnntzed ell or t t o hi n d er, s u ppr ess, nn d r est r Ic t t ho ' f r ee flow of d r u gs whi Ch. a llegcd l> h a 'e p roven s uccess fUl In cllSe. wb ero . cli ni ca l r e co rds, C llS O hi s tory, p:.tholog lca.1 r epor ,and X -r ny p h o to gra p h Ic proof, together with t he n.Jleged c u r ed patI en ts, a re 'nll a ble? Accord In gly , we ohould dete no loe wh et h er exia tl n g agencIes, bo t h public and pl'J" a te, nro en gaged nn d h a ' 0 purs ued n p Oli cy of h a r ass m e n t, r Id iCUle, .lander , and II bel6us Mt a cks on ot h ers s lncer el;' en ga gcd In B mpIng ou t t h is curse of 01 nk h ld , H s 'c medI ca l associ tl o n.s, tl ir ough thel t officcrs, a geo ts , s er vants and em pl o;'ees engaged In t h Is prnel ice ? 1>Ir In 'es t lga tlon to d nt e s hou ld con" In ce t h is committee t h nt a consp iracy doc s eXist to stop t he frec fiow nd u s c of drugs . In II te r s ta te commerce which alleged Iy h .. li d t he r a p eutic 'a lu e. Publi c a nd prl' te funds have be e n thrown aro u nd li ke can f ettl at a country f8l r to clos e u p and d es troy ell nl Cll, h osplt.'ll•. nnd sci enti fic r cs enr c h lab ora to r Ies which d o not confo rnl t o Ih e ' Iew" poIn t o f m edIca l assoclnllon s . H ow long w ill the American peop l e ak e this? To JIIu::trnte the s '.raoc1t'h"'ld Cf the AmerIcan lIled lcnl AssocI t lo n on legl s la tl on which In turn nlI ecta e 'er y h o u seh o ld III Am er ica , le t US loo k at "mall 25-cen t tube of penicill In ointment. I s It dangerous to ha'e around t h o h'ouse f r n cut or small b ru ise o n ;'o u r body ? R t pols on can be bo u gh t wi t h o u t docto r's presc ri pt Io n . Ars en ic ca ll be bo ugh t wit h o u t a d o c to r 's prescrIp ti on . TIl e sa le o r arsen Ic nnd r at poIsons Is smllll b ut n ot penicil li n . A cco rd In l(l)', w e must have a doctor 's prescription In Am erlCfl t o b u > a 25-ccn t t ube f oint ' m ent. I n Ca n a d a , h owe,'c r, t h e medical assoclntlon h ns not ,'et dlsco 'ered t ho gren t d a n ger of a Bmn ll t u be or pen ic il li n ol ntmcnt and, nccordlngl > t h e peoplo are ablc to bur ', It with o u t p, >1ng, doctor for a p res c l·l p t lo n . To 63;' t h t It 1 dangero us , Is sill )'. T o assert , r nthcr , thnt It Is b u t another m nn l fes t atlon of p ow e r a n d prl'lIer,e o f n t ew nt the expense of t he 01 n > WOUld be more con ' sisten t with tru h a n d ,,' h oll}' accurate. Wh at Is the d ut' of t h is com m i t t e nnd t h e members th ereof? You r nrst d u t y , o! course , Is t o d o rig h t , Prop er ly cons Idered , t h at Is yo u r only du t y. In d 010R r igh t , hOW-
  4. 4. A5353 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - APPENDIX e ve r. you owe a duty to t he Am er Ica n peo pl e. ro ad reti re ment bene fits. I was proud I n upholding t he I w a n d en nc t tn g legls to be a member of th e special subcom'Iatlon for t he peopl e at Amerlcn, we loo k mittee of the Senate Lab or a nd Publi c fil1lt to t h o Imtr u m en t at our c rea t Ion lUI n re pr esen t m tve form at government. Tho~ Wclt a re Comm ittee which was responsip owers not specIfically nterred upon tho ble for the form ula tion of those ben efits F'ed er nl o over n eoc n e nn d denIed to the States In the Sen ate , We Increased .annultles are r r ved e ither to t h e States or to the an d benefits by 15 percen t. We provided people. Thus. the fou n dI n g t a t h ers very a wlfe's benefit til be equal to one- ha lf "'Isely c reated an area of freed om In wntc n . th e a nnuita nt 's benefit. up to a maxtt reemen shall run cu on . I t Is III t h Is area mum of $4 0 a. mon t h . We Increased surset as tde b)' the ta t h ers at u r Re puhll c that vivor 's benefits b}' 33 perc ent a nd made p eo ple have the r Ight to ow n pro per t y . tr ns act bustness , build u p a syst em at t ree en ter - other essen tia l Improv ements with out Increasing ta x rates. W also pr ovided p r is e wi t h out h in d r an ce. b ar assm en t . o r abu,., at ei t h er t h e Gover n m en t . St:lte or for th e crea tion of n J oint Comm ittee F'ed cr31. or of o ther clttzeris, however po w - on Ra ilroad Reti rement til study wa ys erful, 00 long as t h e people so engaged d o and mea ns of In cr eas ing ra ilroad reti re. not trespass u po n the rights of others. Th is ment benefits fu r ther . Tha t joi nt com 15 the baste con ce pt of liberty functlonlng ml ttee has re ported Its recomm en da In Am er len . It m ay be sa td to b . a rese r tio ns. vo ir at f r eed om . I n t his are .., h a ve m ln It Is necessa ry that the Cong ress act ~ I ed our m on ey and blood wIt h tbe races o f m nkln d . We na ve d emon s trated ou r nb ll - Quickly til Imp rove the ra ilroad ret ir elt y to li ve t og e he r p ea cet u ll y and h a pp ll ly. ment system. T hc ra ilroad workers of It ho u gh we repr ese n t m os t at t he races, the Un ited states ha ve contr ibu ted to mos t at t h e color s , a n d most or the creeds . th e developm en t of a retl rement sys tem ThlJJ was a n In n o vntl o n a nd a new expert - whic h Is today not a deq ua te ly m ee t in g men t to the p eop les of the Old Wor ld . Ou t at lid t ram t h Is area bas sprung t h e nobles t th eir needs In view of th e increased cost of Jlvin g . New rail road r eti rement benedrea ms and sain tliest purposes of m a nlctDdp u r poses so strong and vital that It has bc - fi ts ca n be achieved 1! the Congr ess will co me t h e envy a n d admtrn t ror, o f a wa It in g enact the n ecessary legisla t ion n ext w or ld. Peop le loo k longingly to the shores year. or America a nd desire make th is t h e Ir With in the las t few weeks the dis ti n asylum of esc a pe nnd h op e tor t h o fu t u r e . I t Is more tha n a dren m . It Is a reality. guishe d cha irma n of the Comm it tee on W hil e ....e nnve n o t sot ved III I t h e problems Railro ad Reti rement . Senator PAUL H . DOUG LAS. of Ill in ois, has presented to th e or mankind. we n av e at leM t p rovtdcd a sanct u ar y and t h e Inst r u m en ts a t government , c ons ress the resu lt of tha t join t com It properly guarded Ilgnlnst t h e abuse of mittee study. T his was t he m ost se HLoh men and organlZlltlons who would t horough study ever made of the ra ilbe nd It to suit t h eIr pu rposes, whIc h could road retir emen t system and was made II'e or ce n t u ries to come. t n thIs eonneeli on tbls committee shaul l! tn ves n g ne th e under the persona l direction of s ena tor 8d','ert lsln g ag e ncy wh lcb controls IlII ndver - DOUG LAS. who Is a grea t friend of the II sln g In t h e J ou r n I at the Am er ica n Med l - ra ilroad workers. The s tudy demon cn l ocran cn . as well ns the va r Iou s StM a stra tes t ha t substa n tlnlly better benefits Jo ur na ls . Wh y Is the stamp at ap prov a l. are possible b}' m ea ns of m ore prol1ta ble by t h e ao -called n u trit ion experts lin d t he Ir Investm ents of th e r ailroad retirement co u n cil o n t ds, pillced on certain food s t uff s. r eserv e. and by oth er method . with ou t de n Ied t others, and others condemned Inc reasin g th e tnx ra te . T his Is good w it h ou t a reas on able Investigation? Is ther e ny relatlolUlblp b et ween approvat b y t h es e news. T her e should. th erefore. be no reason for (lOY dela y next yea r. ex perts a n d t h e operation of the advertising agen cy In the omces of tbe Am erica n Med ical 11011', P residen t , In ord er til Inform a ll Ass ocIa ti on ? railroa d workers and ra ilroa d retiremen t Ma y I. wl th p r op r iety , ca ll your nt tcntton beneficiaries of the Improv emen ts und er to UI C t r aged y whi ch has Invad ed the United considera tion, I as k un ani mous consent Stat es enate . Four grent Am er ican s . sll at til Inser t In the Append ix of the RECORD t h em--5en a to r McM a h o n , Senator Wh err y , Se na t or Vnnde n berg, nnd Sena tor Bob T n1t.-- a list of suc h possibiliti es. Congress m ay not be able to' make nil of the chan ges w er e ni l stric ke n d own wIt h t hi s dreaded dlsc lUlc . We ar c u n d er a compelll n g m ora l Included in the list. Never theless , after ob liga ti o n eo the m e m ory at t h es e gre n t consult a tion with the Rail road Reti r epublic 80r van ts a n d t o t h e u n told mUllon. ment Board , st a nda r d ra ilroad unions ot ca n ce r sullerers th ro u gh o u t th e w orl d to a nd oth 'er Interest ed pa r ties . I feel cercarr )' on t h is In ·estlgatlon . We cannot do ta in tha t a sound . effective. a nd im ot h erwise. proved pr ogram can be worked out , Res p ectfu ll y su bmltl<l d . BEN EDI ct' F . FJTzO J:llALD. Spec ia l 'Cou n: cf. The re bein g no ob jection. the list rc f err ed to was ordered printed III th e REC D as t ollows: OR bU'IlO VJ:. .r l:t.'TS or TI U A ct' U ND E:Il CO N S ID We Need Improved Railroad Retirement Deoelits EXTENSION OF RE!1ARKS or HON. HUBERT H. HUM PHREY. OT aN N ~ OT'A no; T H E SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES M ond aY. A ugust 3. 1953 HUlIP HREY, Mr. Prcslden t , In 1951 the Congress passed a n umber of a.mendments to the Rail roa d Retiremen t Act wh ich SU bsta n tia lly Increased r all· M~ . R,AILJlOAIl R J:TI Il EM ENT nON IIY CO NGRESS I. An IIcr oss - the-bo ar d In cr eas e In a ll benefits. 2 . A m In im um m on th ly ann u Ity o r t IOO. 3 . rrllmlnaUon at t h e du I benefi ts r es t r ic tion. At tbe pres ent time m l r ood r e tl r e · ment I' yments nrc usuall y r duccd wh en t h e annuitant Is also receivIng sacllll securlt)' benefit&. P r op06,. ls have been m de t o ellm. In a te t~1s reduction, 4 . CalCUla ti on at benefits o n a m or e l a 'or ab le basis. Benefits nre presen t1y figur d on the b :t.l<ls at ov erall av er age wa ges. Sugges ti o ns h ave been m a d e for figur in g payments , Ins tead . from t h e em p loye e's av ern ge earn In lll d uring h is 5 h igh est )'enrs, 6. Lo wer age r e q u tre m en t for re ti rem en t on (u ll a n n u l t)'. R et ir em e nt be10ra age 65 on l) red u c-u annu l y Is already passlbl . However , some nave s uggested provtston tal' reti r em en t on fu ll annutrtes a t g o 60 fte r 20 years at se rvic e. 6. Lo we r age requIrement at wHo t or wife's be n efit t ram age 65 to age 60. 7. Lower llge requIrement tor wldow 's bene fits from age 65 to age 60 (complete ellmlns uon at age r eq u ir ement has also been urged for Widows), 8 . I n cr eas e II su r vi vor ben efits substan tially, Resolulion of Daingerfield (Tex.) Chamber of Commerce EXTENS ION OF REMARKS or HON, PAUL J. KILDAY O F T J:X J,... Cj, rN THE H OUSE OF IiEPRES ENTA Tl V ES M ondav , A u gust 3. 1953 Mr . KI LDAY, Mr. Spea ker , u nder Jea ve to ex end m;.· rema r ks , I ern Inelu d in g the following resolution , adopted by thc Ch am bcr of Commerce of Da ingerfield. T ex., and addressed to Sena tor LYND ONJ OHNSON. of Te xas : D AJ:NGE:IlrtEUl C HAM DElI or COM " IERCJ:. D al n ger fl cl d . Te: .• J u lV l B. 19SJ . S eDa to r LY ON J OHNSO:-r ND . se n ate OfJlce Butldlnl1. Wa.,lIrlgIO rl. D. C. Mos t Hon or ab le SenatorI rc.olt'c d. T h a t the a lngerfiel d Cbnmber of Commerce at Texas thank )' ou for your etrorts ' that were put fort ll In helping ou r f rien ds In t h e cattlo Industry 0 1 west Texas survive Ih e most s ever o droug h t or this generauon. " B e I t r cso!t'ed . Tha t t h ro u gh yo u It wlll be possible f r the ci ties and t h e p eo p les o r t be SOuthwest oncc agatn to prepare to build an empire t h a t will not be outclnssed b y an )', Th is will be accomplish ed b;.· the f ct t h at your time Vo'as spent In behnlt at t h o constttuents of tbls gunt Sta te. " Fu r t h er we would like to stat e tha t th is nrca has been fortunate through the grace or Ood to h a ve recer ved an ample "'nt cr f a I t h n wlll permi t us to be n par t or t h e helpers t or t h e need . .t ;" Tbls r eso lu t ton being dUly adopte d an d tho rnotton m a de by G eorg e (BUddy) Bass , sec onded by Jack Ponder, on th ls the 16t h da y Of J u ly 1953 . Sl n ccr ely, W . M. WA "lSO,",. Ma tla !1 Ch a m ber 0/ Comm er ce. er. "Be Why Our GI', Fo u g~t So Hard E::X:TENSIO N OF REMARKS OF HON. HUBERT H. HUMPHREY OF ~H N :N OTA IN TH E SENATE OF TIlE UNITED S T ATI:.'J Monda v . 11ugust 3. ) 953 Mr . HUMPHREY. Mr . P reslde n '. I una nImous cons en t that th e te xt of Po broadcast by Mr . Eric Sevareld. the dis tinguished radio commen ta tor t the Colum bia Broadcasting Syste m on July 27 be pr in ted In th e Appendix f ho L CONG RESSION A RECORD. EvelJ' servicema n 's !a mlly should have an opportunity to read t.hls brllllall t a nd poetic produc of Mr. SeY reld's k 'en Dlind and com p, sa slona te hea rt.

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