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Deprivation in Rural Norfolk 2010

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  • 1. Deprived rural areas in NorfolkFinal reportApril 2010
  • 2. AcknowledgementsAcknowledgementsFor their valuable help with the project, ACRE would like to thank the membersof the steering group;Jon Clemo (Norfolk RCC)Richard Quallington (Community First)Roger Roberts (Action with Communities in Cumbria)Jean Roberts-Jones (Surrey Community Action)Linda Watson (Oxford RCC)Stephen Wright (South West ACRE Network)ACRE would also like to thank DEFRA for their support and provision ofOrdnance Survey data and licensing, OS license number 100022861.Index of Multiple Deprivation Output Area modelThe Index of Multiple Deprivation Output Area model was developed by OCSIand JH Research in work commissioned by Norfolk Rural Community Counciland the Commission for Rural Communities. Oxford Consultants for Social Inclusion (OCSI) Address 15-17 Middle St, Brighton, BN1 1AL Tel: +44 (1273) 201 345 Email: info@ocsi.co.uk Web: www.ocsi.co.uk Deprived rural areas in Norfolk 2
  • 3. Introduction of detail enables us to identify small pockets of deprivation at OA level that areWhere are the most deprived rural areas? "hidden" with LSOA level data.Identifying pockets of deprivation in rural areas requires data at very small We have explored these modelled datasets at Output Area level, to examinearea level. Key deprivation datasets, including the Index of Multiple rural deprivation issues at a finer level of detail than previously possible.Deprivation, are now available at Lower Super Output Area (LSOA) level.LSOAs on average cover 1,500 people, so this information is more detailedthan previous data available at the larger ward level. We have analysed the The geographiesIndex of Multiple Deprivation at LSOA level, to identify the most deprived rural Lower Super Output Areas (LSOAs): Lower Super Output Areas wereareas in Norfolk based on nationally-published data. developed for the Census 2001 as (roughly) fixed-population geographicalHowever, many settlements in rural areas are considerably smaller than the units. Each LSOA contains roughly 1,500 people, and there are 32,482 LSOAsaverage 1,500 people in a single LSOA, so an LSOA may cover several small across England and 530 across Norfolk.settlements which may be very different from each other1. In other words, it Output Areas (OAs): Output Areas, also developed for the Census 2001, arecan be difficult to identify smaller pockets of deprivation in rural areas using the the smallest unit for which data is usually published. On average, Output AreasIndex of Multiple Deprivation and other datasets at LSOA level, as small highly have a population of 300 people, and (on average) five Output Areas make updeprived areas can be surrounded by more affluent areas. a single LSOA. There are 165,665 OAs across England and 2,846 acrossUnfortunately, there is little deprivation data published nationally below LSOA Norfolk.level. The Census 2001 data is the main source for the smaller Output Area(OA) data, although local and national partners may hold important informationat unit postcode and household level. In work with Norfolk Rural Community What does this report contain?Council and the Commission for Rural Communities2, we have statisticallymodelled key deprivation datasets down to Output Area level3. This finer level The sections in this report cover: Where are the most deprived areas in rural Norfolk at Super Output Area level?1 Due to lower population densities in rural areas, rural LSOAs are geographically larger Where are the most deprived areas in rural Norfolk at the more detailedthan urban LSOAs in order to cover the same population. The largest LSOA in England Output Area level?covers over 68,300 hectares. The smallest, covers 1.8 hectares.2 OCSI (2008); Deprivation in rural areas: Quantitative analysis and socio-economic What are highly deprived rural areas like?classification report for Commission for Rural Communities, available from How does deprivation compare across different domains?www.ruralcommunities.gov.uk/publications/deprivationquantitativefullreport.OCSI (2006), Deprivation in Rural Norfolk, from www.norfolk.gov.uk/ruraldeprivation3 The modelled datasets for all Output Areas across England are freely available online,with separate files for each of the English regions. For further details, and the datasets,see www.ocsi.co.uk/ruraldeprivation Deprived rural areas in Norfolk 3
  • 4. Where are the most deprived areas in rural Norfolk at Super Output Area level?The most deprived areas in rural Norfolk at LSOA level Where are the most deprived rural areas in Norfolk?The Index of Multiple Deprivation 2007 (IMD 2007) is the Government’s official The map on the following page shows the Index of Multiple Deprivation 2007 inmeasure of multiple deprivation at small area level. Norfolk. Areas shaded blue are ranked among the most deprived areas in theThe table below shows the five most deprived rural LSOAs in Norfolk on the country, while areas shaded yellow are ranked among the least deprivedIMD 20074. The IMD rank ranges from 1 (the most deprived area in England) areas.to 32,000 (the least deprived). The IMD decile identifies whether each area isin the most deprived 10%, 10-20%, 20-30% and so on.The most deprived areas in rural Norfolk, based on the Index of Multiple Deprivation 2007LSOA Code IMD Rank IMD DecileCromer Town E01026734 6,127 10-20%Spellowfields E01026711 7,691 20-30%Upwell and Delph E01026716 7,854 20-30%Swaffham E01026455 8,833 20-30%Hunstanton E01026680 8,959 20-30% The most deprived rural area in Norfolk is Cromer Town E01026734. Cromer Town E01026734 is ranked 6,127 across England as a whole (where 1 is most deprived) and is ranked among the most deprived 20% of areas across the country. 9 rural LSOAs in Norfolk are ranked among the most deprived 30% in England as a whole (3.2% of all rural LSOAs in Norfolk).4 Additional tables showing the most deprived rural areas in Norfolk on the sevendomains of deprivation (income, employment, health and disability, education and skills,barriers to housing and services, crime, and the living environment) are provided inAppendix A. Deprived rural areas in Norfolk 4
  • 5. Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) at Super Output Area (LSOA) level in Norfolk. Deprived rural areas in Norfolk 5
  • 6. Where are the most deprived areas in rural Norfolk at the more detailed Output Area level?The Index of Multiple Deprivation Output Area model The table below shows the Index of Multiple Deprivation at the more detailed Output Area identifying the five most deprived Output Areas in Norfolk on theIn order to address the lack of data with which to identify pockets of deprivation IMD 2007.in rural areas, we have statistically modelled key datasets to Output Area level Index of Multiple Deprivation at Output Area level – Most deprived areas in Norfolkand used these to examine rural deprivation issues at a finer level of detailthan previously possible5. The chart compares the proportion of rural areas OA Code IMD OA Rank IMD OA Decile(Output Area and Super Output Areas) that are defined as deprived. Plumstead 33UCHG0002 570 0-10% Cromer Town 33UFGT0012 9,677 0-10%The proportion of rural OAs and LSOAs in Norfolk ranked among the most deprived Cromer Town 33UFGT0014 14,256 0-10%30% in England Spellowfields 33UEJC0013 15,426 0-10% Swaffham 33UBHR0023 17,402 10-20% Output The most deprived Output Area in Norfolk is Plumstead 33UCHG0002. This Area area is ranked among the most deprived 10% of areas across England as a whole. There are 93 Output Areas in Norfolk ranked among the most deprived 30% of areas in England (6.0% of all rural areas in Norfolk). Super The two maps on the following pages show highly deprived areas at small area Output level across Norfolk. Map 1 shows those Lower Super Output Areas (LSOAs) Area that are ranked among the most deprived 20% in England using the Index of Multiple Deprivation, while Map 2 shows Output Areas (OAs) that are similarly 0.0% 2.0% 4.0% 6.0% 8.0% ranked as among the most deprived areas across England (based on OCSI % of areas in the most deprived 30% in England estimates of the Index of Multiple Deprivation to Output Area level). Areas shaded dark blue are those in the most deprived 10% of areas across Source: OCSI (2010) from IMD 2007 England, and areas shaded light blue are those in the most deprived 10-20% of areas (note that if there are no such deprived areas, the maps are leftThe chart shows that a higher proportion of rural areas are ranked among the unshaded.)most deprived 30% in England using Output Area definitions, compared withSuper Output Area definitions. 3.2% of rural areas are ranked among the mostdeprived 30% at LSOA level; while analysis at OA level reveals that 6.0% ofrural Output areas are ranked among the most deprived 30% in England.5 OCSI (2006), Deprivation in Rural Norfolk, from www.norfolk.gov.uk/ruraldeprivation Deprived rural areas in Norfolk 6
  • 7. Lower Layer Super Output Areas in Norfolk ranked among the most deprived 20% in England Deprived rural areas in Norfolk 7
  • 8. Output Areas in Norfolk ranked among the most deprived 20% in England Deprived rural areas in Norfolk 8
  • 9. Key indicators Norfolk - deprived Norfolk - Rural NorfolkWhat are highly deprived rural areas in Norfolk like? rural hotspots N % N % N %The table opposite identifies key indicators (both numbers and percentage Household compositionrates are provided) for the 10 most deprived rural hotspot Output Areas in Single pensioner households 200 48.1% 28,795 51.8% 54,375 55.0%Norfolk, as well as all rural areas, and all areas in Norfolk. Lone parent households 130 47.5% 6,820 14.7% 16,690 18.7%The most deprived rural areas in Norfolk are characterised by: Housing type and tenure High levels of unemployment - 4.3% of the economically active Owner occupied 830 71.3% 137,530 75.8% 242,325 70.6% population are unemployed, compared with 2.3% across all rural areas Social housing 215 18.5% 20,615 11.4% 58,235 17.0% and 3.0% across Norfolk as a whole. Private-rented housing 145 12.4% 14,475 8.0% 28,685 8.4% High levels of limiting long-term illness - 30.1% of people in deprived Overcrowded 70 6.2% 4,380 2.4% 12,225 3.6% rural areas have a limiting long-term illness, compared with 19.3% Housing with no central 135 11.8% 11,290 6.2% 24,030 7.0% across all rural areas and 19.4% across Norfolk as a whole. heating High levels of adults with no qualifications - 47.1% of all those aged 16 Employment and worklessness to 74, compared with 32.3% across all rural areas and 32.4% across Unemployed people 85 4.3% 7,105 2.3% 17,075 3.0% Norfolk as a whole. Economically inactive people 845 41.7% 107,455 34.8% 197,910 34.4% Education and skills Adults with no qualifications 955 47.1% 99,705 32.3% 186,430 32.4% Adults with degree 175 8.7% 45,985 14.9% 84,485 14.7% qualification+ Health and disability Limiting long-term illness 855 30.1% 82,380 19.3% 154,280 19.4% People providing unpaid 255 9.0% 46,145 10.8% 81,655 10.3% care Access to services Households with no car/ van 415 35.5% 26,065 14.4% 71,120 20.7% Deprived rural areas in Norfolk 9
  • 10. How does deprivation compare across different domains?The most deprived LSOAs by domain ID 2007 Income domain - most deprived rural areas in Norfolk LSOA Code IMD Score IMD Rank IMD DecileThe tables below show the most deprived five rural LSOAs in Norfolk on eachof the seven domains of the Indices of Deprivation (ID) 2007: Swaffham E01026455 24.8% 6,553 20-30% Cromer Town E01026734 23.0% 7,421 20-30% Income Stalham and Sutton E01026775 22.4% 7,743 20-30% Employment Watton E01026488 21.3% 8,282 20-30% Health and disability Education and skills Barriers to housing and services ID 2007 Employment domain - most deprived rural areas in Norfolk Crime LSOA Code IMD Score IMD Rank IMD Decile Living Environment Cromer Town E01026734 20.9% 2,530 0-10%In each table, the IMD rank ranges from 1 (the most deprived area in England) Hunstanton E01026680 16.7% 5,028 10-20%to 32,000 (the least deprived). The IMD decile identifies whether each area is Cromer Town E01026735 16.1% 5,505 10-20%in the most deprived 10%, 10-20%, 20-30% and so on. Spellowfields E01026711 16.0% 5,626 10-20% Plumstead E01026545 15.7% 5,841 10-20% ID 2007 Health and disability domain - most deprived rural areas in Norfolk LSOA Code IMD Rank IMD Decile Hunstanton E01026680 7,012 20-30% Cromer Town E01026734 8,157 20-30% Spellowfields E01026711 8,570 20-30% St Lawrence E01026696 9,698 20-30% Snettisham E01026702 10,406 30-40% Deprived rural areas in Norfolk 10
  • 11. ID 2007 Education, skills and training domain - most deprived rural areas in Norfolk ID 2007 Crime domain - most deprived rural areas in NorfolkLSOA Code IMD Rank IMD Decile LSOA Code IMD Rank IMD DecileSwaffham E01026455 3,399 10-20% East Flegg E01026607 4,715 10-20%Stalham and Sutton E01026775 3,777 10-20% Diss E01026891 7,357 20-30%Suffield Park E01026779 3,795 10-20% Hunstanton E01026683 8,503 20-30%Spellowfields E01026711 4,016 10-20% Downham Old Town E01026657 9,522 20-30%Swaffham E01026459 4,375 10-20% Swaffham E01026459 10,628 30-40%ID 2007 Barriers to housing and services domain - most deprived rural areas in Norfolk ID 2007 Living Environment domain - most deprived rural areas in NorfolkLSOA Code IMD Rank IMD Decile LSOA Code IMD Rank IMD DecileThurlton E01026943 311 0-10% Cromer Town E01026734 1,595 0-10%Mid Forest E01026444 385 0-10% Walsingham E01026782 3,993 10-20%Great Witchingham E01026525 473 0-10% Waxham E01026786 4,402 10-20%Bunwell E01026877 716 0-10% Corpusty E01026733 5,133 10-20% Astley E01026729 5,659 10-20% Deprived rural areas in Norfolk 11
  • 12. How have we defined ‘rural’ in this project?The data presented in this report is primarily based on data available for smallareas. We have used the standard ONS/ Countryside Agency rural-urbanclassification to identify whether particular areas are ‘rural’ or ‘urban’.The rural-urban classifications are available for a range of geographical scales,including Output Areas, Super Output Areas (both Lower and Middle Layer),and Wards. They are categorised into four categories: urban, based on all settlements over 10,000 population; small town & fringe; village; and hamlet & isolated dwellings.For the analysis in this project, we have combined the small town and fringe,village and hamlet & isolated dwellings categories into a single non-urban ruralcategory. In other words, our rural area analysis is based on all areas outsidesettlements with populations of more than 10,000 people.See www.defra.gov.uk/rural/ruralstats/rural-definition.htm for details of thevarious rural-urban classifications. Deprived rural areas in Norfolk 12